Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Oct 1992
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jul 1992
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Apr 1992
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jan 1992
Selecting the target year
Influence of the Green-Contacts ont he Consciousness of the Dwellers in the Residential Area of Nara
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~12
This research attempts to consider the influence of the green-contacts on the consciousness of the dwellers in the residential area of Nara. The consciousness of the dwellers is investigated by questionaire which deals with verdure, green-sufficiency and the green-contacts of dwellers. Five districts of the old residential area in Nara were selected and surveyed. The results of analysizing the investigated data summarized as follows. 1. The dwellers have a tendency to satisfy the greenery although the size of open space is small. Accordingly, the green-sufficiency is the available scale to investigate the greenery on the consciousnss of the dwellers. 2. Dwellers contact with the green space of housing as well as the surrounding failiarized-green. It was understood that the green-contacts of dwellers characterized by the kind of greenery, means and their frequency. 3. The familiarized-green contacts with the dwellers is related to the private and public uses. 4. In order to satisfy the feeling of green-sufficiency, the greenery space should be increased; it was found that green-sufficiency is satisfied by increasing the greenery space. 5. In the case of small open space, it is also possible to satisfy and attitude of green-sufficiency by introducing the familiarized-green, even if the rate of greenery space is low.
On "Matter and Form" of two pagodas -in the Temple Bulguksa-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 13~17
This study aims to explain the image of historic objects in matters of the artistic impulse. Two Pagodas in the Temple Bulguksa, those have a concrete character of the "matter & form" in the structure and buddhistic background, are chosen for this study. With analysis and synthesis of the form and structure, those must be handled by overlaping, lifting and comparing in plan, elevation and mass, the structural pattern of them can be theoretically explained and aesthetically interpreted. Conclusively, this study would be expected to make some references to the historic scene of the Temple Bulguksa.
A Study on the Use of the Word "Kyoung" of Choi Nam-Sun
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 18~28
A purpose of this study is to identify the concept formation and classify the diverse concepts which related to Kyoung(景) of Chio Nam-Sun at Korea under Japanese colonial rule (a turning point in the korean history). The cultural policy of th Japanese Government-General was aimed at the destruction of Korean nationalism and racial consciousness and the rapid Japanizatio of the Koreans. In the name of assimilation, Korean language instruction was first simply discouraged while the movement for the use of Japanese was stepped up, the use of the Japanese language was forced upon the Koreans, and textbook revision was carried out in order to develop Shinto nationalism and loyalty to the emperor and the state. The results were as follows; The type of landscape concept was 10 types and had the following frequencies in order; Pung-Kuoung(風景)(42), Kyoung-Chi(景致)(21), Koang-Kyoung(光景)(8), Kyoung-Sung(景勝)(7), Kyoung-Gae(景槪)(5), Kyoung-Goan(景觀)(2), Sung-Kyoung(勝景)(2), Kyoung(景)(2), Sil-Kyoung(實景)(1), Pung-Kyoung-Goan(風景觀)(1). Types of landscape concepts in critical periods were classified into 10 according to the many characteristics; personal situations, cultural policy and education policy of Japanese.
A Study on the Way of Urban Park and Open Space Development Through the Analysis of the User's Degree of Satisfaction in Outdoor-Recreation
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 29~38
The primary objective of this study is to investigate factors and variables which have significant effects on user satisfaction with recreational facilities in Children's Grand Park in Pusan City, theregby to establish the developmental way of urban park and open space. To test the causal models of this research, the data were gathered by self-administered questionnaires from 1085 households in Pusan City which were selected by the multi-stage probability sampling method. The analysis of the data primarily consists of two phase : The fist analysis dealt exploratory factor analysis which identified major factors involved in satisfaction with recreational facilities in Children's Grand Park and the second analysis tested the fit of the causal models of this research by employing LISREL methodology. The factor analysis identified that five factors are involved in satisfaction with recreational facilities. The five factors of satisfaction with recreational facilities are convenience and maintanance facilities, learnded recreational facilities, spaces for repose and relaxation, spaces for active recreation failities, and facilities for health and physical facilities. The second phase analysis tested the fit of the causal models for satisfaction with recreational facilities to the data and identified statistically significant causal linkage among overall satisfaction with Children's Grand Park, other endogenous factors and exogenous variables. Overall fits of both causal models were very good. Among endogenous factors, facilities for repose and relaxation, facilities for convenience and maintenance, learnded recreational facilities were identified as having significant effects on overall satisfaction. Exogenous variables which have significant effects on endogenous variables were also identified. These significant relationships indicate important factors and variables that should be considered in planning and development of urban park and open space. On the basis of these significant causal relationships, way for delovepment of urban park and open space were suggested.
A Study on the Planning of Ecological Landscape Construction in the Development Site of Cities -In the Case of Daeduk R & D Complex Construction Site-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 39~52
In order to make plan for landscape construction by ecological methods in Yukong R & D Complex site, environmental factors and structure of plant community were investigated and analyzed around Yukong R & D Complex site of Daeduk. The result of this study were as follows: 1. In the result by the classification of TWINSPAN and ordination (DCA) techniques for analysing of plant community structure, thirty plant community structure, thirty plots were divided into four groups according to soil moisture and succession trends were seem to be from the development of subsidiary vegetation through Pinus densiflora, Quercus spp., Robinia psudoacasia community to Q. acutissima community. So this result was proposed to validity of vegetation introduction for planning of ecological landscape construction in studied site. 2. On the analysis of environmental factors by ordination techeniques, the plant community were divided by soil moisture. Soilcondition will be fertilized by introduction of broad-leaved tree and the development of succession trends from the present state of plant community to Q. acutissima community. 3. The problems of horiticultural places happened to studied site, so horiticultural places for ecological landscape construction was proposed planting techniques that were considered to soil suitability, economical efficiency, native species and wildlife. 4. If we attempt to ecological landscape designs on natural systems and use natural processes to achieve desired end-points, we are more likely to produce self-sustaining solutions.
A Study on the Recreation Carrying Capacity of Lawn Areas in Parks(I) -Estimation of treading times criteria based on the tolerence of the turf to treading pressure-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 53~68
This study was carried out to estimate the recreation carrying capacity of lawn areas in parks. Recreation carrying capacity in this study is composed of two parts, ecological carrying capacity and psychological carrying capacity. As the first part, this paper deals with the treading times criteria based on the tolerence of the turf to treading pressure. The plant material used for this study was Zoysia japonica, and the treading experiment was done in the experimental fields in Kyungju and Suwon, Korea. The major results of the first part of the study are summarized as follow: 1. As shown in annual change of the growth of the turf, The growth of turt grass was represented by the number of leaf. 2. The tolerance to treading was not significantly different by the time of treading treatment. And the tolerance varies depending on growth rate of grasses, which showed significant relationship with precipitations. 3. From the result of different numbers of simulated treading treatment, the damage of the turf was increased by the increase of the frequency of treading. And the damage was very serious within short period(about 20 days) in high frequency(over 20 times/day) of treading treatment. But low frequency(1∼3times/day) of treading shows good effects on the growth of the turf. 4. The criteria of treading number per day for each carrying capacity level are estimated as 7 times/day for optimum carrying capacity, 13 times/day for standard carrying capacity, and 20 times/day for critical carrying capacity.
A Basic Study on the Effect of Plants on the Mental Health -With Special Reference to the Mentally Retarded Persons-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 69~79
Effects of the gardening program on the mentally retarded persons were assessed on the inadaptive behavior and the social maturity for 1 to 2 years and 2 months in Seoul Welfare Center for the Mentally Retarded. The results were as follows; 1. The mentally retarded persons treated with the gardening program for 1 to 2 years and 2 months showed and improvement of the inadaptive behavior as compared with the pre-gradening program. The second(the enervation and the social isolation) and fourth (the excessive behavior and the deviant behavior) sects among the four of Inadaptive Behavior Checklist showed and improvement of the inadaptive behavior. And first sect(crying, excitement, and anger) of Inadaptive Behavior Checklist greatly showed and improvement of the inadaptive behavior. 2. The mentally retarded persons were improved in their social maturity through the gradening program for 1 to 2 years and 2 months as compared with pre-gradening program. Both a social age and social quotient were quite a bit increased. 3. Females showed improvment in the inadaptive behavior and the social maturity by the gardening program when compared to males, but the difference between male and female was not striking. 4. Both the higher IQ group from 55 to 70 and the lower IQ group from 40 to 54 showed improvment in the inadaptive behavior by the gardening program, but the difference between two groups was not obvious. However, the higher IQ group through the gardening program increased the social maturity more than the lower IQ group. 5. In both the gardening program periods for 1 to 1 year and 2 months and those for 2 years and 2 months the inadaptive behavior and the social maturity showed an improvment when compared to pre-gardening program, but the difference between two groups was not conspicuous.
The Effect on the Plant Community Decline by the Air Pollutant & Acid Rain in the Metropolitan Area
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 1, 1992, Pages 80~94
To inspect the changing of the forest soil and plants community structrure by air plooutand & acid rain during from September to November in 1990, the smapling sites were selected in the Piwon, Namsan and Kwangnung forest. In sites, plots were set up in Q. aliena forest at Piwon, Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora forest at Namsan and Q. mongolica and Pinus densiflora forest at Kwangnung. To obtain the individual number of trees, number of species, importance values and species diversity, using the Curtis & McIntosh methods. The results are following that; 1) In Pinus densiflora community, it was almost dominated by Q. spp. in the canopy layer and P. densiflora and Carpinus laxiflora through the subtree to shrub layer at Kwangnung. It wassaid that C. laxiflora is the climax species in moddle temperature zone. On the contrary, in Namsan forest, there is no appearance thesamplings of P. densiflora & C. laxiflora, but Styrax japonica and Stephanandra incisa that are acid-tolerance species are dominant ones. On the other hand, in Q. spp. community, Q. spp. and C. laxiflora are dominant ones. On the other hand, in Q. spp. community, Q. spp. and C. laxiflora are dominant species through all layer, and in addition C. cordata somewhat appear at Kwangnung. But at Namsan and Piwon forest, Q. mongolica & Q. aliena that were dominant species in canopy layer disappeared in the subtreeand shrub layer, and C. laxiflora and Corunus cordata absolutely disappeared. It were similarly dominated by Robinia pseudo-acacia, Styrax japonica, Sorbus alnifolia, Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Rhododendrn mucronulatum and so on at Namsn and Piwon forest. In the light of these facts, it found out that disclimax was similar between Namsan and Piwon forest. 2) Species diversity and maximum species diversity were decreased in Kwangnumg, Namsan, Piwon in order. It was xpected that vegetational community was affected by environmental pollutant. 3) As the vegetational community structure analyses, using DCA technique among the ordination, ecological successional series are stopped to Q. spp. from P. densiflora at Namsan and Piwon, but that of Kwangnung is on the way that P. densiflora, Q. alena, C. laxiflora. It was obvi ously different from Namsan and Piwon. 4) In Q. spp. & P. densiflora community, the number of woody plants inNamsan & Piwon is much less than that of Kwangnung through all Layer. Especially, Piwon shown very severe difference. Through all community, the number of individuals of Piwon and Namsan are less than that of Kwangnung. Specially, that of the shrub layer is obvious. 5) In the growth rate of trees, it found out that all sites showed the growth decline phenomena. Especially, since in 1975, there have been the micro disclimax phenomena in Q. community of Kwangnung. 6) In the Q. community, soil acidity of Namsan & Piwon measured 4.57, 4.40 respectively. It was very strong acidity and far lower than that of Kwangnung. Also the content amount of Mg++ in Namsan & Piwon forest were still lower than Kwangnung.