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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Oct 2004
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Apr 2004
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Facility Regulations of Urban Recreation Forest by the Positioning Concept
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~9
This study is focused on finding out the character of urban recreation forest and investigating facilities regulations of forest resources around urban areas to meet future recreation needs. The method of this study is to compare urban recreation forests with similar facilities like urban parks and natural recreation forests. By this way, this study not only identifies the characteristics of urban recreation forest as emerging recreational facility, but also outputs regulations that can be adapted to real environment. Urban recreation forest is defined as follows: It has forest with good natural landscape and easy access. It makes emotion rich and its function is focused on outdoor recreation nature education, and experiences for family group mainly within a day or on weekends. This study suggests that the minimal area of urban recreation forest should be over 100,000
, with a facility ratio less than 20%. Building coverage should be less than 7% when the urban recreation forest is under 300,000
, less than 5％ when 300,000∼500,000
, and less than 3％ when over 500,000
The limits of building height is 3 stories, or under 12m. This study finds out the character, the needs of urban recreation and the criterion for project feasibility. significance of the result is supplying theoretical basement on related regulation. Based on the results, further study will establish landscape management method and legislation & application in a detailed examination.
National Park Management Strategies under Social Change
Hong, Sung-Kwon ; Kim, Seong-Il ; Doh, Min-Sun ; Hwang, Yeong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 10~22
Constraints of Visit to Community Park - Focused on the TaeJon City's Community Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 23~32
This study aims to examine constraints on visits to urban community parks and to find ways to elevate the efficient use of parks. To achieve this, the study relied on empirical study method and the descriptive method; additionally, present condition survey was performed with a user interview, on the assumption that a park visit is a form of leisure. As a result, the item of 'insufficient lighting facilities' shows the highest mean and the item of 'low quality of park' follows Previous research also revealed that the item of 'the lack of lighting facilities' is a major factor on user dissatisfaction, so a design and management program for night time users are fully researched and elaborately accomplished. Also, the high response of 'low quality of park' shows that the park supply policy in Korea focusses mainly on quantity so far, and it shows that user's dissatisfaction for park facilities becomes one of the major constraints of park visit. The factor analysis, on the object of 35 items except 2 items, appeared 5 factors: accessibility, inner discord, companion, family matters, park-itself-matters. Oneway Anova test showed that 4 factors except 'park-itself-matters' have reliable difference in constraint cognition by age and education. The visit constraint of 'park-itself-matters' did not appear different by any personal characteristics. Without regard to personal characteristics, it is regarded that this factor has the greatest effect upon park visits. In general, people who are disadvantaged strongly cognize constraints even in leisure such as a park visit, which is a simple and inexpensive leisure activity. Therefore, a park like a pocket park, which is small but located in a neighborhood, is more needed than a central park like a symbolic and huge park in every new city. Careful concern for night activity should be accomplished in the planning process.
The Analysis on the Traces of Short Pass Behavior on Lawn Fields in Urban Parks
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 33~46
This study is aimed to redesign established parks and to propose a series of devices protecting them from vandalism. To solve the problems, we ascertained the damaged areas of the park greens. The trace analysis was performed to grasp the transverse inside the parks of Jeonju and Iksan in Collabuldo. Then, we presented the basic plan for minimizing park damage and for remodeling the system of movement. The results of the study are summarized as follows: it is identified that the transverse phenomenon is considerably wide-spread in majority of parks, and has no relationship to the park area or the green area. It is considered that the
Condition rating class
of grass damage, which is grade 6, is extraordinarily high and the damage is accumulated considerably. Also, the damage part of other grade is discovered equally, and when unattended, the acceleration of damage is positive. A damage width a 0.5∼1.5m makes up the greater part of 79.6%. It also constitutes most of a rectilinear form. The difference in the height between the original point and destination point is below 0.7m, which is above 70%. It is identified that the interrelationship between the damage continuation length and plan distance is relatively high by the simple regression: analysis and by Pearson' correlation analysis. In spite of the normal damage continuation length is 20m, the frequency degree is downward with extreme point at 10m. Accordingly, it is assumed that park users have physical and psychological pressure when they cross the lawn field. Damage types are classified as the Simple cut cross type, the Behavioral facilitates type, Access advantage type and the Strolling type through type classification. It is considered that this classification is effective when identifying short pass type on lawn field according to the damage length and intensity.
A Study on the Analysis Method of City Image : Focusing on the Image Comparison between Cities by MDS
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 47~56
Rapid economic development in Korea caused functions of city functions such as concentration of population, deterioration of the quality of living environment and traffic congestion. Korean cities have lost their identity becausr they are merged functionally and physically with neighboring cities, forming one mesa-city. Unified shape and disorganized streets of cities often cause confusion among foreigners and visitors. It is very difficult for them to find their image in strange cities. It is, however, important to correctly analyze the image and meaning of cities for understanding its identity. The purpose of this study is to develop a method to analyze the city image by focusing on some of the main cities in Korea. For this purpose, the adjective questionnaire and multi-dimension scaling (MDS) are applied to the analysis of city image. Image analysis graph by MDS can visually present the general and integrate images. The results of this study are summarized as follows: The important factors for interpretation of city image are historical and industrial character. Seoul, Taegu and Pusan have industrial and complex city images. Kongju has historical city image, while Changwon has a modern image. Chuncheon belongs to a soft and small image. Each city has an alternative solution against a negative image, according to the image analysis graph.
An Analysis on the Image and Visual Preference of the Environmental Sculpture in Urban Streetscapes
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 57~68
The purpose of this paper is to discover the Image and Visual Preference of the Environmental Sculpture in Urban Streetscape. For this, the analysis was preformed by the data obtained from questionnaires and from the photos of the environmental sculptures scene. The landscape image was analyzed by the factor analysis algorithm. The level of visual preference was measured by a slide simulation test, and this data was analyzed by multiple regression. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: The visual preference of the environmental sculpture has been evaluated to average 4.03 on a scale of 7 Landscape slides No. 11 and No.5 were ranked more highly for visual preference. Factors formulating the landscape image were found to be 'beauty', 'orderliness', 'emotion', and 'formation'. By using the control method for the number of factors, T.V., were obtained as 63.0%. For all experimental landscape slides, the factor of orderliness was found to be the main factor determining the visual preference. The 4 factors for visual preference were analyzed by regression as follows: Visual Preference = 3.996 + 0.341(FS1) + 0.595(FS2) + 0.222(FS3) + 0.011(FS4), R-Square = 0.520.
Theoretical Terrains and Design Strategies of Landscape Urbanism
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 69~79
This Paper examines theoretical terrains and design strategies of landscape urbanism which is an emerging hybrid field at the intersection of architecture, landscape architecture, and urbanism. Landscape urbanism offers alternative approaches for theory, education, and practice in contemporary landscape architecture. It views the emergent urban complex sites-post-industrial sites, landfill, brownfield, urban void, etc., not as a weakness, but as a strength. Landscape urbanism poses an understanding of landscape as an element of urban infrastructure. In this sense, the landscape is seen in the context of contemporary urban development and public works. As a complex amalgam, landscape urbanism is more than a design style it is an ethos, an attitude, a way of thinking and acting. We can chart the main characteristics of landscape urbanism such as horizontality and surface, infrastructure, process, technique, and ecology. Multilayered examples of landscape urbanism can be seen in several experimental practices such as worts of Rem Koolhaas, MVRDV, Adriaan Geuze/West 8, James Comer, etc. It is possible to summarize the productive strategies for landscape urbanism as follows : thickening, folding, new materials, nonprogrammed use, impermanence, and movement.
Design Proposal of Ttukseom-Sup in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 80~91
This landscape design proposal was presented to a design competition for the master plan of Ttukseom Sup, which was held by the City of Seoul in March, 2003. The site is located at 1-685, Sungsu-dong, Sung-dong-gu and has an area of 1,156,498
. The judging criteria for landscape design set by the City of Seoul could be articulated as follows: first, the proposal should be nature-oriented with groves that can be accessed easily by citizens; second, the proposal should not be facilities-oriented but plants-oriented groves that utilize existing plants; third, the proposal should present its own identity reflecting its historical aspects and geographical location. This proposal has been approached first by redefining the meanings of the old Korean village groves and second, by proposing new cultural infrastructures with the groves corresponding to recent cultural trends.
Design for the Kangwonland Ski Resort
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 92~103
This design was submitted to an invited competition for the Ski Resort of Kangwon Land which was held by Kangwon Land Resort in August, 2003. The site is located at 1∼17 Gohan-ri Gohan-eup Jungsungun Kangwon-do and has an area of 5,000,000
. The objectives of this project were to revitalize the local economy of Sabuk, Gohan which is well Down for deserted coal mines, by creating a resort complex for family group users with an environmentally friendly ski facility. This design scheme addresses three areas of concerns: First, how to boost the local economy through the proposed ski resort. By limiting lodging facilities in the ski resort, we could induce more development in the nearby towns. In order to balance the economical benefit to towns of Sabuk and Gohan, we decided to have two separate ski base facilities in each town boundary. Second, how to encourage family-oriented use of the ski resort by designing user-friendly ski slope, especially for beginner skiers. We designed 50% more beginner-level ski slope compared to average ski resorts. Third, how to make environmentally-friendly ski resort by respecting the original land form. We minimized the damage to the natural environment by protecting valuable tree groves. Also, ski slopes are designed to reduce unnecessary earth movement. This was designed under the assumption that more valley-oriented slopes would result in less cutting and banking of earthwork； this assumption was verified in comparison with other ski resorts. It is expected that this desist would serve environmentally-friendly designs in ski slopes.
A Landscape Design Study on Chung Ra Pro-Environmental Park
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 104~126
The recognition of the environment and its importance have generated various types of parks, such as the ecological put the environmental put and the natural academy. They are considered the connecting media for the creation of space as a new paradigm in design for the 21st century from the late 1990s, environmental designs in space planning have been created from various angles of Perspectives including restoration of the natural ecosystem and introduction of natural circulation systems. Based on the aye facts and through theoretical examination of environmental park models, this research (1) establishes the concept and the significance of environmental parte; and, based on this, classifies the types of industrial sublimity; (2) presents environmental designing principles and standards; and (3) presents the "Chung Ra pro-Environmental Park plan" based on these ideas. The following is the summary of research results: First, while existing city parks are human-oriented, interior-oriented, and shape-centered, an environmental park considers human and nature equally and gives great importance to the relationship between the internal and external of the subject. It is a mark of environmental education that considers the natural ecosystem. Therefore, the environmental park is the 21st Century′s type of an open park for creating new forms of nature, as well as for incorporating culture and values through education. In such an environmental system, nature, culture, and human beings pursue balance, harmony, and security through mutual recognition. Second, in a broad sense, the types of environmental park can be classified into Cultural Restoration, Ecological Conservation, and Environmental Replacement. Third, by selecting Chung na environmental park in Incheon, which is a filtration plant lot, as a research subject, I have presented alternative planning for environmental parte in which culture and nature coexist on the basis of environmental planning principles and standards.
A Reality Analysis on the Elementary School Landscape for Environmental Education
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 127~135
This study aims to suggest the directions of the elementary school landscaping in terms of environmental education. The 96-case of school landscaping projects had been implemented for 2001 - 2002 in Seoul was selected, and the trends and contents of the projects for improving the school landscape was reviewed. Also, specially the 9-case among them was selected and analyzed whether or not the projects were effective for the environmental educational places. The paper showed that it was not fully matched with the environmental education programs in the textbooks that need the actual spaces and facilities including woods, outdoor class, kitchen garden, breeding farm and ecology pond etc. Also, it appeared that the teachers and students did not satisfied with the projects for improving the school landscape. Finally, this paper suggested that the species diversity of plants and animal, water and forest environment should be emphasized on the school landscaping.
Issues and Trends concerning of Ecological Landscape Planning and Design with ESSD
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 139~156
All Papers on Ecological Landscape Degign in KILA from 1973 to 2003 are listed herein for finding research issues and trends. The emerging field of Ecological studies of landscape design is based on Landscape Ecology and Watershed Ecology, the Principles of which can be applied to surveying and evaluation, Planning and design, construction and management focusing preservation of wildlife habitat and niche. This field can be classified into six categories: 1. Sustainable site planning and index, 2. Ecological planning process and regulation, 3. landscape ecology and biotope map, 4. Watershed and eco corridor project, 5. Urban forestry and environment, and 6. artificial ground and restoration ecology. The following is the summary of the findings from Paper review: 1. Sustainable index shall be studied about more specified sites. Water recycling facilities, and reservation wet land need to be studied. 2. Policy and legislation research on Ecological design shall be researched by expanding of the application field. Nature park planning and management fields shall be considered as the main theme of green networking Parts. 3. Landscape Ecological studies should be connected to practical surveying data, e.g. the eco-maps published by Environment Ministry. Traditional culture and science should be joined with the modem science. 4. Eco-corridor planning will go with the scenarios and theories of watershed ecology. 5. Urban forestry shall be studied with the wildlife's behavior and habitat. 6. Restoration engineering techniques should be reconsidered with the wildlife's existence and environmental affiliation.
Research Trends Concerning Environmental Psychology in the Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 32, issue 1, 2004, Pages 157~169
This study aims to review the research trends concerning environmental psychology. The scope of review is limited to the papers that dealt with theoretical and case-directed investigation research about the relationship between socio-physical environments and human beings. The relationship has been investigated by diverse human reactions such as cognitive, emotional, analytical, behavioral, and comprehensive. 219 papers were reviewed in two steps. In the first step, the ratio of the papers in the field of environmental psychology to the total papers published in the Journal from 1973 to 2004 was analyzed. Second, all the 219 papers were classified by such three criteria as the type of the paper(theoretical, review, case investigation), the methodology taken, and the main theme of the paper. The main findings from the review are summarized as follows; 1. Out of the 219 papers, the number of the theoretical papers was 4 (1.8%), whereas the number of the case investigation papers was 185 (84.5%). 2. Out of the 30 review papers, the main methodology used was simple introduction (15 papers, 50%) and the main theme was research methodology (36%), whereas analytic comparison was used only in 10 papers (33%) and theory review was only found in 6 papers (20%). 3. Out of the 185 case investigation papers, experimental method was found in 34 papers (18%), whereas 99 papers used correlational method (54%). Based on the findings, it was suggested that both theoretical and case-directed research should be performed in order to enhance the state of art in environmental psychology. Theoretical research as a framework to understand the empirical findings are as important as the case-investigation research peformed by scientific experimental method.