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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Oct 2003
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Apr 2003
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Landscape Adjectives for Urban Landscape Analysis
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study is to categorize a landscape adjective list for urban landscape analysis. For this purpose, four methods are used. The first method is to survey the foreign landscape adjective lists such as Feimer's EACL & LACL, VRM suggested vocabulary, and IEA and LI's aesthetic factors, which are commonly used in domestic research. The second method is to analyze vocabulary in Korean linguistic textbook the third is to investigate Korean adjective lists from 36 domestic research. The last is to survey adjectives used to express the urban landscapes. 24 landscapes from BunDdang, GwaCheon, YakSoo and ApGuJeong were presented to 40 subjects, whose responses were collected and categorized. The frequency analysis of the adjectives and landscape factors were processed by SJTOOL, which was programmed for Korean vocabulary analysis. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: Foreign adjective lists were mainly focused on the physical features of landscapes and they also had linguistic problems caused by the translations. Therefore, it is undesirable to use the foreign adjective list directly to analyze Korean urban landscapes. The vocabulary from the linguistic textbook has more variety, but it includes many adjectives irrelevant to the urban landscape. More types of adjectives were used in the researches(890 adjectives/295 types), compared with the result of response survey(1,406 adjectives/270 types). Because some adjectives were partly confusing, it is desirable to categorize the adjectives. The categorized adjectives could therefore be more useful and practical for urban landscape analysis.
Landscape Design for Integrated Disposal Treatment Facility in Southern Region
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 11~22
This landscape design proposal was presented to a design competition for the Incheon-city Southern Region Integrated Disposal Treatment Facility. The site is located in Dongchun-dong, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon. The main design concepts are as follows: First, considering connection of the site with surrounding water, inner sea is designed as an environmentally friendly place and as a leisure-sports theme park in which several sports facilities and relaxing places are arranged. It is also designed for everyone: people of all ages, disabled, workers, visitors and local residents. The design was processed on the basis of survey, analysis of surrounding competing facilities and SWOT analysis. Second, the ecological planting model was developed by analyzing the natural vegetation map in the surrounding area and planted vegetation types in the seaside reclamation area. The model was then applied to the ecological community, park area and roadside trees, so as to harmonize with the local habitat. Third, the project is intended to launch private capital for managing the sports park and golf course. This will enable a entrepreneur to make flexible plans for golf training field that is expected to yield a good financial return. It is expected that this design would serve the local residents as a symbolic, environmentally friendly leisure-sports theme park.
A Study on User's Satisfaction of Water Space Design in Interior Landscape Architecture Space
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 23~33
The purpose of this study is to analyse six different factors of water space that influence interior landscape architecture of officers and commercial spaces. Six different factors of water space that influence interior landscape architecture are the height of the water space, the design form, the blending with the location environment, location, general satisfaction with the water space, and general satisfaction with whole space. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Water space of commercial space was bigger than office space. The satisfaction is the highest in 0∼0.6M(B2) of office space and 3.5M(C6) of commercial space. The cascade form in the office space and large water volume design in commercial areas, which supplies abundant sound and water volume, were the highest. 2. In the analysis of preferences, the design form and the general design of the office space influences satisfaction levels. The height of the water space, and a combination of other factors influence general satisfaction. Water space influences commercial areas in higher degrees. 3. The items were most desired or satisfactory for interior landscape architecture were a cascade, water fall, and small water fountain. 4. A place introduced with water space had higher satisfaction levels. Water space produces higher than general satisfaction and indicates water, space alone cannot make general interior space satisfactory, although it can make interior landscape architecture space satisfactory. 5. There is more general satisfaction in commercial space than in office space. 6. The design of water space influences overall satisfaction: a rest area of office space needs an impressive and aggressive approach, while the office space should harmonize with its surroundings, as a commercial space.
Environment Friendly Urban Open Space Planning - Enhancing the Connectivity of Habitats in Seoul, Korea -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 34~41
Connectivity is a quantitative indicator of landscape structure, and connectivity of urban green areas is an indicator of ecological integrity in urban landscapes. The purposes of this study are to assess the connectivity of urban green areas in Seoul, and to develop a method of siting new green areas for better connectivity. Diverse methods for connectivity assessment and indices of connectivity are reviewed and applied to the connectivity assesment of green areas in Seoul. The indices of connectivity of green areas in Seoul turned out to be higher than expected, maybe because many of them are rather evenly distributed, serving as stepping stones, and because there are many riparian corridors, including the Han River. Analysis also shows the optimum location of new green space patches or corridors will be those spots that would link the mainland, or large green areas outside the city, and existing green areas in the city. Restoration of urban streams as ecological corridors will significantly enhance connectivity. Three different scenarios with increasing numbers of new green areas in the city were then prepared. The changes of connectivity were measured and the possible success rates of animal dispersal were simulated. The results revealed that restoration of streams will increase the connectivity and success rates of animal dispersal.
The Biotope Evaluation of City Center Area for the Nature Experience and Recreation
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 42~53
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biotope structure of the city center area of Jung-gu for nature experiences and recreation purposes. Jung-gu is the most extremely and rapidly urbanized area of Daegu. This study was conducted under the assumption that the biotope structure of a city center area would be different from the urban area. The results of this study are as follows: 1) There are 11 biotope type groups as designated as commercial and work-area biotope type group, and 41 detailed biotope types designated as commercial areas with a lack of greenspace biotope type. 2) The commercial and work area biotope type group has the largest area with 34% of the total area, and the square biotope type group has the smallest area with 34% of total area. 3) The result of primary biotope evaluation is that there are 12 biotope types that have greater than third grade, apart from the biotope type of park that includes natural vegetation. The first grade of biotope type has not appeared in this area, however, the fifth grade of biotope type has 20 biotope types with the biotope type of construction work area (JA). 4) The results of the secondary biotope evaluation are 1 biotope for la, 9 biotopes for 2a, 9 biotopes for 2b, 14 biotopes for 2c and no biotope for 2a. This study suggests that a detailed investigation and improvement plan for high-value biotope areas in the city center area must be continued.
An Analysis on the Change of Spatial Structures in the Korean Villages of China - The Case of Jang-je Village in Yongjoung City
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 54~65
The results of the research were as follows: The entire space of the village was based on natural formation in its initial formation stage. The traditional location conditions and environment were equipped with the possibility and conditions for the development of the village. Spatial boundaries were mostly divided by natural topography. The quantify of lots diminished in spatial structural factors, while the division of roads by hierarchy in terms of size became explicit. Alleys, as the minimum hierarchial nit, were degraded. The residence unit was focused on economic efficiency. Communal use facilities showed an external relations trend as central facilities. The land, unit residence and communal facilities approached the high hierarchial roads. The communal facilities showed relatively higher independence compared to the residence units. The spatial structural changes followed traditional life style in the initial stage of village formation; however, social elements mainly impacted on the changes. Since reform opening, economic elements were major causes of changes, while construction conditions, life style, and awareness of structures impacted upon the changes. Thus, the economic element is the major change element in the Korean Villages, even though other elements will also become diverse.
Management to Prepare Fast Green Suitable for International Golf Tournament in Korea - A Case Study of the Lakeside Country Club -
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 66~77
The purpose of this study is to propose a standard putting green management program to prepare fast green suitable for international golf tournaments, and to conform whether the reported green speed model can be applied to the real field situations. The west course of Lakeside Country Club was selected for the case study. This study was initiated on August 1st, 2001 and continued through October 4th, 2001. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Following the long-term schedule, 'penncross' creeping bentgrass turf was mowed at 5.0mm(37days), 4.5mm(8days), 4.0mm(4days), 3.5mm(2days), 3.2mm(2days), 3.0mm(2days), 2.8mm(2days) and the mowing direction was changed daily. Variation of mowing height was reduced to a minimum range. Core aerification with deep tines was applied 19 days prior to the first practice round. Dry sand maintenance was top-dressed 2 times at 1.5mm/
on the 17th day and 1.0mm/
on the 10th day. Minimum irrigation was applied to keep the turf alive. During the tournament preparation week, dew on the putting greens was removed by using a sponge roller. Following the dew removal, the greens were cut once each morning at a height of 2.8mm. The mower used was the 21 inch working behind mower equipped with a tournament bedknife and 11 reel blades. Following the mowing, the peens were rolled with a light-weight roller in one direction in the morning. Rolling was used as a finishing technique to ensure that the surface was as smooth as possible, and to provide true ball roll and maximum green speed. In conclusion these management practices satisfied the daily green stimpmeter readings required for USGA championship play. 2. During the period of tournament preparation, no damage was observed on the green, but scalping in green edge appeared in about 0.39% of the total area of 18 greens in the west course.
Community Participatory Small Park Design
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 78~89
This paper presents a community participatory small-park design. It proposes that environmental planning and design can be understood as a communicative action that aims to achieve consensus among stakeholders through communication with the local residents. By studying the communicative action theory and communicative planning theory, three strategies were set for practicing small-park design as a communicative action: (1) stakeholders should how what data and actions are needed; (2) citizens should have access to the data and participate in the process; (3) the community's concerns should be consulted and their opinions heard. In applying the three strategies to the small-Park design, a council composed of experts, community members, and NGO's was established. All processes were then executed after careful deliberation. From interviews, the town-touring program and surveys, the design of the site was determined among the stakeholders. The site was subsequently designed based on the needs of the community and revised according to their suggestions. Finally, the small park was constructed. Even though the researchers experienced many limitations because the site is very small, the significance of this study can be outlined as follows: (1) the need to construct the park was suggested by the community rather than by the administration; (2) experts, members of the community, and NGO's constituted the council; (3) the design process involved deliberation among the members of council rather than a method previously established by experts; (4) the administration supported rather than led the entire process: (5) citizens discussed and reached a consensus by themselves.
Comparisons of the Assessment of Ecological Landscape Design and the Apartment Skylines
Kwon, Sang-Zoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 90~100
Effects of Light-Weight Soil Mixture and Depth on the Three Native Plants in Extensive Roof Garden
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 31, issue 1, 2003, Pages 101~107
Focusing on native plants that have a high possibility of being introduced as extensive rooftop material, this study was conducted to realize extensive and easy-to-manage rooftop gardens and to raise the utilization of native plants by verifying their growing response to soil media and depth. Its result is as follows: 1) In the case of Chrysanthemum zawadskii, the top growth was better in sandy loam than in P
, and P
, but the mortality rate was high, making it unsuitable soil. Regarding soil depth the mortality rate was lower in 10cm than in 5cm, and it grew well in 10cm. When using it for rooftop gardens, it would be desirable to keep the minimum viable soil depth over loom. 2) In the case of Sedium middendorffianum the mortality rate was 0% regardless of soil media and depth making it very suitable material for rooftop garden. Although the flowering rate was somewhat lower in P
, and P
than in sandy loam, the mortality rate was low and the root growth was good. Therefore, provided that fertilizing is managed well, it is a plant that can be highly utilized. 3) In the case of Allium senescens, the mortality rate was 0% regardless of soil or soil depth, making it a very suitable plant for extensive rooftop gardens. Although top growth was poorer in P
, and P
than in sandy loam the root growth was good. Therefore, provided that fertilizing is managed well, it is a plant that can be highly utilized. In conclusion the study revealed that suitable species for extensive rooftop gardens are Sedium middendorffianum and Allium senescens. However, Chrysanthemum zawadskii can be utilized greatly when fertilizing is managed regularly in artificial mixed soil over l0cm.