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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean earth science society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Earth Science Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 7 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Sep 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Data Assimilation Effect of Mobile Rawinsonde Observation using Unified Model Observing System Experiment during the Summer Intensive Observation Period in 2013
Lim, Yun-Kyu ; Song, Sang-Keun ; Han, Sang-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 215~224
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.215
Data assimilation effect of mobile rawinsonde observation was evaluated using Unified Model (UM) with a Three-Dimensional Variational (3DVAR) data assimilation system during the intensive observation program of 2013 summer season (rainy season: 20 June-7 July 2013, heavy rain period: 8 July-30 July 2013). The analysis was performed by two sets of simulation experiments: (1) ConTroL experiment (CTL) with observation data provided by Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and (2) Observing System Experiment (OSE) including both KMA and mobile rawinsonde observation data. In the model verification during the rainy season, there were no distinctive differences for 500 hPa geopotential height, 850 hPa air temperature, and 300 hPa wind speed between CTL and OSE simulation due to data limitation (0000 and 1200 UTC only) at stationary rawinsonde stations. In contrast, precipitation verification using the hourly accumulated precipitation data of Automatic Synoptic Observation System (ASOS) showed that Equivalent Threat Score (ETS) of the OSE was improved by about 2% compared with that of the CTL. For cases having a positive effect of the OSE simulation, ETS of the OSE showed a significantly higher improvement (up to 41%) than that of the CTL. This estimation thus suggests that the use of mobile rawinsonde observation data using UM 3DVAR could be reasonable enough to assess the improvement of prediction accuracy.
Use of Multivariate Statistical Approaches for Decoding Chemical Evolution of Groundwater near Underground Storage Caverns
Lee, Jeonghoon ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 225~236
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.225
Multivariate statistical analyses have been extensively applied to hydrochemical measurements to analyze and interpret the data. This study examines anthropogenic factors obtained from applications of correspondence analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA) to a hydrogeochemical data set. The goal was to synthesize the hydrogeochemical information using these multivariate statistical techniques by incorporating hydrogeochemical speciation results calculated by the program, commonly used, WATEQ4F included in the NETPATH. The selected case study was LPG underground storage caverns, which is located in the southeastern Korea. The highly alkaline groundwaters at this study area are an analogue for the repository system. High pH, speciation of Al and possible precipitation of calcite characterize these groundwaters. Available groundwater quality monitoring data were used to confirm these statistical models. The present study focused on understanding the hydrogeochemical attributes and establishing the changes of phase when two anthropogenic effects (i.e., disinfection activity and cement pore water) in the study area have been introduced. Comparisons made between two statistical results presented and the findings of previous investigations highlight the descriptive capabilities of PCA using calculated saturation index and CA as exploratory tools in hydrogeochemical research.
Numerical Simulation of Volcanic Ash Dispersion and Deposition during 2011 Eruption of Mt. Kirishima
Lee, Soon-Hwan ; Jang, Eun-Suk ; Yun, Sung-Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 237~248
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.237
To analyze the characteristics of deposition and dispersion of volcanic ash emitted from Mt. Kirishima on January 26, 2011, several numerical simulations were carried out by using the numerical models including Weather and Research Forecast (WRF) and FLEXPART. The dispersion of ash located under 1 km high tends to be concentrated along the prevailing wind direction on January 26 2011. On the other hand, volcanic ash released on the following day spreads to Kirishima bay due to the intensified high pressure air mass in southern Kyushu. When Siberian air mass was intensified January 26, 2011, the deposition of volcanic ash is concentrated restrictedly in the narrow area along the wind direction of the downwind side of Mt. Kirishima. The development of high pressure air mass over the eruption area tends to induce the intensified horizontal diffusion of volcanic ash. Since the estimated deposition of volcanic ash is agreed well with observed values, the proposed numerical simulation is reasonable to use the assessment on the behavior of volcanic ash.
The Global Warming Hiatus Simulated in HadGEM2-AO Based on RCP8.5
Wie, Jieun ; Moon, Byung-Kwon ; Kim, Ki-Young ; Lee, Johan ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 249~258
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.249
Despite the greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide have steadily increased in atmosphere, the overall trend of the global average surface air temperature has stalled during the last decade (2002-present). This phenomenon is often called hiatus or warming pause, which is challenging the prevailing view that anthropogenic forcing causes warming environment. Our study characterized the hiatus by analyzing the HadGEM2-AO (95 yrs) simulation data based on RCP8.5 scenario. The PC2 time series from the EOF of the zonal mean vertical ocean temperature has been defined as the index that represents the warming pause. The relationship between the hiatus, ENSO and the changes in climate system are identified by utilizing the newly defined PC2. Since the La Nina index (defined as the negative of NINO3 index) leads PC2 by about 11 months, it may be possible that the La Nina causes the warming to be interrupted. We also show that the cooling of the climate system closed tied to the heat penetration into the deep ocean, indicating the weakening the warming rate is due to the oceanic heat uptake. Finally, the global warming hiatus is characterized by the anomalous warming in Arctic region as well as the intensification of the trade wind in the equatorial Pacific.
The Leaching and Recovery of Au from Scrap of PCBs
You, Don-Sang ; Park, Cheon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 259~266
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.259
This study was carried out to find an environmental friendly and effective way to leach Au and Ag from scrap of Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) using sodium-hypochlorite solution. In an EDS analysis, valuable metals such as Cu, Sn, Sb, Al, Ni, Pb and Au were all found in PCBs. The highest leaching rates obtained were 1% of pulp density with a chlorine:hypochlorite of 2:1 and a concentration of NaCl at 2M. The highest Au recovery was observed with the addition of sodium metabisulfite to make a 3M solution. It is confirmed that the leaching agent (chlorine-hypochlorite) could effectively leach Au and Ag from Printed Circuit Boards (scrap parts) and the additive reagent sodium metabisulfite could easily precipitate Au from the chlorine-hypochlorite solution.
The Effects of Problem-Solving Inquiry Teaching Using Concept Sketches on Conceptual Changes about Plate Tectonics and Science-Related Attitudes
Kwon, Young Shin ; Kim, Jeong Yul ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 267~276
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.267
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of problem-solving inquiry teaching using concept sketches on conceptual changes about plate tectonics and science-related attitudes. The subjects of this study were two classes of second-year students of K high school located at Anseong in Gyeonggi Province. Before instruction, a conceptual test was conducted to survey student`s preconceptions about plate tectonics. The control group took a traditional lesson, while the experimental group was applied to problem-solving inquiry teaching using concept sketches. After the inquiry instruction, TOSRA (Test of Science-Related Attitudes) was administered to find out changes in science-related attitudes of the two groups. The results of this study are as follows. The experimental group understood concepts of plate tectonics better than the control group, which means that problem-solving inquiry teaching using concept sketches was more effective in students` conceptual understanding. Science-related attitudes of the experimental group showed a significant change in the categories of `normality of scientists`, `pleasure of science lessons`, and `interests on science as a hobby`. In conclusion, the instruction of problem-solving inquiry using concept sketches produced students` positive changes in conceptual understanding about plate tectonics and science-related attitudes.
An Analysis of Types, Frequencies, and Sources of Cognitive Backgrounds of the Preservice Teachers` Questions Related to Earth Science Knowledge Presented in Elementary Science Textbooks
Lee, Myeongje ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 277~289
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.277
The purpose of this study was to analyze the questions of earth science knowledge presented in elementary science textbooks. In group activities, The questions were created by preservice elementary teachers assuming that they were teaching the earth science knowledge in science education classes at university of education. Types, frequencies, and sources of the cognitive background knowledge of the questions were analyzed. The results demonstrated the followings. First, types, concentrations, and sources of the cognitive background knowledge of the questions were different depending on the domains of earth science. Specifically, in astronomy domain, the frequencies and concentrations of the questions showed different trends compared with other domains in its individual lessons. It suggests that instructional strategies that reflected the difference found in each lessons be appropriately designed and used. Second, it was found that `schools` was the most dominant sources of the cognitive background. `Friends` were also found to be very important sources, thus promoting students` interaction with their peers would become an important strategy in science teaching. It was also found that mass media such as `internet` and `TV` were roughly rated the same as `schools` which illustrated that mass media could be utilized in science instruction. Third, since types, concentrations, and frequencies of the questions were diverse in the lessons of units, it is suggested that diverse instruction strategies also be taken into account as an educational approach in teaching the subjects in teacher education.
A Preliminary Study of Rodent Burrows at Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia: Comparison with the Late Pleistocene Rodent Burrows of Korea
Lim, Hyoun Soo ; Lee, Jae Il ; Park, Sujeong ; Jeong, Hoon Young ; Hwang, Jinyeon ; Kim, Jin-Seop ; Son, Moon ; Yoon, Ho Il ;
Journal of the Korean earth science society, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 290~294
DOI : 10.5467/JKESS.2014.35.4.290
In this study, we investigated the characteristics of rodent (mainly ground squirrel) burrows found near the Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia. Those burrows are straight to slightly curved and gently inclined in lateral view. Cross-sectional shapes are either circular or elliptical with diameters ranging from mostly 8-10 cm. Most abandoned burrows are passively filled with soils and/or pebbles. The size and architecture of these Mongolian burrows are remarkably similar to those of the previously reported Late Pleistocene burrows from Korea. Therefore, the rodent burrows found at Korean Palaeolithic sites are thought to have been formed by ground squirrels. However, the difference in burrow-fills suggests that the mean annual precipitation of the Korean Peninsula during the Late Pleistocene is much higher than that of Mongolia.