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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Oct 1991
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jul 1991
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Apr 1991
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Jan 1991
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Characteristics of Korean "Lu. Chong" Style and the Planning Theories
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~11
The style of "Lu
Chong" was analyzed to investigate the characteristics of korean traditional garden style or planning theories of garden. To carry out this study more effectively, a combinded approach was introduced. This approach consisted of two processes. One was the review of old literature and the other was field survey. About 65-80% of Lu
Chong were named after natural landscape elements or techniques of natural landscape treatment. The techniques was summarrized 'conversing-scape(聚景)', 'surround-scape', 'multiland-scape(多景)', 'far-off-scape(遠景)', and 'emptiness of Lu
Chong or landscape'. The results were proved through the analysis of visual boundary, locational pattern and 'Palkyeong(eight-sceneries)'.
The Variables Affecting the Fluctuation of Visitors and the Construction of Models of Demand Projection in National Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 12~22
The purpose of this study is to identify demand and methods of projection, including to prove the variables affecting the fluctuation of visitors and to analyze the relationship between these variables in National Park. Statistical analysis method (Multiple Linear Regression Analysis, ANOVA, and Model diagnostics) was carried out by computer program SAS/pc. 13 variables (1. Total Population, 2. Per Capita PDI, 3. Employment Ratio of S.O.C. & others, 4. NO. of Passenger Car, 5. Length of Roads, 6. Leisure Expenditure of Farm Household, 7. Leisure Expenditure of Urban Household, 8. Price Index, 9. NO. of Bus, 10. Exchange on Dollars, 11. Export, 12. Import, and 13. Visitors in National Park) had been used to this study. The scope of time period is during the last 17 years (1970-1986). The results were as follows; 1) Participation depends only on the specific characteristics of the economic factors (Price Index and Leisure Expenditure of Urban Household). These factors are the importance factors directly affecting the participation of visitors. The statistical Model for projecting the visitors in National Parks is the function of "Visitors in National Parks (thousand)=14915+0.210311*Leisure Expenditure of Urband Household (won)-157.835619*Price Index(1985=100)" 2) The external factors affecting the participation depends upon the interelated features of availability and accessibility (NO. of Passenger Car, Length of Roads, and NO. of Bus) of recreation resources or sites, and the economic factors (Per Capita PDI, Export, and Import). These factors are the factors indirectly affecting the participation of visitors. 3) The participation depends on the specific characteristics of demographic factors (Total Population and Employment Ratio of S.O.C. & others). These factors are the factors indirectly affecting the participation of visitors. 4) The unexpected fluctuation of yearly visitors depends on oil shock or inflation (1971, 1973-1974, 1979-1980), promulgation of national emergency decrees (1971-1972, 1974-1975, 1979-1980), and national events (assassination of president Park's wife, Madame Yuk in 1974 and president Park I 1979).
On the Mater and Form of Landscape -by the case of the Grotto Sokgulam-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 23~31
In this paper, based on the thought of the place, I tried to define the meaning of th place and interprete its landscape. The landscape of the mt. Toham with its Grotto-temple "Sokgulam" is the major object of it. The "matter and form" of the Sokgulam realizes the archetypal meaning of the grotto, birth or place of the birth, in a concrete picture. The aesthetics of the Sokgulam, the mater and form in the work of arts, comes out light harmonious with the elements: "grotto", the new foreign element of the architectural style and "orientation", the old domestic one of the Shilla that presented itself at the Chomsongdae, a kind of observatory. The interrelation of the old and new elements in work of the Sokgulam shows us also a thought as an opinion of the transference to say: the matter of the traditional subject, "grotto" and the form makes the abstract matter concretely in sight, by receiving the natural happening of the sunrise at the winter solstice.
Effects of Communication Strategies for Managing Depreciative Behavior in Carlsbad Caverns National Park
;James H. Gramann;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 32~40
Damage to natural resources from inappropriate visitor behavior is a problem faced by National Park management. Based on the data gathered by personal interview and mail questionnaire, this study examines the effects of communication strategies to reduce depreciative behavior in Carlsbad Caverns National Park. One-quarter of Carlsbad Caverns visitors indicates that they have noticed damage to cave formation during their tour. Almost 38% of visitors say that they have witnessed someone touch a formation inside the Caverns. This is a relatively high percentage compared with other depreciative behavior research to refrain from "tattling" on fellow visitors. Two-thirds of the respondents recalls touching formation replicas before entering the Cavern, while almost all visitors (97.9%) say that they have heard the ranger's talk about not touching formation or leaving the trail. Visitors feel that the ranger's talk is more effective in reducing depreciative behavior than the formation replicas, although at least three-fourths of all respondents believes both techniques are effective.
Effect of Plant Hormones on Rooting of Pinus spp. Cutting
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 41~51
In order to find out the basic factors governing the rooting ability of pine cutting, the rooting of cuttings of Pinus thunbergii were examined under various conditions. A total of 5 different solutions of growth hormones made up of 3-indole butyric acid, naphthalene acetic acide and rootone were employed at three different periods of year, the middle of June, the end of September and the early of December. Cuttings prepared in length of 4cm gave better results than those of control ones. Cuttings taken from the 1-0 seedlings were superior to those from the 7-year-old trees. Seasonal variation, i.e., time of collecting cutting materials, played great important role on rooting. The majority of roots were originated from the callus lamp formed at the base of cut surface.
The Environmental Impact and the Structure of Plant Community of Daekwanrim I Hanyang
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 52~64
The actual vegetation and environmental impact grade of Daekwanrim in Hamyang were investigated and the structure of the plant community was analyzed by the classification of TWINSPAN and three kinds of multivariate ordination (PCA, RA, DCA) techniques.Twenty-eight plots were set up by the clumped sampling method in June of 1990. Carpinus laxiflora and C. tschonoskii communities covered 38% and Quercus species communities covered 39% of the total rea. Environmental impact class 3 and 4 area. Twenty-eight plots were divided into three groups according to the degree of damage by TWINSPAN and ordination techniques. The dominant species in the shrub layer of the heavily damaged site and the light damaged site were Styrax japonica and Sasamorpha purporanscens, so the sucessional trends should be disturbed. As a result of the analysis for the relationship between the stand scores of DCA and the environmental impact class, they had a tendancy to increase from the light damaged to heavily damaged site.
Analysis on the Growth Environment of Disporum smilacinum A. GRAY for Development of Shade-tolerance Groundcover Plant
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 65~74
The purpose of this study was to find the basic application of Disporum genus in landscape-arc-hitectual space. Environment of native site (Daeducksan, Piseulsan) and growth characteristics of experiment plot were investigated and analyzed in this study. The results of this study were as follows; 1. In the case of environment of native site, the relative light intensity was about 10% and distribution of species were primarily north slope. Gradient of Daeducksan and Piseulsan were 10
Soil textures was Lic both and field capacity of Daeducksan and Piseulsan were 69%, 73.5%. The soil pH of Daeducksan and Piseulsan were 6.1 and 5.8. The both content of organic matter and C.E.C. were high markedly. The P2O5 content of Daeducksan showed high but total nitrogen showed nearly the same level when comparing with the common dry field condition. 2. In tree layer, Daeducksan composed of broadleaved forest of 80% involving Quercus variabilis, and Piseulsan composed of coniferous forest of 80% involving Pinus densiflora on the other hand. Daeducksan, therefore, was more appearance species than Piseulsan in herbaceous layer. 3. Result in ANOVA Test, significance followed with light intensity was recognized in plant height, leaf width, leaf length, leaf thick and No. of leaf, while in the case of soil was not. Plant height was longest in 1% and leaf width, leaf length was largest in 25%. Therefore ornamental value of leaf was the very best in 25%. 4. Result in correlation coefficient analysis, plant height was correlated leaf width, leaf length. The longer plant height, the smaller leaf width, leaf length. In relative light intensity of 1%, flower was hardly expected because of the more shade, the less flower. Disporum smilacinum is expected great use as ground covers in the shades of tall-building or hdavy woods.
A Study on the Analysis of Vegetation, Spatial Image and Visual Preference of Roadside Slopes in Chi-Ri Mt. National Park(I)
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 2, 1991, Pages 75~91
This study is one of studies on the analysis of vegetation spatial image and visual preference of roadside slopes in Chi-Ri Mt. national park. In this article, we analized the soil characteristics and the actual vegetation within slopes and forest lands contiguous to those. The results obtained were summarized as follows; The physical and chemical properties of soil in forest lands were better than slopes and Cheoneun temple - Seongsam pass was the best fertilized among 3 sector. In the structure of woody plants in forest lands, the high importance value species were Pinus denciflora, Quercus aliena within Ukmojeong-Deokdong sector, Q. aliena, Q. varabilis, Q. serrata within Banseon-Seongsam pass sector, and P. denciflora, Q. dentata within Cheoneun temple-Seongsam pass sector. And also, Aster scaber, Arundinella hirta, Pteridium aquilinum were the high importance value herbs within all sector. In slopes, the species diversity indices of woody plants were low, but that of herbs showed slightly high. By the cluster analysis used in similarity index, it was observed that woody plants structure between slopes and forest lands made little, but the herbs made slightly higher than woody plants.