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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Dec 2000
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Oct 2000
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Apr 2000
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Remedial Devices and Operation Statue of the Nature Trail in National Parks in Korea
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study is to propose remedial devices through the analysis on the operation status of nature trails in the nine National Parks in Korea. To accomplish these goals, the field survey for the nature trail facilities and their nature environmental conditions and a questionnaire survey also had been done, and 1,102 samples have been collected. Nature trails are usually located where the visitors re concentrated for a certain season or year-round, and ease of the visits guaranteed. However, since most of trails are located along the valley, the courses have disadvantage of passing in a single trail. Also, many trails are using former tracking courses, and the environmental conditions are not satisfactory due to the damages incurred by the visitors. Since nature trails are still on the introductory stage, basic tactics such as the design of courses, construction methods, management skills needs further improvements. As the Natural Parks Act does not have any clear definition of nature trails, it invokes the definition of tracking course instead, which in turn hinders the development of the nature trails. The nature trail system was just introduced to Korean National Parks and a pioneer in the Korea. Therefore, when provincial and urban recreational parks wish to introduce the environmental education programs within each park system, nature trails in national parks can be performed as a role model. Further improvements should be made within the such fields as preliminary natural ecological survey, lacks of professional designers for the facilities, lacks of interpreter and interpretation within nature trails.
An Evaluation of the Streetscape According to the Change of Moving Speed -Through the Experiment of the Virtual Reality-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 15~25
The purpose of this paper is to examine the visual evaluation structure about the formal changes of streetscape by the different moving speed in two alternative control plans for the building height and the setback regulation. The virtual reality system is applied to the experimental tool. Eighty-two experimental models are made in consideration of the height and the setback of the building regulation cased by Midou-suji street in Osaka City, Japan. and ten typical models are selected by pre-experiment. Since the changes of the landscape structure consists of the height and the setback of the building, four the evaluation items are set: grade of continuity, order, openness, preference. As there are eighty-two landscape models which are too many to be applied in this experiment, ten role models are drawn out and used in this experiment. The mean difference test, discriminant analysis, and multiple linear regression methods had been used for the statistical analysis methods. The results of this study are as follows; 1) It is found out the fact of the difference evaluation structure amount experiments models. 2) From the sketch analysis and interview, it is found out difference cognition structure by the moving speed and alternatives. 3) From the discriminant and regression analysis, it is found out that the evaluation value about continuity becomes low by the moving speed change from walking speed to driving speed. We suggest that continuous experiment should be made with a variety of groups and models, and general and universal results should also be come out of the experiments above.
Comparative Analysis on the Landscape Ordinances between Korea and the United States of America
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 26~38
The purpose of this study is to perform a comparative analysis on landscape ordinances between Korea and U.S.A to find out some useful implications for remedial devices on Korean landscape ordinances in terms of their legislation, contents, and operating procedure. The results of this study are as follows; 1) Technical issues addressed by the U.S.A landscape ordinances may be divided broadly into five items(landscaping, planting, facilities, land use, preservation and protection) and subdivided diversely by each item. 2) The thirty four landscape ordinances of U.S.A., collected for this study, were made up of the nineteen comprehensive landscape ordinances(56%), the nine tree ordinances(26%) and the six post construction landscape ordinances(18%) s a result classifying into three types(comprehensive, post-construction, and tree ordinances) of landscape ordinances. 3) The differences in the view of the legislation, contents and practical process in the Korea and the U.S.A. landscape ordinances were to be analyzed comparatively. 4) Whether or not of applying the thirty four landscape ordinances of U.S.A. to the domestic ordinances were reviewed, we found that the twenty eight cases are applicable after study(82%), the four cases are applicable(12%) and the two cases are not applicable(6%) to Korean system. The result of this study will be source materials for the application of the correct regulations in the field of domestic landscape ordinances providing the theoretical system for the legislation of the landscape ordinances which are characterized as the harmonization between the development and the conservation breaking from the existing uniform and the developmental landscape ordinances.
An Analysis of Riparian Vegetation Distribution Based on Physical Soil Characteristics and Soil Moisture Content -Focused on the Relationship between Soil Characteristics and Vegetation-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 39~47
This study is to investigate the conditions closely related to the establishment of vegetation in the riparian zone: the soil condition, an important factor along with climate and light. Especially, the soil structure of the microtopographical formations in the specific area known as the riparian microtopographical zone investigated. In addition, the effect of the riparian microtopographical features on the ground water level, soil moisture content, and vegetation was studied. The results of this study are as follows; 1) At all sample sites, below the sand layer, a gravel layer is always present. This is the result of past floods. 2) Although Salix koreensis experiences frequent disturbances such as increase in river level and floods, this vegetation establishes itself in the most secure are in the microtopographical zone. 3) The growth of Phragmites japonica is closely related to the underground water level. 4) It is clear that Miscanthus sacchariflorus grows concentrated in dry areas. 5) The soil accumulation conditions differ according to the soil moisture content of each microtopgraphical feature. Accordingly, the moisture content of the soil is clearly different within the microtopographical zone. The continuous and long-term investigation and research on the relation of riparian reproduction and the relevance with location surrounding factors are necessary in the future.
Development of Concrete Method for Roof Planting
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 48~57
This paper is dealing with the fundamental properties of planting concrete, replacing the existing cover concrete on the roof of a building. This study is to find out the physical characteristics of the planting concrete and rearing characteristics of the grass throughout the modeling experimental materials. As the results of the experiment, the physical properties of planting concrete show the following results; when the paste to aggregate ratio is 0.2~ 0.4, voids volume : 30~17%, unit weight: 1,710~2,010kg/m3, compressive strength : 45~145kgf/
, its pH is more than 11, but is reduced to the proper degree for planting after being neutralized. Kentucky bluegrass covered with planting concrete is grown well. The planting concrete used with blast furnace slag cement shows a better properties at the height, the width and the covering rate by 1.1cm, 0.5mm and 7%, respectively, than those used with ordinary portland cement. Also, the less the paste to aggregate ratio is, the better the plant grows. The orders of the effects of temperature control are as follows; the system of planting concrete with grass>the system of planting concrete without grass>the system of mixed soil>the existed roof system. In case, the planting concrete is placed to the roofs of buildings instead of normal concrete slab, and a number of favorable effect can be expected such as the improvement os environmental factors, the reduction of construction cost, the saving of energy and the reduction of environment load. The future research on the change of a variety of the aggregate conditions and the application of the practical structures should be made, and also the research of the endurance also be performed.
An Satisfaction Degree Analysis of Programs in the City Park -Tokyo Metropolitan City Parks, in Japan-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 58~67
This study is mainly focus on the satisfaction degree of programs which were been held in city park. The case study of this study is Tokyo metropolitan city park which planed programs and have managed them for approximately 20 years. For the purpose, this study used the questionnaire about the satisfaction degree of programs in 2 Tokyo metropolitan city parks which are held nature observation programs, after analysis of programs of city parks. This study used analysis method of cross-tab, factor analysis and multi-regression. The result are as follows: 1. As the result of factor analysis, 6 factors which are determined the satisfaction degree of programs are found. Also as the regression result between satisfaction degree and 6 factor, the satisfaction degree is positively affected by first factor which is identified program contents and forth factor which is identified marketing part of program. 2. On the organization of managing program, the sponsorship privately-managed citizen group is more favorable than the sponsorship by volunteer. 3. In the participant attribute, participants who are older than 50 showed high distribution, and there is no difference between sex.
An Interpretation on Landscape Forms and Spatial Scope of the Capital City of Silla Dynasty -Some Clues From Excavation of Yonggang-Dong Pond Site of Gyongju-
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 68~75
The purpose of this paper is to define the spatial scope and landscape structure of the capital city of Shilla Dynasty. We have tried to analyze the locational characteristics, the location and landscape form of the Yonggang-Dong pond site which was assumed a part of a king's place, and had the important implicitness in delineating the spatial scope of capital city of Shilla Dynasty. The research took the theory of landscape cognition as a tool, and processed with the book review related simultaneously. The results of study are as follows; 1) It has been almost conformed that the Yonggang-Dong Pond Site was a part of the North Palace of Shilla Dynasty, and it took the form of fully enclosed by the forest, such as the names of Imjungsu and Gosungsu, and so on. This fact has leaded to the special landscape form of 'Forest with Palace' that is an similar pattern of Forest with Tumulus, Forest having Well, Forest having Well, Forest having Mountain. Each of them is symbolizing the place of holiness in the Shilla Dynasty. 2) The Yonggang-Dong Pond site and its surrounding forests made them together be the north border of the Capital City of Shilla Dynasty. This fact made it possible to consider the form of landscape of the Najung Forest with Posugjung Pavilion as the same on which was on the southern border of the city. 3) The above mentioned facts lead to clues that the border of the capital city of Shilla Dynasty does mean that it was not the mere functional one, but symbolic one. Thus, this paper suggests that the spatial scope of the capital city of Shilla Dynasty should include not only the area of block system, but also the surrounding natural area of mountains, forests, and so on, including the artificial elements of palace and pavilion. 4) This type of borders with the natural elements show basically the different type and function. We could find out some examples from China's and Japan under the same block systems and in the same era. It should be more identifiable in the form and the meaning of landscape of the capital city of Silla Dynasty in ancient Korea.
Floral Changes During Three Years after the Establishment of the Youido Ecology Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 76~86
The purpose of this study is to fiure out the floral changes during three years after construction of the Youido Ecology Park. Yearly change of plant species composition, distributed at the research field, had been investigated for three years since 1996. To compare and investigate the changes of the establishment of the Ecology Park, we have analyzed the distribution characteristics of plant species, exotic naturalized species, and so on. The results obtained through this investigation are as follows; 1) Total numbers of plant species were 106, 170, 175, and 148, in the year of 1996, 1998 1999, and 2000, respectively. While the most of cultivated species before th establishment were decreased, the naturalized species such Phargmites communis Trin, and Artemisia selengensis Turcz. etc, were increased. 2) Forty three species of exotic naturalized species were investigated and were increased at the early stage of the establishment, but showed decreasing trend recently. 3) Sixty five species of introduced and planted species were investigated. Most of them were occurred at the first year after the establishment, but since 1999, there has been a significant decrease. 4) Sixty seven species among total 235 were verified as the wetland-adapted plants. The ratio to the total numbers were low, but the occupied area of a few species was expanded. Therefore, it indicates that monitoring on the physical environments of the Youido Ecology Park was urgently required.
Ozone Response on Indoor Landscape Plants
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 87~92
The purpose of this study is to investigate Ozone which we have to contact in our daily lives. Recently Ozone becomes a serious pollutant in the inside and outside. To select th indicator plants or the purifier plants for air pollution caused by ozone, this stud has been conducted with interior landscape plant of 10 species. The results are as follows; 1) The visible demage by Ozone was firstly observed on Viburnum awabuki among 10 species, and it occurred after the lapse of 10, 8 and 4 hours on 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 ppm ozone treatment, respectively. The first symptom of visible demage appeared on chlorosis or blotting of leaves, then progressed on necrosis of leaves. 2) On the other hand, Litsea japonica and Ardisia japonica were so resistant against Ozone fumigation that they were not demage independently of Ozone concentration till the lapse of 60 hours. 3) Chlorophyll contents were decreased by the increased Ozone concentration. At this time, grana destruction was observed. The most sensitive plant to ozone was Viburnum awabuki, and we suggest that Viburnum awabuki would be possible one to use for the indicator plant. The most resistance plant to Ozone was Litsea japonic and Ardisia japonica, we suggest that Litsea japonica and Ardisia japonica would be possible to use for the purifier plant for Ozone pollution.
Establishment of Roadside Tree Planting System in Kangnung
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 28, issue 5, 2000, Pages 93~103
This research is to propose a rational criterion of the selection and the management f the roadside trees, and to establish the planting design and system with the objective of improving the roadside environment. All of the roadside trees in each objective courses in Kangnung, and the soil disposition, hardness of the soil in the planting areas have been investigated. Also, we have surveyed the kinds of the trees which kandgnung inhabitants want. The conclusion is as follows Most of roadsides have trees, but they need the introduction of shrubs or ground covering plants according to the locations and the environmental conditions. We have selected nineteen species in regard to the roadside tree criterion and the growing conditions living in Kangnung. It is desirable that we make banding style planting space between each roadside tree to improve the low ratio of green coverage. We have found out that Ligustrum obtusifolium, Buxus micropnylla, Euonymus japonica, Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Phyllostachys nigro and Rosa rugosa, ect. are suitable. In order to soften and weaken the rigidity of the hard substances on a paved roadside, the climbers such as the perennial herbaceous flowering and hedera rhombea should be preferred rather than annual herbaceous flowering because of curtailment of expenditure. To posses a systematical greenery frame in kangnung, we have planned a planting design system that would expand the greenery space every year. Moreover, we have to make a plan to overcome space restrictions. We have established a flexible plan considering the roadside conditions and the improved standard planting methods with an ultimate aim to create a special roadside view.