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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Dec 2009
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Oct 2009
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Apr 2009
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Policy Directions to Build on Nature-Friendly Park Facilities - Based on an Evaluation on the Nature-Friendliness of Park Facilities in National Parks -
Park, Chang-Sug ; Bae, Min-Ki ; Kim, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this research was to propose policy directions for the design and construction of nature-friendly park facilities (PF) in national parks. In order to do that, nature-friendliness evaluation indicators(NEIs) used in green building rating systems and related articles were reviewed. After the initial literature review was complete, NEIs for park facilities based on location, design, construction, operation, and management sectors were developed. Data was obtained through a questionnaire completed by 79 managers at 19 national parks in Korea in 2008. The answers were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods, a t-test, a multi-dimensional analysis, and a factor analysis. This research found that: 1) The results indicated that based on relative weight calculation, the location condition was evaluated as the most important; 2) The evaluation results regarding the degree of nature-friendliness of park facilities showed that location condition was ranked higher than design and construction--in addition, the evaluated values of indicators related to energy efficiency were ranked the lowest; 3) the level of nature-friendliness of shelter was given the highest level, but resting facility was the lowest level; 4) Overall, park facilities at Mt. Seorak, Mt. Odae, and Taean Coast national parks showed high levels of nature-friendliness. But park facilities at Mt. Gyeongju and Mt. Songni national parks showed low levels of nature-friendliness. The results of this research shall contribute to the establishment of tailor-made management policies, the development of detailed guidelines for increased energy efficiency and visitor satisfaction, and the preservation of ecosystems and natural resources in Korea's national parks.
Effects of Persuader and Persuasion Message of Bicycle Exploration Journey
Park, Joung-Koo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 13~23
This study investigated the effects of thae persuader and the persuasion message in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and activate the exploration journey using bicycles, a form of green transportation, in this green society age. Furthermore, the effects that predictive variables related to the implementation of an infrastructure for bicycles have on the intentions toward an exploration journey using bicycles were examined. The questionnaire survey was administered to 257 respondents for 9 days from March 14 to March 22, 2009. Since Gyeongju has a number of cultural relics that people can look at in one day, Gyeongju is ideal for examining a variety of tourist opinions about exploring cultural relics using bicycles. In conclusion, it was found that the 'persuader' and 'persuasion message' enhanced the desire for bicycle exploration journeys from 'will use a bicycle if possible' to 'want to use a bicycle'. In accordance with two-way ANOVA results on the desire for bicycle exploration journeys by persuader and persuasion message, the persuasion approach emphasizing health effects and geared toward bicycle enthusiasts was significantly effective. Furthermore, the most effective approach was the persuasion strategy emphasizing the 'citizens' and 'health', and 'citizens' and 'eco-friendly' among the effects created by connection of persuader and persuasion message.
Design of West Seoul Lake Park in Reusing the Sin-Wol Filtration Plant
Choi, Shin-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 24~30
The Sin-Wol filtration plant was an urban infrastructure and off-limits to the public. It is recreated as a representative experiential theme park in the southwest area. It has not only provided places to relax, but has made a new model of urban park by reusing advantages. The current lack of easy access into the park area almost isolates it like a green island. The neighborhood surrounding the park does not have many physical connections to the park to be able to use it. By connecting the surrounding communities with numerous access points into the park and linking the hiking trails and bike paths, the city's need for open space and recreation would be far better satisfied than before. This would allow for the use of the valuable assets of the existing forest and open space.
Improving on Planting in Small Scale Development - The Case of Seoul -
Cho, Yong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 31~41
Under the Korea Building Act, anyone planning to build a building or buildings on a site over
must plant plants over a specific area. In large scale development this rule is adhered to well, but such is not the case in small scale development. Therefore, special attention must be given to small scale development. Thus, the purpose of this research is to analyze the current situation and practice of planting at small scale development sites in Seoul, and then suggest policies for improving them. In this study using the data covering Seongbuk-Gu and Gangnam-Gu, which was surveyed in 2002, the current situation and practice of planting at small scale development sites was analyzed. After a questionnaire survey was conducted with government officers and building owners, the same analysis was made. Then the policies for improvement were extracted. The results are as follows: 1. In superordinate planning stage, because the minimum standards are too low, those must be strengthened. Any district plan does not control planting in private building lots. This requests active application of planting in private building lots as a design control measure in district planning. 2. In the building design stage, there are no guidelines. The obligation of building set-back between adjacent buildings by the Korean Building Act produces mass shaded and inferior planting beds. The act also is blocking landscape architects' participation in small scale development. And wall installations deteriorate the streetscape and growth of plants with shading. Therefore guidelines must be made. 3. In each stage of the building permit, the permit for building completion, and maintenance the Korean Building Act is blocking landscape architects' participation in small scale development, so the planting plan is completely handled by nonprofessional persons. Therefore, the act should be amended in order to make way for landscape architects' participation in each stage of the small scale development process.
Study on Measuring the Value of Recreational Forests Using Contingent Valuation Method
Kang, Kee-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 42~52
Recreational forests are catching on as places for personal development through recreation, association with people, education about nature, mind relaxation and spiritual peace. However, the value and significance of recreational forests with various functions are easily overlooked. Whoever pays fees for admission to facilities are able to enjoy fresh air, a comfortable environment, and space for rest. It should be taken into consideration whether the fee which customers pay is appropriate for the value of nature they are enjoying. This study is involved in giving the right recognition to the value of recreation and environment by estimating economically the value of the environment in which visitors stay, and presenting the appropriate price. The most efficient way to achieve this goal is through an economic approach, which suggests following established research skills and yielding suitable and accurate amounts of money. The environmental value of a recreational forests is estimated through contingent valuation method(CVM), which is chosen among several methods to estimate public facilities because the value of recreational forests has strong characteristics as public facilities which are not traded in the market. The annual recreation value per person of surveyed recreational forests is Willingness To Pay(WTP) with a mean between about 16,000 won and 25,400 won. The recreation value of one recreational forest surveyed is annually between approximately 1.7 billions won and 2.7 billions won. The annual recreation value of 85 national and public recreational forests is presumed to be between about 140 billions won and 230 billions won. The presumed amount of money is the environment in which visitors can enjoy whenever they invest some money and time. Indeed, it is more than that; it provides visitors with a greater sense of satisfaction and the recognition of the preciousness of nature and the environment.
An Exploratory Study on Urban Parks and Green Space System in Terms of the Open Space Network - Focused on the City of Daejeon -
Lee, Shi-Young ; Lim, Byong-Ho ; Shim, Joon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 53~63
This study aims at presenting a plan to build an open space network system in the city of Daejeon, assuming that parks and the green space system as a broad concept are to make a network by connecting open spaces such as parks, green spaces, squares, pedestrian roads, historical spots, etc. In the case of old downtown in Daejeon, this study examined the possibility of applying an open space network in the city of Daejeon and categorize them according to the findings from examining the case area, which enables to make a plan for building an open space network system in Daejeon. As a result, public offices and business buildings as an active open space have public open spaces in front of buildings and these front public open spaces are connected to pedestrian roads(gray open space). Since these pedestrian roads are consequently connected to large parks and rivers(green or blue open space), this overall spatial sequence can form an open space system. In addition, parks and green spaces, which have been fundamental elements so far, exist in relatively small and scattered areas at the center of the city. Hence, more parks and green space are needed to improve a park and green space system. However, it is very difficult to create new parks and green spaces in downtown, especially in old downtown areas. Therefore making an open space network system which spreads out over the whole city will form a healthy open space network in the downtown area.
Characteristics of Plastic Concept of Minimalism in Comtemporary Landscape Design
Ahn, Seung-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 64~77
In landscape architecture, the pursuit of pluralism requires diverse expression based on cultural and philosophical differences. Landscape architects impart social purposes and spatial relationships to the contemporary generation by providing particular environments that reflect the culture of the day. Particularly, landscape architects reflect contemporary art in their design works and express the characteristics of the arts of the day in real spaces. Historically they have sought motives from all fields of art. The plastic concept in landscape design is based specifically on paintings that directly influence spatial composition. Minimalism in landscape architecture contributes to the formation of artistic characteristics that can be explained to improve artistry in landscapes as aesthetic objects, which were eliminated in the modernist era, and to realize contemporary art. By interpretively studying design works, therefore, this study reveals plastic concepts' influence on landscape design affected by minimalist art. The characteristics of plastic concepts in minimalist landscape design can be summarized as follows. First, the reduction of Minimalist Landscape is meant for viewers to immediately understand a work's identity and to easily perceive its intention by using design language implied by the pure geometric forms such as circles, triangles and squares. Second, the extension intends to seek internal order by connecting design elements mutually and externally to provide visual direction by adopting linear expression. Third, the flatness that defines meaningless space tends to overlay additional elements on a flattened site to induce the perception of a sequence of landscapes and to patternize pavement to improve its visual image. Finally, seriality has two characteristics: to make centrality in space and to compose by repeating formative elements and materials based on the pursuit of a site's totality, rather than an individual space's originality.
Research on Benefit and Disadvantages of Concrete and Asphalt for Golf Course Cart Path Construction
Kim, Dong-Chan ; Kim, Shin-Won ; Ha, Jong-Du ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 78~89
Overall 25~30 new golf courses are opening in Korea these days, and total annual rounds have been also increasing by 10~15% every year. The Korean golf industry is being recognized as the largest growing golf industry in the world. However, it is easily defined that there are many problems of golf course development and construction methods such as construction fees. The average construction cost for golf course development and golf course maintenance fees in Korea are much more than the cost in the USA and other countries. It may be due to the fact that USA golf course development is managed by a highly developed construction method and well trained specialists. This study will be concentrated on one of the major differences, which is about cart path material; this causes a big difference of construction and maintenance fees. In order to overcome this study, concrete and asphalt will be specified as the main cart path material. Also, some case studies and construction regulations of golf course development in the USA will be introduced for a better understanding of this study.
A Selection of Korean Native Sedum spp. for Evergreen Ground Covers of the Central Districts of Korea
Lee, Sun-A ; Ha, Yoo-Mi ; Han, In-Song ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 90~97
Sedum takesimenses among the Korean Native Genus Sedum was selected as evergreen ground covers during winter in the central districts of Korea. In order to obtain basic information for production as a pot flower with good quality, the effects of pinching frequencies on growth and flowering of S. takesimense were investigated. S. takesimense plant height became much shorter and numbers of lateral shoots were increased with increased pinching. Shoots of S. takesimense treated with 30% pinching during 2004 and 2005 showed greater length and less number of lateral shoots than those with 60% pinching. Leaves of S. takesimense treated with 70% shading showed a dark green color and had a longer shoot length and a lower number of shoots than cultivation under full sunlight. Therefore, Korean native S. takesimense will be utilized as ground cover treated with 70% shading or under a tree. Therefore, S. takesimense will be promising as ground cover materials in the central districts of Korea.
Economics and Ground Cover Growth Characteristics of a New Method of Shallow Soil Artificial Foundation Planting
Choi, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Hag-Kee ; Lee, Kyong-Jae ; Kang, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 37, issue 5, 2009, Pages 98~108
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of limited methods, economics and breeding appropriateness of native and imported ground cover plants in the methodology of a shallow soil rooftop garden. The new shallow soil rooftop gardening method uses a total of 13cm in soil thickness, including 4.5cm of top soil on a 7.5cm rock-wool-mat stacked onto a 1cm roll-type-draining plate. The total construction cost for each method of soil level within the design price standard for SEDUM BLOCK is 89,433won/
, and for DAKU is 92,550won/
. By comparing those two methods, the construction cost of the shallow soil artificial foundation methodology is 45,000won/
; this shows the new method is 50% less expensive than the existing method of shallow soil rooftop gardening. The experiment was executed on the rooftop of the Korean National Housing Corporation to ensure validity of the shallow soil artificial foundation planting, and the sample plants which were imported and grown now in native covering. A list investigating the growing plants was made of the cover rate in each plant class, both while alive and the dry plant weight. The native ground cover plants, Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum middendorffianum, Allium senescens, Sedum sarmentosum, Aquilegia buergariana, and Caryopteris incana increased the cover rate, live weight and dry weight in the shallow soil artificial foundation method. Among the imported cover plants, Sedum sprium and Sedum reflexum, the cover rate increased and growth conditions improved. However, some species needed weed maintenance. After examination with the less expensive shallow soil artificial foundation method and growth analysis, it was found that rooftop gardens are a low-cost option and the growth of plants is great. This result shows the new method can contribute to the proliferation of rooftop gardens in urban settings.