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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Landscape Planning and Design Methods with Human Thermal Sensation
Park, Soo-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.001
Human thermal sensation based on a human energy balance model was analyzed in the study areas, the Changwon and Nanaimo sites, on clear days during thesummer of 2009. The climatic input data were air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and solar and terrestrial radiation. The most effective factors for human thermal sensation were direct beam solar radiation, building view factor and wind speed. Shaded locations had much lower thermal sensation, slightly warm, than sunny locations, very hot. Also, narrow streets in the Nanaimo site had higher thermal sensation than open spaces because of greater reflected solar radiation and terrestrial radiation from their surrounding buildings. Calm wind speed also produced much higher thermal sensation, which reduced sensible and latent heat loss from the human body. By adopting climatic factors into landscape architecture, the human thermal sensation analysis method promises to help create thermally comfortable outdoor areas. The method can also be used for urban heat island modification and climate change studies.
Air Temperature Differences in Areas with High-rise Buildings
Jin, Wen-Cheng ; Lee, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 12~22
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.012
In Seoul, skyscrapers are built in commercial zones known as residential-commercial complexes, which cause such environmental problems as urban heat islands(UHI) and air pollution. To investigate air temperature differences in areas near skyscrapers at Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea, fixed air temperature observation and traverse observations were performed from March 16, 2008 to March 15, 2009. The annual mean air temperature at Tower Palace(TPL) was higher than that at Sookmyung Girls` High School(SMG) by
, although the distance between the two observation positions is only 200m. The number of tropical nights at TPL was 13, while that at SMG was 5. The higher air temperature at TPL was due to a significantly lower sky view factor(SVF), which prevented long-wave radiation from emitting into the sky. The highest air temperature increases near TPL occurred on summer nights because of the high-electricity consumption value of
for the TPL block in August due to air conditioning for cooling. It is concluded that the warm air pocket centered on TPL.
A Study on the Traditional Geographic System Recognition and Environmental Value Estimate of Hannamkeumbuk-Keumbuk Mountains for the Establishment of a Management Plan
Kang, Kee-Rae ; Kim, Dong-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 23~33
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.023
In this study, how much users of Hannamkeumbuk Keumbuk Mountains are aware of Baekdaegan and its attached mountain chains, a traditional geographic system, according to Sangyungpyo and basic data like the degree of awareness and use-behaviors, etc. have been studied. In addition, the environmental value of Hannamkeumbuk Keumbuk Mountains separating the central and the southern part of Korea among attached mountain ranges, secondary mountain chains, which act as an ecosystem buffer in the Baekdudaegan Range, has been estimated at the current amount of currency. In the questions of the perception of the traditional classification standard of mountain chains and Baekdudaegan, more than 70% of respondents answered that they had heard of or known them but 66.8% werenot aware of Hannamkeumbuk Keumbuk Mountains. While the awareness for Baekdudaegan is high, the perception of its attached mountain chains was very poor. DBDC responder system and CVM, which is used widely for the value estimate method of environment goods, were used. As the result, an additional benefit got when a person visits Hannamkeumbuk Keumbuk mountains was estimated as 5,813 won. It could find out that this amount was very low compared with 51,984 won, average visit cost. It judged that the reason was that damage of environmental conditions, the monotony of the trails and progress of indiscriminate environmental destruction, etc. The results of this study will offer a new perspective on public relations activities and resource conservation of Baekdudaegan and its attached mountain chains and estimate perceptions and efficient services for visitors to HannamKeumbuk Keumbuk Mountains. This study will act as data for basic planning and management to increase the mountains` value and to preserve them. Further studies are needed to make a frame of work division and management with various organizations so that the management of Hannamkeumbuk-Keumbuk Mountains may be properly established and their value may been hanced.
Development of Applied Indicator according to Locational Type for Secure of Parks and Green Areas in Residential Land Development District
Han, Bong-Ho ; Choi, Jin-Woo ; Yeum, Jung-Hun ; Ahn, Young-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 34~42
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.034
This study aims to suggest the secure indicator of parks and green areas according to the properties of the location. There were 31 study areas where negotiation was finalized from 2001 to 2008. The location types were divided by land use type before development and the ratio of mountainous and constructed parks, the ratio of green change and so forth were analyzed according to the those types. As a result, location types were classified into mountainous type, arable land type, urban district type. In terms of locational property, even though the ratio of parks and green areas was the highest at 24.9% in arable land type, the ratio was not much different from the others. Mountainous type depends on the ratio of mountainous park with 10.5%, and arable land type, and urban district type has high ratio of constructed parks. And, the ratio of green change arable land type is degraded by 32.8% and the ratio of mountainous green change is serious in the mountainous type. As a result of the selection of negotiation indicator, arable land type is closely related to the ratio of parks and green areas and the ratio of green change; mountainous type, the ratio of park and green, the ratio of mountainous green change and the ratio of constructed park and green; urban district type, the ratio of green areas.
Aesthetic Landscape Assessment Based on Landscape Units in the Han River Riparian Area
Bae, Min-Ki ; Park, Chang-Sug ; Oh, Chung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 43~56
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.043
The purpose of this study was to propose management strategies through aesthetic landscape assessments for landscape units in the Han River riparian(HRR) area. First, this research reclassified the HRR into "natural," "artificial," "agricultural," and mixed landscape types and selected 37 representative case areas(about
). This study found 71 landscape units in consideration of topography and land surface classification. Landscape assessment consisted of landscape quality and landscape integration assessment. The criteria for assessing landscape quality were "naturalness," "interest," "uniqueness," and "landscape function." "Landscape quality" was ranked into five grades using a matrix. The landscape integration assessment consisted of an inner integration assessment in each landscape unit and outer integration assessment among landscape units. As a result of the field study, case sites were found to have 4,288 landscape units and an area of
. The forest area was found to have the most space with
(27.1%), while the wet lands had just
(0.1%). In the landscape quality assessment, about 30.5% of the total area consisted of landscape units that scored highest in "naturalness". In the landscape integration assessment, about 39.3% of the total area consisted of landscape units which scored highest in "integration", denoting visual interrelation and harmony. The existence of disparities in landscape quality in accordance with the form of the landscaping was determined using a Oneway ANOVA, with "naturalistic" landscaping scoring the highest and "artificial" landscaping scoring lowest. This study may contribute to making the HRR area a more ecologically sound and visually attractive landscape space. It is recommended that the aesthetical and ecological value of the landscape unit should be assessed simultaneously in the future.
Disparities in Perceived Constraints and Loyalty Based on Motivation to Visit Ecologically Sensitive Area(ESA) - Visitors to DMZ Pyeonghwa Nuri-gil -
Yoo, Mi-Na ; Kim, Hyoung-Gon ; Lee, Jung-A ; Chon, Jin-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 57~68
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.057
This research was conducted to understand the extent to which visitors to the DMZ Pyeonghwa Nuri-gil Trail(located in one of the most Ecologically Sensitive Areas(ESA) of Korea) are motivated by perceived constraints and loyalty to the trail. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to the participants of the `2010 DMZ Border Trekking Course`, which resulted in collecting 317 valid responses. For statistical tests, the respondents were divided into three clusters(accidental, activity-driven, and nature-driven) by their motivation for the visit. ANOVA was conducted to examine if the three groups differ in terms of the perceived constraints and loyalty to the DMZ Pyeonghwa Nuri-gil Trail. The results showed that nature-driven visitors were more likely to perceive "psychological constraints" than accidental or activity-driven visitors. As for loyalty, accidental visitors displayed the lowest level of loyalty while nature-driven visitors indicated the highest level of loyalty. These results illustrate that nature-driven visitors not only have the strongest desire to experience and learn about ESAs but also possess the highest sense of loyalty to the trail. It can further be argued that nature-driven visitors are the ones with the greatest concern for the trail`s well-being. The paper concludes with the contention that understanding the demand and characteristics of trail visitors is critical to the future development of the trail.
Ideals Represented in Gardens - Focused on Thomas Jefferson`s Academical Village and Monticello -
Sung, Jong-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 69~80
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.069
The garden has long served as away of thinking about nature and about culture and how each influences the other (Francis and Hester, 1990). This study, viewing the garden as a representation of the ideal, tried to seek for detailed aspects of the aforementioned ideal with the representative examples of Thomas Jefferson`s gardens. Hidden behind his best known position as a politician was his other career: designer and creator of several gardens. Monticello, Academical Village, and Poplar Forest represented not only his ideals of national values like freedom, democracy and agrarian society, but also a yearning for the rural area and ideals for higher education realization. His personal desire and ideal are represented inside the spatial order, together with his ideals as a politician and the pioneer of new country. By representing the symbolic meaning metaphorically and restructuring it through a spatial scheme, Jefferson`s ideal was admired and shared with visitors. In this way, Jefferson`s gardens were practical stages to reveal his ideals.
A Study on the Improvement of Defect Management through Judicial Precedents of Landscape Construction Defect
Jung, Myeung-Muk ; Lee, Sang-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 81~91
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.081
The purpose of this study was to analyze judicial precedents related on landscape construction defects(JPLCD) and suggested the improvement plan for dealing with it. The results are as the following: 1. Landscape construction defects litigations have been increased so far since 2000 and the duration of original trial was approximately 603 days, while appeal trials took up to 550 days. Therefore, the analysis revealed that settlement of disputes were lengthy and wasteful to consumers and constructors. 2. Judgement`s cost accepted by the judge was only 53.6% of appraisal`s cost appraised by appraiser, therefore it revealed appraiser overestimated the repair cost of landscape construction defects. 3. According to work classification categorized by Landscape Construction Standard Specification(2008) of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, landscape planting amounted to 75% of JPLCD and plaintiff(consumers)`s prevailing rate of it reached 77% to be a serious burden to constructors. 4. According to JPLCD categorized by the type of dispute, defects caused by consumer`s negligence for maintenance amounted to 29% and defendant(constructors)`s prevailing rate of it reached 64% to be the main responsibility of consumers. Further study will be required to make the judge standard of landscape construction defects through legal and technical research.
Site Selection of Wildlife Passage for Leopard Cat in Urban Area using Space Syntax
Park, Jong-Jun ; Woo, Dong-Geol ; Oh, Dae-Hyun ; Park, Chong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 92~99
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.092
Many wildlife habitats have been destroyed and fragmented during the rapid industrialization and urbanization process in Korea. It is essential to connect these fragmented habitats to reduce road-kill of many types of endangered urban wildlife. The site selection for wildlife passages must take into account the behavior of the wildlife species for safe crossing utilizing many artificial barriers in urban areas. This study attempted to identify potential wildlife passage sites for the endangered and protected leopard cats of Gangseo Ecological Park in Seoul, Korea. A space syntax analysis, an analytical technique to objectively evaluate the spatial configurations related to passage selection, found that the integration value represents the accessibility and connectivity of spaces. In this paper, this means that the bigger the integration value, the more frequently the leopard cat passes through. The leopard cats were captured and radio-tracked for 72 hours once a month from March to June of 2009. The ArcGIS and Animal Movement of Hawth Tools were used to analyze the home range and movement paths, and Axwoman 4.0 was used to analyze space syntax. The daily average movement distance was
. During the survey period, the leopard cats crossed over an urban expressway more than 20 times, running the risk of road-kill. The range of global integration values was 0.458~1.834, while that of the local integration was 0.210~6.061. Five sites that met across the leopard cats` movement routes and roads were selected to measure the local and global integrate values. Among these sites, the higher the integration value, the higher the road-kill possibility. Thus, two of five sites with high global and local integration values were suggested as potential wildlife passage sites for the leopard cats. Now, three tunnel passages are under construction at the suggested sites for which local integration value was highest (LI
Phosphorous Removal in a Free Water Surface Wetland Constructed on the Gwangju Stream Floodplain
Yang, Hong-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 100~109
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.100
Removal rates of
and TP in a free water surface wetland system were investigated. The system was established in 2008 on a floodplain in the middle reach of the Gwangju Stream flowing through Gwangju City. Its dimensions were 46 meters in length and 5 meters in width. Two year old Typha angustifloria L. growing in pots were planted on half of the area and Zizania latifolia Turcz on the other half in 2008. Stream water was funneled into the wetlands by gravity flow, and its effluent was discharged back into the stream. The influent volume was controlled by valves and water depth was adjusted by wires. Volume and water quality of inflow and outflow were analyzed from January to December in 2010. Inflow into the system averaged approximately
and hydraulic residence time was about 1.5 hours. Average influent and effluent
concentration were 0.144 and 0.103mg/L, respectively, and
abatement amounted to 28.6%. Influent and effluent TP concentration averaged 0.333 and 0.262mg/L, respectively, and TP retention reached to 20.7%.
removal rate(%) during plant growing season(31.448) was significantly high(p<0.001) when compared with that during plant non-growing season(25.829). TP abatement rate(%) during plant growing season(27.230) was also significantly high(p<0.001) when compared with that of the non-growing season(14.856). Major phosphorous removals in the system resulted from adsorption of phosphorous in the litter-soil layers; sedimentation of particulate phosphorous and Ca, Al, Fe bounded phosphates; and absorption of phosphorous by emergent plants. The adsorption and sedimentation occurred throughout the year, however, the absorption took place during plant growing season. This resulted in higher removals of
and TP during plant growing season.
Analysis on Suitability Light Intensity and Introduction Plan under the Indoor Lighting for the Native Evergreen Daphniphyllum macropodum
Shin, Hyeon-Cheol ; Yun, Jae-Gill ; Choi, Kyoung-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 1, 2012, Pages 110~117
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.1.110
This study was performed to determine light-adaptability under indoor lighting for Korean wild Daphniphyllum macropodum, and to provide an introduction plan for indoor spaces of landscape architecture. The experimental plants, Daphniphyllum macropodum were purchased from a farmhouse in Jejudo as anannualplant, and it was acclimatized in the glass-green house of the general farm of Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology for40 days. The experiment was performed from February 15, 2010 to November 15, 2010. First, in the case of the fluorescent lamp, the growth and development condition was poor because the plants withered, or the leaves fell off under the 100lux to 500lux, but the condition under 1,000lux was good In the aspects of the number of leaves, form of the tree, photosynthesis rate in its body, and the value of sight, the best light intensity for the growth condition was under the 1,000lux. Second, in the case of the LED light, the growth and development condition was poor because the plants withered, or the leaves fell off under 100lux to 1,000lux, but the smooth growth and development was done under a more light intensity. The best intensity for the growth condition was under 2,000lux. Third, in the case of the three-wave light, the withering was serious by 1,000lux, and the growth and development was the worst amongst the four introduced lighting systems, therefore, growth under the three-wave light was incongruous. The best intensity for the growth condition was under 2,000lux. Fourth, in the case of the optical fiver, the withering did not existed under 100lux and growth was possible. The growth and development was the amongst in the four introduced lighting systems. Generally, in the more light intensity, more growth was observed, but the value of sight was higher under 1,000lux than under 2,000lux because the falling rate of leaves and the form of the tree was stable. The most effective light was under 1,000lux due to the high photosynthesis in its body. When Daphniphyllum macropodum is introduced into the indoor landscaping space considering the light, the optical fiber, fluorescent lamp, and LED light are suitable to introduce. The three-wave light is unfit. The most proper light intensity by the light source, in the case of the optical fiber, and fluorescent lamp, is 1,000lux, and, in the case of LED light, is 2,000lux. The wild Daphniphyllum macropodum is the species of tree to substitute the Schefflera actinophylla which is the introduced species, and it is expected to be use as the central tree in indoor spaces.