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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
An Inquiry Activity in the Subject Matter of Earth Science: Apparent Rotation of Lunar Configuration
Kim, Hyouk ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 591~605
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between lunar and earth rotation, by quantitatively describing the rotation of lunar configuration which is observed during the lunar diurnal motion. Our research suggests that observation of the lunar diurnal motion could be used as a study topic in the earth science courses. The rotation of the lunar configuration is an apparent phenomenon that can be seen when an observer. standing on the ground. looks at the moon as if the lunar dark configuration rotates on the basis of horizontal line. In spite its competence as a study topic because it is observable by naked eyes, there are only few major textbooks that introduce this phenomenon with regard to the earth rotation. Therefore, this study induced the mathematical principle of the lunar rotation in detail and proposed that this could be developed as a scientific inquiry through practical observation. In addition, an analytical proof and qualitative method of explanation of the lunar reverse rotation were also presented.
An Explanatory Consistency of Preservice Secondary Teachers' Explanations about the Lunar Phases
Oh, Jun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 606~619
In this paper we investigated the types of the explanatory consistency of preservice secondary teachers in explaining the lunar phase. The explanatory consistencies were proposed into four discrete mental models depending on their attributes. The four types based on the explanatory consistency by the preservice secondary teachers' explanations are as follows: ad hoc expansion, competitive theory addition, transition of unexplainable each, and transition using in context of several situations.
Deformation of Moho in the Southern Part of the Korean Peninsula
Shin, Young-Hong ; Park, Jong-Uk ; Park, Pil-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 620~642
The Moho structure and its deformation in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula were estimated using gravity and topography data. Gravity signals from the upper and lower crust were separated using a filter that was computed from isostacy and elastic thickness. The result of this study shows three characteristic features of the Moho deformation. First, the Moho folding structure is parallel to SKTL (the South Korean Tectonic Line), which indicates positive association with the collision of the Yeongnam and Gyeonggi Massifs and repeated compression afterwards. In contrast, noticeable deformation of the Moho was not observed along the Imjingang Belt, which is interpreted as another continental collisional belt in the Korean Peninsula. Second, the Moho beneath the Gyeongsang Basin has remarkably risen; this seems to be the result from both the collisional compression and buoyancy caused by magmatic underplating. Third, the Moho deformation is shallowest in the east of the Taebaek Mountains and deepens toward the west, consistent with the topographic characteristic of the Korean Peninsula of "high east and low west". It can be interpreted as the results of the opening of the East Sea and Ulleung Basin. A tectonic explanation for this could be the ascent of the mantle induced by continental rifting and horizontal extension at the early stage of the opening of the East Sea. The Moho deformation model computed in this study correlates well with the earthquake distribution and crustal movement measured by GPS. We suggest that the compression along the SKTL is still exerted, consequently, the Moho deformation is active, although it may be weak.
Regional Background Levels of Carbon Monoxide Observed in East Asia during 1991~2004
Kim, Hak-Sung ; Chung, Yong-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 643~652
Data of the carbon monoxide concentration observed in Mt. Waliguan in China (WLG), Ulaan Uul in Mongolia (UUM), Tae-ahn Peninsula in Korea (TAP), and Ryori in Japan (RYO) were analyzed for a long period between 1991 and 2004. The annual average concentration of carbon monoxide was the highest at TAP
. The seasonal variations being high in spring and low in summer were observed in other areas of Eastern Asia except WLG. TAP was high in carbon monoxide concentration in all seasons compared to WLG, UUM and RYO and shows wide distribution of concentration in the histogram, which is caused by the influence of large-scale air pollution due to its downwind location close to the East Asian continent, China in particular. Also, our data was compared with data measured at Mauna Loa (MLO) in Hawaii. According to the origin of the isentropic backward trajectory and its transport passage, carbon monoxide concentration observed in TAP was analyzed as follows: continental background airflows (CBG) were
; regionally polluted continental airflows (RPC) were
; Oceanic background airflows (OBG) were
; and Partly perturbed oceanic airflows (PPO) were
. The high concentration of carbon monoxide in TAP is due to the airflow from East Asian continent origin rather than that from the North Pacific origin. Especially, RPC which passes through the eastern China appeared to be the highest in concentration in spring, fall, and winter. However, OBG was affected by the North Pacific air mass with a low carbon monoxide concentration in summer. The NOAA satellite images and GEOS-CHEM model simulation confirmed a large-scale air pollution event that was in the course of expansion from southeastern China bound to the Korean Peninsula and the Korea East Sea by way of the Yellow Sea.
Seasonal Predictability of Typhoon Activity Using an Atmospheric General Circulation Model and Observed Sea Surface Temperature Data
Han, Ji-Young ; Baik, Jong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 653~658
The seasonal predictability of typhoon activity over the western North Pacific is investigated using an atmospheric general circulation model GCPS. A ten-member ensemble with different initial conditions is integrated for five months using observed sea surface temperature data for each year from 1979 to 2003. It is shown that the monthly variation of occurrence frequency of simulated tropical storms and the distribution of tropical storm genesis location are similar to those of observed tropical storms, but the model is unable to reliably predict the interannual variation of the occurrence frequency of tropical storms. This is largely because the observed relationship between tropical storm occurrence frequency and ENSO is different from the simulated one. Unlike the observation, in which the tropical storm occurrence frequency has no relation to ENSO, the model has a tendency to generate more (less) tropical storms than normal during El Nino (La Nina). On the other hand, the interannual variation of the mean longitude of tropical storms that shows a close connection with ENSO in both observations and simulations is simulated similar to the observation.
Sedimentologic Characteristics of Tidal Flat Sediments after the Construction of Sea Dyke in Kwangyang Bay, South Coast of Korea
Ryu, Sang-Ock ; Sin, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 659~669
In Kwangyang Bay, the south coast of Korea, surface sediments and sedimentation rates have been investigated to understand the distribution and variation of tidal flat sediments after the construction of sea dyke. The mean grain size of the surface sediments during autumn is coarser, and decrease from winter to summer except for temporarily coarsening in the early summer. The depositional processes are prevalent in spring, while erosional processes are dominant in summer and autumn. This seasonal variation of sedimentary processes show similar results monitored from 2001 to 2003 before the construction of sea dyke. In the northern area of the bay, net annual sedimentation rates show similar results monitored from 2001 to 2003 before the construction of sea dyke. However, in the western area of the bay, net annual sedimentation rates change from erosion-dominated to deposition-dominated environments. It is considered that the western area of the bay is changed to erosion-dominated environments, as a result of the changes of hydrodynamic conditions, caused by sea dyke construction.
CCD Photometry of a δ Scuti Variable HR 2707 (=21 Mon)
Lee, Ho ; Kim, Seung-Lee ; Cho, Sung-Il ; Park, Hong-Suh ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 670~676
We present a B and V band time-series CCD photometry of
Scuti type variable star HR 2707. The observation was carried out for 45 nights between November 13, 2001 and February 20, 2002 with a 40 cm telescope equipped with a 1K CCD camera at the Korea National University of Education Optical Astronomy Observatory. Through the time-series CCD photometry we obtained 3011 V band and 6562 B band CCD frames. In some of these data, the V band data obtained for seven nights in January of 2002, had been used as a part of a multi-site campaign by Lopez de Coca et al. (2003). To detect pulsational frequencies, we used Discrete Fourier Transformation (DFT) and linear least square method. We have detected eight resonable pulsational frequencies and compare to previous studies we determine
of Lopez do Coca et al. (2003) and
for derived from this study are real pulsational frequencies of HR 2707.
Distribution of Relative Evapotranspiration Availability using Satellite Data in Daegu Metropolitan
Kim, Hae-Dong ; Im, Jin-Wook ; Lee, Soon-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 677~686
Surface evapotranspiration is one of the most important factors to determine the surface energy budget, and its estimation is strongly related with the accuracy of weather forecasting. Surface evapotranspiration over Daegu Metropolitan was estimated using high resolution LANDSAT TM data. The estimation of surface evapotranspiration is based on the relationship between surface radiative temperature and vegetation index provided by a TM sensor. The distribution of NDVI (Normalized Difference of Vegetation Index) corresponds well with that of land-used in Deagu Metropolitan. The temperature of several part of downtown in Deagu metropolitan is lower in comparison with the averaged radiative temperature. This is caused by the high evapotranspiration from dense vegetation like DooRyu Park in Deagu Metropolitan. But, weak evapotranspiration availability is distinguished over the central part of downtown and the difference of evapotranspiration availability on industrial complexes and residential area is also clear.
Roles of Wind Stress Variations in the Western North Pacific on the Decadal Change of ENSO
Lee, Yoon-Kyoung ; Moon, Byung-Kwon ; Kwon, Min-Ho ; Jhun, Jong-Ghap ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 687~694
This paper investigated the effects of wind stress forcing in the western North Pacific on ENSO decadal change before and after the late 1970s. The SVD analysis of SODA data shows that a positive wind stress curl is dominant in the western North Pacific at the ENSO mature phase, which leads to the ENSO phase change by discharge/recharge heat contents in the equatorial Pacific. Before the late 1970s, the wind stress curl in the western North Pacific was strong. This strong wind forcing that is associated with the fast discharge of heat contents in the equator led to the short period and the weak intensity of ENSO occurred during the 1960-1970. On the other hand, after the late 1970s the relatively weak wind stress curl was accompanied with the long period and the strong intensity of ENSO. The simple coupled model experiments also confirm that the amplitude and dominant period of ENSO decrease when the wind stress curl in the western North Pacific projects more strongly into the ocean at the TNSO mature phase. Our results support that the changes in the behavior of ENSO after the late 1970s are associated with the wind stress variation in the western North Pacific.
Photometric Classification of the Variable Star TU UMi
Lee, Ho ; Kim, Seung-Lee ; Jo, Mi-Sun ; Lee, Jae-Woo ; Park, Hong-Suh ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 6, 2006, Pages 695~700
We present B, V, I time series CCD photometry for the variable star TU UMi to classify its variable type. The observations were performed using 61cm telescope equipped with 2K CCD camera at Sobaeksan Optical Astronomy Observatory (SOAO). Judging from the amplitude ratio
and color variation
. TU UMi should be a W UMa type eclipsing binary. We obtained two primary times of minimum lights (HJD 2453848.0446, HJD 2453848.2309) from our observations and determined new orbital elements (Min I=HJD 2452500.1344+0.37708907
E) for TU UMi.