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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Dec 2008
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Oct 2008
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Landscape Design Proposal for Gangbuk Large Park
Kim, Do-Kyong ; Choi, Won-Man ; Hong, Hyoung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~14
Although the Dreamland site was the only flat amusement park in the northern part of Seoul, the site lost its function as a regional park due to aging and, therefore, was no longer in use. The site is surrounded by currently existing high dense low-story housing blocks and proposed new towns. A renovation plan for Dreamland was raised by the City of Seoul to enhance the quality of the urban environment in the northern part of Seoul. This study articulates the design concepts and strategies of the prizewinning work of the International Design Competition for Gangbuk Large Park. The three key points can be summarized as follows: First, this design proposal tried to find a new possibility for a large mountain park in an urban areas. These days, mountain parks are used limitedly as ordinary living spaces for activities such as a walking, hiking, and physical training. New strategies were sought to reconstruct the sentiment with which our ancestors enjoyed the mountains. Second, this proposal tried to make Dreamland a socially self-sufficient park. We designed a park which generates self-energy and which communicates with the city, not a park which only exists as a green island in a city. Lastly, rain fed paddy fields, a typical Korean vernacular landscape, was a tangible space which represented people's life-styles harmonizing with the nature. Rain fed paddy fields is a design motif which puts the three surrounding mountains together with the site. It is expected that the new design will works as a noted place.
A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Golf Courses
Kim, Chung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 15~26
The purpose of this study is to attempt to interpret golf courses as event-generating spaces with consideration given to the time factor. Through a golf game, a variety of events such as the tee shot, second shot, putt, and hole out are generated. These events have been connected to a series of events after hole out such as birdie, par, bogey and so on. The series of events do not always occur in the same way. They reveal unexpected changes over time. These unexpected changes cause changes in the spatial characteristics and offer unforgettable memories for golfers. Gilles Deleuze mentioned the spatial characteristics as striated space and smooth space. Striated space can be defined as sedentary space. It is distant vision-optical space that has dimensional, metric and centered characteristics, whereas smooth space is defined as nomadic, close vision-haptic space that has directional and acentered characteristics. This study focused on the analysis of spatial characteristics according to striated space and smooth space. Golf courses generally show the characteristics of striated space before beginning the game. As soon as the game begins, however, the golf courses are converted into an event-generating space. The characteristics of striated space are transformed into smooth space, a nomadic space that amplifies the dynamic, changeable, de-scaled and non-metric system. Through the whole game, this transformation is dramatically repeated. On the other hand, the golfer, the subject of the game, senses the phenomenological experience in the process of orientation, center, definition, and domestication.
Comparison and Application Quantitative Indices for Analyzing Total Green Space in an Urban Area - Guro-gu in Seoul -
Lee, Kyong-Jae ; Choi, Jin-Woo ; Han, Bong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 27~35
The purpose of this study was to compare and apply quantitative indices for analyzing the total green space in an urban area, targeting Guro-Gu, Seoul. The indices were classified in terms of plane, solid and urban planning. The park area per person as an index of the park green's total volume was
. This clearly shows the deficiency of park area. However, it did not reflect actual green space, since undesignated forests, rivers and green spaces in the city were excluded. Green coverage area per person in terms of plane was
and was useful as an index of actual urban planting, focusing on expansion of the green space. However, the conception of total volume of park green had limitation to be recognized as a unit of area. The number of trees and green area volume per person in terms of solid was 4.1 trees and
, respectively. This enabled reflection on qualitative improvement plans such as increasing the volume of trees for the high density of developed areas.
Assessment of Contemporary Urban Parks in Korea - Satisfaction and Landscape Images -
Joo, Shin-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 36~47
The purpose of this study is to classify and assess the characteristics of urban Korean parks by on-site park users' reactions, such as satisfaction, preference and cognitive image of the park and park facilities. The park facilities are classified into five types of satisfaction: management status, activity facilities, convenient facilities, circulation and density, and landscape facilities. The park users are satisfied with conversation, rest and relaxation in the parks, but not satisfied with studying and nature experience. The behaviors in the park are classified as park activities, emotional and experiential activities, and nature activities. The results indicate that the images of the parks are stable, comfortable and natural. There are three factors to classifying the park images: nature-harmony, openness, uniqueness. Preferences for each parks are generally good. According to the criteria such as satisfaction of park facility, behavioral satisfaction, images and preference for each park, the 12 parks are divided into 5 different types: multi-purpose park, well-balanced park with natural elements, urban open space, park to be improved, and ecological park. The characteristics of each park was analyzed and categorized. This study dealt with only the parks in Seoul and its environs, and the survey was only done during the summer season. Therefore, further research is necessary to enlarge and generalize the results of this study, considering seasonal and regional variations.
A Basic Study on Establishment of the Ecological Landscape Planning Model
Ra, Jung-hwa ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Hyun-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 48~64
The aim of this research is to set a systemic Ecological Landscape Planning Model to cope with the destroyed landscape problems which was caused by massive development project and thoughtless development in country areas. The summary of research result are as follows. As a result of analysis on domestic and international literature, there are 60 planning index items which are nature conservation area, landscape conservation area, and build and manage wetland biotope and so on. total number of planning index is 34 after finalizing the physical index items. As a result of on-spot research, all 34 planning index after literature analysis is existing. Also, there are 38 finally-selected index which includes 4 added planning index in the process of research like natural vegetation in frequently-used spot. As a result of importance analysis on detailed planning index, most are above 5 points, which is relatively high. As a result of factor analysis on patterning for the detailed planning index, it was classified with seven elements. The first Ecological Landscape Planning model was set with integrated analysis on result of pattering for the detailed planning index and importance of detailed planning index. Based on first model, to make more systematic landscape, the analysis of MCB was conducted. As a result of MCB analysis according to planning index, it is confirmed that each planning index shows maximum. As a result of importance analysis on the 9 plans keynote, the average importance point was 4.62 for conservation area and 4.54 for enrichment area respectively. By integrating the result of importance analysis on basic aims of the first model, MCB analysis and plans, we set the second Ecological Landscape Planning model. In vertical transition, for example, 'conservation area' showed the importance point above 5.2 for all planning index except setting recreational space. Also, the analysis on parallel structure showed that relation between 'additional improvement, management, and connection' and other planning index is above 5.3 and importance on correlation with 'the part which should be protected from nature and landscape' marked 6.07 which is the highest.
Establishment of Preservative Green Spaces and Potential Focus Areas by the Green Infrastructure Assessment of the City of Daejeon
Lee, Shi-Young ; Shim, Joon-Young ; Jang, Min ; Heo, Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 65~73
Due to the amendment of the Act for Urban Parks in 2005, local governments have to establish long-range plans for securing and managing urban parks and green areas. This study aims to propose a method of setting priorities for green areas of land to be preserved before the development stage through the introduction of the concept of Green Infrastructure Assessment, and provide basic data to establish the network of urban parks and green areas by applying the GIA method to the city of Daejeon. The concept of GIA and the process of analysis have been drawn as a result of literature research and case studies. The results of this study show that an introduction of the GIA concept to set park and open space planning promotes the connection of the city planning process as well as presents very a reasonable source to facilitate sustainable development. Also, other results present a priority ranking for protection of parks and green areas as well as a means to manage potential focus areas. This study, does have research limitations such as a limited study area, scale, and conflicts between domestic and foreign computing data. Further studies need to set the planning process and examine the index survey to apply this method to various situations and areas.
The Assessment of the Landscape Planning Phases by Importance-Performance Analysis - Focused on the Landscape Planning of Development Sites -
Joo, Shin-Ha ; Baek, Woon-Hae ; Shin, Ji-Hoon ; Mok, Jeong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 74~82
The purpose of this study is to reflect on the results of the assessment and analysis of landscape planning projects according to planning phases in a landscape planning system based on landscape law. An assessment of the importance and performance of landscape planning elements by planning phases was studied by statistically descriptive analysis, variation analysis, statistical t-test and importance-performance analysis. As a result of the evaluation, the performance of existing landscape planning projects is 3.813 and the importance of planning elements is 5.648. This means that in spite of the importance of landscape planning elements, the performance of existing landscape planning projects is not sufficient to cover the importance of landscape planning elements. In addition, 'site landscape survey' and 'landscape design guideline' sections are not sufficient when they are compared to 'landscape concept plan' and 'landscape basic plan' to complete the landscape planning projects required by landscape law. It means also that the landscape survey and landscape design guidelines should be complementarily practiced in order to increase the effectiveness of landscape planning projects. As the research is practiced by survey methods on landscape planning projects which are only new development sites, the results cannot represent all types of landscape planning projects. Nevertheless, the results can be applied to new landscape planning at new development sites or old cities to increase effectiveness.
Scaling of the Individual Differences to Cognize the Image of the City - Focusing on Seong-Nam-
Byeon, Jae-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 83~99
Images of Seong-Nam appears different according to diverse conditions. This study was intended to analyze the differences of cognition by personal characteristics such as age, gender, location, and period when an individual evaluates an urban image. This research focused on the interpretation of the visualized results from Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) and Individual Difference Scaling (INDSCAL) with two questionnaires. This study can be summarized as follows: 1. Namhan Sansung was ranked as the first symbolic property by citizens in Seong-Nam. Next was Yuldong Park, followed by Bundang Central Park, Seohyun Station including Samsung Plaza, and, finally, Moran Market. This trend also similarly appeared in the selection of preferred places. 2. There were no statistical differences in trends of choice of symbolic landmarks and preferred places according to age, gender, and period; however, there were meaningful differences according to location. 3. The total image of Seong-Nam was positioned to be separated from images of other districts and landmarks on the image spatial plot by MDS; however, images of the old and new district were plotted close to symbolic landmarks where located around each district. 4. INDSCAL illustrated that men weighted the historical meaning while women weighted preference and city size when evaluating an urban image. On the other hand, there was no difference in cognitive trends according to age, location, and period. Until now, an individual difference in the cognition and evaluation of an urban image was a socially accepted notion. However, this study verified the difference according to personal characteristics and developed a practical tool to analyze an individual cognition trend about a city image.
Effects of Determinants and Persuasion on the Willingness-to-Pay of the Cultural and Heritage Assets' Admission Fee within the National Parks
Park, Joung-Koo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 100~110
The purposes of the study were to analyze the effects of determinants and persuasive messages on the willingness-to-pay cultural & heritage assets' admission fees. Recently visitors have responded to a nationwide boycott of the fees within national parks due to feelings of disapproval and resentment. Data were collected through onsite surveys of 302 visitors in the Mt. Gyeryong National Park. Regression analysis and two-way ANOVA were employed to obtain the results. The results indicate that credit card payment was the most prominent predictor of willingness-to-pay at the .05 level. The second highest coefficient was obtained in the condition levying of admission fees and parking fees at the same time, providing temple interpretive services, followed by free days for everyone on special days each month. In addition, the most persuasive message was the descriptive content, which stated that fees were profoundly committed to the protection of the cultural heritage for future generations. As a result, it is effective to continually persuade visitors to use posters or reminders that stress the preservation of cultural assets at the entrance gate.
A Study on a Runoff Coefficient of Block Paved Area with Considering Regional Rainfall Distribution
Kang, Shin-Kweon ; Kim, Tae-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 111~119
The runoff coefficient for a block paved area is determined with regional rainfall distribution. The Rational Method is a basic equation of a drainage system design and is a function of runoff coefficient, rainfall intensity and area. A runoff coefficient is the ratio of rainfall intensity and runoff. The rainfall intensity which is a function of the return period and rainfall duration differs by region. Therefore the runoff coefficient varies regionally even though there is the same return period and rainfall duration. The ratio of rainfall intensity and rainfall duration is decided by the loss of rainfall. The constant infiltration capacity of Horton's equation is adopted to determine the loss of rainfall. As time passed, the joint of the block paved area through which the infiltration occurs is covered by pollution material, sandy dust, pollen and is hardened by foot pressure, so the constant infiltration capacity may decrease. Six different sites were selected to verify the assumption of the constant infiltration capacity decrease and 10 year return period. 10, 20, and 30 minute rainfall duration were applied to calculate rainfall intensity. The results indicate that the Horton's constant infiltration capacity decreases over time and the minimum constant infiltration capacity is selected to compute runoff coefficients. The runoff coefficients varied by region ranging from
for 10 minute of rainfall duration.
General Review on the Urban Planted Forest in Lucidophyllus Forest Zone in Japan
Lee, Ju-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 36, issue 4, 2008, Pages 120~125