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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Dec 2012
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Sep 2012
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Comparative Study of Rain Intensities Retrieved from Radar and Satellite Observations: Two Cases of Heavy Rainfall Events by Changma and Bolaven (TY15)
Lee, Dong-In ; Ryu, Chan-Su ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 569~582
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.569
The heavy rainfalls caused large property damages and human casualties. For example, Changma caused 0.25 billion dollars in damages and 57 deaths and 112 missing by accompanying the torrentially convective heavy rainfall in Seoul, 2011. In addition, TY15 (Bolaven) caused a small damage by bringing a relatively small amount of rainfall and strong wind in Gwanju, 2012. The investigation and analyses of these mesoscale processes of rainfall events for different physical properties using KLAPS for weather environments of the above cases were performed. These typical and ideal meoscale systems by better and more favorable cloud systems were chosen to retrieve rain intensity from Radar and Chullian data. The quantitative rain intensities of Radar and Chullian differ greatly from the ground-based gauge values with underestimating over 50 mm/hr at the peak time of hourly maximum rain intensity about over than 85 mm/hr. However, the Radar rain intensity demonstrated approximately lower than 35 mm/hr, and the Chullian rain intensity less than 60 mm/hr for Changma in Seoul, 2011. For typhoon (TY15, Bolaven) in Gwangju, similarly, the quantitative rain intensities of Radar and Chullian differ from the ground-based gauge values. At the peak time, the hourly maximum rain intensity of ground-based gauge was more than 15 mm/hr. However, the Radar rain intensity showed lower than 5 mm/hr, and the Chullian rain intensity lower than 10 mm/hr. Regarding the above two cases of typhoon and Changma, even though Radar and Chullian rain intensities have been underestimated when compared to the ground-based rain intensity, the distributions of time scale features of both Radar and Chullian rain intensities still delineated a similar tendency of rain intensity distribution of the ground-based gauge data.
Annual Cycle and Interannual Variability of Tropical Cyclone Genesis Frequency in the CMIP5 Climate Models: Use of Genesis Potential Index
Kwon, MinHo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 583~595
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.583
The potential for tropical cyclogenesis in a given oceanic and atmospheric environments can be represented by genesis potential index (GPI). Using the 18 Coupled Model Inter Comparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, the annual cycle of GPI and interannual variability of GPI are analyzed in this study. In comparison, the annual cycle of GPI calculated from reanalysis data is revisited. In particular, GPI differences between CMIP5 models and reanalysis data are compared, and the possible reasons for the GPI differences are discussed. ENSO (El Nino and Southern Oscillation) has a tropical phenomenon, which affects tropical cyclone genesis and its passages. Some dynamical interpretations of tropical cyclogenesis are suggested by using the fact that GPI is a function of four large-scale parameters. The GPI anomalies in El Nino or La Nina years are discussed and the most contributable factors are identified in this study. In addition, possible dynamics of tropical cyclogenesis in the Northern Hemisphere Pacific region are discussed using the large-scale factors.
Effect of R-Z Relationships Derived from Disdrometer Data on Radar Rainfall Estimation during the Heavy Rain Event on 5 July 2005
Lee, GyuWon ; Kwon, Byung-Huk ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 596~607
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.596
The R-Z relationship is one of important error factors to determine the accuracy of radar rainfall estimation. In this study, we have explored the effect of the R-Z relationships derived from disdrometer data in estimating the radar rainfall. The heavy rain event that produced flooding in St-Remi, Quebec, Canada has been occurred. We have tried to investigate the severity of rain for this event using high temporal (2.5 min) and spatial resolution (
by 250 m) radar data obtained from the McGill S-band radar. Radar data revealed that the heavy rain cells pass directly over St-Remi while the coarse raingauge network was not sufficient to detect this rain event. The maximum 30 min (1 h) accumulation reaches about 39 (42) mm in St-Remi. During the rain event, the two disdrometers (POSS; Precipitation Occurrence Sensor System) were available: One used for the reflectivity calibration by comparing disdrometer Z and radar Z and the other for deriving disdrometric R-Z relationships. The result shows the significant improvement with the disdrometric reflectivity-dependent R-Z relationships against the climatological R-Z relationship. The bias in radar rain estimation is reduced from +12% to -2% and the root-mean squared error from 16 to 10% for daily accumulation. Using the estimated radar rainfall rate with disdrometric R-Z relationships, the flood event was well captured with proper timing and amount.
An Analysis of the Symbiotic Star Z And Line Profile
Lee, Seong-Jae ; Hyung, Siek ; Lee, Kangwhan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 608~617
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.608
The symbiotic nova Z Andromedae (And) was investigated, using the high dispersion spectra of spectral resolution,
. The spectral observations were done with (1) the Hamilton Echelle Spectrograph (HES) and the high resolution spectra (exposures=1800s and 3600s) were obtained at Lick Observatory in 2001 August
=0.77), and 2002 August
=0.22), (2) with the Bohyunsan Echelle Spectrograph (BOES) at Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory and the high resolution spectra (exposure=1200s) were secured in 2009 October
=0.70). From both the HES and BOES spectral data in the
wavelengths, we extracted the emission lines of HI, HeI, and HeII, which have been decomposed into double or triple Gaussian components for 3 consecutive phases. The emission zones responsible for these components appear to be closely related with the orbital motion of a white dwarf or a giant star. The presence of the Raman scattering
broad wing feature and the kinematic characteristics of the line profile observed in each phase imply that the Z And emission lines are mostly from two Lagrangian points,
, and the accretion disk around the white dwarf star. The Z And was most active in 2009 and 2001 during the outburst phase, while it remained quiescent in 2002 in spite of the complex line profiles.
K-Ar Ages of Cretaceous Fossil Sites, Seoyuri, Hwasun, Southern Korea
Kim, Cheong Bin ; Kang, Seong Seung ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 618~626
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.618
The Cretaceous fossil sites of Seoyuri in Hwasun was designated as the Korean Natural Monument No. 487 in November 2007. It provides important resources for paleoenvironmental studies, including theropod trackways, plant fossils, mudcracks, ripple marks, and horizontal bedding. The Cretaceous sedimentary strata contain a wide variety of volcanic pebbles, 5-40 cm in diameter in the lower portion and are overlain by the Late Cretaceous Hwasun andesite. Whole rock absolute K-Ar age determinations were performed on six volcanic pebbles from the Cretaceous sedimentary strata and on two samples from the overlaying Hwasun andesite. These ages indicate that the rocks belong to the period between the Turonian of the late Cretaceous (91-70 Ma) and the Pliocene age of the early Cenozoic (
Ma). Thus, the K-Ar ages indicate that the maximum geological age of the dinosaur track-bearing sedimentary deposits is about ca. 70 Ma. Therefore, it suggests that the age is comparable to the formation ages of the dinosaur footprints-bearing deposits in Sado area of Yeosu (71-66Ma).
The Formation of the Cenozoic Volcanic Edifice in the Goseong-Ganseong Area, Gangwondo, Korea
Kim, Hwa Sung ; Kil, Youngwoo ; Lee, Moon Won ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 627~636
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.627
In the Obongri-Goseong area of Gangwondo, South Korea, there are six densely distributed volcanic edifices i.e., Duibaejae, Oeumsan, Galmibong, 249 m height, 166 m height, and 102 m height, and two other volcanic edifices including Goseongsan and Unbongsan volcanic edifice that are separately located from a distance. A previously undiscovered 249m volcanic edifice in Obongri was found in this investigation, and the six volcanic edifices distributed in Obongri will be referred to as the Obongri volcanic edifice group. Volcanic edifices in this area were interpreted by other researchers as being volcanic plug, plug dome, and cylindrical volcanic pipe type edifices. The aim of this study is to investigate the aspect of volcanic activity in the Obongri-Goseong area and the formation of volcanic edifices by examining of the shape of volcanic edifices, stratigraphy, and characterization of volcanic products. All the volcanic edifices in the area are composed of basaltic rocks on the Mesozoic granite basement, and the prevalence of the dome shape increased towards the upper part of the mountain. Three volcanic edifices (Duibaejae, 166 m height, 102 m height) include intercalated pyroclastic deposits between the basaltic rocks and the basement. The pyroclastic deposit in the Duibaejae volcanic edifice is composed of quartz, feldspar, granite fragments originated from the basement, and scoria fragments originated from the volcanic eruption. In addition to angular olivine, plagioclase, and pyroxene xenocrysts, all the basaltic rocks contained mantle xenolith, gabbroic xenolith originated from the lower crust, and granitic xenolith originated from the basement. This fact indicates that magma rapidly rose to the surface and that the volcanic activity was explosive. It is also interpreted that, as the basaltic magma became highly viscous due to the large amount of xenocrysts, the erupted magma formed a dome structure on the surface. The original dome structure was then severely eroded out leaving a plug dome formation on the basement.
Characteristics of Damaging Earthquakes Occurred in Seoul Metropolitan Area for the Last Two Thousand Years
Kyung, Jai Bok ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 637~644
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.637
The Seoul metropolitan area is densely populated with 40 percent of Korean people and quite weak to the seismic hazard. According to the analysis of historical documents, the largest earthquake occurred in this area is MMI VIII-IX acompanying with a large shaking, collapse of stone walls, collapse of houses, and many casualties. Two times of damaging earthquakes occurred in the first century (A.D. 27, 89), and there was a long quiet period of about 1430 years. Another big earthquakes re-occurred three times in the 16-17 century (1518, 1613, 1692) and then a quiet period has continued to the present time. Just after Seoul earthquake in 1518, aftershocks occurred almost 19 days consecutively and many triggered earthquakes occurred not only in Seoul metropolitan area but also in Hwanghae province, northern Korea. It indicates that the largest potential earthquake in and around Seoul is MMI VIII-IX with a long occurrence period of about 1400-1500 years.
Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Conceptions on the Relative Sizes of Celestial Bodies
Jang, Myoung-Duk ; Nam, Younkyeong ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 645~657
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.645
The purpose of this study was to investigate pre-service elementary teachers' conceptions about the relative sizes of celestial bodies including the universe, galaxy, star, planet, satellite, asteroid, and comet, which were presented in elementary school science textbook. This study also examined the causes of their misconceptions as shown in the study. Sixty three pre-service elementary teachers participated in this study. The survey was developed for this study that asked to make an order of relative sizes of the given celestial bodies and to write scientific facts about each of the celestial bodies. The survey items were analyzed by simple descriptive statistics, and the written responses were analyzed using qualitative and inductive methods. The results showed that only five (7.9%) of the participants correctly answered about the relative size of the given celestial bodies. There were three common misconceptions identified in relation to the relative sizes of the celestial bodies; more than 20% of the participants had: (1) a planet is bigger than a star (46.0% of the participants), (2) an asteroid is bigger than satellite (58.7%), 3) a comet is bigger than a star (22.2%).
Development and Application of Teaching Materials for Geological Fieldwork in Jeokbyeokgang Area, Gyeokpo, Byeonsan, Korea
Cho, Kyu-Seong ; Ryang, Woo-Hun ; Shin, Sun-Seon ; Oh, Jae-Myeong ; Chung, Duk-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 658~671
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.658
This study is to develop teaching materials for the geological fieldwork of Jeokbyeokgang area located in the national park of the Byeonsan-bando National Park, Buangun, Jeonbuk, Korea. The developed teaching materials are used in middle school science to effectively teach the fieldwork of the area. The sedimentary succession of Jeokbyeokgang area in the Cretaceous age, Mesozoic, represents the large-scale and distinctive sedimentary structures on sea cliffs, which are worth developing as teaching materials for the earth science fieldwork. The area of Jeokbyeokgang also comprises various geological structures related to the advanced learning programs as well as those within the curriculum of earth science in middle school level. A five-step fieldwork model was applied to 20 students in middle school earth science. This study quantitatively analyzed students' responses to the process of the fieldwork activity. Results indicated that the fieldwork activity using the developed teaching materials was effective in helping the students to improve their self-directed learning and practical understanding of earth science.
Gifted Elementary Students' Understandings about Earth Systems and Environmental Problems
Jung, Jaehwa ; Lee, Hyonyong ; Go, Soojin ; Oh, YoungJai ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 33, issue 7, 2012, Pages 672~682
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2012.33.7.672
The purpose of this study is to investigate elementary school science gifted students' perceptions about Earth systems and environmental problems. A total of 28 students in the attached center for science gifted education to the university participated in this study. Through the survey, participating students were asked to respond to their self-reported knowledge level, the perceived danger levels, certainty, and tangibility of the selected 13 Earth environmental problems. The DAET (Draw-An-Earth Test)-Checklist were developed and used to analyze the images of the Earth drawn by students. Additional interviews were conducted to clarify the meanings and components of students' image. Results indicated that a total of 80 components regarding Earth systems, 11 components of Earth systems interaction, and 4 components related to Earth systems literacy were identified through the DAET-Checklist and additional interviews. Regarding the students' self-reported knowledge level, they reported that they were most knowledgeable about air pollution, global warming, and water pollution. and they also recognized global warming, air pollution, and water pollution as the most dangerous problem. Results indicated that participants were certain that acid rain, air pollution, and water pollution were problematic, and that acid rain, air pollution, and forest desertification were tangible issues. It is anticipated that this study contributes to understanding the elementary school science gifted students' perceptions toward the selected Earth systems and environmental problems.