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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Dec 2005
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Oct 2005
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Apr 2005
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Feb 2005
Volume 32, Issue 6 - 00 2005
Selecting the target year
An Advanced Methodology of Landscape Character Assessment
Kim Keun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~17
The Analysis of the Image of Kongju City Based on Citizen - Image Positioning by Adjectives of City and Landmarks -
Cheong Yong-Moon ; Byeon Jae-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 18~30
Since the 1990s, with the beginning of local autonomy, most Korean cities have tried to establish and reinforce their own identity. The Law on the Planning and the Use of National Land, which took effect in January 2003, requires major and minor cities to manage and develop a city image and a marketing strategy to reflect their current condition. However, many cities continue to experience confusion in implementing urban landscape planning because no efficient and systematic method has been provided for the analysis of a city's image. The absence of systematic analysis methods makes it difficult not only to assess the current condition of a city accurately but also to choose an appropriate policy for the given city. Consequently, many cities suffer excessive trials and errors in implementing the correct policies for their city. The purpose of this study was to analyze the image: of Kongju, which has many historical properties. For this purpose, adjective questionnaires and multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) were made use of in order to assess the city image. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. There are five properties that serve as landmarts lie symbolize Kongju: Muryeong royal tomb, Castle Kong, Mt. Gyeoiryong, Forest Museum, and Kongju National Museum. 2. Based on the citizen survey regarding the city type, Kongju is seen as a historical and an educational city. 3. Based on the image positioning (image spatial plot), Kongju is described as an old and familiar city. There we, however, no landmarks which are in accord with the image of Kongju. It is difficult to establish and reinforce the image of a city with a single element like a landmark However, with steady follow-up research, this study may serve as a systematic and logical model to improve the urban landscape and image.
Chronological Studies on Residents' Appreciation of Outdoor Space in Apartment Complexes and It's Changes - Case Study of Apartment Complexes in the Daejeon Metropolis -
Kim Dae-Hyun ; Park Chang-Sug ; Park Chun-Sug ; Joo Shin-Ha ; Shin Ji-Hoon ; Byeon Jae-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 31~42
Much has been made of the changes over time to apartment complexes during the era of rapid development in Korea. This study aimed at analyzing the chronological changes since the 1970s in the laws and regulations governing outdoor space and the residents' appreciation of outdoor space in Daejeon's apartment complexes. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Similar changes can be found throughout Daejeon's apartment complexes. As time has passed, the building-to-land ratio and the floor-to-land ratio have deceased. The high density trend of apartment complexes has continued until very recently. 2. Although residents' satisfaction with outdoor space around apartments has improved, land for athletic and commercial spaces still remains at its lowest level. Therefore, these kinds of spaces need improvement. 3. Comparing the characteristics of outdoor space in apartment complexes from the 1980s to present indicates that current apartment residents are much more satisfied with the outdoor space, but are conscious of the lack of adequate facilities for the elderly and the handicapped people, and of the hiか density of their apartment complexes. Therefore, these essential consciousness should also be further improved. 4. The residents are gradually becoming aware of changes to the outdoor space that have occurred over time in the apartment complexes, such as in the areas allowed to parking, pedestrians, and athletics. 5. These chronological changes relate to the residents' interest in the changes that have occurred to the outdoor space, especially the convenience of parking, the color of the buildings, the form of the buildings, and the shape of the roofs.
A Study on Outdoor Diversity of Housing Community in Korea -Especially in Material of Public Art-
Kim Soon-Boon ; Ahn Tong-Mahn ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 43~55
Since 1990s, increasing number of public arts have been installed in housing projects in Korea. Most of them were made of granite, bronze and stainless steel and were sculptures as well. Then it resulted in monotony. New technology and community need various Dials in material and genre of Public art. The author wonders if people really want granite sculpture, so started the study of public arts in housing projects. Unfortunately most of people related public art wanted granite sculpture. But there were some hope in survey. They wanted the other genre and material like ceramic wall, art fountain and landmark tower. This means that they care about real world like vandalism and Product Liability, but also want more fantastic and beautiful world in the second step. Recently, the facades of apartments are changing rapidly as more diverse materials in their forms, textures, and colors. And landscape designs are changing their clothes in every second as well. According to these flows public arts in apartments needs more diversified trial within genres and materials to avoid monotonous outdoor.
The Effect of Waiting Experience on Satisfaction of Thorns Park Visitors
Cho Yong-Hyun ; Kim Nan-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 56~64
Despite there have been m?my studies about the relationships between congestions and satisfaction in outdoor recreation field, the results indicated only weak impacts of congestions on the satisfaction. This study thus aims to investigate the influence of waiting situation on the whole valuation and satisfaction of guests at theme parks using new variables such as 'goal attainment' and then to suggest implications for waiting management. This study shows meaningful theoretical implications. First, congestion influences the satisfaction more strongly when it prevents guests from achieving their plan. Second, management of waiting time is important and the can be controlled well. When guests have something interested during the waiting time, they were satisfied with the quality of waiting time and overall experience in the theme park.
The Placeness of Deokjin Park in Jeonju City
Kim Yun-Geum ; Sung Jong-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 65~77
Deokjin Park in Jeonju City was the site of a pond during the Koryo Period. Although Jeonju City has developed rapidly in modem times, Deokjin Pond was preserved and was developed into a park It can be theorized that Deokjin Pond's latent character has made it possible for it to adapt to the changes it has undergone throgh the years. In this study, the placeness of Deokjin Park is determined by examining its role in the adaptation process. Placeness can be determined by examining the objective character of a certain environment and the subjective experience related to it. For this paper, documents about the history of Deokjin Park were examined so that the facts related to it could be established. In addition, a number of Jeonju citizens were asked about their memories of Deokjin Park since memories reveal people's subjective experiences. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. Deokjin Pond is an ideal space for Feng Shui. It is a holy place because the tomb of the founder of the Chosun Dynasty is close to it. In addition, it has scenic value as it is part of the Jeonju Palkyoung (eight sceneries). To this day, we can see people washing their hair in the pond, proof that Deokjin Pond is still the subject of folk beliefs. When Korea was under Japanese rule, Deokjin Pond became Deokjin Park because of its ideal location, scenic value, and grand possibilities as an amusement center. Over the years, though its scenic value decreased after the death of its pine trees. Jeonju City, however, was able to revive the park's charm though a series of renovation projects and through the addition of several facilities. Deokjin Park is now surrounded by many cultural buildings. The significance of Deokjin Park can be expected to evolve with these changes. This study helps to predict the future of Deokjin Park and to elucidate the importance of landscape architecture from the point of view of an 'evolving place.'
Research on the Creation of Small Parks in Daegu Elementary Schools
Kim Hu-Kyung ; Lee Hyun-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 78~83
The purpose of this project is to create small parks in elementary schools in order to improve the educational environment and also to increase the amount of greenspace in the city. Above all, the main goal is to create space for local residents in which they can enjoy their leisure time. During a basic investigation and document investigation of elementary schools in Daegu, I placed the priority on choosing the schools that showed the most promise. Also, by doing a survey about the present conditions at schools, I verified, compared, and analyzed the validity of creating small parks in elementary schools. The summary of the results are as follows. The average area available for building small parte in Daegu elementary schools is
. Even though this area is not as large as a neighborhood parti the difference is not that great. Therefore, I assumed that building small parks in schools would be as effective as building neighborhood parks. The standard size for a children's parks is
, and if small parks were to be constructed in all school areas with available space larger than a children's park (i.e., larger than
), the amount of added park greenspace would equal
. The number of schools with areas under
is only 3% of all schools in which small parte can be created(5 schools). Schools that have between
of greenspace make up 59.7% of all schools in which small parte can be created (98 schools). Schools that have greenspace of more than
make up 37% of all school in which small parks can be created (61 schools). The standard area for neighborhood parte is
(building-to-land ratio 20%). Schools that have areas that are larger than the standard area for neighborhood parte make up 31% of all elementary schools in Daegu (61 schools). Therefore city greenspace would increase to a total of
by making use of these schools, which would represent 7% of the park greenspace in Daegu.
Economic Feasibility Analysis of Constructing an Ecological Park - A Case Study of Yeongcheon Ecological Park -
Jang Byoung-Kwan ; Yun Dae-Sic ; Kim Sang-Hwang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 84~93
The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic feasibility of the construction of a new ecological park, based on the case of a plan in Yeongcheon City. For fulfilling the purpose of this study, questionnaire survey was conducted in Yeongcheon City. Based on the survey data, cost-benefit analysis is conducted. For this study, costs and benefits of the project are estimated. Then, using NPV, IRR, and B/C ratio criteria, cost-benefit analysis for this study is conducted. from the empirical cost-benefit analysis, NPV of the proposed project is estimated at 5,420 million Won, IRR is estimated at 12.16%, and B/C ratio is estimated at 1.44. Thus, it is found that the construction of a new ecological park in this area would be feasible from the economic point of view.
The Walkable Street Design for 'Gaeksa-gil' of Jeonju City - Community Participatory Street Design -
Kim Sung-Kyun ; Jeong Tae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 94~104
This paper presents a streetscape design for the 'Gaeksa-gil', located in Gosa-dong and Jungang-dong, Jeonju City, which length is about 830m and width is about
. The goals of the design are to make a street on which people want to walk and rest both safely and pleasantly. To achieve these goals; concepts of identity, history, placeness, commercial vitality, environmentally-friendliness, safety, amenity , and democracy have been developed. For the pedestrian safety; shared street concepts, such as crank, salalom, fort, mini-rotary etc. are adopted. For design method, community participatory design is adapted. For the design theme; the axes of Time and Space are developed and streets are divided into 3 thematic spaces, such as 'History Street,' 'Nature Street,' and 'Culture Street.' The History Street, which belongs to Time axis, is a space for experiencing past, present, and future history of Jeonju city. Nature Street, which belongs to Space axis, is a space for feeling and loaming the nature of the city. The Culture Street, which also belongs to Space axis, is a space for experiencing the culture of the city. The community participated in the whole design process through the workshop, the internet website, the street events, etc.
Bear Theme Park Design
Woo Jung-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 33, issue 3, 2005, Pages 105~113
Human desire is required to be changed variously as time flows. A theme park which is planned to male a good memory including a variety of story, drama, and experience with one of themes is increasingly and currently broaden to be a good economic value of cultural tourism for the local autonomy institution or individual business. The plan for a theme park should be developed to give the tourist satisfaction at studious and ecology educational needs in conformity with our country's distinctive four seasons, its surrounding environment, facilities, and its contents. This design which is called 'Bear theme park' has only one theme focused on a combined effort with a landscape designer and a sculptor. It is estimated that the park must be our country's unique model of a theme park The purpose of this study is to request the designer's direct construction to participate in it by themselves, to solve any problems on the design side, to experience the real construction procedure, and to take the designer's techniques, and skills as soon as the design completed.