Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
High School Students' Conceptual Change of the Lunar Phases on Instyuction Using the Lunar Phases Drawing Module
Kim, Jong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 353~363
This study investigates how the lunar phases drawing module-applied instruction affects high school students' conceptual changes of the lunar phases. 46 juniors in a high school were given the module instruction on drawing the lunar phases, and then interviews were conducted to verify conceptual changes in subjects' recognition structures. The types of students' misconceptions of the lunar phases change before the instruction were as follows. Type S is that the Earth's shadow covers the moon. Type SR is that one has both misconception of Type S and a scientific concept at the same time according to the positional relationships. The scientific concept means that an observer sees a moon's part which reflects sunlight. Type SB is that the Earth's shadow covers the moon or the moon can be seen or not by the background's brightness according to the positional relationships. The last Type SRB includes all three above-mentioned types, and it explains the lunar phases at each position. As a result of the module-based instruction, 26 out of 36 subjects built up the scientific concept and 10 students did not. 7 out of the 11 Type S and 3 out of the 17 Type SR students did not, either. Especially, type S students did not change their preconception that the phases of moon change were done by the earth's shadow. Here, their preconception is too much strong; as they solve problems, their preconception is more beneficial, comparing to the method which it is presented from the module. This fact supports that it is difficult for students to discard preconception.
Analysis of Inquiry Teaching Levels of Beginning Science Teachers in Middle School Science Laboratories
Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Keun-June ; Kim, Jin-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 364~373
The purpose of this study is to investigate inquiry levels in the laboratory practices of beginning middle school science teachers. For this research eight teachers were chosen among a pool of beginning teachers. Then four finalists were chosen individually by interviews. Topics associated with hands-on activity experiments were provided by the author. In order to analyze teaching-skill development, classroom observations were made under the same topic after one year. The inquiry levels of four novice teachers were confirmation or structured inquiry but the inquiry levels were not out of confirmation or structured inquiry levels when those compared to last year's one. This study contributes to the professional development of teachers and provides various informations for instructional development of beginning teachers.
The Sources of Preservice Secondary Teachers' Explanations about Seasonal Changes Investigated with the Lakatosian Methodology
Oh, Jun-Young ; Kang, Yong-Hee ; Lee, Hyo-Nyong ; Kim, Yong-Gi ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 374~389
The purpose of this study was to investigate the alternative models of seasonal changes that preservice secondary teachers presented using the Lakatosian methodology. Participants included 74 undergraduate students who majored in science education within the college of education. Their responses to these questions revealed students' alternative models were inconsistent with scientific models. A great deal of this apparent inconsistency could be explained by assuming that the students used, in a consistent fashion, a alternative core belief on seasonal changes. This study also discussed the core beliefs and the possible sources held by preservice teachers in order to overcome their alternative models. The sources of alternative models may lie in the contents used in textbooks.
Investigation of the Earth Science Teacher Education Programs in the College of Education and their Improvement Plans
Kim, Jong-Hee ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 390~400
The purpose of this study is to propose an improvement plan based on an analysis of the current earth science teacher education curriculum in the department of education in the four fields of teaching profession theory: student-teacher practice, subject lesson education, and subject content education. The following are the conclusions and suggestions of this study. In case of teaching profession theory, too much emphasis is put on pedagogical theory over practical issues, and a problem arises upon completion. Therefore, it is sugguest that teaching profession theory might be completed before subject lesson education to ensure more authentic subjects performing teaching profession. The current term for student-teacher training is too short to understand the whole school system. Current school system does not have any off-job training course or internship system. Therefore, student-teacher training term should be increased by at least
months to play a vital role in the current system. The credit number of subject lesson education is too small compared with subject content education. Consequently, the credit number of subject lesson education should be increased, and more professor majored in subject lesson education should be recruited. Significant deviation between the content of subject content education and that of middle school grade exists, and there is also much difference in the ratio of subject according to university. To get rid of these problems, subject content education should be connected with subject lesson education and appropriate number of credit needs to be assigned to each subject domain.
Theoretical Study on the Opportunity of Scientific Argumentation for Implementing Authentic Scientific Inquiry
Park, Young-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 401~415
The science education reforms put the emphasis of scientific literacy, so that students can understand how scientific knowledge is constructed through scientific inquiry at schools. However, scientific inquiry at schools has a problem as a cookbook system without the opportunity of developing argumentation, where students could understand how they use evidence to support their theory or vice versa. Teachers are supposed to understand the basic elements, purpose, and definition of scientific inquiry to implement authentic scientific inquiry at schools, then develop the instructional strategies of providing the opportunity of scientific argumentation to meet its needs.
Study on the Geographic and Geologic Centers in South Korea Using GIS
Cheong, Won-Seok ; Hwang, Jae-Hong ; Kang, Yong-Sock ; Na, Ki-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 416~424
Because there is no generally accepted definition of a geographic center and no completely satisfactory method to determine one, there may be as many geographic centers of a country as there are many definitions. The geographic center of an area may be defined as the center of gravity on a surface, or that point on which the surface of an area would balance if it were a plane of uniform thickness. This research uses geographic information system (GIS) analysis and there are places where it defines the geographical and the geological centers in the inland of South Korea. To compute the geo-centers in South Korea: 1) firstly, we collected existing reaserch data related to digital map data. 2)Secondly, we analyzed a geological center and data collection examples of Korea and other nations-the Europe and America. 3) Thirdly, we carried out numerous processes to build a geodatabase, short for geograhic database, so that GIS analysis and the constructed geodatabase is covered within the inland in South Korea. Where geodatabase is a kind of spatial database. 4) Fourthly, in order to determine the geographical center, we supposed that the condition of continental surface is the plane of homogeneous or irregular density. 5) Consequently, we chose a few resonable conditions and produced a variety of geographical centers that is geometric and gravitational in South Korea. As a result of the analysis, center points are massed to southern part of Chungbuk province, Korea.
Analysis of the Basement Structure of Noeun Waste Landfill Site Using a Refracted Elastic Wave Tomography Survey
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 425~432
A seismic tomography using refraction waves is applied to provide information on depth of basement rocks and leachate distribution of the Noeun waste landfill site for the stage of preliminary environmental survey. This method is generally applied to civil and environmental areas. Three lines, apparently perpendicular to the potential leachate flow direction in this site, were installed to investigate the waste landfill site in pseudo three dimensional geometry. The results show that the site is composed of 3 layers and depth of basement becomes shallower at the upstream area of the landfill site than that of the downstream area. Moreover, some parts of the second layer and the basement at the down stream area are partially infiltrated by the leachate, probably related to the disturbed distribution of the different velocity materials within the second layer. In Conclusion, refraction wave tomography is found to be one of the most efficient way to investigate waste landfill site.
Temporal and Spatial Variations of Precipitation in South Korea for Recent 30 Years (1976-2005) and Geographic Environments
Hong, Ki-Ok ; Suh, Myoung-Seok ; Rha, Deuk-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 433~449
Temporal and spatial variations of precipitation in South Korea are investigated using 60 observation data of the recent 30-years from 1976 to 2005. The area averaged annual precipitation amount is about 1310 mm and shows a strong spatial variation, maximum at the southern and Kyoungki province (>1300 mm) and minimum at the Kyungpook province(<1100 mm). The precipitation days show a strong spatial variation with maximum at the Sobaik mountain region(>100 days) and minimum at the Kyungpook province (<90 days). The interannual variations (IAV) of precipitation amount and days are more significant at the southern and eastern part of Sobaik and Taebaik mountain, and along the Sobaik mountain, respectively. So, the difference of annual precipitation amount reaches to about 800mm between wet and dry years at the southern part of Korean peninsula. Whereas, the IAV of precipitation intensity is strong at the southern and middle part of South Korea with a minimum between two maxima. Also, seasonal variations are closely linked with the geographic environments (elevation, distance from ocean, location relative to the Taebaik mountain). Therefore, maximum and minimum of seasonal variations of precipitation are occurred at the northern inland region (ratio of summer to the annual precipitation (RSAP) is greater than 60%), eastern and southern coastal regions (RSAP is less than 53%),respectively. And the RSAP is slightly increased from 50% to 55% comparing the Ho and Kang (1988). The consistent and strong positive relation between the heavy rainfalls, the ratio of heavy rainfalls to annual precipitation and the annual precipitation indicates that heavy rainfall is more frequent and strong at the maximum annual precipitation region.
Fog Detection over the Korean Peninsula Derived from Satellite Observations of Polar-orbit (MODIS) and Geostationary (GOES-9)
Yoo, Jung-Moon ; Yun, Mi-Young ; Jeong, Myeong-Jae ; Ahn, Myoung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 450~463
Seasonal threshold values for fog detection over the ten airport areas within the Korean Peninsula have been derived from the data of polar-orbit Aqua/Terra MODIS and geostationary GOES-9 during a two years. The values are obtained from reflectance at
and the difference in brightness temperature between
. In order to examine the discrepancy between the threshold values of two kinds of satellites, the following four parameters have been analyzed under the condition of daytime/nighttime and fog/clear-sky, utilizing their simultaneous observations over the Seoul metropolitan area: brightness temperature at
, the temperature at
for day and night, and the
for daytime. The parameters show significant correlations (r<0.5) in spatial distribution between the two kinds of satellites. The discrepancy between their infrared thresholds is mainly due to the disagreement in their spatial resolutions and spectral bands, particularly at
. Fog detection from GOES-9 over the nine airport areas except the Cheongju airport has revealed accuracy of 60% in the daytime and 70% in the nighttime, based on statistical verification. The accuracy decreases in foggy cases with twilight, precipitation, short persistence, or the higher cloud above fog. The sensitivity of radiance and reflectance with wavelength has been analyzed in numerical experiments with respect to various meteorological conditions to investigate optical characteristics of the three channels.
Planktic Foraminiferal Assemblages of Core Sediments from the Korea Strait and Paleoceanographic Changes
Kang, So-Ra ; Lim, D.I. ; Rho, K.C. ; Jung, H.S. ; Choi, J.Y. ; Yoo, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 464~474
The paleoceanography since 14 ka was reconstructed based on the planktic foraminiferal assemblages of core sediments from the outer shelf of the Korea Strait. Planktic foraminifera in the core sediments can be divided into four assemblages: A, B, C, and D. Assemblage A consists mainly of Globigerinoides ruber group and Globigerinoides conglobatus with low abundance (less than 10%), indicating the tropical-subtropical water mass. Assemblage B is composed of Pulleniatina obliquiloculata and Neogloboquadrina dutertrei, the indicator of Kuroshio Current, and shows the aspect of the inflow of the Tsushima Current into the Korea Strait. Assemblage C yields polar-subpolar species, mainly Neogloboquadrina incompta and N. pachyderma. It decreases upward of the core. Assemblage D contains coastal water species such as Globigerina bulloides and G. quinqueloba. It is abundant in the lower to middle region of the core. From the analysis of distributions of each assemblage and the result of age datings in the core, it is suggested that the Korea Strait played a role of channelling the East China Sea and the East Sea after the LGM (ca. 14 ka). During this time, the coastal water, affected by fresh waters originated from the river systems of China and/ or the Korean Peninsula, flourished around the Korea Strait and theses coastal water might entered to the East Sea. Around 8.5 ka, the effect of the Tsushima Current started to strengthen in this region, and the present current system seems to be formed at about
Analysis of Q Values on the Crust of the Kimcheon and Mokpo Regions, South Korea
Do, Ji-Young ; Lee, Yoon-Joong ; Kyung, Jai-Bok ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 475~485
The physical properties of the central and southwestern crust of South Korea were estimated by comparing values of
in the Kimcheon and Mokpo areas. In order to get
values, seismic data were collected from two stations of the KIGAM network (KMC and MUN) and four stations of the KMA network (CPN, KUC, MOP, and WAN). An extended coda-normalization method was applied to these data. Estimates of
show variations depending on frequency. As frequencies vary from 3 Hz to 24 Hz, the estimates decrease from
in central South Korea, and
in southwestern South Korea. According that a frequency-dependent power law is applied to the data, the best fits of
in central South Korea, and
in southwestern South Korea, respectively. These values almost correspond to those of seismically stable regions although
values of southwestern South Korea are a little high due to lack of data used.
Significance of Earth Science in the Entrance Examination of the Medical and Dental Graduate School
Kim, Jeong-Yul ; Shin, In-Hyun ; Kwon, Kyung-Rim ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 486~502
Earth Science is the study of Earth, where diverse organisms live, and it mainly focuses on the healthy, wealthy, and comfortable environment for our descendants. UNESCO and IUGS recently established the International Working Group on Medical Geology (1996), IGCP 454 Medical Geology (2000-2004), and International Medical Geology Association (IMGA, 2006) with the primary concerns of increasing awareness of Medical Geology among scientists, medical specialists, and the general public. Medical Geology and IMGA have been very successful in informing(educating) about the relationship between geological factors and health problems in humans and animals in the world through numerous international meetings, seminars, workshops, symposiums, and publications. Since there is a close correlation between Earth Science and Medical/ Dental Sciences as shown in the Medical Geology and IMGA, Earth Science, as with other areas in science, (i.e., Biology, Chemistry and Physics) should be included in the Medical Education Eligibility Test (MEET) and Dental Education Eligibility Test (DEET) for the Medical and Dental Graduate School. In this brief note, services and activities of UNESCO IGCP 454 Medical Geology and IMGA are introduced, sothat the inclusion of Earth Science as a subject requirement in the MEET and DEET can be considered. Such outcome will balance the development of Science Education in Korea.