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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Oct 2007
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Apr 2007
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
An Evaluation of Outdoor Living Environments for the Elderly: User Behavior and Demand
Lee, Shi-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~12
This study aims to examine the existing conditions of elderly housing facilities and to understand the characteristics and types of outdoor living environments utilized by the elderly. To achieve this, this study relied on two methods: a descriptive method of researching publications and related scholastic writings, and an empirical study that included a survey of present conditions and interviews with the elderly and their nursing care providers. Additionally, evaluation of usage patterns and physical traces were carried out in twelve cases. First, the study showed that all of the facilities, which are fixed in particular areas, had difficulty providing spatial diversity that met the needs of residences. This means that these areas lack flexibility. Activity programs were, however, carried out in a lively manner in well-equipped spaces. Second, an evaluation of outdoor living environments showed that basic facilities were more than adequate, in general. Consideration of resident's physical strength and taste, however, was evaluated as low, indicating that facilities and spaces should be considered to reflect the ages, physical capacity, diverse tastes and hobbies of the elderly, as well. Third, examining the usage patterns of outdoor living activities of residents, the purposes of using outdoor spaces of elderly housing facilities were mainly 'to take a walk' and 'to engage in simple physical exercise' and the walkway, simple sports facilities, and building entrances were highly utilized. The importance of outdoor living environments values was a mean of 4.07 and satisfaction was 4.17. This indicates that residents thought that outdoor living environments are very important and currently satisfied with them.
A Comparative Analysis of Determinant Factors for the Level of Satisfactions Regarding Membership and Public Golf Courses
Ko, Dong-Wan ; Woo, Je-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 13~21
Golf has emerged as one of the key leisure activities in Korea. This study examines the characteristics of golf consumption typology. A total of 256 questionnaires were collected from membership and public golf courses in the Incheon and Gyeonggi district. This study explores user satisfaction with and service at the golf course. The results of this research show that there are primary factors in user satisfaction regarding course facility, scores and operational services. Detail responses regarding these golf courses prove that the whole of the golf course, satisfaction with the course layout, landscaping and user gratification with the golf facilities are influenced by contentment with the management of the golf course. Satisfaction with scores were correlated with user contentment with the golf course. Detailed factors regarding operational services cited such aspects as ease of reservations, staff and tee time, all factors related to the smooth arrangements and progress that are influenced by operational services. This research was more concerned with course design and facility operations than marketing operations, which can satisfy users through investment in variety and expansion of the course facilities. Satisfaction in these areas is correlated to revisits and recommendations to others. The types of membership and public golf courses face difficulty in development, operation, and facilities maintenance, among other features. This paper will help separate out each quality in order to formulate difference stratagems for marketing and operation tactics in the future.
A Study on Making a Historic Cultural Walk of Old West Village, Seoul with the Case Study Area around Mt. Inwang and Baegundong Stream
Kim, Han-Bai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 22~36
The direction of this study lies in exploring a schematic proposal for a historical walk over an area called 'West Village' located inside the old city wall of Seoul. The case study area is comparable to the historic 'North Village,' including historical assets such as the Kyunghi Royal Palace and Sajik-dan. Moreover, it has spectacular scenic spots surrounding Mt. Inwang and Baegundong Stream, although this has now been paved over for use as a road. This village maintained its fame as a hub of art through the early 20th century. The comprehensive approach of this study ranges from the historical and cultural to the ecological and visual. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. A themed walk would commemorate the great leader of national independence, Baegbeom Kim Ku, as well as the famous Korean style realistic landscape painting school under the leadership of Kyumjae Jeong Seon, a great artist of the Josun Dynasty. In addition, a scenic streamside walk would accentuate the surrounding panoramic vistas which were drawn by Kyumjae, while at the same time allowing the ecological system of Baegundong Stream to be uncovered and restored.
A Study on the Improvement and Application of Environmentally-Friendly Factors at Outdoor Spaces in Apartment Complexes
Choi, Yun ; Song, Byeong-Hwa ; Yang, Byoung-E ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 37~49
This study investigated how external environmentally-friendly factors adopted to improve the quality of outdoor spaces have been designed and used in the construction of apartment complexes. The goal of this study is to determine what areas should be improved through environmentally-friendly ways to create natural outdoor spaces in apartment complexes and enhance their availability and usefulness. For this study, 21 environmentally-friendly factors were chosen and a checklist by specific item was prepared. This study examine how these items were applied to basic planning, detail design, and construction in 4 target areas. As a result, it was found that the development of environmentally-friendly residential areas was an ultimate goal of the project during basic planning and design. All target areas focused on developing an inner greens network, eco-pond, brook, and pedestrian track as well as the growth of a variety of plants. Some differences have been observed, however, in terms of method. Furthermore, due to economic and technological problems and poor construction site conditions, green walls/green roofs/pedestrian tracks/use of rainwater have not been properly promoted. These kinds of problems must be improved through the development of environmentally-friendly construction methods and materials, the expansion of natural grounds areas, economic support, a satisfactory repair and maintenance system.
An Analysis on the Visual Preference of Waterscape Facilities for Healing Garden in Psychiatric Hospitals
Jeong, Na-Ra ; Ahn, Deug-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 50~61
The purpose of this study is to establish design guidelines for waterscape facilities of healing gardens in psychiatric hospitals. Data were collected through simulation and interview. The subjects included schizophrenic (n=42) and alcoholic (n=41) inpatients as well as medical staff personnel (n=40) at Maeumsarang Hospital. The results of this study are as follows: It was revealed that for all three groups the first preference was a natural flowing waterscape, and the second preference was a natural descending waterscape. The schizophrenic subjects had a greater preference for a static artificial waterscape and a descending artificial multistory waterscape than the other two groups. The alcoholic subjects preferred an ascending natural multistory waterscape. The analysis on the preference towards an ascending type and a descending type from the perspective of naturalness and complexity. Complexity had a greater influence than naturalness in the ascending waterscapes, and naturalness had more influence than complexity in the descending style waterscapes. Therefore, these factors need to be taken into consideration when designing either ascending or descending waterscape facilities. In general, the subjects preferred natural, dynamic and descending waterscapes to the artificial, static and ascending variety.
A Study on the Improvement of Average Floor Height Ordinance through Analyzing Landscape Impacts of Average Floor Height System Applied to Apartment Buildings in Residential Areas of Seoul
Mok, Jeong-Hun ; Kim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 62~70
The purpose of this research is to suggest an improved method of how to apply and operate an average floor height system to rebuilt or redeveloped apartment buildings in general residential areas of Seoul. This research suggested two research findings by a computer simulation study for analyzing the difference between the average floor height of apartment buildings in experimental sites and the average of floors of buildings near experimental sites. The first finding is that an average floor height system should be applied to apartment buildings with a limitation of maximum height at sites larger than
in order to control the difference of the maximum height of buildings between apartment sites and their surroundings. The second finding is that the average floor height system should be operated by an appropriate average floor height ratio at sites greater than
in order to harmonize rebuilt or redeveloped apartment buildings with their surroundings.
The Sense of Place of Manghae-temple and Mt. Jinbong through Viewing Context
Rho, Jae-Hyun ; Shin, Sang-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 71~81
This study focused on the one and only temple of on the coastline of the West Sea, Kimje's Manghae Temple and Mt. Jinbong. The purpose of this study was to research the unique sense of place of the area by researching the location and view that clearly shapes the identity of the landscape. The following are the results. 1. The cultural landscape of Manghae Temple and the natural landscape of Mt. Jinbong have characteristics which take in the coastline and skyline, respectively. Specifically, from the existential vertical-horizontal images of "sky - land - Mt. Jinbong" and "moon - cloud - sea", an ascending reflection of the landscape surroundings can be found. 2. The "Sea - Manghae temple - Mt. Jinbong - sky" is the representation of the moderate 'inside-space' which belongs to the particular landscape area and which also shows the topophilia to Manghae Temple. Through this kind of interpretation, the sense of place of Manghae Temple and Mt. Jinbong reveals an intra-structure of an Imaging Landscape implying harmony and moderation, which is a unified organization of the surrounding phenomena(Temple and Mountain) and the essence (the doctrine of Buddhism) that matches Jin-muk's asceticism and lifestyle. 3. While the cultural landscape of Manghae Temple has a strong religious reference, the natural landscape Mt. Jinbong emphasizes the geography of the landscape. In other words, the motivating factor of Manghae Temple is a metaphorical sense of place such as through the "prospect of the sea" or "the Western Sea Paradise" and Mt. Jinbong, the landmark of the Kimje-Mankyung Plains and the focal point of the West Sea sunset, is highlighted as a simile for this sense of place. 4. Keeping this sense of place and territory respectively and showing the. bond with the sense of place which develops rhythmically and continuously, Manghae Temple and Mt. Jinbong are sublimated into a unified intra-structure, which reflects the Imaging landscape characteristics of "Mt. Jinbong, a focal point of the Mankyung Plains facing the West Sea" and "Manghae Temple, looking out to sea".
Perspectives on the Current Condition and Landscape Management Status of the Dangsan Forests in Sungnam-ri, Wonju
Choi, Jai-Ung ; Kim, Dong-Yeob ; Lee, Sang-Hwa ; Kim, Sung-Gi ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 82~91
Rural areas dominate country landscape, where the population is rich in traditional and natural heritage. Dangsan forests and Rural community forests (RCF) have been maintained by local residents for hundreds of years. However, many of these forests have been disturbed, and only small amount of Dangsan forests and the RCF remain due to the efforts of local residents. Recently, the remnants of Dangsan forests and RCF have been regarded as living traditional landscapes representing the cultural and rural background of Korea. But the value of Dangsan forests and the RCFs has not been recognized by many. This study aims to understand the characteristics and management status of Dangsan forests in Sungnam-ri, Wonju. Sungnam-ri has four villages, each of which is bordered by a Dangsan forest at the riparian buffer. Sungnam-ri has been selsected as a site for a rural village development project by the Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry of Korea. Sunghwanglim (the Upper Dangsan forest) is designated as Natural Monument No.93 and entrance is limited in this area. The size of Sunghwanglim is
, and the major tree species are Kalopanax pictus (Dangsan tree, Divine tree), Pinus densiflora, Abies holophylla, Acer triflorum, Ulmus davidiana, Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Quercus serrata. In total, 124 trees with more than 40 cm in DBH are at this site. As for cultural activities, the Dangsan festival is held on April 8th and September 9th of the lunar calendar at shrines in the forests. Although other Dangsan forests are smaller than Sunghwanglim, they also have similar cultural activities. The landscape of the Dangsan forests have been managed for several hundred years by the local people, and they intend to continue maintaining the Dangsan forests for the purpose of festivals and other cultural activities. The findings in this study suggest that Dangsan forests have the potential for the development of rural villages and for the improvement of cultural and natural landscapes in Korea.
A Study on the Location and Spatial Organization Characteristics of the Royal Tombs Hongneung and Yureung
Kim, Heung-Nyeon ; Sim, Woo-Kyung ; Choi, Jong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 92~104
This paper aims to discussion the characteristics of location and spatial organization on Hongneung and Yureung(royal tomb) in Namyangju through the interpretation of traditional oriental philosophy including Feng-Shui theory. To do this, we studied in two ways; analysis of the present conditions and photographing research materials about the form of physical structure and review of historical document. The result of analysis in sight of the location and spatial structure was good matched. Main finding of this paper are as follows: The location and landscape structure was characterized by the harmony with natural following traditional thinking and the Korean view of nature, while maintaining the dignity of the King. The spatial organization were placed in a straight line following the hierarchy of metaphysics by order of Neungchim(Tombs Vicinity) - Changmyungdeung(Stone Lantern) - Chungjakak(Pavilion) - Hongsalmun(Gate for Heavenly Gods) and was based on the Confucianism value, the natural contour and inner value. Through this study, we find the principles made it possibles to re-evaluate nature in modem society and provided us with new ways to conserve nature with the help of environmental theory.
Effects of Environmental Factors on the Cambial Electrical Resistance of Woody Plants
Kim, Dong-Uk ; Kim, Min-Soo ; Lee, Bu-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 3, 2007, Pages 105~113
This study was conducted to analyze the effects of environmental factors such as soil moisture, light intensity, temperature and humidity on changes in cambial electrical resistance. To improve data quality, cambial electrical resistance was continuously measured at fixed points by using a data logger isolated from alternating current. The relationship between environmental factors and changes in cambial electrical resistance was also analyzed. The results are as follows: 1. Cambial electrical resistance is highly correlated to the temperature of the measured area(r=-0.934). Therefore, temperature compensation is needed to analyze the effects of other environmental factors on cambial electrical resistance changes. 2. If temperature is compensated for, the change of cambial electrical resistance is highly correlated to water vapor pressure(r=-0.836). 3. If temperature and humidity are compensated for, the change of cambial electrical resistance is highly correlated to intensity of light(r=-0.738). 4. Diurnal deviation of soil water potential is not more significantly related than the change of cambial electrical resistance. However, in the long-term, soil water potential and cambial electrical resistance are highly correlated(r=-0.831). This indicates that soil moisture significantly influences the long-term change of cambial electrical resistance.