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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Oct 1997
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jul 1997
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Apr 1997
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Amenity of the Residential Environments reflected on the Residents : with a focus on the Environmental Quality of the Multi-Family Housing Estates
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 3~17
The purpose of this study is to suggest an Amenity Meaning of the residential Environment reflected on the Residents. It focuses on the Environmental Quality through interviews and surveys of Multi-Family Housing Estates. The demand of Amenity as Environmental Quality of the Residential Environment will increase significantly in a short period of time. The Amenity Meaning fuses psychological and material elements, Also, these relate synthetic Environmental Qualities with Naturally Friendly Housing Estates. Thus, this paper may be used primarily by researchers, housing developers who may wish to incorporate the environmental quality of housing development.
The study for the role of urban greenery and the planning index in the urban landscape assessment of the residential area in Daegu City
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 18~35
This research aims at exploring the relationship between urban greenery and urban landscape and thereby deriving proper planning indicators of urban landscape, For the purpose, this research used survey research method which asked urban residents to answer the research questionnaires about the urban landscape which was presented by slide projection. The analysis results are as follows: 1) urban residents have highly positive image about the greenery; 2) they highly evaluate urban beautification and amenity function of the greenery; 3) the supply of the greenery is very short regardless of the survey locations; 4) due to the small amount of the greenery, its role in landscape is little. Landscape assessment can be approached from various aspects. Urban residents cognitively regard greenery important, however, in real situation it is not necessarily true. There is a discrepancy of the residents'expectation for the role of the greenery in the reality. Therefore, it is difficult to apply residents'evaluation directly to landscape planning. It is recommended that both planners'judgement and the residents'expectation should be balanced in the planning process.
A Study on the Minimum Size of Rural-Pocket Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 36~46
Recently, The rural-pocket parks in Korea have been constructed for the recreation activities of the rural residents. The purpose of this study is to suggest planning guidelines focused on the minimum size. The methods used in this study are surveying the satisfaction of rural residents, analyzing the size of Rural-Pocket Parks recently constructed, and comparing with pocket parks in Seoul. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows : 1) The average size of rural-pocket park in Kyung-Ki province is 650square meters per village and 2.19square meters per capita. and the relation between current rural-pocket park size and the number of household can be described as The current Size of Rural-Pocket Park = 7 ㎡
Number of Households 2) The minimum size based on the rural residents'satisfaction is 633square meters at the 62 households level, and can be described as The Size of Rural-Pocket Park = 10㎡
Number of Households 3) The most required activities by the rural residents are relaxation, children's playing and sports. and the most required facilities are ‘Jung-Ja’and ‘Combined Playing facility’. 4) The size required to include the basic recreational facilities at the level of household 20, 50, 100 are 132square meters. 386square meters, 633square meters respectively. The size per household is 7square meters and can be described as 5) As conclusion about 7square meters per household is recommended for the minimum size of rural-pocket park. and at least 140square meters is required as minimum size of rural-pocket park for the basic recreational facilities. The minimum Size of Rural-Pocket Park=㎡
Number of Households
A Study on the Domestic and Foreign Laws connected with Landscape Plant and Planting
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~61
This study was conducted to grasp the present condition of the name and the related text of the domestic laws (97 statutes, 1 examination, 1 guide, 3 ordinances, 1 leading case) in force which were connected with landscape plant and planting. Examining the general tree-planting system of America, the related foreign laws(1 constitution, 44 statutes, 31 ordinances, 6 leading cases) were arranged in the name and the text and classified by nations of regional groups and it was considered to the mutual relation with lots of laws which are scattered with the various laws. To examine the points at issue of the related domestic laws and to study the related foreign laws, the remedies for the domestic laws being at issue were proposed. That is : A change of the landscape planting concept, the introduction of the landscape planting cost compared with the total construction cost, the unification of the landscape planting ordinances as the unit of city, the clarification of the completion period for the depect of the replaced trees. putting the conservation and production of the top soil under an obligation the adoption of a licence system for the tree planting within the river area, the introduction of the allotment system for landscape architectural expenses, the encouragement of making a hedge, the settlement for the problems of the trees loss compensation, the necessity for the quality test to the landscape planting works, the intensification of the punitive rules to the illegal felling and planting of the trees in the greenzone area, the application of the Labor Standard Act to the landscape planting laborers. The laws relating to landscape plant and planting are prescribed dispersedly in the many other related laws and it is concluded to be impossible for the legislation of the singular law which is applied uniformly to the department of the tree-planting. Hereafter it should be required to analyze concretely in detail the each text of the related laws by means of the joint studies between the professional landscape architects and the lawyers.
Increasing Infiltration with Pervious Drainage facilities -The Effect of Simulation in Bun-Dang New town, Korea-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 62~72
As a site is built up, runoff increases inevitably. This results in water deficit in the site and possible downstream flooding. It may cause irreversible site ecosystem disturbance. This study examined some techniques of increasing infiltration rates in a site development. The possible effects of applying such techniques at a new town development are calculated for four types of land uses-business area, low/high density residential areas, and park area- of Bun-Dang New Town. If the higher infiltration drainage systems are introduced, there may be additional infiltration of the precipitation as much as 59.8% in business area, 74.6% in low density residential area, 51.4% in high density residential area and 32.7% in park area. This much increase of infiltration, or decrease of runoff, may improve site water balance, and thus keep the site ecosystem much healthier.
A Study on the Seeding Timing of Native Woody Plants for the Slope Revegetation Works
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~81
This study was conducted to find out the hydroseeding timing of woody plants. Five native plants were used for this experiment and were seeded on the cut slopes by hands in April, May, June, September and October. In order to identify the best seeding time, germination percentage, ground cover rate and plant height were investigated. There was a difference in germination percentage and ground cover rate depending on the seeding time. The results are summerized as follows 1. Characteristics of germination : Seeding was best carried out in spring(May, June) or autumn(September). In spring, Lespedeza cyrtobotrya shows quick germination and rapid growing which can be compared with herbaceous plants using in the hydroseeding. As for Pinus thunbergii, there was little difference in germinatin according to different seeding timing. But Evodia daniellii, Parthenocis년 tricuspidata and Alnus hirsuta seem to need seed treatments to improve the seed germination. 2. Ground cover rate : The most rapid growing plant is Lespedeza cyrtobotrya and the next is Amorpha fruticosa. The other plants show extreamly low ground cover rate, so they seem to be surpressed by herbaceous plants which will be mixed for erosion control. 3. Plant height : On 8 weeks later after seeding, the Lespedeza cyrtobotrya which was seeded in June recorded 17.1cm plant height. It will be enouch height to compete with herbaceous plants. As the Parthenocissus tricuspjdata seeded in May shows 27cm plant length, it can be used more frequently on seeding works if the seed germination were improved. In sum, seeding is best carried out in May. When deciding seeding rate for the purpose of hydroseeding, it will be necessary to adjust the woody plants germination percentage according to seeding timing.
A Study of Landscape Construction Work Classification for System Instruction of New Estimation System based on Historical Construction data. - With regard to Housing Landscape Construction -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 82~99
The purpose of this study is to establish work classification system of landscape construction in order to offer the basis of new estimation system of public landscape construction. New estimation system is based on historical construction data. For application of this system, the standard work classification system is necessary. Because extensive cost data should be accumulated under an unified construction work classification system. In the study of new estimation system carried by KICT(Korea Institute of Construction Technology), landscaping works belong to earth work of civil engineering. It looks very unreasonable work classification, because landscape archtecture has its own specialties and professional domain. In this study, information classification systems in the construction industry and various landscaping works of housing developments are analysed. As a result. a standard work classification system of housing landscape construction is proposed in section VI-3. This standard work classification structure consists of three levels divisions (i.e large work division, middle work division, small work division) . Now in this study, housing landscape construction works are divided into four large works and twenty six middle works. According to work attributes, middle and small work division is possible to subdivide into details.
Development of Ecotechnology for the Biotope creation in Korean Rural Area -With a Special Reference to Dragonfly Biotope-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 100~111
Owing to the urbanization, the industrialization and joining to WTo, there are lots of fallow and abandoned farmlands in Korea. Those results have occurred inefficient land use and destruction of agricultural ecosystem with the secondary succession and invasion of alien weeds. Using these fallow and abandoned farmlands, Korean government tries to create the ecological parks for the nature conservation, amenity, education and research, etc. For these purposes, materials on the ecological park construction were gathered from abroad such as England, Germany, Switzerland and Japan and also field trips to those countries were executed in April,1996. Accordingly, the goal for the ecological parks could be set suitably to Korean situation as of Japanese styles which are characterized by man-made biotopes. For a case study, dragonfly was selected as an indicator of the rehabilitation of water-side ecosystem, arid a site was selected for the dragonfly biotope under the criteria of selection to the Experimental Farm of Korea University including near abandoned farmlands (Dogok-ri, Wabu-eup, Namyangju city Kyunggi-do). Natural and cultural factors of this site were inventoried and analyzed, and then with the results dragonfly biotope was planned to the site with the detailed ecotechnology.
The Relationship between the observation distance, scale of buildings and the landscape preference by the landscape types in a suburban rural area
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 112~123
This study investigated the effect of high-rise buildings on the preference for rural landscapes. The study site was a Seoul suburban, Yong-in, which showed typical scenes of rural development. Slides used in the study were taken in Young-in along the national road 45(north-south) and national road 42(east-west). Forty slides reflecting typical characters of Young-in were selected. Among them, ten slides which were selected through factor analysis based on “ruralits”score were used as original slides. They represent ten landscape types. The simulation of original slides was based on the following aspects: a observation distance. number of buildings and landscape types. The preferences for the landscapes were tested by 200 respondents on 40 slides: Distance(2)
Landscape type(10) = 20 slides, Number of buildings(2)
Landscape type(10) = 20 slides. The following results are found: 1) When high-rise buildings are introduced into rural scenes, there are some vulnerable landscape types: the landscape with high “rurality”, the landscape with background skyline and the focal landscape. 2) The observation distance affects landscape preference. The hypothesis that the nearer the distance the lower the preferences, is accepted. However, there are some exceptions in 3 landscape types. 3) The hypothesis that the more the number of buildings, the lower the preferences, is rejected. The result is quite unexpected one. When a single building is introduced in natural scene, it draws more attention as a focal point than a group of buildings, and subsequently the visual impact is stronger.
Schentific analysis and interpretation of visual structure of feng-shui : Case study of Hahoi and Yangdong villages
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 124~134
The primary purpose of this research is to scientifically investigate visual structure of Korean feng-shui at the level of village settlement. This study deals with Hahoi and Yangdong villages of which feng-shui is regarded highly fit to traditional feng-shui principles. Methodologically this research utilizes analytical tools of geographical information systems and statistical analysis methods, Visual structures of the villages'feng-shui are analyzed in terms of elevation, orientation, gradient of slope and relative dominance of visibility of major hills. A mathematical model is suggested to quantify facets of the villages'lung-shui with reference to slope trends. The quantitative analysis results indicate that both villages have good feng-shui. Hahoi village has an excellent feng-shui attributable to a near perfect harmony between water and terrain while Yangdong village has an effective feng-shui facet for conserving energy in terms of microclimate. Principles of fang-shui have potentials to be developed as a holistic planning and design language. Further in-depth research on feng-shui needed to accomplish this goal.
Attitudinal Determinants of Summer Vacation Activity Participation -Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 25, issue 1, 1997, Pages 135~142
The objectives of this study was to test applicability of the theory of planned behavior by Ajzen & Driver(1992), to predicting summer vacation activity participation. Vacations to vist Sock-Cho City in summer were asked to complete a questionaire to measure attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions in relation to participating in three vacation activities, at the beach, at the valley, and at the pool. After summer vacation, respondents were called to answer whether or not they had participated in those activities. The results showed that attitudes toward vocation consist of affective and instrumental component Consistent with the theory, attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control were significant variables in predicting intentions to participate in vacation activites. In addition, intentions and perceived control were influential in predicting vacation activities partication. Althouh the objectives of the study were achived, this application of the theory of planned behavior to Koreans summer vacation participations did not show the same power as the Ajzen & Driver's study(1992) in predicting recreation activties participation. It would be desirable for future research to apply the theory of planned behavior to various recreational settings.