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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Oct 2007
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Apr 2007
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Configuration of Detail Design Language of the Idiosyncrasy of Community Facilities with the Qualitative Method - in Cases of Concord, Lexington and Arlington, Massachusetts -
Kwon, Sang-Zoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 1~15
A Study on the Analysis of Factors for Landscape Architect Scheme Modification for the Restoration Project of Cheonggyecheon
Kim, Yu-Ri ; Yang, Byoung-E ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 16~28
In this study, the implications for landscape architecture in the restoration Project of Cheonggyecheon will be shown through the analysis of factors for landscape architect scheme modification. The method of study consists of theoretical study, analysis of the plan and design of landscape architecture of the restoration project of Cheonggyecheon, and deduction of implications thereof. The controversial feints included the many difficulties in realizing the productive design of landscape architecture due to the selective collecting of public opinion and the problems of settling the complications, the design limit of the turnkey and MA systems, the lack of hydraulic knowledge and technology and the shortage of vegetation monitoring data and experimental materials. The alternative proposals are as follows: 1) there should be agreement between the government organization and the civil group, 2) in the turnkey bidding for the river restoration projects, the river restoration design based on the volume divided into some parts should be reconsidered in order to maintain consistency in the total design, 3) in order to maintain consistency in the planning policies, MA designs should also be introduced and applied from the first stage of the project through its completion, and 4) data such as the safe water level in case of flooding for the facilities and the vegetation and data in connection with the ecological restoration of river should be accumulated. If these controversies are not settled effectively, the river restoration project will be delayed due to complications with the citizens and wasted time and effort will result from the frequent design changes. In addition, landscape architecture in this kind of restoration project is bound to decrease in the future due to frequent changes in the hydraulic-centered design.
Searching for Facilities and Service Programs for the Establishment of Urban Park Identification
Hong, Sung-Kwon ; Lee, Min-Woo ; Lee, Sang-Min ; Ahn, Myung-June ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 29~36
The new Urban Park Regulation encourages local governments to introduce new types of urban parte such as historic parte, cultural parks and neighborhood parte. However ambiguity among those parks in terms of main facilities and providing recreational programs makes it difficult for local governments, as well as landscape designers and planners, to adopt this new regulations. In this light, the present study aims to search for park facilities and programs defined by the new regulations, in order to satisfy users' demands for those parks with consideration to parks' unique characteristics. For these purposes, a conjoint analysis was carried out with three hundreds participants. Sampled participants include the citizens of Seoul as well as current residents of Paju. The study results indicate that participants would like to have distinctive programs and facilities at these three new types of parks. However, no considerable differences were observed among the levels of programs and facilities participants wish to have, due to unfamiliarity with, in particular, cultural and historic parks. Despite this insignificant difference among attribute levels, study results clearly suggest that residents wold like to have new types of facilities and recreational programs.
Preparatory Applications for Performance-based Regulatory System in Japanese Landscape Architecture Related Fields
Kim, Min-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 37~45
WTO/TBT requires that, for technical regulations affecting trade, technical regulatory requirements must be specified where possible in terms of performance rather than design or descriptive characteristics. The movement which made "performance" a keyword in landscape architecture was activated in Japan, one of the leading counties in performance-based regulatory system(PBRS). The Japanese recent movement of systematization activity on performance-based standards and specifications was reviewed and operational applications for performance-based regulatory system in South Korea are summarized as follows: 1. The establishment of performance standards that can be properly evaluated by assessment indicators is necessary in cases when quantitative evaluation is difficult. 2. As a preparation for PBRS, a brief procurement system by technical proposal for the landscape design and construction is necessary. 3. As a preparation for PBRS, activation of an environmental performance evaluation on experimental construction is necessary. 4. As a preparation for PBRS, a certification system of environmental performance on various landscape construction methods is necessary. 5. The Private Finance Initiative Project is the most similar to PBRS therefore, activation of the Private Finance Initiative Project is necessary in landscape architecture projects for park rehabilitation.
Roots Growth Characteristics of Zelkova serrata Makino. after Replanting in the Reclaimed Land from the Sea - On the Root Structure and Spatial Distribution of Fine Root Phytomass -
Kim, Do-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 46~55
This study was carried out to analyze both the root structure and the fine root phytomass of the vertical and horizontal distribution of Zelkova serrata Makino. which was transplanted in the reclaimed land from the sea in Gwangyang, Jeonnam, South Korea. The base ground was reclaimed land from the sea.
of the planting ground was filled to a
thickness with the improved soil instead of the reclaimed soil from the sea,
of the planting ground was covered to a
thickness with the improved soil and
of the planting ground was mounded to 120cm thickness with the improved soil on the reclaimed land from the sea. In addition,
of the planting grounds were at the large-sized mound on the reclaimed land from the sea.
of the planting ground was located at the lowest level,
planting ground was located at the slope and
planting ground was located at the top of the large-sized mound. The large-sized mounds contain 3 layers, the base layer was reclaimed land from the sea and the second layer was mounded to a
thickness with the desalinized soil from the sea on the base layers and the finally layers were mounded to a
thickness with improved soil on the second layer. The planting grounds
developed roots such as tap roots, lateral roots and heart roots. However, in
roots development were inhibited. The fine-root phytomass of the 6 planting ground types was as follows:
. The vertical distribution of the fine root phytomass decreased from the upper to the deeper soil profiles in the 6 mound types. The fine root phytomass was
thickness of soil layer and it decreased according to the distance from the nearest trees. The root growth in the improved soil was better than in the reclaimed soil from the sea. However, root growth decreased more in the disturbed soils even though the planting grounds contained the improved soils. The retarded development of roots and the spatial distribution patterns of the fine root phytomass were closely connected to the reclaimed soil from the sea. In the disturbed soil, the soil hardness and alkalic cation(
). were high and the soil water was lacking. We suggest that the construction of planting grounds and the improvement of bad soil are necessary for the proper and effective growth of landscaping plants.
Establishment of a Forest Network in the Western Geum River Basin using the Nearest Feature Model
Jang, Gab-Sue ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 56~63
This study used the nearest feature model to connect forest patches within the western Geum River Basin. Due to many different forest patch sizes, 3 alternative methods were tested to determine the best way to establish an ecological network with forest patches. Alternative 1 used all forest patches to determine whether patches were large enough. Alternative 2 used forest patches over 10 ha in size. Alternative 3 used natural conservation indices to select forest patches containing better qualities in the natural conservation level. As a result 635 out of 724 patches of over 10 ha were selected for comparison. Alternative 1 showed that forest patches of less than 10 ha were outliers interrupting the establishment of the ecological network. They generated an unnecessary ecological network to link core areas to comparison features. The ecological network was improved by using forest patches greater than 10 ha in size(Alternative 2). Each comparison feature was much more hierarchically connected to core areas in Alternative 2 than in Alternative 1. Forest patches filtered by natural conservation indices were useful for obtaining the best ecological network. Alternative 3 clearly showed the connections in the ecological network between core areas and forest.
A Study on the Origination of Backcountry Litter in Moaksan Provincial Park
Rho, Jae-Hyun ; Huh, Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 64~72
This study investigated the types, forms, and origination of litter found along one hiking course in Moaksan Provincial Park, 'Jungin-ri Course'(entrance-ridge-valley-peak). In addition, a survey was conducted to understand hikers' litter control awareness in order to determine possible backcountry litter control measures. The following are the results of this study: 1. For the litter Sequency investigation, 199 recyclable pieces of litter were found on the mid-slope(61.6%), 89 by the entrance(27.6%), 19 in the valley(5.9%) and 16 on the peak(4.9%). A total of 323 pieces of litter were found. Paper materials were the most common, followed by plastic containers such as PET bottles and yogurt containers. Of particular interest, 288 papers and cans were found on the mid-slope(46.9%). By the entrance, more plastics and bottles were found. 2. There were 614 pieces of flammable litter collected and only 19 pieces of non-flammable. Most of the flammable litter, including snack pacts, plastic bags, processed lumber, cigarette butts, tissues, cigarette boxes, and fabric was found on the mid-slope. 3. Very little food waste was found throughout the whole site proving that the policy prohibiting hikers from cooking and eating at the designated sites has been effective. However, food waste is difficult to find because it naturally decays with time. 4.
-test was used to find different types of litter and their verified origination frequency. It was found that recyclable litter, and food waste took about 1%. In addition, recyclable litter, especially bottles, was found relatively frequently by the entrance. Flammable litter was found most often at the peak. 5. The questionnaire results showed that 48.2% of the respondents "shorten their hiking journey and purchase food outside the entrance" and 29.6% said that they "bring a packed meal from home". Only 8.2% said that they "cook something when an appropriate location is found". At the Jungin-ri course, a few hikers brought their own food to eat or cook, but most hikers purchased something to eat onsite. 6. The results of the question about having experience littering while hiking showed that 19.3% litter and 79.2% do not. Those that responded "yes" gave various reasons for littering. 63.6% claimed, "there are no designated trash containers". 15.9% said they litter subconsciously. Finally, 3.2% insist that they litter "because food naturally decomposes". 7. As a result of the overall satisfaction according to the Likert scale and the analysis with an average of 14 variables, it was found that the average "toxic litter control convenience" was 2.41 with very low satisfaction. Thus, the results indicate the importance of providing appropriate back country litter control facilities.
A Study on the Classification of Biotope Type in Germany
Choi, Il-Ki ; Lee, Eun-Heui ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 73~81
The purpose of this study is to derive policy suggestions and new orientations for biotope mapping in Korea from a review of case studies on the classification of biotope typesin Germany. This study was conducted in the following manner: First, the related literature and data on biotopes in Germany was collected. Second, the representative examples at the provincial government level and urban and residential areas were selected. Finally, the characteristics of biotope types, biotope classification systems, and biotope classification criteria were reviewed. The results of reviewing the case examples in Germany are as follows: First, the biotope types at the provincial government level were composed of patterns which existed mostly in natural areas and the corresponding areas of their conditions. Those in urban and residential areas were made up of patterns which were distributed in urban areas and their peripheries. Second, the biotope classification systems at the provincial government level consisted of three steps:large, medium and small. Those in urban and residential areas were made up of two steps: medium and small. However, it is strongly recommended to introduce the biotope classification system composed of three steps. Third, the biotope classification criteria at the provincial government level considered ecological factors and anthropogenic factors except land use forms. Those in urban and residential areas reflected mostly anthropogenic factors and ecological factors. In conclusion, this study suggests that future biotope surveys and mapping in Korea should be investigated not only in urban areas but also in natural and semi-natural areas. In addition, a specified biotope type classification system should be established in Korea.
Analysis on the Image and Visual Preference of Bridge Landscapes - A Focus on Background Landscape and Bridge Type -
Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Chae, So-Jung ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Woo-Sung ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; You, Ju-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 82~91
Currently, bridges are regarding as the structure with formative, scenic and environmental values more than their function as simple passageways. Because an attempt to work on the diversity of the bridge types and installation of the large structures on bridge are part of the project of the regional amenity enterprises, a study that harmonizes bridges with landscape is needed at this point in time. This background can influence the direction of bridge landscapes that considers local features by analysis of visual preferences on a bridge simulated scene. The results were as follows: analyzing the change of the simulated landscape image, forest landscape are damaged by the input of a bridge which was natural, harmonic and intimate. On the other hand, when a bridge was inserted into the ocean landscape, it was thought to improve the ocean landscape, especially, upper part form of arch bridge various or suspension bridge were improved in polished and various image. The insertion of a bridge into an urban landscape change from a negative image to a beautiful, harmonic and attractive image. The intimate, harmonic and natural image of a rural landscape was damaged by inserting a bridge. As analysis result about change of landscape preference by input of bridge, there is difference between before and after as input the bridge, and bridge influences as main object in the simulated scene. Visual preference was the highest in the ocean landscape, and the lowest in the suspension bridge in the rural landscape. The complicated shape of bridge follows on the background type difference certainly appear. Thee simulated scene preference except the urban landscape of the simulated scene fell generally Especially, fall of preference of girder bridge in the forest and ocean landscape, suspension bridge in the rural landscape appeared notedly.
A Comparative Study on the Natural Monument Designations of South and North Korea
Na, Moung-Ha ; Hong, Youn-Soon ; Kim, Hak-Berm ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 35, issue 5, 2007, Pages 92~99
Korea began preserving and managing natural monuments in 1933 under the Japanese Colonization, but South and North Korea had to establish natural monument management policies separately because of the division after the Korean Independence. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the natural monument designations of South and North Koreas between 1933 and 2005 to introduce advanced polices for Oneness-Korea. The following are the results: According to data of December 2005, South Korea has 358 and North Korea has 474 natural monuments. North Korea has 116 more natural monuments than South Korea. In addition, over half of South Korea's designations are plants, whereas North Korea's designations are relatively well-balanced. Both South and North Korea designate plants(mostly trees) that are old and large. However, South Korea emphasizes the historical value of village forests, contrary to economic value in North Korea. Also, North Korea preserves many traditional fruit trees which have not been well-preserved in South Korea. As for animals, South Korea designates migratory wild animals by type and not by region to protect them at a national level, whereas North Korea designates the specific habitats of each type of wild animal. In addition, North Korea protects each region's cattle and chickens to preserve native traits of domesticated animals. Geologically, North Korea preserves 18 hot springs and 11 springs, whereas South Korea has none. Geographically, North Korea preserves 81 waterfalls, lakes, etc. In the conclusion, advanced natural monument management of South and North Korea is necessary to achieve effective preservation of natural monuments.