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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 39, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on Effective Plans for Increasing Urban Parks through an Analysis of Areas with Park Shortages - Gangneung -
Lee, Jae-Young ; Kim, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.001
The purpose of this study is to propose plans to increase the number of urban parks as a way to help absorb carbon in order to implement the low carbon green city goals of Gangneung. As a study method, park incentive areas and current park areas were set as parameters and the areas of lacking in park space were categorized according to each indicator. The degree of park shortage was classified by overlapping the park shortage areas. Once the areas needing parks were assessed according to priority, target sites were selected on sites where construction would be actually possible. First, results of analysis showed that Songjeong-Dong and Seongdeok-Dong to the east of the target site lacking park space due to old residences and high population density or industrial use areas, were the most severe in the degree of park shortage. It was also shown that areas with high population density and park shortages included the Ponam-Dong, Okcheon-Dong and Hongje-Dong areas. Accordingly, the east side of the target areas and Hongje-Dong were both considered as high-priority areas needing to increase park space and actual possible target sites were selected for the creation of new, small parks in industrial areas by creating parks in school yards, in facility relocation sites and legal reviews. In addition, analysis indicators of park shortages were re-evaluated according to the securing of the park and it was shown that the problems in park shortages were resolved with the proper positioning of parks. In addition, satisfaction in the area of park per person,
was at a higher than a certain level in all areas except Songjeong-Dong, demonstrating that the park areas were evenly distributed. Areas of park shortage were shown in part of Songjeong-Dong and Seongdeok-Dong. This could be resolved by using alternative park resources such as the adjacent Gyeongpo Provincial Park, the beach and Namdaecheon.
Participatory Design Process for the Utilization of the Military Relocation Site - The Case of the Idea Competition for the Fukaya Communication Site in Yokohama -
Park, Ji-Hyun ; Son, Yong-Hoon ; Tsuge, Kiharu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 10~25
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.010
Since 1950, the city of Yokohama has been demanding the return of US. military base sites in Yokohama. Yokohama has established a systematic utilization plan for these relocation sites. The Fukaya communication site is one of former US. military bases verified for return in 2004. The Fukaya communication site is distinctively circular in shape and is entirely national land. Yokohama took an idea competition to its citizens to create a new park at the relocation of the Fukaya communication site, involving lots of citizen opinion in its utilization goals. This study determined the process of the idea competition at the Fukaya communication site in encouraging civic participation and analyzing citizen demands for the utilization of the relocation site. Through the idea competition, Yokohama city was able to obtain several ideas on the new park from various angles such as the function and shape of the urban open spaces. Citizens showed great interest in creating a park as green infrastructure on the Fukaya communication site. In addition, beyond utilization as an urban open space, many ideas suggested new lifestyles for the region in connection with the natural environment in the vicinity. Yokohama city tried to share the process and results of the idea competition with as many citizens as it could through a variety of means such as Participation, Judging, Support, Observation and Understanding. The case study on the idea competition at the Fukaya communication site is a good example of community design practice in public projects, and is full of suggestions for military bases in Korea, which has just established the plan of utilizing relocation sites as parks. Based on this case study, it can be concluded that it is important to make a systemic form for utilization planning with a clear process, open information and partnership in a variety of participatory design processes in order to ensure maximum civic utilization of relocation sites.
A Study on Commemoration Culture of Vietnam War Memorials in Vietnam
Lee, Sang-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 26~38
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.026
The purpose of this study was to analyze the commemoration culture of Vietnam War Memorials (VWM) in Vietnam. Through site survey, the researcher selected 23 VWM in Vietnam and analyzed 5 categories: memorial type, design concept and narratives, location and spatial form, landscape elements, and content expressed in landscape details. The results are as follows: 1. Because of the long, drawn out Vietnam War, which lasted from 1955 to 1975, VWM were divided into 10 types mainly as soldier cemeteries based on a traditional memorial style, battlefields and places of tragedies considering sense of place, war museums representing victory and atrocity in war, and peace parks promoting reconciliation and peacemaking. 2. The analysis revealed that the main concepts and narratives of VWM were to value the victims of the Vietnam War, remember soldiers` contributions, highlight the victory in war and resistance to the United States, and express a sense of place. Peacemaking applied only to My Lai Peace Park and Han-Viet Hoa Binh Cong Vien, built by international cooperation. 3. Cemeteries and appreciation memorials were designed to follow a traditional memorial space form that highly regard both axis and symmetry. The design concept at battlefields and places where tragedies occurred depended mainly upon a sense of place and used symbolic landscape elements to compensate for the undefined concept. 4. Sculptures and towers were mainly used to highlight war victory and resistance as the representative style of a Socialist country, weapons and pictures exhibited in war museums and battlefield showed the reality and strain of war. Symbolic elements of Buddhism and Confucianism were often introduced as a way to venerate the memory of deceased persons. 5. The state and heroic actions in the Vietnam War were realistically depicted on sculptures and walls. Also, the symbolic phrase, `TO-QUOC-GUI-CONG` meaning `our country remember your achievement`, were written on the memorial tower and `Quagmiire` was used to metaphorically represent the difficulties faced by the U.S. military on battlefields during the war and the uncertainly that pervaded U.S. society in those days. 6. In VWM, ideologies like nationalism, patriotism, socialism, capitalism were mixed and traditional cultures like Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism were inherent. Differing from their Confucianism culture, war heroes, particularly including women, were often described by sculpture, monument, and pictures and the conflict in and outside the country regarding the Vietnam War was shown. Further study will be required to analyze design characteristics of VWM in the u.s. and to understand the difference in commemoration cultures between Vietnam and the U.S.
Establishment and Application of Landscape Control Point Selection Method for Landscape Assessment of Urban Development Projects
Jang, Cheol-Kyu ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 39~50
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.039
This study furnishes basis data for plan foundation and proper valuation of view by presenting objective and concrete selection standards and ways of Landscape Control Point(LCP) on valuation of development projects. To sum up the results of study, it establishes the prospect, publicity and direction of view as a selection standard LCP on precedent studies. The prospect, which includes visual range, direction of view, geographical features, and visibility, sets up as a valuation basis picking out the available places which have alterations according to direction and distance in practice. In the case of publicity, to select the place as there presentative area where public activities often happen than others, thirteen evaluation indexes including administration facilities, educational facilities, commercial facilities and so on. And variation of landscape is set up as an assessment index to know how much the land has changed from the beginning to the end of development. To apply the selection standards to sample places, the preliminary LCP is founded by analyzing both the prospect and published; a series of courses for selecting the final LCP is founded by analyzing the preliminary LCP and variableness of landscape on a basic of placed which have many alterations of view. At last, in the case of a selection system for LCP, the preliminary LCP is founded by analyzing both the prospect and publicity; a series of courses for selecting the final LCP is found by analyzing the preliminary LCP and variableness of landscape. Applying selection standards and the assessment index to the Sam-deok 3 residence improvement area, in the case of prospect, the southern distant view area has the largest extent. Next, the results of the assessment using the system of publicity show that a five-lane road is taking up the largest area. Hence, a total of 48 preliminary LCPs are set up by analyzing both the prospect and publicity. The results of analyzing landscape variation, one of the valuation indexes, show that Sam-deok dong around the post office has the highest rate of variation at 28.07%. Finally, three LCPs in each part, which are close range, middle range and distance view, are selected; thus, a total of nine LCPs are selected. The selected LCPs that go through a series of practical courses like a GIS program have a lot of professional opinions and are expected to secure objectivity of landscape assessment.
Evaluation of Seasonal Landscape Images and Preference of Streetscapes - Focusing on Street of Prunus Species -
Shin, Jae-Yun ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Woo-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 51~63
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.051
The purpose of this study is to create a landscape image that considers the selection of techniques that can enhance landscape reproduction in streetscape evaluation using 3 dimensional simulations and to evaluate ways to verify similarities and the psychological changes on the part of users by season. In the comparison of technique, the Low(apply normal map) technique was selected for the natural representation of trees in a near and middle view and the Plane technique was selected for the distant view. As the result of the verification, all indicators of physical similarity were evaluated over 4.50 points and most indicators of psychological similarity were found to have no difference except for indicators of `disordered orderly` and `dirty - clean`. According to the results of analyzing the landscape simulation by season, images of `bright`, `beautiful`, and `static`, etc., were evaluated high for the spring streetscape. The images of `open`, `refresh`, and `animate` appeared high in summer and images of `warm` and `dark` were found to be high in fall. On the other hand, all images were evaluated as low except for the `orderly` image. In the preference of streetscape by season, summer and spring were highly preferred at 5.01 and 4.98 with winter as the lowest at 3.48. As the results of the analysis of preference factor, the spring streetscape was found to be a major influence in preference by 0.540 in `aesthetics`. In the case of summer, `order` was found to be high at 0.417 while influences in preference included `variety` and `aesthetics` in fall and `variety`, `aesthetics`, and `order` in winter. A determination of suitable spatial planning using a comparative analysis of various city streets will be enabled through the methods of this study.
The Landscape of Seonyoo-do Park Captured in One-Person Media Focusing on Blogs
Bark, Sun-Hee ; Kim, Yun-Geum ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 64~73
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.064
This study starts from the hypothesis that the information society has affected the layman`s interpretation and production of content. Specifically, the manner and contents of communication concerning the landscape of Soonyoo-do Park in blogs are surveyed and the possibilities and limitations of this phenomenon are discussed. The following topics are dealt with. Firstly, what is the landscape of Seonyoodo Park as captured by bloggers? What type of landscape do bloggers respond to? Secondly, what is the unique way that bloggers capture and interpret the landscape? Thirdly, What are the possibilities and limitations discovered from the landscape as captured and interpreted by bloggers? Thus, 1,000 blog posts concerning Soonyoo-do Park, as culled from the Internet, were categorized into three areas, First are blog posts browsed by keywords such as `photo`, `a photographer`s visit`, `a good p1ace for taking photos`, and `landscape`. These are focused on the visual aspects of the landscape. The second category is posts under the keywords `domestic travel`, `Seoul travel`, `travel`, and `recommendation`. They contain introductory information on Seonyoodo Park; that is, they focus cm the more utilitarian functions of Seonyoodo Park as a place. The third one is posts that record personal experiences. The subjects for photography are the bloggers themselves and their companions. As a result of studying the way bloggers deal with landscape, it was found that first, people have developed the ability to capture the landscape and interpret the landscape actively and independently. This process can be regarded as the reproduction of landscape and place. In addition, the recording of their appreciation and feeling overlaps with evaluation and assumption. One negative aspect, however, is that many bloggers dramatize and repeat similar scenes. This can be seen as a make-up of image. The limitations of this study include difficulty in interpretation because blogs, which are the objects of this study, are very subjective and personal. In addition, it was not easy to categorize posts because there were diverse images and a broad range of writing. Nevertheless, practitioners of landscape architecture should continue to monitor and use one-person media like blogs, because the relationship between modern man and the landscape can be better understood through them.
Analysis of Social Networks in the Management Organization of Seoul Forest Park
Choi, Sun-Ju ; Hwang, Won-Sil ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; Park, Chang-Sug ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 74~82
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.074
This study was intended to devise means to encourage participation for organizations taking part in "resident participation parks.", "Resident participation" has become increasingly recognized as an effective means of park management in Korea. To this end, this study analyzed the current status of social networks for civic organizations participating in park management with respect to their degree of participation, credibility and trust, and exchange of information. Among resident participation parks, "Seoul Forest Park" has been widely recognized as a model example; accordingly this study designated Seoul Forest Park as its primary research focus. Thirty core members of resident participation organizations were selected as test subjects. Members of the resident participation organizations under review came from various backgrounds, including government administrative organizations, citizens` groups, residents` groups, and private businesses. Surveys were used to provide data on credibility and trust between organizations, levels of participation, and exchange of information, as well as statistics on demographic affiliation. Results were examined through UCINET, a program designed to analyze social networks. Survey results indicated that 1) The "Seoul Forest Park Conservancy" and the "Seoul Forest Park Management Office" constituted a hub within their social networks that maintained significantly more relationships than other organizations with regard to levels of credibility and trust, participation, and exchange of information; 2) Social networks for organizations wishing to work together, or desiring active participation in the future tended to center on citizens` organizations in the environmental and arts fields; and 3) Women`s associations and meetings of neighborhood("tong") leaders had very little significance as a center in the social networks of local residents groups, and indeed very few connections amongst themselves. The results of this research can be applied in the devising of proposals for encouraging participation in resident participation parks in consideration of the social networks between organizations engaging in park management activities for a diverse array of urban parks and other areas.
A Study of Urban Park Development and Management through Public-Private Partnership
Kim, Yong-Gook ; Han, So-Young ; Zoh, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 83~97
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.083
The purpose of this study is to perform a gap analysis between public-private partnership urban parks of Korea currently in their initial stage and various foreign cases that have been established in terms of planning(formation of public-private partnership
creation of parks
operation and management of parks) and to propose improvements for each process of planning. As a result of the gap analysis on domestic and foreign public-private partnership urban parks, the future course to be followed by urban Korean parks can be summarized as follows. First, if the public-private urban parks that exist at present were led by a single or small number of partners centered on local government entities, urban parks from that point on must be created and managed based on efficient multi-sector partnerships. Since urban parks are public spaces where public benefit is more important than profit, diverse voices of public-private sectors must be reflected with a long-term perspective. Second, urban parks are not a place to be completed but a public space which continues to develop. Therefore, they must be approached with a focus on the process instead of the result. The existing concept of domestic public-private partnership is inclined to creation of urban parks. This suggests than the government had been focusing only on quantitative increase in urban parks. In order to create values as a public space for local communities, public-private partnership is also required in operation and management of urban parks. Third, public-private partnership management of urban parks can become more effective through active community participation. Participation by local communities takes long time because transition in the consciousness about values of urban parks must be presumed. Thus in Korea, non-profit organization like Seoul Green Trust should accumulate successful creation and management of small and large urban parks through public-private partnership will settle in our nation.
A Study on the Problem Analysis of Designation and Management of the Zone of Urban Nature Park
Lee, Jeoung-Suk ; Cho, Se-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 98~106
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.098
This study was performed with the purpose of providing basic data for the improvement of zoning regulations of urban nature park by analyzing the present problem which occurred during last 6 years from the year of 2005 when the program was introduced for the first time. The study was processed first by the analysis of the cases of problems evoked by citizens, second the other problems was delineated by interviews of officials, at last the validity of all of the problems was verified by a group of professionals through delphi method. The results can be summarized as follows. 1. In relation to the designation and management of urban national park areas, designation criteria, designation process, maintenance, laws and regulations and 20 other items were found to be problematic. After Delphi method, 5 items were removed and 2 added. The results showed that there were 17 problematic items in total. 2. Regarding the problem of criteria for designation, which are, lack of priority(weights), lack of objectivity due to the difficulty to use quantitative evaluation method, incompatibility for contaminated land environmental impact assessment, incompatibility of land suitability assessment, lack of detailed field survey standards, lack of national park area standards, and 6 other items. 3. Regarding the problem of designation process, which are, the occurrence of civil appeals for designating a new national park, the needs of feasibility study on the urban national park areas constructed before urban national park guidelines came out, lack of a comprehensive review of the boundaries set when determining national park area management plan, poor temporal and financial conditions for an accurate field survey, and 4 other items. 4. Regarding the problem of maintenance management, which are, lack of management system in each space, lack of effectiveness of Urban Nature Park Area Management Plan among master plans for park and green areas, the occurrence of dual managers due to dual natures such as purpose area and city park, lack of professional manpower to manage park areas, and 4 other items. 5. Regarding the problems of regulation guidelines, which are, lack of separate urban park area management plan, incompatibility of the permitted facilities in the park to the park area standards, lack of feasibility study on urban park areas, and 3 other items.
The Effect of Urban Road Vegetation on a Decrease of Road Surface Temperature
Cha, Hye-Jin ; Lim, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 3, 2011, Pages 107~116
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.3.107
One of the major factors which increase urban temperature is roads. This paper is aimed to investigate the effect of urban roadside vegetation on the road surface temperature. For this, surface temperature was measured at 18 spots using the thermal imaging camera in terms of road components including use of roadside land use, roadway, sidewalk, roadside vegetation and vegetation median barrier. The size of the roadside vegetation and related urban road characteristics were also measured. In terms of the effect of roadside vegetation on a decrease in road surface temperature, the roadside land use as a green area or open space was the highest, followed by the size of vegetation median barrier and the size of roadside vegetation. Besides road surroundings, an increase in the green zone such as roadside vegetation and median strip vegetation has a significant impact on lowering road surface temperature. Therefore, a good solution for reducing urban heat island effects would be to increase the area of roadside vegetation and green areas along roads.