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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Dec 2006
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Oct 2006
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Aug 2006
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Apr 2006
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
The Development Patterns of Visual Concepts in Contemporary Landscape Design - With a Focus on Visibility from Expanded Visuality -
Jang, Il-Young ; Kim, Jin-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 1~17
This study emphasizes users' participation, a living-transforming visuality, as users have appeared to be a central element of landscape design but ignored before. Also this study tries to propose meaning of extended visuality in contemporary landscape design on the basis of visual criticism on simple perception-and contemplations convention-based landscape design. For these purposes, this study reviews characteristics of visual changes appeared in modern reductionist paintings. In other words, arts can be interpreted in polysemous ways through bodies' experience. Deconstructive concepts derived from the theoretical reviews can be categorized into three including the participation of the users' bodies from a contemplative point of view, textuality and intertextuality, and experiences from works. Those concepts were used to criticize the previous discourse on landscape designs and to analyze various issues in the theories, themes and techniques in contemporary landscape design. The significance of the expanded visuality in contemporary landscape design is that it brings the users' voluntary participation. This structure can serve as a tool to obtain the users' perceptive effects. At the same time, it can be regarded as a process of establishing the relationships between the users and the works. Thus emphasis is placed not only on the influences of the effects structure of the works themselves, but also on the many different dimensions related to the users' bodies. It implies that the meaning of design is not determined by the designer but a product resulted from the voluntary relationships between users and works. These findings lead to ambiguous distinctions between arts everyday life, and eventually to the end of the concepts of formative dichotomous aesthetics and their effectiveness. Finding of this study call for not only redefining the space where landscape design is created and communicated, but also reconsidering the concepts of landscape design and its ontological meanings.
Analysis of Connectivity and Characters between Green Spaces for Introducing Green-Networks
SaGong, Jung-Hee ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 18~36
The purpose of this research was to establish a green-networks from the perfective of landscape ecology in order to improve the function of urban green spaces. The study site was Dalsu-Gu in Daegu City. This research consisted of three phases. In the first phase, field surveys were carried out in order to understand existing distribution pattern of green spaces in the study site. 533 green spaces surveyed in the first phase were classified into 7 patterns and 24 types. The total area of the green spaces in Dalsu-gu was 3,329ha. Specifically the area of the 'urban nature parks' type was 57.49% of the total area of green spaces in Dalsu-gu, and it was expected that 'urban nature parks' type can play important roles in the green-networks in Dalsu-gu. Two analysis with green spaces in 9 types including 'urban nature parks', 'rivers' and 'neighborhood parks' were performed to establish a basic network frame of the green-networks. In the second phase, 'mutual connectivity analysis' and 'mutual matrix analysis' were performed to select core green spaces of a green-networks using 'areas of each green space and a distance between each space' and 'a rate of green spaces and a rate of water permeable pavement'. The results of the second phase indicated that, in mutual connectivity analysis, large green spaces apart from each other were evaluated as having higher mutual connectivity than small green spaces near to each other. In mutual matrix analysis, the green spaces with higher mutual connectivity and the small green spaces near to each other were evaluated as having better mutual matrix. In the last phase, we structured a basic frame of the green-networks in Dalsu-Gu. The results suggested that the basic frame of the green-networks in Dalsu-Gu was composed on four green-network axes and its shape mirrored a cruciform(+) of northwest
southeast directions and southwest
northeast directions, The Duryu neighborhood park is at the central point of this green-networks.
Ecotourism Resource Planning for Mulwang Reservoir in Siheung
Lee, Gwan-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 37~47
The city of Siheung in the Kyunggi-do Province has various natural resources such as the ocean, mountains, wide farmland, various types of wetlands, streams and rivers. In addition, the city has a big greenbelt, which consists of two-thirds of the area, where development has been regulated. Since the city has a relatively well-preserved natural environment, it offers a great potential for regional development. The purpose of this study is to create an eco-tourism resource plan for the Mulwang reservoir, which offers many opportunities for ecotourism in the city of Siheung. This study includes a literature review for planning elements and suggests a comprehensive plan that includes conservation, eco-restoration, route program and practice program for ecotourism in and around the site. The plan also includes eco-farming, a visitor center, an ecovillage, the chance to experience livestock farming, opportunities to learn about and experience the forest, tracking, eco-learning, an environmental interpretation facility, fishing and aquatic-oriented leisure activities. This study's process and results show possibilities that can be applied to other areas where eco-tourism using natural resources is used for regional development.
Master Plan for Incheon Urban Eco-forests
Kwon, Jeon-O ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 48~60
This study was carried out to create a master plan for an urban eco-forest, including concepts of forest restoration, forest management, and nature education. The concept of an urban eco-forest is different from the original eco-forest, which pursues the conservation of native species in their habitats, using the resources of special plants, etc. The study site was a hill (128m) managed as an urban natural park. Citizens have usually used the park for fitness purposes, as a place for outdoor exercise early mornings on weekdays and holidays. The result of a questionnaire survey showed that the users knew about the eco-forest, and they wanted to participate in the nature education programs. The flora and actual vegetation were weak about conservation of native species on the site. The framework of the plan consisted of development of the ecological forest and forest restoration, and allowed for recreation and the experience of nature, according to the concepts of the urban eco-forest. The landscape was divided into the experience zone of biodiversity, the experience zone of a valley ecosystem, the forest restoration zone, and the recreation and experience zone in nature. Based on this framework, detailed programs and theme areas were planned, as were forest restoration models and planting plans.
Design for Gwangjang-dong Neighbourhood Park in Gwangjin-gu, Seoul
Lee, Gwan-Gyu ; Han, Seon-A ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 61~68
A park will soon be developed in an area of Gwangjang-dong, Gwangjin-gu. The place has been a patch of green space for years, isolated by driveways and apartment complexes and abandoned. This article describes plans to infuse the abandoned green space with history, ecology, culture, and sports. The facilities that are to be constructed in and around the green space are positioned to take into account the path of the sun and the location of the curvilinear green space axis. The cultural space is planned as a centerpiece of the park, linked with the sports facilities. The overall framework is arranged in harmony with nearby elementary schools, parks, public facilities, athletic facilities, parking lots, and apartment complexes. The themed circulation route was constructed according to the environmental conditions and the spatial plan. In addition, the historical space is planned to work in close conjunction with the cultural space, and the streets and pedestrian pathways have characters of their own. The established contour lines will be carefully preserved, and an ecological pond will. The facilities, such as the outdoor performance stage, the outdoor art gallery, the Monument of Wind represented by a sail, and the pedestrian bridge in memory of Acha-sansung, are positioned for spatial balance and to provide a nexus. The bamboo forest, designed to foster the experience of sound effects, the architectural thematic plants, and the ecological pond are positioned to connect to each other around the greenspace axis. The main facilities are the outdoor theater, the bamboo forest, the Acha-sansung bridge, the Monument of Wind, the ecological pond, the four-season flower garden, parking lots, playgrounds, circulatory athletic pathways, and the tennis court.
Ecological Landscape Evaluation for the Planning of River Rehabilitation: The Upper Areas at the Mangyeong River in Jeollabukdo, Korea
Lee, Myung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 69~83
Nature rehabilitation has become a major theme in river management in South Korea. An analysis and evaluation of the landscape is a crucial step to select the suitable tracts for developing or conserving land use in the process of landscape planning. The purpose of this paper is to establish a hierarchical procedure for the setting of the landscape units on the various scales at which field biologists performed their observations and to select the preserves through by a suitability model for synthesizing the ecological empirical, and biophysical data. An evaluation process needs to be performed according to the landscape scales: site, local, and regional scales, at which the environmental data were collected, analyzed, and synthesized. Introducing of three level scales was crucially necessary for evaluating the various multi level ecological data for zoning of preserves in river corridors. The evaluation level at different scales are hierarchically established into three phases. The first evaluation phase can be performed by the long length units defined by the ranges of stream widths at regional scale. Secondly, each of these long units can be divided into two or more segments according to its landscape homogeneity at local level. Finally the segments at the last phase can be designated according to the location of the reservoir weirs and bridges at site level. The conceptual model components are adopted for collecting, evaluating, and interpreting the biological and abiotic data at site level. Three preserves are selected, having high potentials for being intensely managed as the Ecological Education Areas in the river. Despite a lot of assumption the results are expected to facilitate discussion and decision making about which frameworks of evaluation are desirable and adaptable for integrating the ecological data into the rehabilitation design process in South Korea.
Comparative Study of the System for Decentralized Rainwater Management in Korea and Germany
Han, Young-Hae ; Lee, Tae-Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 84~95
This study begins by examining the reason for the lack of urban planning that takes the water cycle into consideration. While there are institutions that support environmentally friendly development or smooth water circulation, these designs are not reflected in planning nor in the real world. After reviewing foreign case studies, policy suggestions and possible policy implications for Korea are derived. In Korea, there is not a sufficient level of relevant laws or institutions systematically established to make it possible to deal with rainwater in a decentralized way. Instead, facility standards or guidelines are considered separately for the control of water and for preventing natural disasters. And even though an environmentally friendly approach is stipulated in relevant laws in terms of spatial planning, there are no planning systems or implementation tools to actualize this kind of approach. The factors that make decentralized rainwater management possible in urban planning are analyzed based on the case study of Germany. Germany requires developers to plan in order to achieve ecological urban development. In addition, as a detailed implementation tool to promote conservation of the water cycle, the law provides for various kinds of measures such as restrictions on the proportion of impervious surface area according to the use of the land, required compensation measures for environmental degradation following development, introduction of a fee for rainwater runoff and the establishment of ecological landscape planning. The actual reason these measures can be implemented however is the provision of planning guidelines and design criteria for rainwater utilization, absorption and containment, and the construction of a database for various environmental information.
Physical Properties of Soils under the Grass Block Porous Pavements
Han, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Kang, Jin-Hyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 96~104
Impervious pavement is primary contributor to the malfunctioning of the urban water circulation system. The aim of this research is to provide basic information and data for new pavement materials and paving technology which could enhance the urban water circulation system. For the study purposes, physical properties of soils sampled from 16 stations were analyzed. The sampling spots were paved with grass block porous pavement material. The findings from the analysis are as follows. The hardness of soils under the pavement was
for thoroughfare and
for parking areas. The bulk density was
for thoroughfare and
for parking area. The solid phase ration was
for thoroughfare and
for parking area. The porosity was
for thoroughfare and
for parking area. The saturated hydraulic conductivity was
for thoroughfare and
for parking area. The saturated hydraulic conductivity of the H sample area (the area was completed three months ago) and that of the other area were compared. There was up to 80% decreases of the saturated hydraulic conductivity within one year after the completion of pavement. After the first year, decrease in the saturated hydraulic conductivity was modest. Also there are changes in both surface and under soil physical properties of the grass block porous pavement depending on compaction. The extent of change depends on the degree of compaction. All these factors are combined to influence the permeability of the soil under the pavements. The results of this suggest that it is required to develop a new pavement technology which ensures both the durability and porosity of the pavement to improve the water circulation system by applying Ecological Area Rate.
Analysis about Biotope Area Ratio of New Town Housing Complex in the Metropolitan Area of Korea
Oh, Choong-Hyeon ; Kim, Han-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 105~115
Biotope Area Ratio (
) was developed in Berlin, Germany in 1990s and introduced to Korea in 1999. It is the ratio of the uncovered soil areas which have the natural circulating capability compared to whole development areas. This study seeks for alternative ways to increase Biotope Area Ratio of residential areas in the metropolitan areas of Korea by investigation on new housing developments. The study investigates four new towns including Seoul Eunpyung new town, Yongin Kusung district, Goyang Pungdong and Juyeopdong districts and Hwasung Dongtan district. The Biotope Area Ratio of study sites is between 23.51 % and 40.69%. This result is not relevant to land use conditions, such as the building-ta-land ratio, natural ground green area ratio. This ratio satisfies the minimum requirements of City of Seoul, except 2 sites. Considering that the study sites are relatively low density land use areas compared to Seoul's average, thus, a higher standards is necessary for new town housing complexes. Because Biotope Area Ratio includes artificial ground green area ratio, Biotope Area Ratio is possible can be increased with decreased natural ground green area ratio. And so, when Biotope Area Ratio is applied to new town development, it must go side by side with a definite natural ground green area ratio.
An Analysis of Rainwater Overflow by Housing Development and Overflow Decrease Method - Focused on the 13, 14 Districts (Motjarigol) of the Eun-pyung New Town in Seoul -
Sung, Jong-Sang ; Lee, Eun-Seok ; Kim, Dae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 34, issue 4, 2006, Pages 116~128
This study focuses on hydrological changes caused by developments in the 13th, 14th (Motjarigol) district in Eun Pyoung New Town, Seoul on the basis of the Land Use Planning of development plan. Through analyses from the hydrological experiments about rainfall outflow using universal equation and amounts of infiltration through soils, the changes in amounts of overflows were estimated and the results were discussed from a urban ecological point of view. As a result, it has been predicted that the amount of rainfall outflow at post-development was dramatically increased, compared to pre-development. Installing of Derbris Dams and infiltration facilities were suggested as alternative plan to meditigate these changes. If we apply these alternatives, the rainfall outflow would be reduced up to 30% compared to the development plan without BMPs (Best Management Practice). In conclusion, it is proposed that once the ecological principles were considered during development planning process, we can minimize the adverse effects of developments to our environments.