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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Oct 1995
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jul 1995
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Apr 1995
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Jan 1995
Selecting the target year
A study on the model of measuring visual accessibility to urban green spaces
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 1~14
The aspect of visual accessibility to urban green spaces is an important factor because it contributes making pleasant environment by increasing the visual experience of nature in urban environment. But we have tried neither to consider nor to measure it. Since he concept of visual accessibility has not formally defined yet, it was operationally defined in this study. And then the model of measuring visual accessibility was suggested and verified through the case study on neighborhood parks in Seoul. The findings are as follows : 1) The concept of visual accessibility is defined as opportunity and potentiality to observe green spaces. 2) The model of measuring visual accessibility deals with not only adjacent area but also viewshed area. In adjacent area, considering factors are the area of road adjacent to green spaces and the area of exposed green spaces. In viewshed area, considering factors are the area of road located in viewshed area, the area of exposed green spaces, and the weight according to observing distance. 3) The final model of measuring visual accessibility suggested in this study is as follows.
The role of urban green space in terms of popular values
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 15~28
A study on the improvement for landscape design, construction, and management
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 29~47
The purpose of this study is to improve the laws for landscape planning & design, construction, and management. The results obtained in this study are as follows : 1. In a section of landscape planning and design, it is needed to intensity the preliminary inspection for the landscape planning and design. 2. In a section of landscape construction, it is needed to intensify the superintendence and the penal regulation for the landscape construction. 3. In a section of landscape management, it is needed to provide the obligatory regulations and to intensify the penal regulation for the landscape management.
A Study on the Plannig Methods of Urban Environmental Forest for Considering Ecological Characteristics( I )-In the case of Gaepo neighborhood Park in the Seoul City-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 48~58
This study was conducted to investigate the plant community and to propose ecological planning methods for urban environmental forest on Gaepo neighborhood park, Gangnamgu in Seoul. Thirty-six plots that the size of each plot was 10
10m(100\ulcorner) were set up and the vegetation analysis was carried out. Field survey was executed Apirl, 1994. The actual vegetation was consisted of Poplulus
albaglandulosa community(73.03%), Robinia pseudoacacia community(8.30%) P.
albaglandulosa-R.pseudoacacia community(1.81%) and environmental forest (15.22%) in the survey site. According to mean importance values of each plot, survey area were divided into ten forest communities. As for the analysis of plant community structure which was classified into ten forest communities, the importance values, ecological diversity, number of species, number of individuals, basal area and crown coverage of urban environmental forest were relatively lower than those of the native community. In urban environmental forest of Gaepo neighborhood park, it showed problems for the planting method. So urban environmental forest should be constructed considering ecological characteristics based on above results.
Modeling consumers'park choice behavior : Review & Applications of choice theory and model
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 59~68
This paper intends to identify recreation destination choice process, in particular, considering need/motive theory, recreation opportunity spectrum, information integration theory, and to review critically the status of development of the various modeling approaches. Two attempts are then made to explain consumers' choice begavior of theme park and national park, respectively, applying conjoint model and discrete choice experiment model. Three theme parks and three national parks were selected as study areas, resolution Ⅲ designs were constructed, and data was collected by in-personal interviews on the study areas. The results illustrated the part-worth utilities and the relative importance of the attributes of theme park and national park. In addition, further research directions were discussed.
A study on classification and spatial form of coastal landscape according to anglers -From analysis on articles of specialized magazine for fishing-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 69~79
The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the spatial form of the named coastal landforms which are collected from the specialized magazine for fishing as a collective representative. The costal landform, viewing from the fishing activity, is divided into 9 types which are Yo(sunken rock), Kaeppai(rock-ribbed coast), Jolbyeok(cliff), Koppuri(spite), Chagalmadang(shringle beach), Kanchulam(intermitent rock), Mulgol(valley sea), Kaeppul(tidal flat), Sajang(sandy coast). And the characterstics of the 9types of landform were analyzed. The results of this study will contribute to establish teory on conservation and rehabilitation of costal landscape.
sequestration by urban greenspace
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 80~93
The purpose of this study was to assess functioni fo urban greenspace to reduce atmospheric CO\sub 2\ concentration. The study quantified carbon storage in urban greenspace and carbon emission by fossil fuel consumptio in Chuncheon. The amount of carbon storage in vegetation by land use type was 0.02kg/
for commercial land, 4.36kg/
for natural land, and 0.54kg/
for the other urban lands. In 1994, total amount of carbon emission by fossil fuel consumption was about 257,358 metric tons, and the per capita carbon emission was 1.4 metric ton. Total amount of carbon storage in vegetation was 42,942 metric tons, approximately 17% of the carbon emission. This study excluded quantification of carbon storage in soils. The role of urban greenspace to sequester atomspheric carbon might be much greater, if a soil greenspace to sequester atmospheric carbon might be much greater, if a soil greenspace to sequester atmospheric carbon might be much greater, if a soil carbon storage is included quantification of carbon storage is included. However, increasing coverage of trees and managing them for healthy growth would not be sufficient for avoiding adverse impacts by future climate change. Additional measures should be followed such as an increase of energy use efficiency and development of substitute energy.
Application of importance-performance analysis to management of urban parks - Case study in the children's Grand park-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 94~105
Purposes of this study were to apply and examine that the importance-performance analysis(IPA) could be a useful park management tool. The IPA is an easily-applied technique developed in marketing field to measure attribute importance and performance. It displays them simultaneously on a 4-quardrant action grid; therefore, park managers can upgrade current services and address marketing strategies for various user segments. The children's grand park was selected as a study are. Two different types of questionaires were utilized for data analyses. They were collected from one respondent by on-site distribution or by mail survey, because attribute importance and performance should be rated before and after visiting a park, respectively. Then, total data was segmented systematically by 2 variables-age and benefit sought. Action grids from order to meet the needs of each segment. Several comments on both data collection methods and segment variables selection were described to improve the IPA in recreation settings for future researches.
A study on the growth potential of lindera erythrocarpa makino in Seoul regions
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 106~112
This study was conducted to investigate the environmental factors of habitat of Lindera erythrocarpa and to test seedling growth of the plant transplanted in a field of Sung Kyun Kwan Univ. in Suwon, Kyungkido. The results were as follows ; 1. The wild lindera erythrocarpa was growing in Mt. Kwan whose January average temperature was -3.4
, and minimum average temperature was -14.8
in January. It was also growing in Mt. Suri whose daily minimum temperature is 3.4
lower than that of Seoul. Therefore, there was no problem for Lindera erythrocarpa to grow in Seoul regions in terms of winter coldness. 2. The growth of seedlings of Lindera erythrocarpa transplanted in a field of Sung Kyun Kwan Univ. in Suwon, Kyunkido in 1990 showed that average height of the tree was 1.64m, average diameter of root was 2.44cm, and that average width of crown was 1m. Therefore, there was no problem for Lindera erythrocarpa to grow under winter coldness in Suwon area.
A study on the prices trends of landscape woody plants(1985－1994) in Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 113~131
This study was conduced out to analyze the price trends of landscape woody plants during the past ten years. The method of this study was applied to secendary data analysis and the data were collected from "Government Specified Monthly Price Book" and "Monthly Price Book" The results of this study were as follows : 1. The annual average increasing rate of the GSP price was 3.9% while the KPRC price was 8.9% for the past ten years. The ratio of the KPRC price by GSP price was 94.7% in 1985 and it increased by 147.3% in 1994. This increase indicates a large price margin between two prices. The GSP price should be readjusted to a realistic level. 2. For the same period, the prices of native Korean tree were raised by 3.8% and 9.5% in annual average rate. Meanwhile, the exotic tree prices were raised by 3.6% for and 7.8% for in annual average rate. The prices of native Korean tree were raised more than those the exotic tree. 3. The annual average increasing rates of the twenty for species prices which were high ranked among all species prices were 12% for and 21.5% for . These top twenty species drove to markup trend of tree prices. 4. The annual average price increasing rate of major species which are used frequently for landscaping was higher than total increasing rate of all species. This result shows that the prices of the major species markup more than others. 5. From 1985 to 1994, the prices of 29 new species were listed on "The government specified monthly price book" and the prices of 40 species were newly listed on "Monthly price book". On the contrary, 3 species from "The government specified Monthly Book" and 10 species from "Monthly Price Book" were eliminated. The number of new listed on the native Korean species were twice as many as the exotic species. In addition, there is a need to study and explain reaon of the elimination.
Ecological structure and management of a creek of the Han River -In the case of sooipcheon and anyangcheon-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 132~143
Comprehensive development projects were carried out on the Han River from 1982 to 1986 for the purpose of creating a more serviceable places such as a riverside parks and autoroads and so on. However because of the river development, river ecosystem and function were destroyed. And many local autonomous entity follows comprehensive development projects as if it is a model case. To investigate the impact that the river development effects the river ecosystem, two sites which are Anyangcheon and Sooipcheon were surveyed in the right of around plants ecosystem and structure. Two sites are creek of the Hna River. Sooipcheon maintains the sound ecosystem. It has sufficient carrying capacity for the river recreation activity. The reason is that a hydrophyte absorbs nutrients from the stream and the river ecosystem meets the around terrestrial one neturally. Number of hydrophyte increase from upstream going forward to downstream. Number of hydrophyte increase from upstream going forward to downstream. Anyangchoen is seriously polluted stream out of many branch stream of the Han river. In the upstream various woody plants and hydrophyte appeared. But from the river developed area at midstream, naturalized plants dominated such as Bidens tripartita, panicum dichotomiflorum etc. To manage the creek ecologically, hydrophyts were introduced in partly for natural purification after rehavilitate the riverside, and steadily monitoring is demanded.
A study on the fruit color characteristics and persisting period of deciduous woody landscape plants in Middle area of Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 144~154
The fruit color characteristics and persisting period of deciduous woody landscape plants were investigated through the field survey in Suwon region from January 1, 1992 to March 20, 1993. The summary of the study results was as follows; The total fruit color persisting period was about 320 days from May 1, 1992 when Prunus mume was beginning of fruit coloring, to March 20, 1993 when the fruits of Platanus occidentalis and platanus X acerifolia were persisting. And the plants of fruit persisting period over 60 days after leaf falling were Vibumum erosum, Ilex serrata, Ilex verticillata 'Christmas Cheer', Platanus X acerifolia, Platanus occidentalis, Berberis thunbergii 'Atropupurea', Ligustrum obtusifolium. According to the KBS standard color number, 52.6% of of the fruit color were red, 18.9% yellow, 11.6% black, green 9.5%, white 2.1%, violet 1.1%, and red is followed black 4.2%. Evodia daniellii, Ilex verticillata 'Christmas Cheer', Ilex serrata, Ginkgo biloba, Lindera obtusiloba, and Lindera erythrocarpa should be planted male and female species together for fruits. We got the new information on the fruit color characteritics and persisting period of Malus 'Hopa', Malus 'Almey', Malus 'Pioneer X', Acer rubrum, Malus prunifolia, Pyrus serotina, Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea', Vibumum rhytidophyllum, Rosa spp. Vitis vinifera, Vaccinium angustifolium, Ilex verticillata 'Christmas Cheer', Magnolia stellata, Aronia arbutifolia, Sorbus alnifolia, Lonicera japonica var. aueroreticulta, and Ligustrum X vicaryi. And we need to introduce new cultivars of woody landscape plants including Malus spp, Berberis spp, Sorbus alnifolia yellow autumn leaf clone etc. for the better planting design. The fruit persisting period of woody landscape plants studied by fruit name was that sorosis 276 days, samara 155 days, legume 153 days, hip 133 days, pome was 124 days, drupe 92 days, berry 73 days, capsule 67 days, follicle 55 days and nut 52 days respectively.
A comparative analysis of images for green spaces
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 155~166
The aim of this paper was to investigate images of neighborhood parks and pergola facilities. 280 individuals responded to the 19 semantic differential pollar terms for all four parks. A 7-point semantic differential scale was used. Results from the data analysis suggest several important findings; 1. Mean scores were significantly different in most of S.D.scales according to park and pergola facilities types. As compared with park, S.D.scales values of pergola varied with its visual identity in the spatial composition of park. 2. Data from the factor analysis revealed that four dimensions appeared for all park and pergola types : "Evaluation ", "Potentiality", "Variety", and "Familiarity". 3. In terms of the "Familiarity" dimension, Omok park and its pergola were viewed a ssignificantly more familiar than any of the other three areas. 4. Parks were perceived more positive than pergolas images in the dimensions of "Evaluation ", "Variety", and "Familiarity". 5. Regression analysis showed that "Evaluation "and "Variety" dimensions were mainly related to visual preference.
A study on the users' behavior and satisfaction in Moaksan provincial park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 3, 1995, Pages 167~176
The purpose of this study is to suggest objective basic data for park management proposal through the quantitative analysis of users' behaviors and satisfaction for the actual conditions of management in Moaksan provincial park. For this, users' behaviors and socio-ecnomic characteristics have been analyzed. Specifically, it attempts to investigate users' anticipation and degree of satisfaction applied Expectancy Theory by Likert scale. And users' satisfaction for the actual conditions of management had been analyzed by using the multiple regression. Results of this study can be summarized as follows ; From the aspect of utilization reality, the male usage was silighty higher than female usage, and the usage rate reality, the male usage was slighty higher than female usage, and the usage rate among the young and students such as university students also appeared slightly higher than the norm. Due to the fact, subject park had been provincial park, bus usage was predominant, and users' visit park 1 or 2 times a year. Generally, the value of users' post occupancy evaluation were higher than those of anticipated, and Use in night and facilities were lower. A sense of the season, dense of forest, beauty of skyline and a perspective view appeared as main explicatory variables having positive effects on the satisfaction level for the landscape. Amount of plant and shade were positive variables on the satisfaction and users' had dissatisfaction with trial damage. According to the multiple regression analysis, the major variables to the satisfaction for the actual condition of vegetation management were diversity, recovery of artificial injury.