Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 1985
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 1985
Selecting the target year
Plant Damages Due to Air Pollution in the Highway-on the Pinaceae
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 1~24
The pinus trees planted by the road in the Seoul -Suwen high-way was surveyed on the damages due to air pollution during April and May in 1984. The results were as follows ; The concentration of SO
was ranged from 0.003 to 0.05ppm, NOx from 0.03 to 0.1ppm and the amount of dust fall, from 10 to 110ton/km
/month. While the concentrations of gaseous pollutants such as SO
and NOx were notsignificantly different in the type of road and with in the distence of 20 meters from the road the dust falls were decreased as remoted from the road. The tissue damages of leaves were determined by the microscopic observation. The higher concentration of dust fall on the leaf, the more severe damage observed in the stomata. The attached dust of the leaves were ranged from 1l to 75mg/g of leaf, and those were significantly incereased as near from road. The sulfur contents of leaves were measured at 0.15g/100g of leaf in the 5 meters located and at 0.064g/100g of leaf in the 20 meters, and the lead contents, 45ug/g of leaf in the 5 meters and 24ug/g in the 15 meters. The appearent damages of plant were very much corelated to the attached dusts of leaves the sulfur contents and the amount of dust fall, and the multiple regression analysis between the damages and factors of air pollution were under taken. As increment of vehicle in future, the air Pollution was predicted and the plant damages were estimated.
A Study on an Energy-Effective Site Planning for a Residential Environment(II)
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 25~42
The objective of this article is to develop residential site planning techniques for the energy conservation by focusing on energy conscious site design process, influencing natural factors for energy conservation and suggestion of multi - family housing Prototypes. This article is the second part of the article titled "A Study on an Energy - Effective Site Planning for a Residential Environment"which is published in the previous issue (Vol. 12, No. 2) of this journal. The first part of the article dealt with how to make best use of energy conserving effect of natural forces such as sun, wind and water, and the selection techniques of suitable residential site for achieving energy conservation. The second part proposes the energy conscious design process of residential site development and suggests building forms of single family and multi -family housings. The three multi - family housing prototypes haute been developed which are most energy -effective ; the linear type, the cut -de -sac type and the atrium type. In the process of creating the prototypes, energy conserving design criteria have been also developed. These criteria can be used to develop some other alternative prototypes.
A Study on Forest Land Classification Using Multivariate Statistical Methods : A Case Study at Mt. Kwanak
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 43~66
Korea needs proper and rational public policies on conservation and use of forest land and other natural resources because of the accelerating expansion of national land developments in recent years. Unfortunately, there is no systematic planning system to support the needs. Generally, forest land use planning needs suitability analysis based on efficient land classification system. The goal of this study was to classify a forest land using multivariate satistical methods. A case study was carried out in winter of 1983 on a mountainous area higher than 100m above sea level located at Mt. Kwanak in Anyang -city, Kyung-gi-do (province). The study area was 19.80 km
wide and was divided into 1, 383 Operational Taxonomic Units (OTU's) by a 120m
120m grid. Fourteen descriptors were identified and quantified for each OTU from existing national land data : elevation, slope, aspect, terrain form, geologic material, surface soil permeability, topsoil type, depth of the solum, soil acidity, forest cover type, stand size class, stand age class, stand density class, and simple forest soil capability class. For this study, a FORTRAN IV program was written for input and output map data, and the computer statistics packages, SPSS and BMD, were used to perform the multivariate statistical analysis. Fourteen variables were analyzed to investigate the characteristics of their fire quench distribution and to estimate the correlation coefficients among them. Principal component analysis was executed to find the dimensions of forest land characteristics, and factor scores were used for proper samples of OTU throughout the study area. In order to develop the classes of forest land classification based on 102 surrogates, cluster and discriminant analyses of principal descriptor variable matrix were undertaken. Results obtained through a series of multivariate statistical analyses were as follows ; 1) Principal component analysis was proved to be a useful tool for data selection and identification of principal descriptor variables which represented the characteristics of forest land and facilitated the selection of samples.
A Basic Study on the Children′s Playground for Planning
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 67~77
The purpose of this study is to establish the principles of an arrangement planning for children's playgrounds which can be contributed to offer the recreation opportuqities to all urban children equally. The study is specially focused on the service radius and the inducement rate in children's playground. The data in this study were made into field survey, dividing the park users into preschool children (below 6- year-old)and school children (7 to 12-year - old), through six sampling places in Taegu City. The results are summarized as follows : The using distance was becoming shorter according as the dencity of population was becoming high. There wart 75% of the users to service radius 250m prescribing in the present City Park Law. The service radius of preschool children was 260m and that of school children was 300m in average. To investigate the effects of several attributes on the inducement of children's playground, three of six children's playgrounds were selected based on three attributes of those which were width of area, percentage of green coverage and the pattern of facility arrangment. Of three children's playgrounds, Sankyok 3- dong which had the highest percentage of green coverage, the greatest width of area and the corner type in the arrangement was a slight tendency to become the same in the inducement rate of the two age group. In the using pattern of this Sankyok 3-dong. preschool children usually used a play facility, on the contrary, school children showed the active play pattern by using space.
Basic Studies on the Plant Ecosystem for the Environmental Conservation in Masan District
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 79~94
about the environmental conservation in Masan District. It included the actual vegetation the degree of human disturbance of vegetation, plant biomass and biomass production. The natural vegetation was nonexistent and the major plant communities of the secondary forest was P. thunbergii-Q. acutissima and Quercus forest. P. thunbergii-Q. acutissima community area was 29.2% of Masan District and the secondary forest and the afforestation area was 48% and 13% of Masan District respectively. The ecological diversity of the plant community was high value in Q. acutissima- P. thunbergii, Q.aliena and Carpinus laxiflora-Q.variabilis communicty. As the investigation of the ecological succession in Masan Forest, P. thunbergii community is edaphic climax and mixed forest will be changed gradually dominant species of Quercus species. It was implied that Genus Quercus hadnever beenso easily taken ever by the Genus Pinus which forms the edaphic climax at vast areas of forest land. In the degree of human disturbance of vegetation, the degree 7 (secondary forest 1) was 52.8% and the green spaces in Masan cover 65%, which nongreen spaces 35 %. Total amount of plant biomass produced from Masan District was estimated to be 160, 470.95 tons. Annual Production of dry matter biomass amounts to be 32,940.64 tons. Estimated amount for O
produced annually from the vegetated area in Masan was 34,856 tons.
The Effect of Green Foundation on the Visual Preference
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 95~107
This study is purposed to investigate the role of grasses as the Green Foundation effect on the visual preference to flowering tree and shrub being the principal elements of natural landscape early in the spring. As the flowering shrub materials, Rhododendron mucronulatum and Forsythia Kreana were adopted. Total 48 slides were photographed at the 8 different lawn areas with the 6 planting combinations of flowering shrub materials, and 10 landscape variables - dimensional and color - were measured and preference scores were taken by slide evaluations. The results were : 1) The visual preference to the landscape of flowering shrub in the lawn area was changed with the different lawn situations. 2) With important 4 variables, multilinear regression model was established, hence Y =40.4 + 9.6(
) + 15.2(
) where, Y : estimated preference score
: perimeter of flower zone
: value of green covered zone
: hue of green covered zone
: chroma of green covered zone 3) Most effective variable was 'hue of green covered zone', hence the more green the lawn area ism the more preferred landscape or the more effective green foundation is.
An Environmental Study on the Image Identification of Urban Streetscape (The Case Study of Tongsung-Ro in Taegu City)
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 109~121
A study on the image identification of urban streetscape is valuable for illuminating identity that is not yet fully approached in the field of environmental design. This analysis of urban streetscape for image identification allows us to make a more detailed exploration of an important approaching methods in dealing with the structural characteristics of identity. As a matter of fact, the earlier indirect studies on this image identification were made by environmental designers, such as architectural and urban designer in the field of environmental perception and came to its environmental cognition & environmental pattern research with assistances by such researchers as K. Lynch A. Rapoport & Christopher Alexander. Through its environmental perception research, we can see its structural characteristics that is aesthetic & visual structural contents of physical environmental elements. And we can see its cognitive characteristics through the environmental cognitive research, that is continuity, territoriality, identity of place, uniqueness or individuality, meaning & symbolism. Through its environmental pattern research, we can see its physical, socio - economic, cultural and symbolic pattern identification contents, that is physical form of the city, style of the street, pattern of streetscape, socio- economic & geographical locality, arid life cycle, life style, common style of the behavior, cultural pattern of the activity, socio - cultural expression of the symbol. In these process, we can set up a set of the environmental design criterias from those three integral studies for identity. And for an environmental research, Tongsung-Ro around the CBD (central business district) in Taegu City was selected for a case study, because this streetscape is suitable for that approaching methods in this study.
A Study on the Distribution of Trampling Frequency on the Athletic Turf of a Soccer Field
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 13, issue 1, 1985, Pages 123~130
In this study, the distribution of players on a soccer field was investigated with slide -photos in order to suggest a basic data for the athletic turf maintenance and construction. The results of this investigation may be summarized as follows. 1) There's a tendency that trampling frequency per grid (32.23m
)of a soccer field gradually increases from the corner area to the center. Especially the area around goal and center-circle get the highest frequency. 2) Trampling numbers per grid show the similar tendency to trampling fequency. And the grid around the goal get the highest trampling number per grid.(6.52 times/32.23m
). 3) The extent of the damage to the athletic turf per grid also show the similar tendency to the foregoing results. Under such extent of the damage to the athletic turf as these, the method of the turf maintenance and construction will be made.