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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Sep 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Geochemical Characteristics on Geological Groups of Stream Sediment in the Boseong-Hwasun Area, Korea
Park, Young-Seog ; Kim, Jong-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 707~718
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.707
We study the natural background and geochemical characteristics on geological groups of stream sediment in the Boseong-Hwasun area. We collected 186ea stream sediment samples along the primary channels and dried them naturally in laboratory. The contents of major, trace and rare earth elements were determined by XRF, ICP-AES and NAA analysis methods. In order to know the natural background and geochemical characteristics of geological groups, we classified the studied area into granitic gneiss (GGn) area and porphyroblastic gneiss (PGn) area. The contents range of major elements for GGn area is
(T) 3.72-8.85 wt.%,
2.38-4.2 wt.%, MgO 0.75-2.77 wt.%,
0.78-1.88 wt.%, CaO 0.27-2.1 wt.%,
0.06-0.73 wt.% and MnO 0.03-0.95 wt.%, and for PGn area it is
(T) 3.44-13.46 wt.%,
2.08-3.86 wt.%, MgO 0.65-2.99 wt.%,
0.63-1.7 wt.%, CaO 0.35-2.07 wt.%,
0.1-0.31 wt.% and MnO 0.07-0.33 wt.%. The contents range of hazard elements for GGn area is Cr 41.7-242 ppm, Co 7.6-25.1 ppm, Ni 12-61 ppm, Cu 10-47 ppm, Zn 48.5-412 ppm, Pb 17-215 ppm, and for PGn area, it is Cr 29.6-454 ppm, Co 5.9-53.7 ppm, Ni 8.7-287 ppm, Cu 6.4-134 ppm, Zn 43.6-370 ppm, Pb 15-37 ppm area. There is a good correlation between Cr and MgO and Co among
(T), MgO and Ni among
(T), CaO, MgO whereas Cu, Zn and Pb have a low correlation for major elements in GGn area. Generally Cr, Co, Ni, and Cu have a good correlation with major elements, but a low correlation with Zn and Pb in PGn area.
Analysis of Absolute Sea-level Changes around the Korean Peninsula by Correcting for Glacial Isostatic Adjustment
Kim, Kyeong-Hui ; Park, Kwan-Dong ; Lim, Chae-Ho ; Han, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 719~731
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.719
Based on the ICE-3G and ICE-5G ice models, we predicted the velocities of crustal uplift caused by Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) at 39 tide gauge sites operated by Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration (KHOA). We also divided the Korean peninsula in the ranges of
grids, and computed the GIA velocities at each grid point. We found that the average uplift rates due to GIA in South Korea were 0.33 and 1.21 mm/yr for ICE-3G and ICE-5G, respectively. Because the GIA rates were relatively high at ~1 mm/yr when the updated ice model ICE-5G was used, we concluded that the GIA effect cannot be neglected when we compute the absolute sea level (ASL) rates around the Korean peninsula. In this study, we corrected the ICE-5G GIA velocities from the relative sea level rates provided by KHOA and we computed the ASL rates at 13 tide gauge stations. As a result, we found that the average ASL velocity around the Korean peninsula was 5.04 mm/yr. However, the ASL rates near Jeju island were abnormally higher than the other areas and the average was 8.84 mm/yr.
Simulation Skills of RegCM4 for Regional Climate over CORDEX East Asia driven by HadGEM2-AO
Oh, Seok-Geun ; Suh, Myoung-Seok ; Cha, Dong-Hyun ; Choi, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 732~749
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.732
In this study, 27-year (1979-2005) regional climate over the CORDEX East Asia domain was reproduced using a regional climate model, RegCM4, driven by HadGEM2-AO output, and the model`s simulation skill was evaluated in terms of surface air temperature and precipitation. The RegCM4 reasonably simulated the spatial distribution and interannual variability and seasonal variability of surface air temperature, while it had systematic biases in the simulation of precipitation. In particular, simulated rainband of East Asian summer monsoon was southward shifted below
as compared with the observation, thereby, summer mean precipitation over South Korea was significantly underestimated. Simulated temperature from the RegCM4 driven by the HadGEM2-AO output was comparable to that driven by the reanalysis. However, the RegCM4 driven by the HadGEM2-AO had prominently poor skill in the simulation of precipitation. This can be associated with the distorted monsoon circulations in the driving data (i.e., HadGEM2-AO) such as southward shifted low-level southwesterly, which resulted in the erroneous evolution of East Asian summer monsoon simulated by RegCM4.
Regional Climate Simulations over East-Asia by using SNURCM and WRF Forced by HadGEM2-AO
Choi, Suk-Jin ; Lee, Dong-Kyou ; Oh, Seok-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 750~760
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.750
In this study, the reproducibility of the simulated current climate by using two regional climate models, such as Seoul National University Regional Climate Model (SNURCM) and Weather Resuearch and Forecasting (WRF), is evaluated in advance to produce the standard regional climate scenario of future climate. Within the evaluation framework of a COordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment (CORDEX), 28-year-long (1978-2005) regional climate simulation was conducted by using the Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM2-AO) global simulation data of the National Institute of Meteorological Research (NIMR) as a lateral boundary forcing. The simulated annual surface temperatures were in good agreement with the observation; the spatial correlation coefficients between each model and observation were over 0.98. The cold bias, however, were shown over the northern boundary in the both simulated results. In evaluation of the simulated precipitation, the skill was reasonable and good. The spatial correlation coefficients for the precipitation over the land area were 0.85 and 0.79 in SNURCM and WRF, respectively. It is noted that two regional climate models (RCMs) have different characteristics for the distribution of precipitation over equatorial and midlatitude areas. SNURCM shows better distribution of the simulated precipitation associated with the East Asia summer monsoon in the mid-latitude areas, but WRF shows better in the equatorial areas in comparison to each other. The simulated precipitation is overestimated in summer season (JJA) rather than in spring season (MAM), whereas the spatial distribution of the precipitation in spring season corresponds to the observation better than in summer season. Also the RCMs were capable of reproducing the annual variability of the maximum amount and its timing in July, in which the skills over the inland area were in better agreement with the observation than over the maritime area. The simulated regional climates, however, have the limitation to represent the number of days for extremely hot temperature and heavy rainfall over South Korea.
Long-term Variation of the Freezing Climate near the Han River and Seoul in Korea
Oh, Su-Bin ; Byun, Hi-Ryong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 761~769
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.761
Daily minimum temperature and freezing data of the Seoul weather station (
57`E, Songwol-dong Jongno-gu Seoul, hereinafter Songwol) and freezing data of the Han River station (
57`E, hereinafter Han River) were used to study the long-term variation of the freezing climate for Seoul, Korea, for the period of 100 years from 1907 to 2006. `Freezing` of Songwol is defined that the water in outdoor fields is frozen, and `freezing` of the Han River located 6 km away from Songwol is defined as the region 100 meters upstream of the second and fourth piers in the south end of the Han River Bridge is fully frozen. The mean first freezing date for Songwol was October 28, and one for Han River was December 28; these showed a late tendency, with the rate of 0.78 days
and 3.47 days
, respectively. The mean annual freezing days was 159.06 days for Songwol and 50.33 days for Han River; each showed a
shorter tendency, with rates of 2.01 days
and 5.24 days
, respectively. All the seven no-freezing years (1960, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1988, 1991, and 2006) for Han River came after 1950. The mean daily minimum temperatures of the first freezing dates for Songwol and Han River were
. The first freezing occurred after 6.43 days for Songwol and after 8.94 days for Han River with daily minimum temperature below
. The annual minimum temperatures of Songwol and Han River exhibited positive correlations with the first freezing date and negative correlations with freezing days. The result shows that the freezing climate change is relevant to temperature change and is a part of overall climate change. By conducting additional studies with various methods and wider region, we will be able to monitor the freezing climate.
Projected Climate Change Scenario over East Asia by a Regional Spectral Model
Chang, Eun-Chul ; Hong, Song-You ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 770~783
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.770
In this study, we performed a downscaling of an ECHAM5 simulated dataset for the current and future climate produced under the Special Report on Emission Scenarios A1B (SRES A1B) by utilizing the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Regional Spectral Model (RSM). The current climate simulation was performed for the period 1980-2000 and the future climate run for the period 2040-2070 for the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment (CORDEX)`s East Asia domain. The RSM is properly able to reproduce the climatological fields from the evaluation of the current climate simulation. Future climatological precipitation during the summer season is increased over the tropical Oceans, the maritime-continent, and Japan. In winter, on the other hand, precipitation is increased over the tropical Indian Ocean, the maritime-continents and the Western North Pacific, and decreased over the eastern tropical Indian Ocean. For the East Asia region few significant changes are detected in the precipitation climatological field. However, summer rainfall shows increasing trend after 2050 over the region. The future climate ground temperature shows a clear increasing trend in comparison with the current climate. In response to global warming, atmospheric warming is clearly detected, which strengthens the upper level trough.
Development and Application of the Educational Program to Increase High School Students` Systems Thinking Skills - Focus on Global Warming -
Lee, Hyo-Nyong ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Oh, Hee-Jin ; Lee, Hyun-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 784~797
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.784
The purposes of this study are: (1) to develop educational program designed to improve high school students` knowledge integration and their system thinking skills about global warming and (2) to identify the change of students` system thinking level. The developed program was implemented to twenty seven high school students, and six students grouped into three highs and three lows in their performance were selected to analyze their level of system thinking. The word association, casual map and drawing were used to measure and identify any significant change. As a result, the low level system thinking group improved their system thinking skills for global warming and the earth and sub-systems after the intervention. However, participants` misconception remained the same. And the high level systems thinking group showed more organize system thinking skills about a global warming topic. It is suggested that more educational programs be developed on various topics in order for high school students to improve their systems thinking skills as well as knowledge integration of earth systems and earth environment in school curriculum.
Middle School Students` Understanding about Earth Systems to Implement the 2009 Revised National Science Curriculum Effectively
Lee, Hyo-Nyong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 798~808
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.798
The purpose of this study was to explore middle school students` perceptions about earth systems in order to implement the 2009 revised national science curriculum effectively. A total of 1219 students participated in the survey and asked to determine their basic understandings about earth systems, self-reported knowledge level, and perceived significance level of the 23 earth systems concepts (contents). In relation to students` basic understandings about earth system, approximately 67% students reported that they didn`t know about the term of the earth system. Atmosphere and hydrosphere were highly perceived as major component of earth system. However, cryoshere was perceived to be least familiar by the subjects. The findings also showed that students` self-reported knowledge level and significance level about major ESU#4, #5, #6 related concepts (contents) were significantly different by gender. Most of male students were more knowledgeable and perceived more significant than female students. Regarding the difference of the perceived significance level by grade, 10 out of 23 concepts were significantly different. Some implications for implementing the revised curriculum and school fields were discussed.
Error Analysis of Satellite Imagery for Sea Surface Temperature in the High School Science Textbooks and Responses of Pre-service Teachers
Park, Kyung-Ae ; Choi, Won-Moon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 809~831
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.809
Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is one of the most important oceanic variables to understand rapidly-changing climate, so that accurate and error-free SST images should be presented in school science textbooks. However, satelliteobserved SST images in the high-school textbooks presented some errors caused by various reasons. This study analyzed 36 satellite images for SST presented in 24 kinds of high-school textbooks (earth science I and II textbooks on the basis of the 7th National Curriculum) for 17 items. This study investigated errors in image processing such as cloud removal, land masking, color bar, geological and time information, and some erroneous expressions related to the fundamental information of satellites. Twenty five pre-service teachers filled out a survey about several problematic satellite images, and their responses were analyzed. As a result, most of the pre-service teachers did not recognize the errors associated with image processing and tended to comprehend the SST errors as real oceanographic phenomena such as sea ice, river outflow, or cold current. Therefore, satellite SST images in the textbooks should be accurately presented by including detailed items suggested in this study.
Analysis of Oceanic Current Maps of the East Sea in the Secondary School Science Textbooks
Park, Kyung-Ae ; Park, Ji-Eun ; Seo, Kang-Sun ; Choi, Byoung-Ju ; Byun, Do-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 832~859
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.832
The importance of scientific education on accurate oceanic currents and circulation has been increasingly addressed because the currents have played a significant role in climate change and global energy balance. The objectives of this study are to analyze errors of the oceanic current maps in the textbooks, to discuss a variety of error sources, to suggest how to produce a unified oceanic current map of the East Sea for the students. Twenty-seven textbooks based on the 7th National Curriculum were analyzed and quantitatively investigated on the characteristics of the current maps by comparing with both the previous literature and up-to-date scientific knowledge. All the maps in the textbooks with different mappings were converted to digitalized image data with Mercator mapping using geolocation information. Detailed analysis were performed to investigate the patterns of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC) in the Korea Strait, to examine how closely the nearshore branch of the TWC flows along the Japanese coast, to scrutinize the features of the offshore branch of the TWC south of the subpolar front in the East Sea, to quantitatively investigate the northern range of the northward-propagating East Korea Warm Current and its latitude turning to the east, and lastly to examine the outflow of the TWC near the Tsugaru Strait and the Soya Strait. In addition, the origins, southern limits, and distances from the coast of the Liman Current and the North Korea Cold Current were analyzed. Other erroneous expressions of the currents in the textbooks were presented. These analyses revealed the problems in the present current maps of the textbooks, which might lead the students to misconception. This study also addressed a necessity in a bridge between scientists with up-to-date scientific results and educators who needed educational materials.
A Perception of Beginning Earth Science Teachers on Porphyritic Texture
Kim, Yong-Hwan ; Chung, Duk-Ho ; Cho, Kyu-Seong ; Choi, Jin-A ; Park, Kyeong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 860~870
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.860
This study is to explore the Pedagogical Content Knowledge of beginning earth science teachers about the porphyritic texture of igneous rocks, and to suggest the teaching device that can prevent a trial and error of students in earth science instruction. We developed an interview guideline concerned with basic perception on the porphyritic texture, formation condition and formation process of porphyritic rocks, teaching and learning on porphyritic rocks for it. And data was collected from 5 beginning earth science teachers (3 high schools, 2 middle schools) through a group discussion method. In result, despite the porphyritic texture can be found at hypabyssal rocks as well as volcano rocks and plutonic rocks, most beginning earth science teachers cognized that it could be found at hypabyssal rocks only by focusing the formation depth of hypabyssal rocks. Also, the formation of porphyritic texture should be considered the factors such as cooling rate, nucleation density, growth rate, growth time, etc. However they mainly reflected the formation temperature and growth rate as it`s parameter. Participants have wrongly perceived that a phenocryst necessarily differs from a groundmass on chemical composition. And they are inclined to discriminate phenocryst from groundmass through their chemical differences, instead of grain size.
Pre-service Earth Science Teachers Understanding about Volcanoes
Kim, Hyoung-Bum ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Ryu, Chun-Ryol ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 871~880
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.871
The purpose of this research is to explore preservice earth science teachers` understanding of volcanic systems using a modified version of InVEST Volcanic Concept Survey (InVEST VCS, Parham et al., 2010). Results showed that participants` understanding of volcanic concepts was rather limited. Questions requiring only basic content knowledge (e.g., terminology associated with volcano) received high scoring responses, while questions requiring higher order thinking and deeper conceptual connections as the mechanics of volcanic eruption received low scoring responses. Specifically, the prediction of hazards and impacts on the environment appeared to be poorly understood. VCS results can be applied to improve the subject content knowledge as well as the pedagogical knowledge that instructors may use when they assess students` understanding of volcanism within a solid conceptual framework.
Analyzing the Status Quo of Docent Training Program and Searching Its Development Direction in Science Museum of Korea
Park, Young-Shin ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 881~901
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.881
The science museum in the past satisfied visitors only by interacting them with simple objects and exhibition, while one in modern times was requested to meet the need of visitors in their engagement in educational programs. To meet the visitors` need, the science museum made efforts to train, educate, and assign docents so that they can interact with visitors and serve the educational purpose of visitation. In this study, we analyzed the strengths and weakness of docent training programs from science museums/science centers nationally and internationally, to make implication on how to design a docent training and professional program. Programs from four national and four international science centers/museums were selected as a sample for analysis. Their docent training programs were compared with the data of surveys and interviews and emails from docents and docent managers/evaluators. Artifacts and documents of the docent training programs were also collected and used to construct the validity in analyzing the data, resulting in the well-developed docent training program as the critical one for enriching science museum education. The results included; First, we need to recruit and train docents who interact visitors directly but they need to be differentiated from regular volunteers for promoting science museum education for the purpose of popularization of science. Additionally, Second, we need to develop and run docent training program where docents can experience `informal learning` exhibition interpreting strategies through the real field from mentoring from the experienced/senior docents beyond `formal learning` exhibition content. Third, we need to equip docents with skills to make scientific literacy possible at science museum-such as experiencing scientific ethics through scientific inquiry-which happens limited at school education.
Investigating the Effects of Teaching Based on an Analysis of High School Students` Knowledge State of Concepts Associated with Astronomical Observation
Yoon, Ma-Byong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 32, issue 7, 2011, Pages 902~912
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2011.32.7.902
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of teaching based on analysis of a hierarchy of the concepts associated with astronomical observation as well as each learner`s status of knowledge through analytical methods of the knowledge state. A test instrument was developed to measure high school students` concepts associated with astronomical observation before instruction. The learners` psychological hierarchy associated with astronomical observation that the participants possessed showed the order of `motion of the earth
astronomical observation (mechanism of the telescope
installation of the telescope
observation through the telescope)`, and so was the hierarchy of teaching (70.6%). The learners` knowledge state that is supposed to be similar each other in the ability of observing celestial bodies was different even through they scored the same on the concept test. There were cases with the knowledge state well-structured and not well-structured, which suggests that differentiated instruction with appropriate teaching-learning prescriptions be prepared. An analysis of the knowledge state can play the role of both preparing individualized learning prescriptions and formative evaluation. In the unit dealing with astronomical observation of Earth ScienceI, teaching according to the psychological hierarchy of learners rather than the order in which the textbook syllabi were presented scored significantly higher (p<0.05) on the level of concept achievements. This result suggests that the teacher can help students achieve more efficient in learning by analyzing the learner`s knowledge state and reordering the syllabi of the textbook in teaching the concepts associated with astronomical observation.