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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Elementary Students' Perceptions of Earth Systems and Environmental Issues
Lee, Hyon-Yong ; Fortner, Rosanne W. ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 705~714
The purpose of this study was to explore the elementary students' perceptions of Earth systems and environmental issues. A survey was conducted to determine the students' perceptions on the following aveas: (1) the concepts of certainty and tangibility, (2) self-reported knowledge level, (3) perceived danger level of selected eight Earth systems and environmental issues, and (4) their primary information source on these issues. Results indicated that ozone hole, acid rain, El
, and global warming were identified by the students as uncertain and intangible issues. Perceived certainty and perceived tangibility were highly positively correlated with self-reported knowledge compared to other relationships. The results also showed that learning from school was the most frequent information source for environmental issues. The second most frequently used source of information was television among several mass media sources. It is hoped that this study contributes to understanding the elementary school students' perceptions toward the selected Earth systems and environmental issues.
Teachers' Research Experiences in Labs and Fields
Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 715~722
This study intended to find evidence of changes in teacher beliefs of teaching and learning and a case of infusing research experiences in teaching modules since their research participation. As part of this study, twenty three science and math teachers in Korea were provided with science research labs and field experiences in the University of Iowa for three weeks. The research units that teachers participated in for three weeks covered seven fields of subjects such as: geology, astronomy, chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer science, and environmental engineering. In the course of this study, the effectiveness of science research participation program was explored in terms of changing teacher beliefs and their production of teaching modules based on their research. This study especially focused on identifying changes of beliefs on science teaching and learning after participating in the research. A case study of a participant teacher was also conducted by comparing descriptively teaching modules before and after experiencing the program. It was found that the program affected the new modules and the research experiences affected participants' beliefs toward student centeredness.
Development of the K-12 Science Literacy Education Program focused on the Earth System and Environment
Lee, Eun-Ah ; Fortner, Rosanne W. ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 723~729
The purpose of this study was to develop a program based on the Earth system based program to help students achieve science literacy. This program was designed to be connected across grade levels, and contents of the program were constructed to have meaningful interdisciplinary context. All the activities in the program were inquiry-based, and understanding of the nature of science was considered essential throughout the program. In addition, appreciation and stewardship for the Earth system were systematically emphasized on any grade level. Design of the program applied U.S. National Science Education Standards for the quality of and conditions for school science programs.
Curriculum Reform Movement of Science Education in the US: A Case of Earth Science Curriculum
Park, Do-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 730~744
The United States curriculum reform movement has recently started in each area of science education. The initiatives on curriculum reform stem from a notion that the low rate of science curricula offered in schools has been a serious problem. The schools in the United States are not only facing a lack of offerings within science curricula but also low enrollment in science courses, especially in physics, chemistry, and earth science. This trend resulted in low performances on international achievement tests including TIMSS and PISA. This paper introduces the efforts to solve existing problems through curriculum reform; including ChemCom, BioCom, EarthComm, and Active Physics. In this paper, a discussion is presented to show how the curricula can help address the status quo in science education. More specifically, this paper focuses on curriculum reform in high school earth science (EarthComm), providing a closer look at the scope and sequence of the reform movement. EarthComm was chosen because it was released based on the development of the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996). Consequently, EarthComm became a curriculum that espoused the visions of the Standards, which has been guiding the reform of the US curriculum. At the end of this paper, two research outcomes of the EarthComm curriculum implementation in schools are discussed in terms of student learning and differences from conventional curricula.
Early Ordovician (Tremadocian) Graptolites from the Mungok Formation, Yeongwol, Korea: Biostratigraphy and Correlation
Kim, Jeong-Yul ; Cho, Hyun-Su ; Jin, Yeong-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 745~756
Early Ordovician graptolites from the Mungok Formation of Yeongwol area, Korea comprise seven species belonging to six genera: Callograptus curvithecalis, Callograptus sinicus, Aspidograptus lotolatzensis, Dendrograptus suni, Dictyonema uniforme, Adelograptus cf. tenellus, and Psigraptus jacksoni. Two graptolite zones with three subzones are recognized in the eight sections of the Mungok Formation. The Adelograptus Zone is correlated with (1) La 1b of the Lancefield Formation of Victoria, Australia, (2) the Adelograptus-Clonograptus Zone of the Yehli Formation of Jilin, China, and (3) the Adelograptus Zone of the Road River Formation of Yukon, Canada. It suggests that the upper part of the Mungok Formation corresponds to early Late Tremadocian of Early Ordovician.
Channel-fill Deposits of Gravel-bed Stream, Southeastern Eumsung Basin (Cretaceous), Korea
Ryang, Woo-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 757~767
Alluvial-plain deposits in the southeastern part of the Eumsung Basin (Cretaceous) are characterized by coarse-grained channel fills encased in purple siltstone beds. It represents distinct channel geometry, infill organization, and variations in facies distribution. The directions of paleocurrent, sedimentary facies changes, and channel-fill geometry can be used to reconstruct a channel network in the alluvial system developed along the southeastern margin of the basin. The channel-fill facies represent downstream changes: 1) down-sizing and well-sorting in clast and martix of channel fills and 2) internal organization of scour fill or gravel lag and overlying cross-stratified, planar-stratified beds. These findings suggest multiple stages of channel-filling processes according to flooding and subsequent stream flows. In the small-scale pull-apart Eumsung Basin (
in area), vertical-stacked alluvial architecture of the coarse-grained channel fills encased in purple siltstone is expected to result from episodic channel shifting under a rapidly subsiding setting.
Fusulinids from the Carboniferous strata in the Gangdong area of Samcheok coalfield, Korea
Lee, Chang-Zin ; Kim, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Min ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 768~777
The goal of this study is to elucidate the fusulinid biostratigraphy of the Carboniferous limestones distributed in the Gangdong area of Samcheok coalfield, Korea. The Carboniferous strata of the study area mainly comprise alternaton of dark gray shale, dark gray and reddish sandstone, and gray limestone. The limestones consist mainly of wackestonepackstone containing various fossil fragments such as crinoid, coral, brachiopod, foraminifera, fusulinid, and bryozoa; this observation thus suggests that the study site was the shallow marine environments. A tital of 12 species belonging to 5 genera of fusulinids are identified from the limestones of the Gangdong geologic section: Ozawainella turgida Sheng, Ozawainella sp. A, Ozawainella magna Sheng, Pseudostaffella antiqua (Dutkevich), Pseudostaffella paracompressa Safonova, Pseudostaffella kimi Cheong, Pseudostaffella sp., Beedeina lanceolata (Lee and Chen), Beedeina samarica (Rauser-Chernoussova), Beedeina sp. A, Neostaffella sphaeroidea cuboides Rauser-Chernoussova, and Hanostaffella hanensis Cheong. Such fusulinids species were reported from the lower part of the Geumcheon Formation in Samcheok coalfield and the middle Moscovian stage in Eurasia. On the basis of the fusulinid biostratigraphic correlation of the Gangdong geologic sections (A) to (C), the limestone should be overlapped by faults and folds. Moreover the stratigraphic thickness of the limestone is thinner than the thickness of the limestone outcrop of the Gangdong geologic section. Therefore, the stratigraphic sequence of the Gangdong geologic section is represented as the Gangdong geologic section (A).
Evaluation of Vertical Ozone Profiles from Ozonesonde over Pohang, Korea against coinciding HALOE datasets
Hwang, Seung-Hyun ; Sohn, Byung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 778~786
In Korea, the ozone profiles have been acquired by using ozonesonde at Pohang station of the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) since 1995. These ozone soundings were performed at 0500 UTC on a weekly basis (every Wednesday) in a clear sky. The ozonesonde is equipped with the model 5A ECC sensor, which is one of the most common ozonesonde systems. There have been no attempts to evaluate the Pohang ozonesonde profiles compared with satellite. This paper will provide the first evaluation results for the ozonesonde profiles against HALogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) measurements over Korea. During 1995-2004 periods, a total of 450 and 188 ozone profiles were obtained from the ozonesonde measurements from HALOE measurements over Korea, respectively. Hence, a total of 34 coincident profile pairs are extracted. Among those total profiles, 26 profiles from ozonesonde are compared against nearly coincident HALOE measurements in time and space. For ozone profiles, the results of statistical analyses showed that the best agreement between two measurements occurs in the 20-25 km and 30-35 km region, where the mean and RMS percent differences are less than
and 14%, respectively. For temperature profiles, the mean and RMS percent differences in 20-25 km region are estimated to be about -0.1 and 1.7%, respectively. According to the scatter plots between two measurements, ozone data are strongly correlated each other above 20 km altitude range with more than 0.8 correlation coefficients. It is found that the altitude (pressure level) differences between two measurements would mainly lead to the discrepancy (over 40% below 18 km) below 20 km in ozone profiles.
Surface Emissivity Derived From Satellite Observations: Drought Index
Yoo, Jung-Moon ; Yoo, Hye-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 787~803
The drought index has been developed, based on a
surface emissivity in the
MODIS channels over the African Sahel region (10-20 N, 13 W-35 W) and the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA: 37.2-37.7 N, 126.6-127.2 E). The emissivity indicates the
strength and can vary interannually by vegetation, water vapor, and soil moisture, as a potential indicator of drought conditions. In a well-vegetated region close to 10 N of the Sahel, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) showed high sensitivity, while the emissivity did not. On the other hand, the NDVI experienced negligible variability in a poorly vegetated region near 20 N, while the emissivity reflected sensitively the effects of atmospheric water vapor and soil moisture conditions. Seasonal variations of the emissivity (0.94-0.97) have been examined over the SMA during the 2003-2004 period compared to NDVI (or Enhanced Vegetation Index; EVI). Here, the dryness was more severe in urban area with less vegetation than in suburban area; the two areas corresponded to the north and south of the Han river, respectively. The emissivity exhibiting a significant spatial correlation of
with the two indices can supplement their information.
On the Characteristics of Meteorological Drought over the South Korea
Yoon, Ill-Hee ; Lee, Byung-Gil ; Kim, Hee-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 27, issue 7, 2006, Pages 804~815
Meteorologists define a drought as a period of common dry weather. This may sound straightforward, but it is not so in reality. In this study, we attempted to identify meteorological drought conditions over South Korea. To evaluate the temporal and spatial variability of drought, we calculated two commonly used drought indices, the percent of normal precipitation (PNP) and the Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) calculated from fifty-eight meteorological stations below the Korean Meteorological Administration (KMA). The yearly precipitation has been growing gradually, and the amplitude between maximum and minimum also grow more explicitly from 1960's. According to the analysis of percentile anomaly of monthly precipitation, major drought duration was
. The severe drought occurred most frequently in Mokpo, Daegu, Jeonju, Busan, and Gangneung; it tended to occur more frequently in south sector than in mid sector of Korea and in south west sector than in south east sector. According to the analysis of seasonal distribution, extreme droughts occurred frequently in winter at Seoul, Gangneung, Jeonju, Daegu, and Busan. Severe droughts in summer were formed frequently at Seoul, Gangneung, and Mokpo, while that for spring at Jeonju, Daegu, and Busan. The results of PDSI distribution for the
drought period were one of the most severe and widely spreaded droughts; it occurred most frequently in the south sector of South Korea. The comparison of time series between PDSI and Normal Percent showed that they exhibit a strong compatibility for the entire study period; it implies that both drought indices are useful method to indicate drought severity.