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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of IKEEE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institude of Korean Electrical and Electronics Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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New Lighting Control System for Light Devices
In, Chi-Goog ; Yoon, Dal-Hwan ; Lin, Chi-Ho ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 261~266
In this paper, new efficient lighting control system for light devices is proposed to reduce power consumption and increases LED life-cycle and heat efficiency of LED lighting module. The new proposed lighting control system for light devices divides into 4 stages according to the illuminance surrounding by measuring illuminance and apply to automatic pattern lighting algorithm. And via level check will be light up for set time by applying intersection lighting algorithm of magic square pattern forming a fully symmetrical. Experimental analysis results, shows heating value and power consumption reduced to maximum 30 percent and lifetime of LED improved to maximum 60 percent in comparison with previous lighting system so applying system to LED streetlight, stable and high energy efficiency can be acquired.
The Implementation of Hardware Verification System Using Fault Injection Method
Yoon, Kyung-Shub ; Song, Myoung-Gyu ; Lee, Jae-Heung ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 267~273
In hardware design, its stability and reliability are important, because a hardware error can cause serious damages or disaster. To improve stability and reliability, this paper presents the implementation of the hardware verification system using the fault injection method in PC environment. This paper presents a verification platform that can verify hardware system reliably and effectively, through a process to generate faults as well as insert input signals into the actual running system environment. The verification system is configured to connect a PC with a digital I/O card, and it can transmit or receive signals from the target system, as a verifier's intention. In addition, it can generate faults and inject them into the target system. And it can be monitored by displaying the received signals from the target system to the graphical wave signals. We can evaluate its reliability by analyzing the graphical wave signals. In this paper, the proposed verification system has been applied to the FPGA firmware of a nuclear power plant control system. As a result, we found its usefulness and reliability.
The Development of a License Plate Recognition System using Template Matching Method in Embedded System
Kim, Hong-Hee ; Lee, Jae-Heung ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 274~280
The implementation of the recognition system of a vehicle license plate and the Linux OS environment which is built in SoC Embedded system and its test result are presented in this paper. In order to recognize a vehicle license plate, each character has to be extracted from the whole image of a license plate and the extracted image is revised for the template matching. Labeling technique and numerical features are used to detect the vehicle license plate. Each character in the license plate has coordinates. The extracted image is revised by comparison of the numerical coordinates and recognized through template matching method. The experimental results show that the license plate detection rate is 96%, and a character recognition rate is 73%, and a number recognition rate is 97% for about 300 license plate images. The average time of the recognition in the embedded board is 0.66 sec.
An Architecture of the Resampler for DVB-T2 Demodulation
Kim, See-hyun ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 281~286
DVB-T2 is a next generation DTV transmission standard, which supports various channel bandwidths. Since the symbol rate of the DVB-T2 signal is changed according to its bandwidth, the received signal needs to be sampled at a different frequency. The sampling frequency should be also adjusted depending on the sampling frequency offset due to the frequency error in the local oscillator. The sampling frequency can be locked into the symbol frequency by resampling the sampled data by ADC running at a fixed frequency. In this paper a resampler architecture for DVB-T2 is proposed. And the simulation results reveal the spectral characteristics of each subcarriers used in DVB-T2 system.
Minimizing the power consumption of ZigBee RF4CE Certified Platform
Jung, Taek-Soo ; Kim, Jung-Won ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 287~292
The RF4Control stack is used with microcontrollers and IEEE(R) 802.15.4 transceivers. This paper explains the setup and power consumption measurements for the transceiver based remote controller and target node. It is assumed the reader of this paper has knowledge about RF4CE. The current consumption measurements are made using the ZigBee Platform included with the RF4Control stack. he current consumption measurements are presented, and battery life time is calculated for an remote controller. Note that the results presented in this paper are intended as a guideline only. A variety of factors will influence the battery life calculation and final measurements and calculations should be performed on ZigBee RF4CE Certified Platform.
Interference Cancellation Methods using the CMF(Constant Modulus Fourth) Algorithm for WCDMA RF Repeater
Han, Yong-Sik ; Yang, Woon-Geun ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 293~298
In the paper, we propose a new CMF(Constant Modulus Fourth) algorithm for WCDMA(Wideband Code Multiple Access) RF(Radio Frequency) Repeater. CMF algorithm is proposed by modifying the CMA(Constant Modulus Algorithm) algorithm and improved performances are achieved by properly adjusting step size values. The steady state MSE(Mean Square Error) performance of the proposed CMF algorithm with step size of 0.35 is about 4dB better than that of the conventional CMA algorithm. And the proposed CMF algorithm requires 400~1100 less iterations than the LMS(Least Mean Square) and NLMS(Normalized Least Mean Square) algorithms at MSE of -25dB.
Wideband horn antenna including circular-polarizer and straight-type mode-converter for Ka-band
Jung, Young-Bae ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 299~304
In this paper, the circular polarized horn antenna composed of circular polarizer and impedance transformer is designed, and fabricated. For the circular polarizer, two types of the polarizer are designed and the electrical performance of them is compared; rectangular waveguide polarizer with
-inclined dielectric slab and oval shaped one. Straight type mode converter has a stepped impedance structure and plays a role of converting waveguide TE mode into coaxial TEM mode, and the proposed antenna is designed to directly connect with active components using the feed-through in the input port of the mode converter. Fabricated antenna has the wideband performance, VSWR<1.5 and Axial ratio < 1.0dB, ranging from 30.085 to 30.885 GHz, and the antenna gain is 6.7~7.0 dBi.
A Pulser System with Parallel Spark Gaps at High Repetition Rate
Lee, Byung-Joon ; Nam, Jong-Woo ; Rahaman, Hasibur ; Nam, Sang-Hoon ; Ahn, Jae-Woon ; Jo, Seung-Whan ; Kwon, Hae-Ok ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 305~312
A primary interest of this work is to develop an efficient and powerful repetitive pulser system for the application of ultra wide band generation. The important component of the pulser system is a small-sized coaxial type spark gap with planar electrodes filled with SF6 gas. A repetitive switching action by the coaxial spark gap generates two consecutive pulses in less than a microsecond with rise times of a few hundred picoseconds (ps). A set of several parameters for the repetitive switching of the spark gap is required to be optimized in charging and discharging systems of the pulser. The parameters in the charging system include a circuit scheme, circuit elements, the applied voltage and current ratings from power supplies. The parameters in the discharging system include the spark gap geometry, electrode gap distance, gas type, gas pressure and the load. The characteristics of the spark gap discharge, such as breakdown voltage, output current pulse and recovery rate are too dynamic to control by switching continuously at a high pulse repetition rate (PRR). This leads to a low charging efficiency of the spark gap system. The breakthrough of the low charging efficiency is achieved by a parallel operation of two spark gaps system. The operational behavior of the two spark gaps system is presented in this paper. The work has focused on improvement of the charging efficiency by scaling the PRR of each spark gap in the two spark gaps system.
Spectral Comb Stabilization of a Mode-Locked Semiconductor Fiber Ring Laser by External Optical Injection
Seo, Dong-Sun ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 313~318
The effects of external continuous wave optical injection on spectral comb of a 10 GHz harmonically mode-locked semiconductor fiber ring laser have been studied. Greater than 40 dB spectral deeps in the spectral comb and greater than 30 dB reduction of supermode beating noise are achieved by injecting coherent light with ~ 100 KHz spectral width. To examine the possibility of using a low-cost seed source, we replace the seed source by a DFB laser with ~ 10 MHz spectral width. It shows similar spectral deeps, however supermode beating noise enhancement, rather than reduction, is observed.
Synchronous Buck Converter with High Efficiency and Low Ripple Voltage for Mobile Applications
Yim, Chang-Jong ; Kim, Jun-Sik ; Park, Shi-Hong ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 319~323
In this paper presents a new model of dual-mode synchronous buck converter with dynamic control for mobile applications was proposed. The proposed circuit can operate at 2.5MHz with supply voltage 2.5V to 5V for low ripple and minimum inductor and capacitor size, which is suitable for single-cell lithium-ion battery supply mobile applications. For high efficiency, the proposed circuit adopts synchronous type and dynamic control. The proposed circuit is designed by using the device parameter of TSMC 0.18um BCD process and the performance is evaluated by Cadence spectre. Experimental board level results show the maximum conversion efficiency is 96% at 100mA load current.
Design of 2-4 Cell Li-ion Multi Battery Protection Analog Front End(AFE) IC
Kim, Sun-Jun ; Kim, Jun-Sik ; Park, Shi-Hong ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 324~329
In recent years, the performance and functions of portable devices has increased. so it requires more power efficiency and energy density while using the battery for a long time. therefore Battery pack which are made up from several battery cells in series in order to achieve higher operating voltage is being used. when using a Li-ion battery, we need a protection circuit to protect from overcharge, over discharge, high temperature and over current. Also, when using battery pack, we need to Cell voltage balancing circuit that each cell in tune with the balancing. In this paper, the proposed IC is applicable by mobile devices as well as E-bike, hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles, and is expected to contribute to the development of domestic PMIC.
A Design of Current-mode Buck-Boost Converter using Multiple Switch with ESD Protection Devices
Kim, Kyung-Hwan ; Lee, Byung-Suk ; Kim, Dong-Su ; Park, Won-Suk ; Jung, Jun-Mo ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 330~338
In this paper, a current-mode buck-boost converter using Multiple switching devices is presented. The efficiency of the proposed converter is higher than that of conventional buck-boost converter. In order to improve the power efficiency at the high current level, the proposed converter is controlled with PWM(pulse width modulation) method. The converter has maximum output current 300mA, input voltage 3.3V, output voltage from 700mV to 12V, 1.5MHz oscillation frequency, and maximum efficiency 90%. Moreover, this paper proposes watchdog circuits in order to ensure the reliability and to improve the performance of dc-dc converters. An electrostatic discharge(ESD) protection circuit for deep submicron CMOS technology is presented. The proposed circuit has low triggering voltage using gate-substrate biasing techniques. Simulated result shows that the proposed ESD protection circuit has lower triggering voltage(4.1V) than that of conventional ggNMOS(8.2V).
Design and Implementation of Internal Multi-Band Monopole Antenna for Mobile Phones
Yang, Woon-Geun ; Cai, Ling Zhi ; Yang, Cheol-Yong ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 339~344
In this paper, we proposed an internal multi-band monopole antenna for mobile phone that can be used for smart phones. The proposed antenna has a small volume of
, ground size is
, and covers the GSM900 (Global System for Mobile communications : 880-960 MHz), DCS (Digital Communications System : 1710-1880 MHz), K-PCS (Korea-Personal Communications Service : 1750-1870 MHz), US-PCS (US Personal Communications Service : 1850-1990 MHz), Bluetooth (2400-2483 MHz), Wibro (2300-2390 MHz) and WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network : 2400-2483.5 MHz) bands. The measured peak gains of the implemented antenna are 1.15 dBi at 920 MHz, 3.58 dBi at 1795 MHz, 3.46 dBi at 1810 MHz, 2.91 dBi at 1920 MHz, 5.18 dBi at 2345 MHz, 3.37 dBi at 2442 MHz.
A Study on Implement of Smart Battery Management System using Embedded Processor
Oh, Chang-Rok ; Lee, Seong-Won ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 345~353
Recently portable mobile devices such as smart-phones and notebooks have rapidly increasing demands. Those devices consume more power because they are expected to offer more complex functionality including multimedia features. For these reasons engineering efforts are changing to focus on maximizing energy efficiency within a limited battery capacity instead of increasing computational performance. In this paper, we propose a battery management system using event driven programming technique on a embedded processor. We also show that the proposed system satisfies SBS (Smart Battery Specification) v1.1. The proposed system maintains minimum code size and memory size comparing to those of RTOSs. The proposed system can be also easily incorporated in the conventional RTOSs as a form of firmware.
The Capacity of Multi-Valued Single Layer CoreNet(Neural Network) and Precalculation of its Weight Values
Park, Jong-Joon ;
Journal of IKEEE, volume 15, issue 4, 2011, Pages 354~362
One of the unsolved problems in Artificial Neural Networks is related to the capacity of a neural network. This paper presents a CoreNet which has a multi-leveled input and a multi-leveled output as a 2-layered artificial neural network. I have suggested an equation for calculating the capacity of the CoreNet, which has a p-leveled input and a q-leveled output, as
. With an odd value of p and an even value of q, (p-1)(p-2)(q-2)/2 needs to be subtracted further from the above equation. The simulation model 1(3)-1(6) has 3 levels of an input and 6 levels of an output with no hidden layer. The simulation result of this model gives, out of 216 possible functions, 80 convergences for the number of implementable function using the cot(x) input leveling method. I have also shown that, from the simulation result, the two diverged functions become implementable by precalculating the weight values. The simulation result and the precalculation of the weight values give the same result as the above equation in the total number of implementable functions.