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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - May 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Research on the Role of Science Teaching Evaluation Standards and How to Develop the Standards
Kwak Youngsun ; Choe Sung-urn ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 367~375
This study investigated the purpose and role of class evaluation standards and the reason to develop these teaching standards using literature review, survey, classroom observation and teacher interviews. Based on the teachers’opinion, we also investigated who should develop teaching standards and who will benefit most from the standards. In sum, the standards for teaching evaluation should help to form (a) the guidelines for beginners, (b) the directives for specialists, (c) the principles for grasping areas for improvements, and (d) the means for communicating with other communities. In addition, teachers should take responsibility for developing teaching standards as the basis for evaluating their own work and improving their own professional learning to provide quality assurance. The development of subject specific teaching standards is not possible without active participation of teachers as well as other stakeholders in education.
The Nature of Science Reflected in Exhibitions of Natural History Museums
Lee Sun-Kyung ; Shin Myeong-Kyeong ; Kim Chan-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 376~386
This study investigated to describe how the nature of science is revealed in the four natural history museums in Korea. Natural history museums are well considered as informal settings of education, and the nature of science has been one of major topics stressed in science education. Therefore, the revelation of this topic is supposedly reflected in developing museum exhibitions. In each of the four target natural history museum or natural history exhibition, the representative exhibits subtitled by scientific inquiry and cases dealing with history of science were selected for the study. The analyzing exhibits focused on whether exhibitions were labeled with emphasis on declarative description or interpretative one. In analyzing the contents, the focus was on the concerns of scientists, scientific community, social and cultural aspects, uncertainty of scientific knowledge, and providing sufficient evidences. All things considered, it was hard to conclude that every target exhibit clearly considered the nature of science as an essential element, in designing and developing their exhibitions. More deliberate input of nature of science is suggested for worldly renowned natural history museums, because previous researches keep insisting that the nature of science would be more efficiently achieved in an informal educational setting rather than in classrooms.
The Analysis of the Educational Objectives, Scientific Models and Cognitive Processes in Scientific Inquiry of the SNU Scientifically Gifted Student Program
Shin My-Young ; Chun Miran ; Choe Seung-Urn ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 387~394
We have analyzed the science-gifted educational program (year 2002) at the Seoul National University in terms of its educational objectives, scientific models, and cognitive processes in scientific inquiry in order to provide insights into developing and improving science-gifted educational program. We assumed the following items as important factors for teaching scientifically gifted students: higher-order thinking skills involving synthesis domain in the educational objectives, highly abstract nature and complexity in the scientific models, cognitive processes of planning experiments in the cognitive processes in scientific inquiry. According to the analyzed results, the program has the following characteristics: (1) the rates of both higher and lower-order thinking skill domain in the educational objectives are similarly high, but the rate of synthesis domain is relatively low; (2) in the case of the scientific models, the rate of the multiple concepts and/or processes model is relatively low, while the level of the abstractness is relatively on average (3) cognitive processes of authentic scientific inquiry is not thoroughly reflected in the scientific inquiry activities, and very few cognitive processes of planning experiments factor is reflected. Therefore, we conclude in the synthesis domain in the educational objectives, multiple concepts and/or processes model, and cognitive processes of planning experiments should be especially reflected more on the science-gifted educational program in order to serve the needs of scientifically gifted students.
Case Study on Characteristics of Heat Flux Exchange between Atmosphere and Ocean in the case of cP Expansion accompanying Snowfall over the Adjacent Sea of Jeju Island
Kim Kyoung-Bo ; Pang Ig-Chan ; Kim Kil-Yap ; Kim Dong-Ho ; Lee Jimi ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 395~403
This study is focused on the relationship between snowfall and the Bowen’s Ratio (sensible heat flux/latent heat flux) through calculation of heat exchange between air and sea for snowfall events in Jeju Island from 1993 to 2003. The four weather stations for this study are located at Jeju, Seoguipo, Seongsanpo and Gosan in Jeju Island. In order to improve the reliability of snowfall forecast, the Bowen’s Ratio for snowfall, which includes influences from the atmosphere such as wind, is compared with the temperature difference between air and sea for snowfall. As a results, in the case for fresh snowfall, the minimum temperature differences between air and sea were 10, 12.3, 11.5, and
at Jeju, Seoguipo, Seongsanpo and Gosan, respectively. The probabilities of fresh snowfall were 26, 29, 13, and
, respectively, when the temperature differences were higher than the previous values. On the other hand, the minimum Bowen ratios were 0.59, 0.60, 0.65 and 0.65 at Jeju, Seoguipo, Seongsanpo and Gosan, respectively. The probabilities of fresh snowfall were 33, 70, 31 and
respectively, when the Bowen ratio is higher than those. The reason for this is because the probability of fresh snowfall with the Bowen ratio was higher than the probability with temperature difference between air and sea. This result occurred because heat exchange by wind increased the probability of snowfall, along with the temperature difference between air and sea, and the Bowen ratio. Therefore, snowfall forecast of Jeju Island is significantly influenced by the sea, whereas forecast with Bowen ratio seems to have higher reliability than that with the temperature difference between air and sea. The data analysis for the ten-year period
showed that when each fresh snowfall was within 0.0 to 0.9cm, the average Bowen’s ratio was 0.63 to 0.67, and when each fresh snowfall was 1.0 to 4.9 cm, the average Bowen’s ratio was over 0.72. Therefore, fresh snowfall shows a proportional relationship with the Bowen’s ratio during snowfall.
The Regional Characteristics of Daily Precipitation Intensity in Korea for Recent 30 Years
Kim Eun-Hee ; Kim Maeng-Ki ; Lee Woo-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 404~416
The seasonal and regional distribution of precipitation in Korea, terms of the amount of precipitation per day, number of days, and intensity was analyzed using precipitation data from 1971 to 2000. The significance level of the linear trend of these data was also investigated using the analysis of variance of each variable. The amount of precipitation per day less than 80 mm per day appeared in the Honam area which also shows a large number of precipitation day value during the fall and winter. However, the lowest amuont of precipitation per day was shown in the Youngnam area. The positive trend of the annual precipitation amount has also been detected in all stations except for a few station in Honam, and the positive trend of precipitation intensity is statistically significant in most of the stations at the Chungcheong and Gyeonggi area. The linear trend of precipitation intensity in these area is found to be significant at the
The Variation Patterns over a Period of 10 Days and Precipitation Regions of Summer Precipitation in Korea
Park Hyun-Wook ; Ryu Chan-Su ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 417~428
The seasonal variation and frequency of precipitation phenomenon of the Korean Peninsula in summer show strong local weather phenomena because of its topographical and geographical factors in the northeastern area of Asia. The characteristics of the prevailing weather patterns in summer precipitation in Korea have great influences on the variation patterns and the appearances over a ten-day period during the summer precipitation. The purpose of this paper is to induce variation patterns over a period 10 days during the summer precipitation, clarify the variations of their space scales, and study the subdivision of precipitation regions in Korea according to the combinations of precipitation amounts and variation pattern during the period, using the mean values during the years
at 78 stations in Korea. The classified precipitation of a period of 10 days of summer precipitation, and the principal component vector and the amplitude coefficient by the principal component analysis were used for this study. The characteristics of variation pattern over the ten-day period can be chiefly divided into two categories and the accumulated contributory rate of these is
. The variation patterns of summer precipitation during period of 10 days in Korea are classified into 9 types from A to K. In addition, regional divisions of summer precipitation in Korea can be classified into 17 types.
RMR Evaluation by Integration of Geophysical and Borehole Data using Non-linear Indicator Transform and 3D Kriging
Oh, Seo-Khoon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 429~435
3D RMR (Rock Mass Rating) analysis has been performed by applying the Geostatistical integration technique for geophysical and borehole data. Of the various geostatistical techniques for the integrated data analysis, in this study, we applied the SKlvm (Simple Kriging with local varying means) method that substitutes the values of the interpreted geophysical result with the mean values of the RMR at the location to be inferred. The substitution is performed by the indicator transform between the result of geophysical interpretation and the observed RMR values at borehole sites. The used geophysical data are the electrical resistivity and MT result, and 10 borehole sites are investigated to obtain the RMR values. This integrated analysis makes the interpretation to be more practical for identifying the realistic RMR distribution that supports the regional geological situation.
Geophysical Responses of the Yangsan Fault Zone at Eonyang Area
Kwon Byung-Doo ; Lee Heuisoon ; Lee Choon-Ki ; Park Gyesoon ; Oh Seokhoon ; Lee Duk Kee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 436~442
We have performed multiple geophysical surveys comprised of gravity, magnetic and resistivity methods at the Yangsan fault zone which runs through the Eonyang area, the eastern part of Kyeongsang in southeast Korea. The gravity and magnetic data provide information about geological structures. Furthermore, sections of electrical resistivity show the sharp contrast of electrical resistivity distribution across the fault zone. Since the fractured zone tends to be more conductive than fresh host rocks, the electrical resistivity survey is effective in determining the detailed structure of the fault zone. We have made gravity measurements at a total of 71 points alongside two profiles across the fault zone, and carried out an electrical resistivity survey with a dipole-dipole array at the same location using 40m dipole length. In addition, we have analyzed the aeromagnetic data on the corresponding area. The multiple geophysical properties appear to be abruptly changed in electrical resistivity, gravity and aeromagneticclearly show the different appearance across the fault zone. The fault is identified by its sub vertical attitude which is well known in the Yangsan fault zone. We have also confirmed that the magnitude of the response of the fault is much larger in the southern part of the survey area than the northern area. These results most likely to provide basic information for the further studies about the physical properties and the structures at the Yangsan fault.
Late Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Changes in the Western Nakdong River delta
Ryu, Choon-Kil ; Kang, Sora ; Chung, Sung-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 443~458
Late Quaternary deposits of the core in the western area of the Nakdong River delta consist of four sedimentary units: Unit I, II, III and IV, in ascending order, controlled by the sea-level change since the last interglacial period. Unit I unconformable overlying Cretaceous basement rocks is composed of sandy gravel and sand deposited in a fluvial channel before the first marine transgression. Unit II composed of stiff massive mud is interpreted as a shallow marine deposits formed during the last interglacial period (probably MIS 5). The development of the fissures coated with oxidized materials in the upper part of Unit II is a feature of subaerial exposure, which indicates erosional contact with the upper Unit III. Unit III is made up of soft massive mud and soft shelly massive mud deposited in a tidal flat and a inner shelf, respectively, since the Holocene transgression (about 9,000 yr BP). Unit Ⅳ consisted of soft shell bedded mud and yellowish sandy mud was deposited in the delta environments during the regression (after about 5,000 yr BP). The lower shell bedded mud was deposited in a tidal flat and the upper sandy mud was deposited in the floodplain corresponding to present site of the Nakdong River delta.