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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 39, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Strategic Management of the Policy for Seoul City's Hangang Renaissance
Cho, Se-Hwan ; Jeong, Gwang-Seop ; Kim, Sang-Won ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.001
This study was performed for the purpose of reviewing the strategic management direction and ideas of the policy for Seoul City's Hangang Renaissance. In order to accomplish this, levels were established for each step of the policy and the policy priority by level was derived. The policy priority by level was analyzed by a decision making model through the Analytic Network Process(ANP) and the priority would be the standard to judge the order of priority. The analysis results showed that there was not a big difference between the priorities of two basic concepts: restoration and creation. The fourth level, detail plan of the third level, showed priority that development by type for waterside city in case of reorganizing city space and diversification of land utilization, utilization of riverside space in water front town for public and composit purpose, establishment of comprehensive plan on constructions in case of improving the landscape of Hangang and unified design plan rose to important element in case of forming Hangang park with the me. Based on the results of priority analysis, we would like to propose for the direction about the policy on Hangang Renaissance project, the policies forming Hangang Park with theme through unified design plan and reorganizing city space have to be proceed preferentially and connected with other plans.
Analyzing Mutual Relationships Between Nectar Plants and Butterflies for Landscape Design - Focusing on World Cup Park, Seoul -
Kim, Ji-Seok ; Kang, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.011
In this paper, in order to select specialist butterfly species that inhabit Haneul and Noeul Parks, previously landfill areas, we verified the reciprocal relationships between nectar plants and butterflies. While we will design the butterfly habitats, this paper will provide the foundation data for selecting the plants. The completed survey indicated that there were a total of 5 families, 23 species and 1,129 individuals. Butterflies of the main action were feeding on nectar, and such behavior was 36% of the total actions. Therefore, these parks play an important role in butterflies feeding on nectar. The correlation between butterflies and the nectar plants' color was not significant; Therefore, it is not necessary to consider flower color when choosing plants to attract the butterflies. In addition, butterflies prefer naturalized plants for feeding on nectar. Thus, when creating butterfly habitats, there is no use in attracting the butterflies by classifying the naturalized plants and native plants. However, if some areas that are need to plant native plants such as Inkigofera pseudo-tinctoria, Lespedeza bicolor, Aster koraiensis make use it, there could be taken an advantage to attract the butterflies. According to the algebraic curve model of curve estimation regression analysis, we were able to classify the generalist species and specialist species by regression analysis. As a result, Colias erate, Artogeia rapae and Parnara guttata were classified as generalist species, where as Rapala caerulea, Pieris melete, Zizera maha and Celastrina argiolus were classified as specialist species. Rapala caerulea prefers hills and forest for its habitat; therefore, it is clearly distinct from Pieris melete, Zizera maha and Celastrina argiolus which prefer grassland for habitats. These results show that Rapala caerulea is high conservation value in a landfill area where is developing ecological succession from grasslands to wood lands. In conclusion, these research are able to contribute to select the target species and suitable species that consider a singularity between butterflies and nectar plants, when we are creating the butterfly habitats, moreover these research will contribute to maintain a stable habitats.
Spatial Environment Planning for Ecological Environment Conservation - Centering on an Area in the Gyeonggi Province -
Choi, Hee-Sun ; Park, Ju-hyeon ; Kim, Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 22~34
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.022
In recent years, there has been an active movement toward databasing, systematizing, and unifying environmental information. Such efforts facilitate the utilization of spatial environment planning in environment conservation officially planned at the metropolitan and provincial levels. This in turn clarifies the management direction of space, thereby serving as an effective tool with which to not only conserve land, but also provide a reasonable compromise to all the related solutions at odds with one another. As such, this study forwards a method for inclusion of spatial environment planning in environment conservation plans, paying particular attention to the place, with in such a planning method, of the natural ecosystem, arguably the most sensitive arena among environmental factors. Spatial environment planning can be broadly divided as follows: first, basic direction; second, collection of spatial information; third, compilation of status of spatial environment; and fourth, management strategy for spatial environment. In particular, the second phase, namely the collection of spatial information, delineates clearly spatial information hitherto amassed by government agencies at both the national and local levels; the ensuing lists facilitate maximum utilization of the previously accumulated data. Used during the planning phase, status maps should include not only the status of land use(land cover), but also systematic data on the superior resources of the natural ecosystem as well as the status of the given spatial environment. Establishing plans for ecological networks, their conservation, and restoration areas based on the aforementioned aspects, this study sought to formulate ways in which to spatialize environment conservation plans that encompass consideration for the natural ecosystem. Devised based previous studies and examples, the compilation of status and plans as stated, applied to Gyeonggi Province, afforded an examination of the potential applicability and usability of the proposed plans. Ultimately, these will contribute not only to the establishment of plans encompassing consideration for the value and level of significance of the given natural ecosystem in spatial development planning, but also provide fundamental data for investigating appropriateness of plans and validity of location in any regional development plan.
A Study on the Establishment and Application of Landscape Height Based on View and Topographical Features - Focusing on the Maximum Height Regulation District around Bukhan Mountain National Park -
Chang, In-Young ; Shin, Ji-Hoon ; Cho, Woo-Hyun ; Shin, Young-Sun ; Kim, Eon-Gyung ; Kwon, Yoon-Ku ; Im, Seung-Bin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.035
The landscape of Seoul was dynamically changed and developed with the rapid post-war economic growth. Seoul city designated a height regulation district to preserve and manage the city landscape and protect it from haphazard construction. The designation of a maximum height regulation district has obvious purpose and simple regulations which makes the implementation and management easy to apply yet the altitude restriction lacks an objective basis for its enforcement. Many studies have been done and the current uniform height regulation requires more objective and logical guidelines. This study selected the Bukhan Mountain area, a National Park designated to protect the environment, to present a new landscape height guideline to minimize environmental degradation and to harmonize the artificial and natural landscapes of the area. Document research was done to identify the regulation types(absolute height regulation, view line regulation, oblique line restriction regulation) and principles for height regulation district establishment, acknowledge the current status and issues of the Bukhan Mountain area's maximum height regulation district. Gangbuk-Gu was chosen as the site and survey was conducted on outstanding view points and view corridors of residents. From document research, an appropriate landscape height guideline was selected and applied to Gangbuk-Gu. According to the guideline, suitable heights for buildings were suggested. These were then applied to three-dimensional simulations and a final guideline was suggested.
A Study on Measuring the Environmental Value of Gyeongnam Arboretum Using the CVM
Kang, Kee-Rae ; Ha, Sung-Gyone ; Lee, Kee-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 46~55
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.046
The importance of forests and plants are appreciated by all of us, but it is often overlooked because we are surrounded by it. The arboretum is one of facilities which provide users with education on the environment, knowledge about plants, and recreation, playing a role as a nature school by exhibiting and collecting plants of various ecosystems. Anyone can enjoy fresh air, a pleasant environment, and knowledge about a wide variety of plants on the condition that they aactually visit it and pay the entrance fee. However, it has not been measured whether the expense which users pay to enjoy an arboretum is a true value of arboretums. The environment that arboretums offer is extra-market goods, or public goods. A variety of ideas and methods to measure the value of public goods have been researched among economists, statisticians, and mathematicians. The Contingent Valuation Method(CVM) is most widely used a s an assessment method on environment goods and adopted as an estimation method for compensation for restoration of the environment by the American Supreme Court. The purpose of this study is to suggest a current monetary value correspondingent to the value of arboretums by applying the CVM. The survey suggested that when an arboretum provides a high educational value and when the respondents have a higher income, it is more likely that they would be willing to pay for entrance into the arboretum. The quantified value in monetary terms for the environmental value of Gyeongnam Arboretum is WTP mean \15,648; WTP median \13,648; and WTP truncated \15,449 per visitor. In annual terms, the amounts are calculated at WTP mean \8,408,265,024; WTP median \7,333,589,024; and WTP truncated \8,301,334,762. These quantified amounts can be thought to represent the value of conservation of arboretums and awaken users to the precious value of nature. Also, they are helpful to let the general public have proper knowledge about and recognize the value of arboretums and forests.
A Change in Tourism Environmental Attitudes through Ecotourism Activities - Focusing on Ecotourism Participants in Upo Wetlands -
Kim, Jin ; Ko, Dong-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 56~64
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.056
Ecotourism is an alternative tourism which can be defined as responsible tourism in natural areas. This study deals with changing the tourists' environmental attitudes of ecotourism activities based on the elaboration likelihood model(ELM). The surveys were conducted based on the same participants to clearly measure the differences of environmental attitudes between pre and post-participation ecotourism activities. A total of 183 samples were collected in Upo Wetlands. The results showed that there were significant differences in the tourists' environmental attitudes between pre and post-participation ecotourism activities. This indicates that ecotourism participants delicately reinforce their eco-friendly attitudes through various ecotourism experiences and educational programs. The most significant finding is that anti-environmental behavior can be relieved with eco-friendliness through participation in ecotourism.
A Dynamic Analyses on the Influences of the Governance Decisions for Cheong-ju Won-heungi Eco-Park
Kwon, Jeong-Ju ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Hwang, Hee-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 65~74
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.065
To establish governance, which is rising as the new urban management system, it is significant to prepare Good-Local governance model that is proper to regional conditions and characteristics. This study analyzes changes in influence of governance participants appeared during the process in ecological park in Chungju Won-heung, using new methodology comparing ideal form and real condition regarding the influence of decision making, which is the key factor of governance. The result of this study showed that influence in participation of governance decision making improved gradually and this developed as Good-Local governance decision making by developing consultation regarding the new regional issue when it comes to operation and management. For further study, general model needs to be established through applying and analyzing suggested analysis method to various governance cases to evaluate the level of influence, which is the key component.
A Study on the Post Occupancy Evaluation of Xi'an Castle Park in China
Kim, Dong-Chan ; Ma, Yuan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.075
This research aims to grasp the use status and satisfaction level based on citizen consciousness to improve future design. This study employs a combination literature review and field survey. In the literature review, the related materials were collected to obtain the most useful information for references, and the POE study of the Xi'an Ming City Wall Park was conducted. The survey instrument is a questionnaire that includes questions regarding Xi'an Ming City Wall Park. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences(SPSS17.0 for Windows). Through the POE analysis of the usage status and variables which significantly affect the users' degree of satisfaction with the spaces and facilities were investigated and the following problems have been found.Xi'an Ming City Wall Park requires extensive modification to meet the demands of citizens. Several shortcomings are hampering the development of the park. The rest space and the nightscape seem to be the two most problematic aspects in the park. The nightscape design should be particularly emphasized in the overall park design in the future. The results also show that the major population visiting the park is the elderly, so the characteristics of this age should be taken into consideration when improvement decisions are made, and the facilities and activities suitable to elderly people should also be increased.
Current Statues of Outdoor Exercise Equipment and Improvement Research - Focused on the Neighborhood Park of Dongtan New Town -
Kim, Do-Kyong ; Kim, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 84~95
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.084
The purpose of this study is to increase the usage of satisfaction of outdoor exercise equipment installed at parks when plans and designs are made for renovation or formation of parks. In order to do so, the study surveyed and analyzed the usage satisfaction of 150 men and women who use outdoor exercise equipment in neighborhood parks located in Dongtan New Town. There were four factors that affect the variables of usage satisfaction. They can be defined as the main facility factor, awning factor, maintenance factor, and additional facility factor. From the result regression analysis of the total satisfaction rate and the factors, the main facility factor was the most influential of the variables. This could indicate that the facility factor affects the satisfactory rate of outdoor exercise equipment. This research is done only with the examples of neighborhood parks, so it limits the possibility of analysis of seasonal use. It is necessary to conduct analysis research of parks which installed many outdoor exercise equipment, such as a vest-pocket park, children's garden, and pedestrian/urban/metropolitan neighborhood parks.
A Study on Managing the Landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden
Chung, Yun-Young ; Sung, Jong-Sang ; Pae, Jeong-Hann ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 96~105
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.096
This study analyzed literary works and references related to Dok-Rak-Dang(獨樂堂) and the attributes of managing the landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden based on the assumption of position and the spatial structure revealed in the site. Hoe-Jae Lee Eon-Jeok(1491-1553), a distinguished scholar of Neo-Confusionism, built Dok-Rak-Dang and managed the surrounding areas during his retirement years. He called the mountains, stream, and rock along and near the Ja-Ge Stream Four Mountains and Five Platforms(四山五臺). Before he named these, they were not considered special. The Four Mountains which are Do-Duk in north, Mu-Hak in south, Hwa-Gae in east, and Ja-Ok in west enclose Dok-Rak-Dang and the surrounding areas. The Five Platforms, Se-Sim, Gwan-Eo, Yeong-Gue, Jing-Sim, and Tak-Yeong, in order from downstream, are places with beautiful scenery in Ja-Ge Stream. The attributes of managing the landscape in Dok-Rak-Dang Garden are the following: One is the spatial integration of what is natural and artificial as the attitude of aesthetic experience in accord with nature. Another is flexible territorialization as the way of organizing spaces in nature from the experiential aspect. The other is place making of personalized nature through a series of processes such as observing, choosing, and naming landscapes in nature. Four Mountains and Five Platforms function as landscape bases and elements to appreciate nature aesthetically. Those attributes are different from the attitude of constructing spaces. Rather, they originate from the traditional view on the appreciation of nature. Above all, place-making in nature was acquired from designed spatial structure and experiential aesthetic appreciation in the space through observing, choosing, and naming landscapes in nature reflecting creator's own ideological and aesthetic thoughts, and it might be explained as one of practical ways of Korean traditional gardening.
Earmarking the Areas in Which Wildlife Exist as "Ecologically Connected Areas Requiring Preferential Preservation"
SaGong, Jung-Hee ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ; Chung, Ok-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 106~116
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.106
The purpose of this study was to find ecologically stable areas involving the locations in which wildlife exist, and to earmark those places as "ecologically connected areas requiring preferential preservation," and through that, to reduce the perils that may occur due to urban development or road construction. The processes and the results of this study were as follows: 1. Selecting the spots in which wildlife may exist: The total study areas were analyzed by eight ecological indexes and then a total of 500 locations in study areas were selected. 2. Sorting the locations in which mammals exist: We surveyed each one of the 500 locations twice, and then confirmed that we found mammals at 492 of the 500 locations and analyzed 264 locations that the number of existing mammals was above average. 3. Analyzing the 264 locations with two indexes, the number and the frequency of the land use types: 5~7 types of land use were suitable. The types were forest, rice field, farm, river, and meadow, excluding building and road. 4. Selecting the locations that meet the above conditions: We sorted 89 locations and earmarked these points as "ecologically connected areas requiring preferential preservation" in order to expect continued existence of wildlife.
Change in Growth of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum as Effected by Different Green Roof System under Rainfed Conditions
Ju, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Yoon, Yong-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 1, 2011, Pages 117~123
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.1.117
This study aims to suggest a suitable soil thickness and soil mixture ratio of a green roof system by verifying the growth of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum as affected by different green roof systems using rainwater. The experimental planting grounds were made with different soil thicknesses(15cm, 25cm) and soil mixing ratios (SL,
) and with excellent drought tolerance. Ornamental value Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum was planted. The change in plant height, green coverage ratio, chlorophyll content, fresh weight, dry weight, and dry T/R ratio of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum were investigated from April to October 2009. For 15cm soil thickness, the plant height of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum was not significantly different as affected by the soil mixing ratio. However, it was found to be higher in the amended soil mixture,
than in the sandy loam soil, as it was SL overall. For 25cm soil the plant height differences were in order to SL <
. The green coverage ratio was observed not to be different by soil mixing ratio with soil thickness of 15cm, but, the lowest green coverage ratio in the SL. In the 25cm soil thickness, the green coverage ratio was 86-89% with a good coverage rate overall. The change in chlorophyll contents with 15cm soil thickness was found to be the highest in the SL treatment and the lowest in the
treatment. For 25cm thickness, the highest value was in the
and SL, and the lowest in the
. Fresh weight and dry weight were larger in soil with 25cm thickness. Therefore, the growth of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. coreanum as affected by a different green roof system for using rainwater was higher in soil with 25cm thickness than 15cm, and in PPL amended soil than in sandy loam.