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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 39, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of the Specialist's Preference for the Model of Park-Based Mixed-Use Districts in Securing Urban Parks and Green Spaces Via Private Development
Lee, Jeung-Eun ; Cho, Se-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.001
The research was aimed to verify the feasibility of the model of Park-Based Mixed-Use Districts(PBMUD) around urban large park to secure private-based urban parks through the revision of the urban zoning system. The PBMUD is a type of urban zoning district in which park-oriented land use is mixed with the urban land uses of residents, advertising, business, culture, education and research. The PBMUD, delineated from and based on a new paradigm of landscape urbanism, is a new urban strategy to secure urban parks and to cultivate urban regeneration around parks and green spaces to enhance the quality of the urban landscape and to ameliorate urban environmental disasters like climate change. This study performed a questionnaire survey and analysis after a review of literature related to PBMUD. The study looked for specialists in the fields of urban planning and landscape architecture such as officials, researchers and engineers to respond to the questionnaire, which asked about degree of preference. The conclusions of this study were as follows. Firstly, specialists prefer the PBMUD at 79.3% for to 20.7% against ratio, indicating the feasibility of the model of PBMUD. The second, the most preferable reasons for the model, were the possibility of securing park space around urban parks and green spaces that assures access to park and communication with each area. The third, the main reason for non-preference for the model, was a lack of understanding of PBMUD added to the problems of unprofitable laws and regulations related to urban planning and development. These proposed a revision of the related laws and regulations such as the laws for planning and use of national land, laws for architecture etc. The fourth, the most preferred type of PBMUD, was cultural use mixed with park use in every kind of mix of land use. The degree of preference was lower in the order of use of commercial, residential, business, and education(research) when mixed with park use. The number of mixed-use amenities with in the park was found to be an indicator determining preference. The greater the number, the lower was preference frequencies, especially when related to research and business use. The fifth, the preference frequencies of the more than 70% among the respondents to the mixed-use ratio between park use and the others, was in a ratio of 60% park use and 40% other urban use. These research results will help to launch new future research subjects on the revision of zoning regulations in the laws for the planning and uses of national land and architectural law as well as criteria and indicators of subdivision planning as related to a PBMUD model.
Amenity Improvement Directions for Eup and Myun in Jinan County through a Rural Amenity Resources Analysis
Park, Jae-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 12~20
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.012
The purpose of this study is to find directions for the improvement of amenities for Jinan according to Eup and Myun through an analysis of survey data on rural amenity resources. This survey was performed over a period of 4 years(from 2005 to 2008). The data were collected by field survey, interview, and internet site. Analyses of descriptive statistics, regression and correlation were performed to identify the characteristics of each Eup/Myun in Jinan County and the relationship between each resource. Rank analysis was performed to classify the type of each region. Through this, directions for the improvement of amenities in Jinan according to Eup and Myun are presented.
A Study on Rural Landscape Change by Government's Development Policy
Kang, Young-Eun ; Choi, Dong-Wook ; Hong, Sung-Hee ; Jung, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Im, Seung-Bin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 21~35
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.021
This study is basic research which aims to compare and analyze changes in rural areas in modern times. The main purpose of this study is to comprehend the characteristics of changes in the Korean rural landscape and to suggest the implications for preservation and maintenance of the rural landscape. To help in understanding the rural landscape systematically, it should be divided into six types: housing landscape, cultivation landscape, green landscape, waterside landscape, streetscape and symbolic and religious landscape. According to this step, the contents and the procedures of changes were analyzed generally. Based on the literature review and field survey, the styles of changes were deduced to be formation, alternation, relocation, damage and restoration on landscape elements. Lastly, it was concluded that complex changes of landscape in rural areas from the government's development policy have been continued from macroscopic changes like overall structure and system of landscape to microscopic changes like shape, material, size and color of each landscape element. Rural villages which have not had the government's development policy applied to them may not be appropriate for this study. However, this study has significance in that it can suggest the direction for desirable rural planning. Future studies need to consider landscape change through not only the development policy but also economic, social and cultural factors.
The Actual State of the Creation and Management of Public Open Spaces of Major Buildings - Focused on Daegu-City -
Eom, Boong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 36~45
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.036
Public open space(Gong-Gae-Gong-Ji) is an important part of the open-space system in an urban environment. Though part of the private sector, it has a significant public function as there are as always open to the free use of every citizen for rest and amenities. A field survey of the public open space of 71 major buildings was carried out to investigate the actual state of public open spaces in the city of Daegu. As a result of this investigation, several point of issues were discussed. In distribution by 'Gu', newly-emerging sub-centers of Daegu-City, such as Bug-Gu and Dalseo-Gu as well as downtown area have many public open spaces. By the use type of buildings, retail buildings such as shopping centers and SSM account for36.6%, business buildings21.1%, and residential and commercial complexes 15.5%, respectively. Location wise, the front areas accounted for the greatest amount(42.9%) with 1 in side area(20%), and 2 in the front/side area(20%), respectively. Degree of division was 1 spot type(45.7%), 2 division type(35.7%). The misuse of public open space for private use, such as shopping and parking lots, was26.6%. On the basis and analysis of the actual status, 6 improvement devices for public open spaces were suggested: 1) The improvement of the legal regulative system, 2) the establishment of design guidelines and strengthening of deliberation, 3) administrative and financial support, 4) periodic supervision and guidance, 5) installment of signs that shows the space is open for use to every citizen, and 6) the participation of citizens in management of public open space.
A Study on the Types of Experiences Related to Sense of Place in Cities
Im, Seung-Bin ; Jeong, Yoon-Hee ; Hue, Youn-Sun ; Kwon, Yoon-Koo ; Byeon, Jea-Sang ; Choi, Hyung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 46~56
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.046
This study an alyzes the spatial experience of a notable sense of place in five cities-Seoul, Gyeongju, Chuncheon, Anseong and Gwacheon. A survey targeting 300 citizens was carried out to survey meaningful, memorable places and measured spatial experiences in those places. The types of spatial experiences were divided among places to determine the implications thereof. To do this, first, those places that have a notable sense of place have relevance in natural and historical resources such as parks, cultural assets, etc. Second, the main experiences in making sense of place included 'relaxation and walking' and 'a view and appreciation'. These were divided into two types, Spatial Contact and Human Contact. Third, cities such as Seoul, Anseong, Gwacheon offer a variety of experience in places having a notable sense of place. Fourth, in cities noted for natural landscape, history and culture, those spaces with a notable sense of place are concentrated in the center of the city. They exhibit a variety of behaviors, complexly and simultaneously. These results-based spatial experiences of citizens and spatial character have important meaning for city identity and city marketing. Through defining those places that have a notable sense of place and understanding the spatial features in these places, this study can suggest basic information for forming the development strategy of the city.
Comparative Analysis of Satisfaction according to Opened-Fencing in Campus Afforestation Project Types - Focused on University in Seoul -
Lee, Se-Mi ; Kim, Dong-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.057
This study researched those universities for which fence opening and greening projects are being conducted by Seoul city. The forms of opened fences at 24 universities which have accomplished this project were classified into several types for each type of university, representative cases with many diverse facilities and active users were selected and investigated. The study was carried out using methods of field observations, literature review, and surveys. To maintain the confidentiality of the collected questionnaire analysis, the analysis of each type's usage frequency, overall satisfaction and a regression analysis with space environment and facilities, a one-way ANOVA for was used to validate the difference between types regarding satisfaction with the project. The results of usage type analysis were found to agree with the 3 analysis criteria-- installation location, user characteristics, and usage purpose--which were the legislative concepts. In overall satisfaction with facilities, it appeared that except for Seoul Women's College of Nursing with its rural district neighborhood type park, users were satisfied: with the small urban neighborhood park of Methodist Theological College, Konkuk University's small urban square park, and Sejong University's green space small city park. In general, users appeared to not have satisfaction with such features as fountains / hydroponic facilities, fitness facilities, and square facilities, which should be taken into consideration when pursuing further opening and greening projects. Regarding full satisfaction with the space environment, it was found that users were not satisfied with Seoul Women's College of Nursing's rural district neighborhood-style park, whereas they were satisfied with Methodist Theological College's small urban neighborhood park, Konkuk University's small urban square-style park, and Sejong University's green space small city park. In addition, it was shown that facilities use, convenience and privacy of the four parks were largely unsatisfactory for users, and that the small city parks located at roadsides were unsatisfactory regarding noise level, both of which should be most highly considered when conducting similar projects in the future.
Analysis of Changes in Citizen Satisfaction with Parks & Green Spaces in Daegu City, Korea
Eom, Boong-Hoon ; Han, Sung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.067
This study was carried out to investigate the changes in citizen satisfaction with parks and green spaces in Daegu. Three surveys were conducted using the same measurement tools in 1986, 2001, and 2010. Major results are as follows: 1. The overall satisfaction level with parks and green spaces increased remarkably over the last25years. Satisfaction levels with city spaces overall were higher than that of nearby surrounding areas. 2. Diversity of green spaces was the most distinguished indicator in increasing level of satisfaction while the management level of green space facilities showed the lowest improvement. 3. The factor analysis for individual variables for satisfaction resulted in two factors: functions and physical conditions were categorized as one factor, and indicators for the planning of green spaces were the other. Using a regression model, the major variables found for satisfaction were diversity, management level of woods, quantitative level, function of static recreation, and management level of facilities, respectively. 4. Regarding satisfaction level by the type of green spaces, green spaces by streets showed a remarkable increase while green spaces in industrial areas showed the lowest improvement. A factor analysis for each type of green space resulted in 3 factors: green spaces of urban parks, green spaces of urban recreational facilities, and green spaces of each district including residential areas and industrial areas.
Korean Perspectives on Parks during the Port Opening Period
Woo, Yun-Joo ; Pae, Jeong-Hann ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 76~85
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.076
This research explores the Korean perspective on parks and the beginning of urban parks in the port opening period. The purpose of the study is to understand how Koreans viewed and accepted the idea of a park as imported from western culture and with what attitudes. Analyzed sources included: "Susinsa's Record"(修信使記錄) by Susinsa(修信使) who wrote the inspection records of foreign modern cultures for the first time after the port opening, "Seoyukyunmun"(西遊見聞) by Yu Kil-jun(兪吉濬) and "Yun Chi-ho's Diary"(尹致昊日記) by Yun Chi-ho(尹致昊), which are representative works by students sent abroad, as well as some records of Seo Jae-pil(徐載弼) and The Independence Club(獨立協會) such as "The Independent"(獨立新聞), which contains the records of 'IndependencePark'. This research is focused on the literature that reexamins and interprets the related data from primary sources. As a result, it was found that the people who led the modern reformation in the Port Opening period adopted and developed social thinking regarding parks. Indeed, it was possible to witness the gradual sophistication of the concept of a park from the time of Susina's thoughts on parks to that of Yu Kil-jun's support for the need and importance of parks and Yun Chi-ho's cultural and artistic interest in parks. Also, Seo Jae-pil and the Independence Club drove the development of Independence Park, which was designed to incorporate social values and symbols while also serving to meet the needs of recreation, leisure, hygiene, and enlightenment. The Independence Club consistently advocated for the necessity of open spaces and delivered this message to the public via article writing. In short, even prior to the Japanese colonial period, Koreans shared thoughts and exchanged opinions on parks. Parks were to be created not just as a copy or transplant of western parks, but were constructed based on social demands and necessity. As few studies have taken the approach of identifying this origin of Korean parks, thus, this research which traces back the origin of Korean parks, is significant.
A Basic Study to Establish a Framework Act on Landscape Architecture
Shin, Ick-Soon ; Koo, Bon-Hak ; Byeon, Jae-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 86~97
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.086
This study analyzed the necessity of the tentatively-named "Framework Act on Landscape Architecture" as an umbrella law in the field of landscape architecture regarding legal, industrial, and academic aspects and is intended to provide basic data to suggest the optimal legal system and legislative proceedings to control it. This study can be summarized as follows: First, a form of framework act on landscape architecture is appropriate for a compromise between ideal type and political framework. Some content is suitable for proclamatory character including present and future issue related to the landscape architecture fields. Second, legislative proceedings are more reasonable as motions coming from assembly proposals rather than government. Motions by assembly proposal recommend the following procedure: submission of a legislative bill by an assemblyperson, passing of a permanent commission, review by government, leading approval by emphasis on correspondence with the principle to carry out government affairs, proclamation. Third, a frame based on content and form can be made up of a total of 7 chapters 34 articles. The function must include the following: the suggestion of direction for government policy, the systematization of the institution and what it includes, the control of government administration, a public service system regarding public relations for landscape architecture and so on. The results of this study will form a social consensus about the necessity of a framework act regarding landscape architecture fields and contribute to informing the importance of landscape architecture as related to other industrial fields.
Habitat Restoration Initiative for Endangered Species Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in Korea
Kim, Do-Sung ; Park, Seong-Joon ; Shin, Young-Kyu ; Park, Doo-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 98~109
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.098
Habitat restoration initiative is an important factor for the on-site preservation of butterflies. A new habitat necessitates the investigation of the ecology of the butterfly, the landscape of the habitat, the work process, and a cost analysis. In this study, these factors were analyzed through1) re-consideration of the secured results from three years of field work, and 2) a habitat area estimation conducted according to the presence or absence of larvae and adults via a Parnassius bremeri Bremer survey. The investigation of the natural habitat, done for both larvae and adult butterflies found in South Korea, suggested that multiple patches with a minimum size exceeding
and with an average size of about
were required for survival of this butterfly. Therefore, more than five patches should be considered for butterfly habitat and patches should have similarity to the present habitat environment with transplantation plans for diet plants and honeydew plants. In addition, to activate the migration of the butterfly, cutting down trees that are obstacles to migration, minimizing the distance between patches and the addition of a stepping patch are also required. A patch connectivity analysis showed that patches should be located within 300m of neighboring patches, as the migration of the butterfly will fail if it is more than 600m. Additionally, more than
for a single patch or a patch network composed more than five patches over
in size were recommended, with a total patch size of
. Additionally, neighboring multiple patch networks are more desirable than a single habitat in the event a cyclic habitat pattern arises. In this study, we suggest a habitat restoration and optimal prerequisites for a butterfly habitat. It is expected that this research will lead to the creation of a good model for the restoration of butterfly species.
A Study on the Growth Models of Sedum takevimense as Affected by Difference of Soil Mixture Ratio in the Green Roof System
Kang, Tai-Ho ; Li, Hong ; Zhao, Hong-Xia ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 110~117
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.110
In order to study the growth models between the growth of Sedum takevimense and growth rate in soil with three types of mix ratios, this experiment was carried out on April 3rd, 2011. A nonlinearity regression analysis was performed using the Logistic and Gompertz models by SPSS. According to the study of growth models of Sedum takevimense, the process of growth and management methods after over-wintering were explicitly determined. According to the measured values, the growth in the soil of
was better than that of
. Particularly, the average length of Sedum takevimense in the soil of
was about twice as great as that in the
. The fitness test of the two growth models was: The predicted value and measured value were separately compared and analysed, the average fitting precision
of the Logistic models was 0.995, but the average
of the Gompertz models was below 0.978, which showed that the Logistic models were better than the Gompertz models. The growth models also showed that the growth time of Sedum takevimense was divided into three: rapid, most rapid and slow. When managed in the rapid and the most rapid time, it will grow better.
Cold Tolerance Assessment of Lagerstroemia indica and Pyracantha angustifolia with Dormant Branches
Shin, Chang-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 39, issue 6, 2011, Pages 118~125
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2011.39.6.118
This study was conducted to check danger of the cold injury by reviewing the lowest temperature by regions and the cold tolerance of Lagerstroemia indica and Pyracantha angustifolia. The cold tolerance of the samples treated at low temperature was evaluated by measuring electrical conductivity and observing browning of the cambium. It was proved that the lethal temperature of L. indica is below
, and that of P. angustifolia is below
. The frequency of the lowest temperature went down below
, was 7 times in Daejeon, 55 times in Cheongju and 72 times in Suwon for the last 45 years. In Daejeon, it has happened only once since 1975. The temperature dropped below
45 times in Cheongju and 32 times in Suwon during the same period, but it has not happened at all since 1991. It appears that the rising coefficient of the lowest temperature increases, as the latitude gets higher. As a result, L. indica and P. angustifolia which were planted in the central region of Korea, are considered in danger from freezing injury because the temperature can get very low intermittently in winter. But, the risk of freezing has reduced gradually as the lowest temperature raises each year.