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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Oct 1992
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jul 1992
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Apr 1992
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jan 1992
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An Application of Microcomputer CAD Software to Suitability Analysis
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 1~10
Land suitability method has become a standard part of planning analysis at many scales. GIS computer packages have been developed for this purpose. But those are still expensive and hard to learn, and also have limits to extend the results to a landscape design. For the relatively simple tasks and CAD-related works, an application of CAD software for the suitability analysis is very useful and easy to handle. For the purpose, this study develops a technique for suitability analysis, using vector based microcomputer CAD softwares.
Affect and Cognition Interface in Aesthetic Experiences of Landscapes
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 11~20
Environmental Cognition of Buddhism in the View of the Environmental Psychology(I) -Formation of Concept-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 21~32
This paper is studied on the concept of environmental cognition on accordance with the oriental(especially Buddhism) process of thinking. The Yeongiron(theroy : one of th most famous philosophy of Buddhism, the theory of cause and occasion) consists of the upgam-yeongi, the aroeyasik-yeongi, the chinyeo-yeongi and the pupkye-yeongi. And the concept of these theory are as follows: The conceptural elements of upgam-yeongi consist of sack(色), soo(受), sand(想), hand(行), sik(識). The elements connects with the western environmental psychology such as sack and objects, soo and stimuli, sand and perception, hand and cognition, sik and behavior. Similarly, aroeyasik-yeongi that consist of sangbun(相分), kyunbun(見分), chajungbun(自證分), chungjajungbun(證自證分) connects with objects, perception, cognition, behavior too. The chinyeo-yeongi divide into smase(三細) and yukchu(육추), the samse consist of mumyungupsang(無 明業相), nungyunsand(能見相), kyungyesand(境界相) and the yukchu consist of chisang(智相), sangsoksang(相續相), chipchisang(執取相), kyemyungjasang(計明字相), kiupsang(起業相), upgyegosang(業繫苦相). These elements are relates with the concept of western environmental psychology from objects to behavior too. Pupkye-yeongi represent a characteristic of objects itself rather than a process of environmental cognition. However this study has limitations that the religion and scientific methods should be compare. sack(色) : an elements of it's derivation, all kinds of material soo(受) : a function of reception, feeling sang(想) : a representation of a thought in the mind hang(行) : mental operation sik(識) : a function of judgement sangbun(相分) : the thing in itself kyunbun(見分) : a reflection in the mind chajungbun(自證分) : confirmation of kyunbun chungjajungbyn(證自證分) : self-consciousness through self-examination mumyungupsang(無明業相) : a state of mixture with the object and the subject nungyunsang(能見相) : an operation of the subject kyungyesang(境界相) : a formation of object chisang(智相) : the beginning of distinction sangsoksang(相續相) : a judgement chipchisang(執取相) : a rsponse kiupsang(起業相) : have a influence to the next behavior upgyegosang(業界苦相) : retribution
Analysis on Perceptual Relationship in the Slope Scene of Highway
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 33~43
The perceptual characteristic on the slope scenery around highway is very similar as the general perceptual characteristic in the landscape. This process determines by the relationship between the scenery observers and the characteristics of its place. It is very important to have a analysis on highway slope scenery in our particular culture in Korea since our country's highways are done by cutting mountains : therefore, we have a lot of slopes around highways. The physical characteristics on the highway scenery determines how we should build scenery around highway to a satisfactory level. The results drawn from this research work are as follow: 1) The satisfaction for slope scene had been affected by sex, native and experience of travel. I thought that the slope scene having peculiar form will offer the highest satisfaction. 2) Psychological factor, reflected satisfaction of slope scene, 몽 a grip of three factors as the factor of evaluation, texture, formation, and presumption formula is : Satisfaction=1.04(Evauluation factor)+0.83(Texture factor)+0.15(Formation factor)+4.28)R2=0.69). 3) Vine among the vegetation componeents of slope scene highly correlated with the evaluation factor and grass, shrub correlated with the texture factor. 4) Rock among the structual components of slope scene highly correlated with the formation factor, and stockade, lattice correlated with the evalution factor. 5) Gradient among the properties which determined slope form, highly correlated with the formation factor.
A Study on the Development of Urban Openspace in German Cities;until just after the Second World War
정찬용 ; 鄭讚容 ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 44~44
The existing urban open space system of the German cities has an exellent frame, which is a result of the long history of its developing. The beginning time of that goes back to the end of the 18th century, as pri-vate gardens of feudal lords and the nobility became more and more public and public open space plannedwas appearing. Through the change from the feudal age to the civil society, the people's values on the urbanopenspace were growing. so that it had more social meanings. Since the Industrial Revolution in the secondhalf of the 19th century the environment of cities was getting miserable, what was the important cause ofthe birth of ideas and concepts of the urban open space type and its system.The fo1lowing concepts are they. which have influenced modern open space concepts of the cities InGermany decisively :'Garden Cities'.'Neighborhood'. 'The Model of Mohring, Eberstadt and Petersen','The Model of Langen'. "The Classified City','The Classified and Loosened City'etc.
Enrichment of Semihardwood Lagerstroemia indica L. Cuttings in Enclosed Propagating Frame
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 57~63
The present investigation was undertaken to determine if CO2 enrichment promoted rooting and subsequent growth of Lagerstroemia indica L. cuttings. Cutting were taken from the one-year-old semihardwood twigs, and rooted in enclosed propagation frame with enriched CO2 levels (500-2000ppm) regulated by a gas monitor. The base of each cutting was dippid from 500 to 4000ppm naphthalenacetic acid. Roothing was determined after 3 months. CO2 enrichment during roothing increased the rooting percentage and number of roots per cutting, but nontreated cuttings rooted in low percentages producing one or two roots. The length of new shoots and dry weight of whole cuttings in CO2 enrichment were significantly greater than those of the atmospheric controls. The organic and inorganic compounds concentraion were measured as an indication of nutritional state in whole cuttings. As a result of CO2 enrichment, carbohydrate, protein and inorganic compounds(total nitrogen, P2O5, K2O, CaO, MgO) concentration were higher than controls.
A Comparative Study on the Perception of A Beautiful Landscape According to the Differences of Living Environment
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 64~78
In this study, elementary school students of both urban and rural areas as its subjects were asked to draw 'A beautiful landscape' by employing the perspective representation technique, i. e., the Perception Map, and to write down the elements comprising 'A beautiful landscape' in the questionnaire sheets. By doing so, an attempt was made 1) to analyze whether there are differences in perceiving 'A beautiful landscape' according to the differences of the environment in which they were brought up ; and, if there are differences. 2) to identify them ; and based on that , 3) to present basic data for evaluation on landscape, on its preference analysis and for Park Planning. The summary of this study is as follows ; 1) The main elements, elementary school students think, comprising 'A beautiful landscape' are 25 ones such as Sky(7), Sea(2), Water(2), Topography(5), Plants(5), Animals(3), School(1), Rural village(1). The natural elements showing a difference are ; Water fall in urban areas and School landscape in rural areas ; the artificial elements are ; City groups(Structures, Facilities, Necessities, Transportation means and Space) in urban areas and School groups in rural areas. Especially, in case of rural area children, they regard 'Trees' as an essential element to be 'A beautiful landscape' comparing to those in urban areas. 2) According to the analysis result on the correlation between the elements comprising a beautiful rural landscape and a beautiful ruban landscape, the correlation between boys and girls is high, showing the same trend with any difference. In comparison of urban areas with rural areas, there is no difference between natural elements, but in artificial elements(7 groups without family) the correlation is quite low, showing that all comprising elements are not the same between rural schools and cities, between schools within the same areas, and between schools of different areas. 3) In identifying the names of elements comprising 'A beautiful landscape', Back-Du Mountain and Sorak Mountain are shown the highest frequency in the category of mountains. In the names of trees and flowers, the elementary school children are thought to consider the kinds of trees and flowers they can see always at hand, i. e., those in their school ground where they spend most of their day time. 4) In the analysis of the numbers of comprising elements according to the responses in the questionnaire sheets and in the Perception Map, 'less than 10' is the most frequently counted number of comprising elements by individual students regardless of rural and urban differences. When the total frequency is divided by the number of students, the mean score is 6-7 without any differences between rural and urban areas, implying that there are no differences in the expression ability between urban and rural schools. 5) According to the result of classyfying and analysizing the landscape appeared on the Perception Map by similar elements and by similar scenes, 'A beautiful landscape' thought by elementary school children is defined not as a standardized form but as 11 types such as the landscape of fields, the landscape of a sea, the landscape of a rural village, a type where elements are assembled, the landscape of cities, the landscape of a school, the landscape coming out of a imagination, and other landscape. Both rural and urban children all consider the landscape of mountains and field and the landscape where several elements are assembled as a commonly beautiful one. Among the landscapes showing rural and urban differences, it can be analyzed that urban children regard the landscapes of cities, imagination, and waterfalls as something characteristic, while rural children regard the landscape of schools and rural villages as something characteristic.
An Examination of Modernism in Landscape Architecture: its Characteristics, Evolution and Dilemmas
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 79~92
A Study on the Recreation Carrying Capacity of Lawn Areas in Parks(III) -Estimation of Psychological Carrying Capacity-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 93~102
This study was carried out to estimate the recreation carrying capacity of lawn areas in parks. Recreation carrying capacity in this study is composed of two parts, ecological carrying capacity. This part deals with the psychological carrying capacity, based on the perception of crowding level and recreation satisfaction of users. The survey was conducted at the lawn areas of Doturag World and Seorabul Plaza in Bomun Resort Complex in Kyungju. The major results are as follows: 1. As the result of regression of regression analysis between use density of lawn area and level of perceived crowding, the capacity was estimated as 60.0㎡ man. 2. As the result of regression analysis between use density of lawn areas and total recreation satisfaction, the capacity was estimated as 48.5㎡/man. 3. As the result of regression analysis between use density of lawn areas and satisfaction to use density, the capacity was estimated as 63.2㎡/man. 4. As a conclusion, the psychological carrying capacity was estimated as 60.0㎡/man. And this value is based on user's perception of crowding and recreation satisfaction level for each use densities.
A Causal Model for UserSatisfaction with City Park Facilities -Case Study of Duryu City in Taegu-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 103~109
This research suggest a causal model to investigate factors and variables which significant effects on user satisfaction with city park recreational facilities in Duryu city park in Taegu, and thereby identifying implications for planning and development of urban parks and open space. For this study the data were gathered by self-adminstered questionnares from 993 households selected by the multi-stage probability sampling method. The analysis of the data consists of two phases. The first involves exploratory factor analysis to draw meaningful factors from the data. Three factors were indentified. The second phase test the causal model of this research employing LISREL methodology. On the base of the analysis results, important implications for planning of city park and open space are recommended.
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 110~113
조경업계의 국제화시대 대응방안
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 20, issue 3, 1992, Pages 114~117