Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Oct 1996
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jul 1996
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Apr 1996
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
A study on the management-maintenance system in urban park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study was to suggest the more efficient system for management in urban park through the investigation of the managemental condition. Research sites for managemental condition were 9 municipal park managemental offices in Seoul, Pusan and Taegu. The degree of the managemental state in these parks was generally passive and low. So, each of them had to consider the ways how to buy private-owned sites, to standardize facility maintenance, to characterize the managemental objects, to enlarge managemental personnels and systems, to apply entrusting management, to plan user-service strategies and to shorten expenditures. Particularly the positive managemental improvement in user control was demanded to cope with the changing social needs. In long term, they had to develop basic elements for the reasonable park management, clear park maps, area of facilities, the event, citizen participation, budgets and etc., and had to prepare the middle-long term management plan and the precise analysis to the managemental criteria.
Landscape ecological analysis of urban parks -analysis of index of patch shape and the dispersion of patches-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 12~19
Urban parks, as remnant patches, of two older cities and two new towns can be analyzed by a landscape ecological approach. The index of patch shape, the dispersion of patches, the mean edge length, and the mean patch size of parks of each city are ocmpared. The findings of this study are as follows : 1) The mean edge length of urban parks of older cities is longer than that of new towns : Seoul>Suwon>Bundang>Ansan. 2) The mean patch size of urban parks in Seoul is much greater than those of other cities : Seoul> Ansan>Suwon>Bundang. 3) The index of patch shape of urban parks of older cities is greater than that of new towns : Seoul>Suwon>BundangAnsan. 4) The dispersion of patches is in the order of Bundang >Ansan>Seoul>Suwon. The new towns have relatively even distributions of urban parks than older cities. Further research is required to find out the relationship between the index of patch shape and patch interior dynamics.
The development of CAD progtram supporting planting design
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 20~27
The main purpose of this research is to develop a program supporting landscape planting design on AutoCAD basis using AutoLISP and DCL language. Current CAD use in landscape architecture field is mainly focused on customizing plant symbols for supporting two dimensional drafting rather than three dimensional consideration. This program is composed of eight module a such as PLANT module for inserting plant symbols, LABEL module for labeling task, SIMULATION module for simulating plant growth and seasonal color variation, TABLE module for generating plant table automatically, BUILDING module, BLOCK module, UTILITY module for deleting, transforming, shading symbols and DB MANAGER module for manipulating data. Design automation ability using automatic object recognition technique in this program allows AutoCAD to be used as a design tool in addition to its main role as a drafting tool through supporting landscape designers to generate many alternatives in the early phase of design.
A basic study on the users' activities and cognition for management in Moaksan Provincial park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 28~39
The purpose of this study is to suggest objective basic data for park management proposal through the quantitative analysis of users' needs and satisfaction for the actual conditions of management in Moaksand provincial park. For this, users' needs and satisfaction for facilities have been analyzed. And user's satisfaction for the actual conditions of management had been analyzed by using the multiple regression. Users want more toilets and sign boards and to replace damaged facilities. Users gave thought to trail and had high pressure to improvement, and many users were uncomfortable by crowding, and had a positive view to restrict use of intensity. Systematic careful concern about trail and rest area should be need and periodic observation to change of facility condition also. According to the multiple regression analysis, the major variable to the satisfaction for the actual condition of facilities management was trail ground condition.
Some issues on monumentality in park design -two case of 4.19 memorial park of SNU and Soecho sculpture park-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 40~49
The judgement of how good a memorial park is designed in terms of representing symbolic meanings through moonument depends on whether it decisively reflects peoples' common value and affection to specific event or place of the park. It is in fact, not easy to define the kind of value and affections peoples have in mind for the park. It is likely that most park design concepts are primarily based on designer' subjective view of the world by which the public is expected to understand, accept, and eventually share the common symbolic meanings of the park. AS memorial park design as the works of art might be appreciated not only in view of artistic performance of designer but in terms of its social meaning of the newly defined space. Two cases of park designs by author include issues on conceptual alternatives, experience of memorial space, symbolic use of materials, and perspectives on the direction of contemporary park design. It is noteworthy that authentic approaches should be challenged for a new way in which symbolic meanings could be given in rather contradictory style.
A study on the Developmental Indicators of Urban Forest with Reference to User Recreational Satisfaction -Case study of Mt. Gum-Jung-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 50~60
The purpose of this study is to investigate the prime factors that affect user satisfaction of area and facilities in urban forests, to classify those factors, to find out factorial structure of user satisfaction about them, and then to suggest important indicators in the urban forest planning, design, and development. The survey research was done using the self-administered questionnaire method by the people in the city of the Pusan who participated in recreational activities in the Mt. Keumjung. Factor analysis was used to extract the prime factors related to the recreational satisfaction concerning the area and facilities of the urban forest by the SPSS program, and then prime factors were used to investigate the factorial structure of user recreational satisfaction in the urban forest by the LInear Structure RELation program. According to the factor analysis concerning the 13 variables, 4 prime factors by the statistical values were considered as effective, indicating, 'health and recreational facilities', 'convenience and management facilities','facilities for the physical and psychological training' and 'historical and cultural areas'. The results of the causal structure analysis were identified as having significant effects mutually on endogenous variables, 'overall recreational satisfaction of the areas and facilities in the Mt. Keumjung','health and recreational facilities','convenience and management facilities','facilities for the psychological training', and 'historical and cultural areas'. But exogenous variables which have significant effects on endogenous variables were also indentified. Overall fits of both causal model were very good. The hypothetical causal structural equation models based on the results found partially significant correlation between dndogenous variables and between envogenous and exogenous variables. These significant relationships indiate important factors and variables that should be considered in planning, design, and development of the urban forests. Therefore, development direction of the Mt. Keumjung has to be analyzed as significant factors concerning user recreational satisfaction in a systematic was, recognized as important variables for planning process. The plan for development and management also should reflect the natural conservation policy from the environmental conservation movement like natural conservation advertisement and environmental education.
A basic study on the creation of historic revolutionary sites in North Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 61~80
This research study presents historic revolutionary sites in North Korea. In this study, the creation of historic revolutionary sites in North Korea after the Liberation of Korea in 1945, as yet unpublished in the field of landscape architecture and urban planning, is investigated. For conducting this study, the method of true and urban planning, is investigated. For conducting this study, the method of archival research, in which regarding documents, plans and photographs are investigated, was used. This study covers notions, establishment, related laws and regulations, distribution and present status, developmental stages, concrete examples, and general characteristics, of historic revolutionary sites in North Korea. In North Korea, historic revolutionary sites mean all the places where revolutionary achievements of Kim, Ill-Sung and his family are reached. Those sites have been actively created for the purpose of the idolization of Kim, Ill-Sung since the 1960s. In recent years, the sites have been revobated and new places of this kind have been constructed, so that various idolization facilities and structures are now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed now everywhere in North Korea. Historic revolutionary sites are mainly distributed in Pyungyang, the forest areas of Mt. Pakdu, the areas along the shore of the Tuman River and the Abrock River. In those sites, various historic revolutionary relics are preserved, and the statues of Kim, Ill-Sung, historic revolutionary monuments, revolutionary museums and other facilities are constructed. These places can not be regarded as planned spaces for people in true the meaning of place, and accordingly they must be reconstructed for people's use. They can be redeveloped as places of history, culture and deucation, theme parks, green open spaces, and sight-seeing facilities after unification of Korea. This study can be used as valuable information for further study especially for the reconstruction planning of the places in preparation for a probable unified Korea. For a profound study, North Korea must open broader and more accurately detailed documents, regarding historic revolutionary sites, to the outside world, and the South Korean Government must also have a sense of co-ownership of the information about North Korea rather than exclusive possession and restrictions. Ultimately, academic exchange between South and North Korea must be realized and on-the-spot surveys must be carried out so as to find a reasonable land use plan for the historic revolutionary sites for a future unified Korea.
The garden for the blind-perspective, enclosure, light/shade, form and environment
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 81~96
The idea I set my thesis upon was to develop a methodology for the visually impaired to perceive an environment through their other senses. Since the Blind perceive spatial relationships by combined association of their other senses, it was essential to create a setting where their senses can be amplified. Thus this garden was designed to accommodate two or more of blind person's senses at once to provide more of '3-D' spatial relationship. The main goals of this thesis are, first, to create a place where the Blind can enjoy and nurture their own specific interests. Second, to reveal the nature in its allowing individual analysis and interpretation of a garden. Third, to move away from the prejudice of gardens for the Blind being made of only touching and smelling. To achieve these goals, the most important task was to establish a sense of space. In order to do so, five principles were used; Perspective, Enclosure, Light/Shade, Form, and Environment. After all, the garden for the Blind does not proclaim its purpose in loud terms nor in obvious manner. It should attempt to provide joy, serenity, and activity; a freedom to choose, recognize and analyze nuances of garden, the rhythm of enclosure and openness to experience variety, also to delight in subtle changes and to just imagine.
A Study on Design Method of Sequential Landscape through the Application of Visual Structure and Screening Techniques of Film Art
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 97~110
This study is about the application of visual structure and presentation of film as one of new methods for design of sequential landscape. The primary objective of the study is to present the basis of applicable and reasonable D니. In applying components of film to DSL, if it is compared with sequential landscape, the film is collection of shots while sequential landscape is accumulation of sceneries. Film and sequential landscape give us a whole meaning different from the meaning itself of a shot or scenery in its experience. The study build a tentative technique of DSL which has the following stages : 1) Goal setting and making out a scenario 2) Analysis and investigation 3) Selection process of definite form 4) Drawing up conti., sketch and notes, It is expected that the technique presented in this study could be a basis for further study of DSL.