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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - May 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Effects of STS Instruction Using ARCS Strategies on 5th Graders Learning Motivation and Scientific Attitude
Kim Jean-Hong ; Jeong Jin-Su ; Park Kuk-Tae ; Jeong Jin-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 175~182
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of STS (Science, Technology and Society) instruction on 5th graders learning motivation and scientific attitudes, using ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction) strategies. A total of 53 fifth grade students were sampled from an elementary school, and were assigned to the experimental and the control groups. For four weeks, the experimental group was treated with STS instruction using ARCS strategies while the control group was treated with traditional instruction. The result of this study showed that STS instruction using ARCS strategies was more effective in the development of students' learning motivation and scientific attitudes.
Development of Modules in Earth Science for the Enhancement of Scientific Inquiry Skills
Kim, Jeong-Yul ; Park, Jeung-Hee ; Park, Ye-Ri ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 183~198
The purpose of this study was to develop teaching modules related to Earth Science courses in order to enhance scientific inquiry skills of middle school students. A 'process skill-centered' module was developed to induce scientific process skills, while students explore specific scientific context. A module consists of several activities, and each activity focuses on a specific science process skill. Modules were designed such that the skills would improve depending on the completion of the module. To evaluate the effectiveness, field workshops for middle school science teachers were done twice. Science teachers, who were participants of the workshop, commented that the activities in each module were suited to enhance students' interest in science. They noted that scientific inquiry skills would be developed from each activity. Students responded that the activities in the modules were interesting, and it was a good experience to do them by themselves. Students were the focal point in class, not teachers. This enabled teachers to evaluated each student's achievement level, and provide a proper feedback. Hence, applying these modules in classes should enhance the students' scientific inquiry skills.
Temporal and Spatial Variability of the TOMS Total Ozone; Global Trends and Profiles
Yoo Jung-Moon ; Jeong Eun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 199~217
Using monthly total ozone data obtained from a Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) onboard the Nimbus-7 and Earth Probe satellite, this study examined the trend in the total amount of global ozone during two periods: from 1979-1992 [Early period] and 1997-2002 [Latter period]. The Annual average of total ozone during the Early period was globally reduced by about 10 DU compared to the amount during the Latter, except in some areas between the equator and 20 N. Global trends of total ozone showed a decrease of -6.30 DU/decade during 1979-1992, and an increase of 0.12 DU/decade during 1997-2002. Its enhancement during the Latter period was especially noticeable in tropical areas. The EOF analyses of total ozone from this period indicated signs of temporal/spatial variability, associated with the phenomena of Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), Quasi-Triennial Oscillation (QTO), El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and volcanic eruption. Seasonal profiles of tropospheric ozone in the tropics obtained from ozonesondes, showed the spatial pattern of zonal wavenumber one. Overall, this study may be useful in analyzing possible causes in the variations of statospheric and tropospheric ozone.
Value Promotion for Tourism Geology through Survey on Geological and Geomorphological Landscape Resources in the Odaesan National Park: Public Understanding of Earth Science
Heo Chul-Ho ; Kim Seong-Yong ; Yun Seong-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 218~231
The purpose of this study was to investigate essential information about the geological and geomorphological characteristics of the Odaesan landscape, in order to efficiently preserve and develop resources selected from among that are highly valuable scholastically and esthetically. A total of 147 geological and geomorphological landscape resources were studied during the course of this study. Landscape type mostly discovered was the tectonic topography, followed by the topographies of weathering, river, mountain, lacustrine, and periglacier, respectively in decreasing order. Among the varieties of geological and geomorphological landscape resources, 4 outcrops were utilized as tourist resources and 5 outcrops were considered as valuable sites for scientific research. Geological and geomorphological landscape resources for academic research were considered to have practical uses such as geological and geomorphological fieldwork for students and thematic geotourism courses for the public.
A Comparison Study on Research Outputs (FY1999 to 2003) in Earth Science and Other Sciences through Analysis of KOSEF's Database
Kim Seong-Yong ; Min Tae-Sun ; Heo Chul-Ho ; Ahn Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 232~239
Research outputs of science and engineering fields including Earth Science were analyzed using KOSEF's Database. A total
Geoscientists participated in KOSEF's Database, and the number of articles they published in SCI (Science Citation Index) journals and Non-SCI journals during the last five years (1999 to 2003) was
, respectively. The average number of articles per capita published in SCI journals during the last five years was 3.3 in Geoscience, 4.0 in Mathematics, 57.6 in Physics, 60.4 in Chemistry, and 33.4 in Biology. The average number of articles per capita published in SCI journals within Geoscience was 9.6 in Environmental Geology, 4.6 in Stratigraphy and Sedimentology, 4.2 in Geochemistry, 3.6in Hydrology, 3.5 in Oceanography, and 3.2 in Mining Geology. The results of this survey will be used as a reference in comparing research outputs of Earth Science and other sciences, both in quality and quantity.
Relations between Wave and Wind at 5 stations around the Korean Peninsula
Ko Hee-Jong ; Pang Ig-chan ; Kim Tae-hee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 240~252
The relationships between wave and wind around the Korean Peninsula have been analyzed with the data from the buoys moored at five stations (Dugjug-do, Chilbal-do, Geomoon -do, Geoje-do, Donghae) by Korea Meteorological Administration. Generally, the relationship between wave and wind is the highest at the stations in the West Sea and the lowest at the stations in the South Sea, and the middle at the station in the East Sea. The characteristics shown at each station are as follows. Highest wave is developed at Chilbal-do with strong northwesterly wind in winter because the sea is opened in the wind direction and wave is amplified by shoaling effect. At Chilbal-do, wave directions coincide with wind directions relatively well. On the other hand, waves are not fully developed at Dugjug-do in winter due to limited fetch since the sea is blocked by Hwanghae-do in the northwest direction. The limitation in fetch is more serious at the stations in the South Sea. In the South Sea, the direction of dominant northerly wind is blocked by land so that wave heights are small even with very strong northerly wind. In the South Sea, whatever wind direction is, waves dominantly come in the direction from the East China Sea, which are from the south at Geomoon-do and the southwest at Geoje-do. At these directions, waves are coming even with weak wind. At the station in the East Sea, waves are highly developed due to vast area, but not so high as in Chilbal-do because wind and wave directions do not coincide in many cases. As shown, wind direction is important in the wave development as well as wind speed. The reason is that the fetch is determined by wind direction. In the case of long-lasted wind with fixed direction at Chilbal-do and Dugjug-do, wave directions are well coincident with wind directions and wave heights increase with response time, which is the duration between the highest wind and wave. However, in the case of disagreement between wind and wave directions at the station in the East Sea, wave heights do not increase as highly as at Chilbal-do and Dugjug-do in spite of strong wind and longer response time. The results show us that waves are highly developed with strong wind, long fetch, and long duration, and also show that wave development ratios are different at different stations due to environmental factors such as the direction towards sea or land, bottom topography, and the scales of adjacent seas.
Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Tidal Flat Sediments in Yeoja Bay, South Coast of Korea
Choi, Jeong-Min ; Lee, Yeon-Gyu ; Woo, Han-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 253~267
Seasonal and spatial variations of tidal flat sediments were studied in Yeoja Bay. Results of the yearly observation of tidal flat transect lines indicated that the monthly change of grain size composition was not distinct from each tidal flat transect line, but it was quite clear that clay covered
of the sediment composition. Clay composed most highest in the northern part of the bay, and lowest in the western. As clay content increased, water and organic matter showed a tendency of increase, while the mean grain size was fixed per clay amount. Shear strength came out as 0 kPa as a whole. Seasonal variations of clay contents in each tidal flat were higher in winter and spring, but lower in summer and autumn. Thefine sediments were likely to be accumulated in the winter and spring. The average accumulation rate of each tidal flat was
. The numbers showed
in the northern,
in the western, and
in the eastern part. During the coarse of this study sediment accumulation rates indicated that the sediments deposited continuously in the northern part of tidal flat, whereas erosion occurred in the western part. However, there was no distinct change in the eastern part. It was due to the clockwise lateral circulation in Yeoja Bay. Seasonally, sedimentation happened during the dry season (winter and spring) and erosion during the wet season (summer and autumn).
Forecasting the Sea Surface Temperature in the Tropical Pacific by Neural Network Model
Chang You-Soon ; Lee Da-Un ; Seo Jang-Won ; Youn Yong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 268~275
One of the nonlinear statistical modelling, neural network method was applied to predict the Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies (SSTA) in the Nino regions, which represent El Nino indices. The data used as inputs in the training step of neural network model were the first seven empirical orthogonal functions in the tropical Pacific
obtained from the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. The period of 1951 to 1993 was adopted for the training of neural network model, and the period 1994 to 2003 for the forecasting validation. Forecasting results suggested that neural network models were resonable for SSTA forecasting until 9-month lead time. They also predicted greatly the development and decay of strong E1 Nino occurred in 1997-1998 years. Especially, Nino3 region appeared to be the best forecast region, while the forecast skills rapidly decreased since 9-month lead time. However, in the Nino1+2 region where they are relatively low by the influence of local effects, they did not decrease even after 9-month lead time.
Palynostratigraphic and paleoclimatic implications of the Pleistocene Cheongsu Core sediments, Jeju Island, Korea
Moon Byoung-Chan ; Chung Chull Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 276~282
The Quaternary palynoflora from Cheongsu core, drilled on the western part of the Jeju Island, consists mainly of deciduous broad-leaved angiosperms and herbs. Dominant taxa are Pinaceae, Alnus, Castanea/Castanopsis, Ulmus/Zelkova, Chenopodiaceae and Compositae. Based on palynofloral composition, two palynostratigraphic zones are recognized. Zone I is characterized by a predominance of Alnus and Chenopodiaceae, and by the abundance of herbs. Zone II is dominated by conifers and deciduous broad-leaved angiosperms, including Abies, Taxodiaceae-Cupressaceae-Taxaceae, Ulmus/Zelkova and Gramineae. The Cheongsu palynoflora can be correlated with Alnipollenites(Alnus)-Chenopodipollis(Chenopodiaceae)-Compositae Assemblage Zone of the East China Sea and is assigned to the Pleistocene in age. Ecology of main taxa and comparison with the present vegetation of Korea suggest a cool temperate climate and a low relief in the Jeju Island during the deposition of the Cheongsu core sediments.
Tropospheric Ozone over the Seoul Metropolitan Area Derived from Satellite Observations (MODIS) and Numerical Simulation
Yoo Jung-Moon ; Park Yoo-Min ; Lee Suk-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 283~296
The effect of ozone and surface temperature on the ozone band at
has been investigated from radiative transfer theory together with observations in order to derive empirical methods for remotely sensing ground-ozone concentration. Simultaneous observations of satellite (MODIS Aqua; ECT 13:30) and ground-ozone at 79 stations have been used over the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA; 125.7-127.2 E, 37.2-37.7 N) during four ozone-warning days in the year 2003. Cloud effect on the band in the methods was filtered out based on synoptic observations. Upwelling radiance values at
which have been estimated at the given ozone concentration of 327-391 DU depend on surface temperature (Ts) showing
Ts = 325K. Thus, the partitioned contributions of ozone and temperature to intensity of ozone absorption band are
, respectively. Here the intensity which has been used to remotely detect ground-ozone concentration from infrared satellite measurement is defined as the difference in brightness temperature between
. The methods in this study have been applied to estimate ground-ozone from MODIS data in cases that there are significant correlations between the band intensity and ground-ozone. The values of estimated ozone significantly correlate (0.49-0.63) with ground observations at a significance level of
. For the improved methods, further study may be required to use tropospheric ozone rather than ground-ozone, considering the variation stratospheric ozone.
Serpentinization of Olivine and Pyroxene in Chungnam Serpentinites, Korea
Kim Young-Tae ; Woo Young-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 297~304
Serpentinites in Chungnam area are mainly composed of serpentines. Serpentines of olivine origin consist of pseudomorphs of olivines and show mesh textureen closed with magnetites along the boundaries of serpentine crystals. In some serpentinites, serpentinization is occurred in crystal boundaries and/or cracks of olivines and pyroxenes which are relict minerals of dunite and harzburgite. On the process from olivine to serpentine, Mg ions are greatly decreased and Si ions are greatly increased, and
ions are a little decreased. But, on the process from pyroxene to serpentine, Si ions are greatly decreased and Mg ions are greatly increased. Magnetites around the serpentine crystals were formed from the iron which had been left out through this serpentinization process of olivine. Serpentinization from the original rocks such as dunite and harzburgite in Chungnam area was occurred by various waters affected after formation of original rock, and particularly by metamorphic water in the metamorphic conditions ranging from green schist facies to granulite facies through amphibolite facies.
Color Change of Chromian Spinels of Choongnam Serpentinites, Korea
Kim Young-Tae ; Woo Young-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 305~312
Degrees of serpentinization from the original rocks of Choongnam serpentinites such as dunite and harzburgite are well matched with O'Hanley's textural stages of serpentinites (1996). Colors of chromian spinels in serpentinites are brown and/or red in dunites, and red in harzburgite. Also, colors of chromian spinels changed darker from brown and/or red according to the degree of serpentinization and more darker by steatitization because of increasing Fe ions.