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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Oct 1994
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jul 1994
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Jan 1994
Selecting the target year
Destination Choice Behavior for Recreation Areas : Application of Generalized Logit Models
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 1~12
This study was carried out to identify destination choice behavior for one-day use recreation areas. Previous positioning study was utilized to select 4 study areas, and the secondary data were used for logit analyses. The Hausamn-McFadden test for IIA was conducted to examine whether conditional logit models are valid methodology for this study. The results revealed that IIA assumption among the study areas was violated; therefore, generalized binomial and generalized multinomial logit models were used in this study. In the binomial logit analysis, 2 to 5 independent variables were included in the models: their
2 values were from 0.1to 0.323, and accuracy of predictions were from 65.38 to 79.86 percent. In the multinomial logit analysis, 4 independent variables were included in the model: its
2 value was 0.207, and accuracy of prediction was 45.82 percent. The results showed that the conditional logit should be used with caution because of the IIA assumption. Several suggestions were described, mainly due to utilization of the secondary data for this study.
Public Place Preference : Design Guidelines and a Case Study Based on Evolutionary Theory
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 13~27
A Study on the Analysis of the User's Degree of Satisfaction in Urban Pedestrian Sidewalk -Case Study of Urban Pedestrian Sidewalk in Taejon City-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 29~40
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors and variables which have significant effects on satisfaction of urban pedestrian sidewalk in taejon city, and to suggest basic information for urban pedestrian sidewalk. These works consist of two phase; The first, tested the user's degree of satisfaction for 37 spots of pedestrian sidewalk slide and then selected 10 spots slide by the stratified random sampling method. The second, analyzed factors and variables of satisfaction of urban pedestrian sidewalk using the semantic differential scale method, and then processed by mean score, correlation, factor analysis, multiful algorithm. The results were summarized as follows; 1) The relationship between the man group and the woman group was highly correlated as well as between the student group.1 and the student group.2 hense these groups statistically showed no difference in satisfaction ratings. 2) Pedestrian sidewalk width, cleanness, pavement materials and construction condition can be significant variables of satisfaction of urban pedestrian sidewalk. 3) Factors covering the satisfaction of urban pedestrian sidewalk have been found to be Environment of pedestrian sidewalk, Vegetation of pedestrian sidewalk and Form of pedestrian sidewalk. By using the control method for the number of factors, C.P. has been obtained as 62.8%.
A Study on the Conservation Methodology for Traditional Villages in Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 41~63
The purpose of this study is to analyze and assess policies and management systems related to traditional villages in Korea. To pursuit this purpose, this study analyzes the applied conservation process to traditional villages. Specifically, it attempts to search for new approaches. Mainly, the using cases are the designated villages protected by law. This study is composed of two major parts. First part is devoted to the understanding of applied conservation process. This work is executed by the introduction of the five stages. (
planning and design,
management) Based on the results of the first part, the second part is analyzed problems of past and current situation and arranged formulation of suggestions of suggestions for future policy development. This is composed of this items. (
law and institution,
methods of conservation,
investigation and analysis,
management) This study doesn't suggest substantial alternatives, but the analyzed results of this study will contribute to the futher work of conservation for traditional villages in Korea.
Analysis on the Visual Preference and Image for the Fence
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 65~78
This study deals with the consciousness and visual preference and image about the fence that is an important factor and a vertical element in the streetscape. The analysis was performed by the data obtained from the questionnaires and the photos for the fence scene. 1. The answerers considering the fence had great influence on the beauty of a city were over 80%, also the fence influence good effect on a city was higher than 63%. 2. The answerers prefering the fence materials mixed with inanimate materials and plants was higher than 50%. Also the design offence was regarded to be the most important element when established. 3. While the satisfying factors for the visual preference were peculiarity, abundance and harmony, the dissatisfying factors were commonplaceness, disharmony and isolation(closing). Also the preference factors were the design and material in several elements of the fence. 4. At the part of function, the preferable places were estimated highly as boundary mark, eye interception but in the visual effect were so low. 5. Psychological factor, related to the satisfaction of the fence, had a grip of three factors, evaluation, formation, potentiality, and the presumption formula was: Satisfaction=1.61(Evaluation)+0.30(Formation)+0.55(Potentiality)+6.23(R2=0. 63)
Changes of the Plant Community Structure during the Twenty-two Years(1972~1993) in Forest of Mt. Kwanak
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 79~90
This survey was ocnducted to investgate changes of the plant community structure from 1972 to 1993 in forest of Mt. Kwanak and thirty-five plots that the size of each plot was 10m
10m(100㎡) were set up and the vegetation analysis was caried out. By the TWINSPAN analysis, the plant community of survey area were divied into Quercus mongolica, Q. mongolica-Pinus densiflora(1), Q. mongolica-P. densiflora(2), Q. acutissima community. The successional trends of the woody species were seemed to be from P. densiflora, Sorbus alnifolia to Q. mongolica in the canopy layer. But the successional trends in the understory and shrub layer were difficult to suppose. The forest vegetation of Mt. Kwanak from 1972 to 1993 was severely decreased in species number and individuals. The sensitive species for the environmental pollution were selected, and the tolerant plants for the acid soil were increased. In comparision with the DBH class distribution from 1972 to 1993, it shows that the ecological succession has stopped. In the analysis of soil characteristics, soil acidification has taken place over last twenty-two years(from pH=5.40 to pH=4.53). The concentration of K+, Ca++ was severly decreased(from K+=0.60m.e./100g to K+=0.06m.e./100g, from Ca++=3.20m.e./100g to Ca++=0.63m.e./100g), which also could seemed to be cause of plant community decline.
The Concept of Urban Green Space
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 91~103
A Study on the Preservation and Management Technique of Urban Skylines
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 105~120
The major purpose of this study is to suggest a comprehensive and systematic process for the preservation and management of urban skylines. The city of Seoul has been selected as a case study for this process. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) An urban landscape masterplan needs to be established before the preparation of the preservation and management plan for urban skylines. 2) Preservation and management plans for urban skylines are suggested in the case Mt. Nam, Han River, Mt. Kwanak in Seoul city. In the case of Mt. Nam and Mt. Kwanak, the control of building heights and guidelines for building height have been studied. For the Han River, various alternatives in building height and disposition have been investigated for the enhancement of the visual quality. 3) Two major steps are suggested for the effective preservation and management of urban skylines. The first step is to prepare an urban landscape masterplan for the whole city, to delineate the skyline preservation area, and to fix controls on building heights in the area. The second step is to divide the whole city into landscape units, to make detailed landscape masterplan for each the units, and to fix controls on building heights in the units. However, only the first step will be necessary in a small city.
A Study on the Management Condition of Exterior Space in APT. Complex -In the Case of GISAN APT. Complex in DAEGU-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 121~135
The Purpose of this study was to obtain data about management of the landscape plants and facility in APT. complex. Because of be completed 2 years ago, landscape plants ware damaged by transplantation and lost the nature tree shape. As well, the management conditions of plants and facility were wholly bad. In details, tree-species consisted of 52 species arbors and 35 species shrubs in APT. complex. The high rank 5 species were planted as main plants. The rates were 45.6-62.8% in arbors and 81.8-97.0% in shrubs. In the degree of tree shape and damage by diseuse and pest, the bad level of 1-2points were ranked highly as 13.9% and 10.4%. In the degree of tree shape and damage by disease and pest, the bad level of 1-2points were showed as 5.1% and 4.7%. In the interview Survey, the main problems of management-maintenance were expressed deficiency of budget, specialist and concern of residents. In the future, methods for the intensive management of APT. complex; First, the management of landscape plants and facility should be attained by a expert and need to establishment of maintenance scheme thoroughly. Above all, for improvement of residential life, we should be lead to convert of a resident recognition in the management -maintenance of exterior space.
The Changing Role of Urban Green Space in Britain and America
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 137~149
A Comparative Study on Current Use and Satisfaction of Skiers between 'Suburban type' and 'Resort type' Ski Resort
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 151~162
This is a comparative study on the use pattern and satisfaction of skiers between the suburban skiing ground and the resort one. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the planning and the management of skiing ground. The sites of case study are Yong Pyung Ski Resort (Resort type) and Bears Town(Suburban type). Data were collected from questionaire. A total of 420 questionaires were completed. And data were subjected to following analysis: First, the descriptive statistics(mean, chi-square analysis etc.) were used to compare the characteristics of the users and the use pattern of two sites. Second, factor analysis was utilized to reduce 22 satisfaction items into the smaller number of factors. Third, regression analysis was used to find the factors affecting users' overall satisfaction in each skiing ground. The findings of this study are as follows: First, it was proved that the characteristics of users between tow sites were different in terms of age, income, and skill level. Second, it was proved that the use pattern between two sites were different in terms of travel distance from home, traffic mode, length of stay, accommodation type, and the money spent per day. Third, By a principal component factor analysis several factors of satisfaction are found: In physical terms, they are 'slope and life facilities', 'recreation and lodge facilities', 'accessibility', 'crowding', and 'landscape'. In psychological terms, they are 'skiing skills and thrills', and 'relaxation and freedom'. Forth, As the result of the stepwise regression analysis, it was yielded that 'relaxation/and freedom' was most important factor to predict the overall satisfaction in both skiing ground. And it was proved that not only physical factors but also phychological(need gratifying) factors were important sources of the satisfaction.
A Design Proposal for the Time Capsule Plaza of Seoul's 1000 Years
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 163~174
In November of 1994, The Seoul Metropolitan Government celebrates its sixth centennial anniversary of becoming the capital city of Korea. In celebration of this anniversary, the Government decided to construct a plaza and sought design proposals in March of 1994. The authors collaborated on a design for the Time Capsule Plaza Competition and won fourth place among twenty-six entries. In the authors' design, the traditional oriental concept of time resonates within the site through the shape of a clock, a unique planting style, and an "Ancestral Tomb" which has a time capsule inside. The plaza is meant to be a symbol of the passage of time, the cycles of nature, and the repetitive actions of man. As for the spatial composition of the plaza, in accordance with the traditional Korean way of spatial arrangement, the plaza is divided into three parts: entry, primary, and secondary spaces. In reality, the plaza is created with the primary goal of providing modern outdoor space for people to rest and gather through the creation of pleasant environments and the introduction of traditional Korean garden elements.
"2000년대를 향한 서울시 공원녹지 정책의 미래방향 "
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 175~204