Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Oct 1990
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jul 1990
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 1990
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jan 1990
Selecting the target year
A Basic Study on Landscape Plants as Attenuator of Vehicular Noise(I)
Kook, Chan ; Kim, Sun-Woo ; Sim, Woo-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 1~9
Landscape plants as attenuator of vehicular noise were basically experimented with 8 kinds of trees and shrubs at the university nursery, and checked the attenuating effects by the planted distances, species and sound frequencies. The experimental results are shown and sumarized as follows ; 1. Most plants showed the considerable noise attenuating function in the sound frequencies of 63Hz and 1,000Hz. Tall trees such as Juniperus chinensis var. kaizuka and Magnolia grandiflora showed better effects than shrubs or small trees such as Gardenia jasminoides, Osmanthus fragnance, Osmanthrs heterophyllus, Rhododendron indicum, Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Tetragona Aurea' and Pinus paruiflora in 63Hz frequency, but shrubs showed better effects in 1,000Hz. 2. Trees showed 6~8dB attenuation and shrubs 4~5dB regardless an increase of distance between sound source and receiver in 63Hz. 10 meter width of tree belt could reduce 10 more dB, but 5 meter of shrub belt showed the same effect in 1,000Hz. 3. Trees having more leaves and wider crown showed constantly increase of attenuation of sound by the distance in 1,000Hz, and distinct increase of attenuation were observed in 2,000 more Hz.
A Study on Structural Function and Beauty of Stone Monuments as Landscape Elements
Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 11~22
Culture has long been associated with and advanced by stone as observed in prehistoric dolmen, menhir, megalith monuments, memo-rial stones, and others. The closs association of monuments is seen even in an earlist form of culture and is witnessed to evolve with human history. Korea, with its large quality granite repository, has been active with granite-based monuments in various forms of towers, bridges, and larterns. These stone structures are so abundant throughout Korea that Korea has been called the country of stone tower in Asia. With this historical background, we survey these Korean memorial stone and monuments, found at roadsides, momerial buildings, village entrances, scenic places, schools, sermon halls, public pleasure ground, and other common places. Based on installation orientation, location, and size, a particular emphasis is on the structural value, meaning, beauty, and function of these momnuments coupled with trees, shrubs, water and appropriative landscapes.
A Study on the Amelioration of the Standard of estimated Unit Manpower & Material' in the Landscape Planting Work
Sohn, Chang-Ku ; Kim, Kwi-Gon ; Yoon, Keun-Young ; Kang, Tae-Ho ; Kim, Ik-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 23~37
The purpose of this study was to suggest, an ameliorated, 'standard of estimated unit manpower & material' in the Landscape Planting Work. To achieve this goal of this study, following process was performed to reach more advanced results. First, relevant domestic & foreign references were gathered & analyzed with a viewpoint of the system & contents within, Second, most similar foreign country‘s relevant 10 forms & actual site were surveyed, Third, actual site data were collected from the 17 selected landscape Planting sites Fourth, the collected data from reference study & actual site survey were analyzed and calculated. And Finally, analyzed data were reorganized & rearranged in good order with 3 principles to produce more ameliorated 'Standard of estimated unit manpower & material' in the landscape Planting Work. The suggested main results of this study include, 1. Reorganization of current system to transplanting(includes excavation & root ball wrapping), planting(includes tree & shrub), turfing & maintenance 2. Deletion of the Range of 'account of labor' & simultaneous distribution of 'account of labor' with a proposed regular ratio 3. Adjustment of the range of the plant's size 4. Amelioration of the level of 'Account of labor' 5. New establishment in maintenance items as Watering, Fertilizing & spraying chemicals on turf area. 6. Readjustment & new establishment of the backfill volume. 7. Actualization, readjustment & new establishment of the transportation amount.
A Study on the Roadside Slope of the Parkway in Chi-Ri Mountain National Park
Seo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Sei-Cheon ; Lee, Chang-Heon ; Park, Choung-Min ; Lee, Kyu-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 39~56
The purpose of this study is to analyze the roadside slope of mountainous Parkway. 48 sites were selected by Random Ranking Sampling. This study was researched on the slope condition with the cause of occurrence, the situation of fundamental engineering works and vegetation on slopes. The main results of this research are summarized as follow ; 1. Slope shapes are shown nine types in cut slope and four types in fill slope. 2. Generally, fill slopes are larger than cut slopes in slop area. 3. Grade is more steep than standard grade. 4. Main engineering works, which constructed for slope stability, are terracing, side-ditch wall, channel, concrete trellis works and wire fence. 5. Roundabout channel were many constructed within the sector of Ukmojeong-Deokdong, but were few constructed within the sector of Banseon-Seongsam pass and Cheoneun Temple-Seongsam pass. 6. Most. of side-ditch wall were constructed of concrete and wet-masonry. 7. In vegetation works, many exterior species were selected. 8. Planting pattern was not combinated with the national park landscape.
A Study on the Wild and Scenic Rivers System(I) -American Experience, and Suggestions for System Building in Korea-
Ahn, Tong-Mahn ; Ahn, Seong-Ro ; Jin, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 57~70
This study is on system building and model case study to establish a new framework of "The Wild and Scenic Rivers System" and to apply this to Korean rivers. The Wild and Scenic Rivers System of the U. S. , which had become law in 1968 for establishing wild scenic and recreational river areas, was investigated. The techniques of two American case studies about the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System designation were investigated and synthesized, and study process was adjusted to Korean river system. Additionally, pilot study was carried out by the method and results were as follows : 1) In the American Wild and Scenic Rivers System, each river was evaluated based on eligibility criteria for designation, such as remarkable scenic, recreational, fish and wildlife, cultural or other ecological values. Segmented river areas were classified into three or four grades and management plans were prepared accordingly. 2) The management of rivers in Korea has emphasized on the flood control and water resources management up to the present, and now takes a growing interest in water quality. But it has been concerned very little with wild and scenic resources conservation of river corridors. It is strongly recommended to build Wild and Scenic Rivers System in Korea for rational management and conservation of the valuable natural resource. 3) Suggested evaluation criteria for the Korean Wild and Scenic Rivers System were wildness, wildlife and plants, hydrology, scenic quality, and historical and cultural resources. The river areas may be graded into four : Positive conservation area(I), Negative conservation area(II), Negative development area(III), Positive development area(IV). Management guidelines were proposed for each grade. 4) To test the applicability of the approach, one of the major tributary of the Han-River was selected for pilot study. The result showed that the evaluation and grading system worked well. Finally, it is recommended to incorporate the Wild and Scenic Rivers System into Korean national park system, and to amend the Korean National Park Act to enable this.
Studies on the Planting of Gaepho Citizen's Woods(I) -The Evaluation of Tree Planting-
Lee, Kyong-Jae ; Oh, Choong-Hyeon ; Ryu, Chang-Hee ; Oh, Koo-Kyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 71~84
This study was executed to investigate matters connected with planting of Gapho Citizen's Woods(Park), and to offer the data about countermeasure. The study was executed in 1988 and 1989. The contents of the study were the condition of plants, the environmental factors, the states of tree planting and the user's behavior. The result of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. Because of incongruity of soil and regardless of physiological properties of trees, the plants were damaged by their environment. In particular, the stress of soil moisture was serious. 2. The unsuitable planting forms for the park were found out through the park, which was the result of imprudent, additional planting. And so in planting trees additionally, the participation of landscape architect is needed. 3. There is a serious noisy problem from express way. Because when they planted trees, they did not consider about noise. It affected the quality and utilization of the park.
Parks and Leisure
Recreation Environments in Western Areas -Special Consideration on the Public Parks & Recration System Development in the United States-
Moon, Seok-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 85~97
To understand the parks and leisure recreation environments of United States, some major areas are studied with the brief history of R & P area. development Those are 1) National Park System and National Park Service 2) ORRRC and BOR 3) Education of the Recreation & Park professions. Some findings of this study can be summarized as follows : 1. In United States, R & P area has been developed on the firm base of 'Publicity'. Central Park as a public park, National Park Service and Bureau of Outdoor Recreation as Federal organization have led this concept. 2. Major recreational resources - natural, cultural and historical etc-have converged into National Park System. On that, conservation and recreation use of those resources are possible in balance. 3. Establishment of the R & P area in the early stage made a great contribution to educate professionals. And this situation has been so helpful for balanced development of the area.
A Study on the Curricular Development of the Dept. of Landscape Architecture in Junior Colleges
Ahn, Seong-Ro ; Yoon, Keun-Young ; Kim, Hak-Beom ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 99~113
The purpose of this study was to prepare some more up-dated and advanced curriculum in Landscape Architecture in Junior College education to bring up a leading professional who can meet the changing social needs. To achieve this goal, the data about the actual employment status of graduates, current relevant systems and legistations, the questionnaires of Landscape companies, graduates and undergraduates, and the current relevant curriculum of domain 6 junior colleges and Japanese relevant curriculum was gathered and analyzed The results are as follows ; 1. Currently the majority of the graduates are employed in Construction field, but the employment trend of graduates shows diversification and subdividing as following 5 fields, that is Construction, Design, Maintenance, Administration and Indoor Landscaping. 2. It is essential to bring up a Landscape Technician who has a Landscape Certificate of qualifications(esp. 2nd class). 3. Lately, the actual Practice came to be one item of the qualifying examination, so the subjects of Landscape Design, Landscape Construction and Landscape Estimation Should be emphasized, Accordingly, current curriculum should be revised. 4. Currant curriculum model(1979) made by the Ministry of Education doesn't play a real and adequate role and should be up-dated in view of the current curriculum of domain 6 junior colleges has no regular standards. In preparation for new standardized curriculum model, following criterior could be suggested, that is, ratio of the Major Required Subjects vs. The Major Optional Subjects would be 50 : 50, and the Major Optional Subject would be 48 credits which is 150% of the Required Credits(32 credits) 5. The subjects such as Basic Agriculture, Afforestation, Nature Conservation, Sketch, Civil Engineering, Landscape Seminar and Modelling Practice would be deleted in the curriculum model established in 1983. 6. The subjects such as Perspective Practice, Indoor Landscaping, Landscape Legislation and Landscape Design( III ) could be newly opened to meet the social needs, to prepare for the qualifying examination and to serve well in the employment fields. 7. The subjects of Surveying ( I ) & ( II ) would be unified into one Subject as Surveying, and some in view of the average situation of 6 junior colleges. 8. It is urgent to open some subject related to computer. At first, An Introduction to Computer could be recommended in the cultural studies course and Landscape Computer Technique as the Major Optional Subjects.
A Study on the Improvement Suggestions for Color in Urban Environment -with special regard to the surface color of apartment building in Seoul-
Kim, Dae-Soo ; Cho, Jung-Song ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 115~135
The purpose of this study was to suggest an improvement proposal for colors in urban environment with special regard to the surface color and their situations of apartment buildings in Seoul. For this goal, 167 cases of different color types of apartment buildings were surveyed. And, the survey was performed in the view of color by areas, by localtion, by builder, by paint year, by built year, by appearance of building, and by surface texture to prove the influencing factors on the surface colors. These collected data analyzed and compared with the existing studies to find out the changing trend of colors. The results are as follows : 1) The use of neutral gray(
) and warm color(YR, Y, GY; 56.4%) were dominant and the usage trend of higher 'value'(87.4%) and lower 'saturation'(73.0%) was obvious. Especially, the use of PB and P was noticeable. 2) In comparing the existing studies, the changing trend in the surface color pattern was found. That is, neutral gray was used dominantly in 1970's, warm color(YR, Y)in the middle of 1980's. In the end of 1980's, warm color were also used dominantly same as before and GY, PB, P were used noticeably with some rising tendency of higher 'value' and lower 'saturation' was obvious. 3) The results of analysis by localtion shows that the different color groups might exist in Seoul city. Neutral gray and YR were dominant in zone I. Warm colors(YR, Y, GY)were prevailed in zone II, III, IV. In zone V, many colors were evenly used. In zone VI, middle values at warm color were dominant. Progressively, these color groups with further study could be considered in the color management in urban environment possibly. 4) Surface color of apartment buildings were different from their builders. 5) Concerned with the painted year, the use of higher 'value' and lower 'saturation' was increased gradually with the change of times. 6) the analysis by the built year revealed that the 'value' of surface colors on the old buildings was lower than that of the new ones. 7) The 'value' of colors on the surface with texture was higher than that of the surface without texture. 8) In the combination of two colors, the use of 'value' with difference at the same 'hue' was found harmonions in many cases, but the 'saturation' in usage was included in the ambiguity (Moon & Spencer's term). The ambiguity in color harmony should be improved in the near future.
A Study on the Wild Rhododendron Micranthum for Landscape Use
Lee, Byoung-Ryong ; Lee, Ki-Eui ; Yoo, Keun-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 137~141
This study was carried out to investigate the propagation methods of the Rhododendron micranthum as a landscape plant The results obtained are as follows : 1. The optimum temperature for seed germination was
, and the seed germination needs light. 2. GA and thiourea did not affect the seed germination under light, but GA gad substitutive effect. 3. 87% and over of germination rates were obtained in room temperature and
dry storages. 4. The rooting rate was high on sandy loam, vermiculite, and vermiculite 50%+sand 50%, at softwood and hardwood cutting(hardwood ; 45~48%, softwood ; 45~48%). 5. The significant effects on rooting were found with the treatment of NAA 500~2000ppm.
A Study on Quantitative Evaluation of Outdoor Recreation Functions and Values on Urban Forest
Park, Chan-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 143~154
This study aims at identifying factors and variables which have significant effects on users satisfaction with recreational activities and facilities in Apsan city natural park and therby establishing indicies of planning and / or development of urban forest. To test the causal models of this research, The data were gathered by self-administered questionnaires from 1,147 households in Taegu city which were selected by the multi-stage probabiling sampling method. The analysis of the data primarily consist of two phases : The first analysis dealt with exploratory factor analysis which identified major factors involved in satisfaction with recreational activities and facilities in Apasn city natural park and the second analysis tested the fit of causal models of this research to the data using LISREL methodology. The factor analysis identified that three significant factors are involved in satisfaction with recreational activities and five significant factors are inherent in satisfaction with recreational facilities. The second phase analysis tested the fit of the causal models for satisfaction with recreational activities and facilities to the data and identified statistically significant causal linkage among overall satisfaction with the park, other indogenous factors and exogenous variables. These significant relationships represent important factors and variables that should be considered in planning and/of development of the city natural park. On the basis of there significant causal relationships implications for planning and/or development of the city natural park were suggested.
A Study on the Determinants of the Visitor's Use Route Patterns in Urban Parks
Kim, Dong-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 155~169
The main purpose of this study is to suggest fundamental materials and a guideline for design through grouping of the users' use route patterns and analyzing determinants to choose those route patterns in urban parks. Study sites were Jungang, Dlseong, and Beomeo park, where located Taegu city-Key results obtained through a series of investigation were as follows : When Users come in and out urban parks, most orientations of their use routes were counterclockwise, and not in such cases, greatly affected by facilities arrangement. There were a large number of users in the main route placed the principal facilities. Users' use route patterns were grouped by their characteristics, which were circulation, semi-circulation, irregular, and piston type. And all the types except piston type can be subdivided into spoon and loope type. Factors analysis to the types produced five meaningful patterns of variables. Five factors were named as dimension of characteristics : Park composition factor, facilities use factor, users' personal factor, park use behavioral factor, routes choice factor.
Urban Forestry's Scientic System and it's Application to Urban Openspace
Cho, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 171~190
It is the purpose of this study to address how to manage the urban vegitation using the concept of Urban Forestry which is relatively new to Korea. When we consider the Urban Forestry as a science, We should understand it interdisciplinary subject which includes Forestry, Horticulture, Urban Planning, Landscape Design, Landuse Planning, Business and Humanities. It may say that people and tree are the fundermental components of Urban Forestry. So there are two ways of Urban Forestry Applications-How people care for trees and How trees care for People-. For the application, this study places the focus on the monetary valuation, tree inventory system and traditional forestry application to urban forest management. Pubic Relation, Communication, Ordinances and Budget are also mentioned as a part of Urban Forestry Policy. Monetary valuation of trees and forests is very important for the proper cognition of their real value. So that, they may be equated and weighed against conflicting uses which would cause to be removed or severely mutilated. A tree inventory system which is the essential part of urban tree management can provide the pertinent information about the present condition of urban tree resource. It may aid in reducing the subjectivity of tree management decisions and stimulate them to be made rapidly and can help reduce potential municipal liability by identifying serious problems in time for corrective maintenance practices to be applied for the maximize community benefits and minimimize public nuisances or hazards. Managers can derive the information from the inventory and use it for the various management plan. When we see the structure of tree inventory system as one of the data base management system, Computer is the best equipment for the efficient management plan. Public relation and communication is also important factors to care the people for urban vegetation management. Volunteer management system is a good example for the public relation and communication. Those skills are need to develop for using the priceless, valuable human resources. Budget holds the key to the execution of Urban Forestry. Good inventory can provide for efficient budgeting stratiges through it's scientific analysis for the way of maximum benefits and minimum costs. Forest can be play a vital role for the aesthetic improvement and recreation in the city. This study suggests that the traditional sivicultural application not only improve the quality of scenic beauty and recreation but also the products of timber. So it is more needed to study for strong and scientific application to urban forest management.
第二의 오픈스페이스 類型과 社會的 空間으로서의 場所性
Lee, Gyu-Mok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 192~193
오픈 스페이스와 無爲自然
Hwang, Gi-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 194~195
都市綠地와 生活環境 -都市綠地 어떻게 할것인가-
Seo, Ju-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 196~197
서울시 녹지의 현황과 구조적 특성
Lee, Gyeong-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 198~201
綠地와 公園에 對한 制度
Kim, Gi-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 202~205
中國 吉林省 園林學會 초청에 의한 방문
협의 및 기행보고
Lee, Gyu-Mok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 18, issue 3, 1990, Pages 206~208