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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Oct 1990
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jul 1990
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 1990
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jan 1990
Selecting the target year
A stuffy on the environmental Impact Assessment of golf course development - A comparative cross - cultural analysis between Korea and Japan
;Tsunekawa Atsushi,;Hayashi kuniyoshi;;;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 1~13
In recent years, the construction of golf course has been increasing very rapidIy and serious concern is paid to its environmental consequences both in Korea and in Japan. EIA systems as a major requirements for golf course developments emerged to reduce the adverse impact of their developments in Korea as well as in Japan. This study aims to compare EIA systems, procedures and methodologies employed between Korea and Japan in order to demonstrate the success and failure of EIAs in each country. The results of this study can be summarized as follows : 1) EIAs are systematically undertaken based upon law in Korea but on regulation in Japan. 2) Public participation Isn't encouraged in the Korean EIA procedure while the Japan EIA system involves public participation. 3) Korean EISs shall be prepared after the proposed projects are approved according to the related laws and be followed by the necessary procedures, but in the carte of Japan, EISs be prepared prior to their approval . 4) ELSs shall be prepared by agencies with special expertise with respect to 7he environmental impacts (appointed by government) or the sponsoring agencies themselves in Korea whereas they be prepared by agencies proposing the projects in japan. 5) EISs both in Korea and in Japan are characterized by cliches which may be unfamiliar to reviews and the public. 6) EIAs describe the existing presence and predict and evaluate that a development work influences the present conditions. Here Japan EIA treats mainly natural - and life environment, whereas Korean EIA dose social - and economic environment. And hence in the case of Japan is undertaken more quantitative and scientific analysis, whereas in the case of Korea is less. It is suggested that the key point to impact analysis is to use the correct concepts, fomulate the comparative studies of methodologies and find the methods that suit the decision as well as which country's own circumstances.
Analysis of Crowding by User′s Number - Case study of Dalsung and Jungang Park in Daegu city -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 15~19
This survey was carried to determine the crowd In the city parks on the basis of the crowding and using denSity. The using density was vary different by season and day, and the density was much higher in this experiment than in the case of the foreign countries. This survey shows a high correlation between the using density and crowd as the crowd level was more influenced by the increasing number of park - users in the case of low using density than the high using density. The possible using space per individual was around 10㎥ in the parks, which means a strong endurance of the surveying group to the massing space, in the saturated crowding value that the crowd was not significantly affected by the increasing number of users.
The concept of neighborhoods and its implication to urban park planning
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 21~30
A Study on the Changes of Outdoor Space System in Korean Rural Villages - A Comparative Study of Changes in Residential Environment Accompanied by the Rural Village Improvement Projects -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 31~44
This study was carried out to investigate the changes of rural residential environmemts accompanied by the rural village improvement projects. The results of this study can be a guidoline for further betterment works of rural village envirnments. This sutdy is composed of the survey of two major parts, one Is the interview of the residents and the survey of existing conditions of residential environments, and the other is a questionnaire survey of the mental image, preference and satisfaction for each village residential environments. Based on preliminary investigation, five rural villages, located In Kyungsamgun., Kyungbuk province, were selected as sutdy sites. The major results are summarized as follows; 1. In socio-cultural enveronments, the ratio of compound and non - agricultural household are increased with the modernization of rural villages. On the ocher hand, the numbers of neighbor's association are considerably decreased. This means the traditional community of korean rural villages are diminishing. 2. In physical environments, the ratio of improved western type gouses are increased In modprnized villages. And the modernization is most remarkable in the palls of fences and gardens. 3. By the result of the analysis of residfnt's environmental image and preference, the image scores of urban, formal, mdoern, etc. are showed to be high. And the preference is also high in modernized villages. But in general, the Preference for the village environment is comparatively low in all villages. This means the improvememt work should be continuous and systematic. 4. By the result of stepwise regression analysis, the variables, affecting the preference of village environment. are regularity, familiarity, amount of greenery, beauty of surrounding scenery, convenience, cleanness, etc. The R2s of the perference models were 0.4486 ∼0.9395, Which are considered to be high. 5. In the satisfaction for each residences, the toilets are mostly dis - satisfying. With the modernization of vilelages, the needs for environmental quality by residents are increased. 6. In the satisfaction for village enveironments, the satisfaction level is most low in service facilities, such as public bath, barbershop. And the satisfaction for the scenic beauty, the amenity of surrondings, and the com munity of the traditional villages, are commparatively high in conventional villges. 7. The imporvement works, based on the characteristics of each rural villages, are recommended. And the tradition of Jung - ja tree spaces and harmony with surrounding landscape of traditional villages, must be conserved with good regards.
Studies on the soil - erosion- control effect of underground growth of several grasses used to rodside vegetation
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 45~55
This study describes on the erosion control effects of the several grasses and its mixtures for the man-made slopes. The grasses used for this experiment include cool-season grasses such as Festuca rubra L. (Creeping redfescue), Poa pratensis L. (Kentucky bluegrass), Lolium perenne L. (Perenial ryegrass), Lolium multiflorum LAM. (Italian ryegrass), Festuca arundinacea Schrel. (Tall fescue), and warm-season grasses such as Eragrostis curvula Schrad. (Weeping lovegrass), Zoysia japonica Steud. (Zoysiass) and native plants (Artemisia princeps var. orientalis Hara, Lespedeza cuneata G. Don, Arundinella hirta var. ciliata K.) This study was conducted at Dan-kook University from April, 1988 to Octover, 1989. The results are summurized as follows; 1.Cool-season grasses covered the ground quickly in early stage, and weekened slowly during sumer season. Warm-season grasses and native-plants covered the ground slowly in early stage, but during summer season they grew vigorously, so outweighed cool season grasses. 2. The amount of aboveground growth of weeping locearass and underground growth of Artemisia prinoepts are quite differant from others. Since Arumdinella hirta has deep root system, it is thought to very useful protection of unstable for hrdro-seeding. Because cool-season grasses are useful for quick coverage, and native plants or warm-season grow well during summer season with the better compatability to weeds. 3.Mixture III(cool-season and warm-season grasses), mixtureIV(native spp. and Italian ruegrass), and mixtureV(native spp.) resulted in better control of erosion control on man-made slopes. Native spp. has equivallent capacity of erosion control compared to several foreign grasses.
A Study on Selecting Barrier Trees in the Middle Temperature forest Zone of Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 57~65
To select suitable siecies for barrier trees in the middle tmperature forest zone of Korea, sprout ratio, verdi cal density ratio and impenetrability were analyzed for 41 species including 9 evergreen conifer trees which had been transplanted 18 years ago and maintained as a hedge at Pocheon - Gun, Kyonggi -Do, Korea. 1. The species with high sprout ratio of hedges were Rosa multiflora, Lonicera maackii, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Thuja occidentalis in order at the upper portion, Thuja occidentalis, Rosa multiflora, Chamaecyparis pisifera, in order oa the middle portion, and Thuja occidentals, Chamaecyparis pisigera, Rosa multiflora, Cercdiphyllum japonicum, Cornus kousa, Ulmus pumila, Robinia pseudoacacia in order at the lower portion of hedges. 2. the species with high vertical density ratio were Thuja occidentalis, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Weigela subsessilis, Acer ginnala in order. 3.The species with hight impnetrability were Thuja occidentalis, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Forsythia Koreana, Juniperus rigida, Juniperus chinensis, Pinus strobus in order. 4. the values of correlation coefficents between the sprout ratio and impenetrability are given in table 3 and positive significant correlations can be observed in conifer trees.5. The species with high suitability for tree barrier were Thuja occidontalis, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Acer ginnala, Juniperus chinensis, Rosa multiflora, Counus kousa, Cercidiphyllum japonocum, Weigela subsessilis, Cornus officinalis, Philadelphus schrenckii in order.
Comparative Analysis of Urban and Rural Children′s View of Outdoor Environment
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 67~78
Though children are imperfect and immature in themselves, they have their own merits and characteristics, so that they should not be appreciated by the adult's own viewpoints. The needs of a child are obviously different from those of an adolescent or an adult. Therfore we should understand their mentality and psychology in order to give desirable outdoor space to them. In this study, children's view of outdoor environment was studied by analyzing the painting of object elementary school students of one and the other urbanizations and schooling years and different schooling years also. The data were drawn from 182 children of two different urbanization levels. The urbanization level was standardized with urban area(Taegu), and rural area(Jukjang - myon). According to the research, more area of garden was exprssed In paintings of urban children. House was expressed vy far more frequently in paintings of rural childrin than in those of urban dwellers. The children of urban expressed recreation facilities more frequently within their garden. It reflected the limitation of play space for them, As a result, the preference fur outdoor 7pare of children should by considered in Planning space for them.
Analysis on Residents Behavior and Determinants of Satisfaction to the Exterior Space in High-rise Apartment complex.
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 79~93
The purpose of this study is to establish better residential environment in APT. complex. In this study, the actual conditions of exterior space, user behavior and degree of satisfaction are investigated and analyzed on the 5 high-rise story APT complex in Taegu city. The results of this study were as follow ; The size and arrangement of organizational elemnnt to exterior space in APT. complex have been regulated by law and regulations as the buildings coverage and floor space index, but housinghold and accessibility to the racility will be simultaneously considered to raise Quality of the residential environoment. The main user behavior to exterior space in APT. complex was practical activity and the user behavior pattern by week and among APT. complex were found similiarly. In the ratio of use to exterior space in APT. Complex, that of high-rise residents were lower than that of lowrise residents. In the degree of satisfaction by property of variables to exterior environment In APT. comples, physical of buildings, social - psychologic, managerial economical, physical property of exterior space were estimated positively, but properly of facility were estimated negatively. The degee of satisfaction to exterior environment in APT. complex was highly Influenced by green space, site size. As a result of ractor analysis, the four factors were drawn out from exterior environment in APT. complex. and the factors that have an effect on the degree of residents' satisfaction by factorscore were found in the order of importance as fallow ; managemental, physical, environmental, organizalional factor. Therefore, devilopment of APT. complex should be considered in a view of environmental psychology according to physical organization for used in the future. It is recommended that this problems should be necessitated to be more deeply studies in the future.
The space organization and home garden style in Korean traditional villages - the case of wang-gok villages -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 95~110
Wang -gok Villages was forming the space marking the centripetal system from frame composed of adjacent mountains and the cosy and comfortable space perccplively and psychologically, and both the openness and closeness existed together The analysis of the circulation structure in the exterior spaces of home showed that generally one must pass through kitchen to approach to the rear yard having the strong decree of enclosure and privacy. The determinants of the space organization in Wang-gok villages and the exterior of its homes were direction and gradient as natural factor, and traditional thought, action and social class as sococultural factors. The configuration of rear garden was classified into flat type, terrace type and mixed type of natural hill and terrace. The rear garden was created purposely and actively, emphasizing the harmony with and approach to nature.
A Study on development of Resourse - saving site Planning techniques based on utilization of Ecosystem - Focused on Housing site -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 111~125
Korea is a nation with poor natural resources. There is a greats need to save resources that are running out in fast face. The purpose of this thesis is to bind the means to save rosources in housing site, especially in highrise apartment. The reason why the high-rise apartments are chosen as a case is 7hat the high-rise is becoming the major form of dwelling in most urban areas. As a tool of saving the ecological way is chosen because ecological energy is free, clean and unlimited. The resources to be saved are divided into two categories, namely energy and non - energy resources as water, land and food. The contents of the thesis are comprised of 4 chapters. The early chaspters are devoted to the understanding of the ecosystem and problems of current energy consumption in the apartment. It is fellowed by the introduction of the hypothesis that can possibly save reouruces. The hypothesis are then transformed into the actual theories through verification, to be established as the new techniques of the site planning. The ecosystem is the functional relationship between the living organisms and their physical surroundings. The living organisms are the plants that produce, animals that consume and bacterias that decompose. They live in the environment which consists of the three worlds of atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. The whole system is activated by the solar energy that turns the inorganic mallet- into the living organism and back to the inorganic. It is the recycling principle of the ecosystem. The elements of ecosystem that fan be unilimited as the tools of resources -saving are the sun, wind, water, soil, plant and waste. They are unlimited sources of energy. free of pollution and cheap in price. Each of these ecological elements Provide the opportunities that can save the heating fuel, air conditioning energy, water resource, land and food. The ecological approch should be pursued actively in this age of short resources and growing pollution. In the scale of total energy consumption the housing takes the second position next to the industrial use. It is followed by the transportation which shows for less consumption than former two.
Studies on the Quality of Life Indicator in urban area - Comparative cross-cultural analysis between Seoul and Tokyo -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 1990, Pages 127~142
Comparative studies on the quality of life, a new research specialization,have emerged only in recent years and are experiencing vigorous development in many parts of the world This study is a two year phasing-in project carried out by a jointed research team between Seoul National University and Tokyo University. As the first study of the project series, the aim of the study is to learn how different the quality of life(QOL) between Seoul and Tokyo and how the students of both cities assign the relative weights to parameters of the quality of life in their cities. The study also attempts to illustrate the current state of the art in this new field. Seoul and Tokyo are located very closely bur their physical, socia-economic and cultural aspects are not the same but rather different. Here is our interest and the reason why we started out study. The study is divided into the following two principal parts: (1 ) The survey of the variables influencing the puality of life in Seoul and Tokyo (2) The survey of the attitude of students towards the relative importance of parameter of the quality of life in Seoul and Tokyo. The researches of the variables were carried out utilizing the existing official statistics derived from 1988 Seout Statistical Year Book and 1987 Tokyo Statistical Year Book. Therefore, the choice of indicators was largely limited to data that had been compiled in two yearbooks. The attitude surveys of students were carried out by interview. The questionnaire consists of a face sheet and a question which is designed to produce information on the relative importance of the parameters by the paired comparison method.