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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Oct 1991
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jul 1991
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Apr 1991
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Jan 1991
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Present Status of Evergreen Ground-Cover Plants in Winter of Seoul
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 1~15
The current status of evergreen ground-cover plants as of in the winter months in 50 places selected at random in Seoul was assessed to see how they are at the present, and the following matters of evergreen ground-cover plants were observed to be common aspect of them today during the year of 1989 and 1990 and in winter of Seoul. 1. Ground-cover area in 50 different places of Seoul was 36% of the green area, and the evergreen ground-cover area was 3% of total ground-cover area. As the result, most of ground cover plants founded to be zoysia grasses. 2. Total number of evergreen ground-cover plants species was 24, and the species most frequently found were Juniperus chinensis and horizontalis, Buxus koreana, Liriope platyphylla var. nana. Taxus cuspidats, Rhododendron lateritium, Pleioblastus pygmaea, Poa pratensis in that order of the number of plasces assessed, and sere Poa pratensis, Agrostis tennuis, Liriope platyphylla, Buxus koreana, Juniperus chinensis and horizontalis, Taxus cuspidata. var. nana, Rhododendron lateritium in the order of area planted. 3. Woody plants included 9 species and occupied 16% in the area, also introduced plants included 14 species and occupied 79% in the area. As introduced evergreen grasses occupied, almost of evergreen ground-cover herbs, planting of evergreen ground-cover herbs and native plants are thought to be desirable. 4. Flowering plants of 16 species were found to be 16% of the total evergreen ground-cover area. 5. The ratio of topographical difference, such as plain versus slope for planting site, was 82 and 18% respectively, and sunny versus shady and intermediate places were 72, 15 and 13% respectively. 6. Although appearance of plants was generally fair, poor and drying plants were assessed 33% for the number of places planted, and 11% for the area. It seems to be necessary to manage those plants to their growth characteristics, and desiable to introduce various plant species adaptable to the winter climate of Seoul and grow for the winter landscaping purpose. 7. The poor use and lack of evergreen ground-cover plants are regarded to be deficient in the valus and reconization of them, particularly in the landscaping works. It is therefore considered important to bring out pertinent measures against these inadequate situations.
A Study on the Residental Environment of the Housing in Cheju Island. -Entering Around the Spatial Peculiarity of the Village of Ojori-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 16~26
The traditional housing of Cheju Island has been steadily researched, but from the point of an environmental view which has been neglectly treated all the while, the formative process of the housing and its relationship to the structure of a village are studied, so the writer summarized the relation to the housing type. To study the peculiarity of the physical space, a type of a way, and element of the spatial structure, by stage and a type of the arrangement of the residential space are researched and analyzed, and to understand the plane peculiarity, the distribution of the plane type has been studied. In consequence, the housing and the structure and the form of the village have an organic relation each other and have been made under a very diverse and mixed background, we can find. Especially, the element of the natural environment acts as an important element which decides the type of life and the residential type. The arrangement of buildings is gradually free from the traditional type, but a traditional type of "Three-Room House" is kept well in spite of a change of the plane type.
Fundamental Studies for District Planning in Natural Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 27~40
For the establishment of district planning in natural parks, vegetationin the most significant point. Consequently, district plan should be made basically under phytosociological investigations. The purpose of this paper is to conserve vegetation in the district planning at natural park(Nam Han San Sung provincial natural park). The result of vegetation survey are as follows : As an actual vegetation 13 communities are recognized. Those are Quercus mongolica-Carpinus laxiflora community, Quercus mongolica-Rhododendron schlippenbachii community, Quercus serrate community, Betula platyphylla var. Japonica community, Quercus dentata community, Quercus mongolica-Pnuus densiflora community, Quercus acutissima community, Robinia pseudo-acacia community, Alnus hirsuta community, Castanea crenata community, Quercus variabilis community, Pinus densiflora community, Pinus rigida community, weed community on cultivated land(Form land), Larix leptolepis reforested land, cut over area and non-vegetation area. The grade of vegetation naturalness was divided into five degrees by characteristics of actual vegetation. I intended to make zoning plan for protection of vegetation with a special attention to the grade of vegetation naturalness and I discussed the necessity of the improvement of existing district plan. District plan was proposed as Fig. 5.
Studyies on the Vegetational Landscape Structure and Administration Planning of the Royal Tomb(III) -successional Trends of the Plant Community of Yunguan Royal Tomb-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 41~54
This study was executed to analyze the vegetational landscape structure and administration planning of Younguan Royal Tomb forest by the classification and DCA ordination were applied to the study are in order to classify them into several groups based on environmental variables. Also Younguan Royal Tomb forest comparison of a pair of photographs taken in 1920s and 1990. Sixteen sites were sampled with clumped sampling method in september 1990 and five quadrats were examined in each site. By classification and DCA, the plant community were divided into two groups(A. japonica community, P. densiflora, Quercus acutissima community) by the humus. Pinus densiflora community of actual vegetion covered 15.9%, Alnus japonica 6.5% and Quercus community 65.6% of the total area. And the afforested vegetation of P. koraiensis. P. rigida and Juglans mandshurica covered 13.2%. DCA ordination showed that successional trends of tree species seem to be from P. densiflora, Q. aliena to Q. acutissima in P. densiflora community and from A. japonica community of the upper layer. By the comparison of couple photographs between 1920s and 1990 we can recognize the change of historical landscape composed of P. densiflora community, A. japonaca and those community shall be conserved by the disclimax method, i.e. the broadleaf vegetation in the underlayer in the P. densiflora community should be cleared out. Otherwise the vegetational landscape sructure in Younguan Royal Tomb is successed to progress succession to Q. acutissima landscape.
A Study on the Semiology and Quantitative Psychological Analysis of Sequence Landscape of National Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 55~71
The purpose of this thesis is to suggest objective basic data for the environmental design through the quantitative analysis of the visual quality included in the physical environment of Basemsagol valley sequence landscape. For this, visual volumes of physical elements have been evaluated by using the mesh analysis, spatial images structure of physical elements have been analyzed by factor analysis algorithm, and degree of visual quality have been measured mainly by questionnaires. Also, this study aims to understand semiotics and to grope the possibility of application to the sequence landscape assessment. A semiological approach suggests a new dimension in sequence landscape assessment, which is a contrast to the existing scientific evaluation methods. Result of this thesis can be summarized as follows. Visual volumes of the immediate vegetation, rock, bridge, road and distant vegetation are found to be the main factor determining the visual quality. Factors covering the spatial image of natural park sequence landscape have been found to be the overall synthetic evaluation, potentiality, natural quality, spatial, appeal and dignity. By using the control method for the number of factors, T.V. has been obtained as 40.22%. The characteristics of the semiological approach is qualitative, open, holistic, and experiential, whereas that of the scientific approach is quantitative, closed, reductive, and experimental.
A Study on Neighbourhood Physical Form and Use of Public Open Space -Case Study : Seven Apartment Sites in Kwang Ju direct city-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 72~86
In the study I analyzed the relationship between the characteristics of the user's residential environment and his or her use of openspace. I find out that there are little correlationship between building form and use factors. Also, there are no relationship between persons per room and use factors. Only the physical distance and the location of the building site is correlated with the use factor. In testing the hypotheses, I discovered very little to support the "physical deterministic" notion. I generally was not able to explain the behavior of open space users on the basis of the physical parameters selected to describe the user's residential environment. This, I believe, indicates that there probably are many other variables that play a more important role than those pertaining to the density and form of the residential environment. It is necessary to find out more variables affecting the use of openspace in the neighbourhoods, such as the charecteristics of user group. Also, it is necessary to apply the study to the other sites or the other cities in Korea to compare with the results.
A Study on the Developmental Direction with Reference to User's Satisfaction of Urban Park -Cases study of Daeshin Natural Park in Pusan City-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 87~97
The primary purpose of this study is to investigate factors and variables which have significant effects on user's satisfaction with recreational activities in Daeshin Natural Park, thereby establishing directions of development of urban parks. To test the causal models of this research, the data were gathered by self-administered questionnaires form 627 households in Pusan City which were selected by the multi-stage probability sampling method. The analysis of the data primarily consists of two-phase: The first analysis dealt exploratory factor analysis which identified major factors involved in satisfaction with recreational activities in Daeshin Natural Park and the second analysis tested the fit of the causal models of this research by employing LISREL methodology. The factor analysis identified that three factors are involved in satisfaction with recreational actitives. The three factors of satisfaction with recreational activities are facilities for health and phisical exercise, group recreational activity, maintenance activity. The second phase analysis tested the fit of the causal models for satisfaction with recreational activity to the data and identified statistically significant causal linkage among overall satisfaction with Daeshin Natural Park, other endogenous factors and exogenous variables.
A Study On Dividing The Enticing Area According To The Catchment Of Urban Community Parks
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 98~127
This study has purposes of not only establishing urban community park systems and index for designing the parks, which were reviewed from Korean urban community parks, but also finding the relation and the enticing area according to the catchment of urban community parks. This paper suggested two hypotheses. a. The strength of the catchment force of urban community parks can be represented to the usetimes or visitors of the parks, related with the distance for reaching the parks. b. The strength of the catchment force of the parks can be found to express the idiosyncratic one according to the qualitative differences between the parks. The suggested hypotheses were testified from Korean 9 urban community parks in Seoul., Suwon, Chongju, and Chonan, conforming the multiregressions of the variables, distance and usetime in the case of the first hypothesis, scale, the ratio of green space, population, the budget for the park, facilities and the function of the city in the case of the second hypothesis. All the correlation coefficients of usetime with distance except one were over about 0.8. The second hypothesis was testified with multiregressions for the variables. Therefore, the enticing area could be divided into three zones ; a closed aone to parks, a good used aone for parks, a possible zone for using parks.
A Study on Destination Choice of Urban Park Users in Kwangju
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 19, issue 3, 1991, Pages 128~143
To understand and predict destination choice behavior for urban parks, two hypotheses, which are based on extended Fishbein model, were proposed and tested in Kwangju. Data was analyzed by the citizens of Kwangju and by target markets segmented by demographic variables. Analysis by the citizens of Kwangju showed that postulated hypotheses are true. However, they were partially thru in the other cases : it was a general tendency that suggested model applied well in the high-involvement product. Among the demographic variables, sex was the most useful to understand park choice behavior. Park management directions were suggested, and several future research implications were discussed.