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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on Management Condition and Improvement of Artificial Greens in GBCS-Certified Apartments through the Post Occupancy Evaluation
Kim, Bo-Ram ; Ahn, Tong-Mahn ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.001
This study aims to suggest ways to improve sustainability on housing complexes. This study sampled eight housing projects in Seoul and GyeongGi-Do in Korea, which were completed in June 2007 and June 2008. Then, are retention and maintenance on "constructed greens for ecological environment" including "green structures substitutes retaining walls", "green roofs", and "green walls." Study methods are field investigations of the sampled sites, and Post Occupancy Analysis. Major findings were; 1) "constructed greens" are not well retained in more sites and and this implies the GBCS(Green Building Certification System) does not meet its objectives well, 2) User showed lower user satisfaction to "constructed greens". User satisfaction concerning "green structures substitute retaining walls" was higher than the satisfaction on the other constructed green type. Satisfaction Assessment Criteria lower 1han average were "level of quality", "meet the design objectives", "vegetation management status", "vegetation maintenance". 3) User satisfaction was strongly correlated on the level of quality factor of "constructed green". In addition, tue other factors are the significant correlations between the satisfactions. The present GBCS has inadequate assessment standards for maintenance, which lead to lower the entire satisfaction. Therefore, periodic recertification system, education and information providing for the managing personals, and incentives for good maintenance or disincentive for poor maintenance of the "constructed greens" are suggested to improve the GBCS.
Introduction of a System for a Sustainable Ecotourism and International Cooperation - Focusing on the Korea-China-Japan Ecotourism Certification/Designation System -
Choi, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Hyun-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.013
This study was conducted to establish ecotourism as an introduction to sustainability and international cooperation. As a plan to retain the original meaning of ecotourism, the introduction of a program to certify/designateecotourism is being vitalized in many countries around the world. In Korea as well, an agenda to the introduction of an "Ecotourism Designation System,"which aims to ensure the quality of ecotourism at a certain level, was submitted by the Ministry of Environment to the National Assembly in June 2011, and the promotion for a demonstration program is planned this year to introduce the system. Japan has been carrying out the certification systems Good Eco-tour, which certifies the sustainability of ecotourism providers and accommodations since 2006, respectively, and has been securing the sustainability of ecotourism by enactment in 2008, as the world's first law to promote ecotourism. And the second general conference of the first Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism(GPST) was held in Korea in March 2012, particularly, there was an agreement that the promotion of Asia and the Pacific Area Network for sustainable tourism would center around Korea, and accordingly, it is expected that Korea's status as a core country for ecotourism in the Asia-Pacific Area will increase. While the demand for an approach to natural resources is rapidly increasing, we should be active in providing an institutional strategy such as a designation system to secure the sustainability of ecotourism and seeking a plan for cooperation and network vitalization in the Asia-Pacific Area where similar natural resources and cultures are shared.
Preliminary Landscape Improvement Plan for Gu-ryong Village
Kim, Yun-Geum ; Choi, Jung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 23~34
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.023
This Study is about the "Comprehensive Landscape Improvement Plan for Gu-ryoung Seaside Village that was one of most exhibited projects for developing sea villages." The formulations of the plan were supervised by the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs and were executed by the Goheung Country. Rather than proposing renovations for the landscape, this study maintains the existing order and attempts to examine the plan by scrutinizing the vernacular design language of the landscape. In the study, community members had the opportunity to express their opinions and ideas about the community through workshops composed of community participation programs, and participated in the decision-making process through consultation meetings. The conclusion of this study was relevant to the activities of the committee on landscape improvement. The Comprehensive Landscape Improvement Plan has three objectives: (1) resorting and modifying the natural landscape, (2) restructuring the roadways, and (3) modifying key spaces. In the end, the role of Gu-ryong Mountain as a background of the landscape was focused on tree planting drives that were undertaken, and accessibility to the sea front was improved. Second, in restructuring the roadways, rough roads were restored and unconnected roads were connected to ensure a network of roads along the sea front, inner roads in the village, roads at the Fringes Mountains, and stone roads on the mud flat. In addition, roads were named according to the character of the landscape and signs were installed. Finally, the existing key spaces, in which community members came together, were restored and new key spaces were created for the outdoor activities of the inhabitants and the diverse experience of visitors. A guideline was also created to regulate private areas such as roofs, walls, fences of residential buildings, and private container boxes and fishing gear along the sea front. The strength of this study is that it is seeking to determine the greatest potential of the landscape and set the plan by examining the lives of community members. Some problems were found during the development of this study. Further, there were problems in the community's understanding as elaborated below. First is the gap between community members' awareness and practice. Even though they were aware of the problems with the village landscape, they hesitated to implement improvements. Second, community members have misunderstandings about the landscape the improvement plan. The local government and the residents have understood this plan as a development project; for example, new building construction or the extension of roads. Third, residents are not aware that continuous attention and improvements are required for the upkeep of the landscape in the sea village. The plan to improve the landscape should promote a balance between making the area as a tourist attraction and maintaining the lives and cultural activities, because the sea village system incorporates settlements, economy, and culture.
Improvement on Street Greenery for the Landscape Specialization and Increase of Green Volume on the Streets of Seoul
Byon, Hye-Ok ; Han, Bong-Ho ; Ki, Kyong-Seok ; Jung, Jin-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 35~46
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.035
This study attempts to specifically analyze green volume and scenery characteristics by classifying the streets in Seoul and suggest improvements accordingly. The subject streets for research were limited to those that have high occupancy ratio and are wide enough to have a big potential in improving green volume. In terms of green volume and scenery according to the types of streets, Platanus occidentalis and Ginkgo biloba were most common regardless of the street type, and the green ratio was 51.6% in residential areas, 50.4% in commercial areas, and 43.7% in business areas. Apart from the residential area, there was almost no green areas, and the ratio of green coverage was 71.0% in business areas, 64.0% in green areas, 37.3% in residential areas, and 36.2% in commercial areas, while the green volume coefficient was
on average. Based on the study results, it was set as a goal to provide the residential areas with a green community space and flowering trees throughout the year for scenery, and commercial areas with flowering trees and maples to emphasize the stores' image while not interfering with service and walking. For business areas, the goals were to improve green ratio and create streets that suit the urban image, and to set up spaces to provide habitat for wild animals with multi-layer planting and link to surrounding forests.
Sensibility Image and Preference Analysis of Street Tree Species using 3D Simulation - Focused on Tongdaeguro in Daegu Metropolitan City -
Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Shin, Jae-Yun ; Kum, Kyung-Tae ; Choi, Chul-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 47~59
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.047
In this study, species and seasonal scenery image were made using 3D simulation modeling to evaluate emotional image of street trees in the roads cape. Study site are set in Tongdaeguro, located in Daegu Metropolitan City and Cedrus deodara, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Liriodendron tulipifera L., and Zelkova serrata were selected to evaluate the species. In the survey result, it appears that Zelkova serrata is the highest preference for summer landscape and Metasequoia glyptostroboides is the highest preference for fall and winter landscape. With regard to the factor analysis, in order to derive emotional evaluation factor, aesthetic factor, perception factor, individuality factor, natural factor, and spatial factor were derived and aesthetic factor is the greatest impact for preference common in all seasons. Preference and positive emotional image of Metasequoia glyptostroboides is evaluated as the highest in the winter and the aesthetic factor score reduction is less than the other species. This study will be used in offering objective data and landscape planning for making comfortable roads cape through the quantitative evaluation as each species and seasonal changes.
The Post Occupancy Evaluation of the Universal Design Project on Geonjisan Forest Trail Jeonju City, South Korea
Park, Sun-A ; Lee, Myung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 60~69
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.060
The project on Geonjisan Universal Design Forest Trail in Jeonju City was designed and constructed by an NGO called 'Jeonbuk Forest for Life' which was a winner for the '2008 Open Competition by the 'Committee for Greening Society' established in Korea Land Corporation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the design satisfaction of UD forest trail. Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) method was applied to measure the user satisfaction and the total number of users. The main result of the study were as follows: the major users of the Geonjisan UD forest trail were people aged over 60 years old(37%) and the main purpose of trail usage were to 'walk and rest'(51.5%) and to 'exercise and rehabilitation' (40.6%). Furthermore, the overall user rating for the UD forest trail design was "satisfied"(3.91 point in 5-point Likert Scale). The three most influencing factors of the overall user satisfaction were facility management, user conflict, and trail width and slope. About forty-five people were found to be End-user in the UD forest trail while six people were found as End-user in non-UD trails. Most importantly, the number of End-user observed on the UD forest trail was greater than the number found in non-UD forest trail. The result implies that the UD forest trail attracts more End-users and provides opportunity for gathering and interaction with the other users. Moreover, the satisfaction rate for the UD forest trail landscape is found to be high in Likert scale, which we can assume that the well-grown existing trees and topographic features as well as appropriately designed wood-paths influence the high satisfaction rate of the users. The POE of UD forest trail revealed the importance of universal design concept due to its convenient uses of the handicapped, old, weak, pregnant woman or children.
A Study on the Ecological Carrying Capacity of Donggung and Wolji, Gyeongju - Centering around the Used Pattern and Damage Degree of Trail Routes -
Li, Hong ; Kang, Tai-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 70~78
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.070
In order to calculate the ecological carrying capacity of Donggung and Wolji, Gyeongju, the number and time for various activities of tourists were surveyed and then the injury tolerance on lawns was predicted with seven types of various activities. According to the injury tolerance in various activities for the suitable carrying capacity, the normal carrying capacity and the limited carrying capacity were explicitly determined in four lawns. According to the number and time for various activities, the injury tolerance of various activities was predicted in four lawns, and the highest average injury tolerance was 2.15 in walking, the lowest average injury tolerance was 0.05 in lying. The highest injury tolerance was 1.31 in lawn 4, and then the order was 0.97 in lawn 3, 0.91 in lawn1, and 0.70 in lawn 2. The ecological carrying capacity was predicted with a damaged area according to the injury tolerance of various activities. The suitable carrying capacity was done separately to 40 persons, 249 persons, 107 persons, 37 persons, the limited carrying capacity was 116, 713, 306, 107 respectively and the normal carrying capacity was 75, 463, 198, 69 in four lawns. When managed in Donggung and Wolji, Gyeongju, the number of tourists was under the limited carrying capacity, the conformation would grow better.
The Effect on Participating in the Urban Farming in the Farm Village Experience Tourism of Urbanite
Lee, In-Hwan ; Lee, Hyo-Jeong ; Lee, Seul-Bi ; Jeon, In-Cheol ; Kim, Yong-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.079
The purpose of this study were to classify the Y/N in participating the urban farming and to analyze the intention in farm village experience tourism, reason to participate and non-participation, the positive image and negative image between the urbanite group experience in urban farming and the other group that does not experience it. Questionnaire was implemented to the metropolitan urbanite who visited exemplary field farmhouse and urban recreation space to analyze the comparison of groups that experience or do not experience urban farming. The result of this research is as follows: first, experiencing urban farming are relatively less in willingness to participate in the farm village tourism experience than those who do not experience it. Second, the largest reason to participate in farm village tourism experience is found to be the natural environment of farm village tourism experience that is different from that of the city and the effect on children's education. Third, most answers on the reason for not participating in farm village tourism experience is because of the busy daily life. Fourth, urbanite have positive image in general about farm village tourism experience. Especially, when the comparison between the groups was made, it was showed that the difference in understanding the crops growing and the natural environment difference in the city. Fifth, about the negative image on the farm village tourism experience, it showed the difference in understanding the unfamiliar scenery, shortage of eye catching and fun, and the necessity and cost between the groups. Consequently, this study may be significant in the recognition of the farm village tourism experience on urbanite were checked, it was revealed that Y/N experience in the urban farming made negative influence to the willing.
An Analysis of Casual Relationships between Benefit Awareness and Satisfaction with Various Types of Green Roofs - A Focus on the Case of Department Stores in Seoul, Korea -
Kim, Eun-Jin ; Jung, Tae-Yeol ; Kim, Yong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 89~97
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.089
Green roofs are being created in various purposes to use spaces. Most of them have been built with a goal as a resting place. However, the use of the green roofs needs to be raised. Otherwise, maintenance and administration of green roofs can be loosened. In addition, budget or cost involved can be wasteful. Therefore, this study makes a proposition if the satisfaction of green roofs is higher, the use of green roofs could be increased more. We are willing to analyze how beneficial the awareness can affect for the satisfaction with regard to green roofs. The findings can be helpful to provide a foundation data for raising the use of green roofs. We believe that the awareness benefits and satisfaction could be different depending on the facility's status on green roofs. Therefore, we classified green roofs of 11 department stores, in Seoul, into four types. Among them, we paid attention to five department stores that were able to represent each type. We analyzed the awareness benefits and satisfaction depending on the type of green roofs. We analyzed casual relationships between them using Structural Equation Modeling. We expect that the landscape architecture scholars will expand research on the various determinants in using green roof. een Roof; Type of Green Roof; Benefit Awareness; Satisfaction; Structural Equation Modeling;
Use of Urban Cemetery for Field Trips
Lee, Sook-Mee ; Oh, Choong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 98~111
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.098
This study found the possibility of using cemeteries within the locality as field trip destination. A comparison between Korea and the United States of America's active progress has derived the difference and the implications. Therefore, this article found that the cemetery has sufficient resources based on experience-learning place within the community. Therefore, when the active educational program was developed; it gained more abundant resources for education, as well as provided more different educational opportunities for the students than now. As the result of comparison, the reason why the educational program is actively progressing in the American cemeteries is that a beautiful and fresh environment has been built up such as a park or garden in a cemetery and has been preserved as a healthy forest ecosystem. Furthermore, it is because they actively used the cemetery within a community as the subject. If our cemetery can be renovated and the funeral culture can be changed to break down the image of an avoidable unpleasant facility, it would play a role as a field for learning experience.
An Analysis of the Quantitative Changes of Elements on Golf Courses - With Special Reference to the Membership Golf Courses in Capital Area, Korea -
Rho, Joon-Taek ; Cho, Se-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 112~126
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.112
The theme is to analyze the time-series changes of design elements on golf courses and golf country club and its factors influencing to the changes with regard to 81-membership country club located in the Capital Area of Seoul, created in the periods from 1964 until 2011. The research methods is to analyze the time-series changes of environmental factors influencing to the changes of the elements on the golf course by book review, and to compare and speculate the results of the analysis on the environmental factors with the time-series changes on the golf course elements of statistical analysis as like regression analysis. The research results were as follows. The first, the environmental factors influencing to the change of golf course elements were analyzed as the five elements of the golf-related policies and regulations, the economy, the numbers of golfers, PGA and KPGA golf tournaments, the golf instruments. The second, the type and scale of the location of the golf course were showing trends of transformation from flat ground to mountainous one and from small scale to large one. The third, it was analyzed that he golf course elements as like the sizes, length, numbers of golf course elements as like fairway, green, bunker, teeing ground and pond were influenced by the law and regulation, the increase of amateur golfers, the promotion of techniques of golfers, the increase of the chance of foreign course designer's involvement to domestic market through the opening of PGA and KPGA tournaments etc. The fourth, the promotion of golf instruments and the flying distance were the factors influencing to the numbers of bunker, the lengths of holes. The fifth, it was revealed that the trends of increase of sizes of ponds influenced by enacting environmenal friendly laws and regulations, considering of landscaping, reflecting of design trends followed by the opening of PGA tournaments. Finally, it was proposed that the further research would be introduced with regard to the qualitative analysis onto the changes and influential factors of golf course design.
A Study on the Analysis of Urban Parks Management in the Busan City - Focusing on the Main Agent of Management -
Kim, Yeong-Ha ; An, Yang-Wook ; Park, Seung-Burm ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 127~139
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.127
This study aims to figure out the main agent of management in the 69 recently constructed neighborhood parks in Busan, and to analyze the present status of the main agents. For this purpose, the work resources on park and landscape management, interview to related staff, and the budget on urban parks were found as the main agents of management. In case the parks were managed by consignment or by other separate organization, this study collected resources through the homepage or personal visits. As a result for the management method on parks, about 48 parks(69.6%) were under direct management by the local governments' main office and its business offices. Eighteen parks(26.1%) were commissioned to corporation or private organizations and three parks(4.3%) were operated by both direct and commissioned management. Because of the overall management result on urban parks, the company under outsourced management is not sufficient for a comprehensive management. Such is mainly focused on the maintenance like landscape or cleaning, but have fewer programs for the users. Forty-six parks cared by the local governments are mainly small sized neighborhood parks. For the management, contract workers or short-term workers are hired. It demonstrates an urgent need to improve professional personnel and organizational system for park management. In addition, any educational or cultural facility in the park is managed by separate institutions. Thus, it is not controlled as a park facility but an independent facility with separate controls. Moreover, to solve such problems, it needs legalization on the proper employment for parks, institutional improvement, cooperative network with NGO, planning and development of the program used according to the change of time, and customer oriented program management.
A Study on Optimum Tree Planting Density for Apartment Complex
Oh, Choong-Hyeon ; Jeong, Wook-Ju ; Lee, Im-Kyu ; Kim, Min-Kyung ; Park, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 140~147
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.140
This study was conducted to investigate optimum planting density for apartment complex. The validity of Landscape Architecture Criteria of Korea was checked for it. We compared our field data with Landscape Architecture Criteria. In this step, the tree density of urban forest was regarded as standard. Field study was examined in 3 apartment complexes located in capital area, especially completed during these 10 years. 10 sites in each complex were selected and tree density per unit area were calculated. This field study data was divided standard size and large size which received weight. And, it was compared and analyzed. And crown projected area(CPA) was calculated considering proper growth of low vegetation and sufficient shade. The outcome shows that minimum size of Landscape Architecture Criteria is rational. But, in the case of planting large size tree received weight, tree density was short comparing with the tree density of urban forest and CPA was less than 50%. By the result of field study in 3 apartment complex, the tree density of apartment complex satisfied or exceeded Landscape Architecture Criteria. But, in the case of planting large size tree, tree density and CPA show high density due to addition planting for deficient landscape. Therefore, the revision of the Landscape Architecture Criteria was required such as deletion or minimization of the weighted clause about the large size tree and regulate the limit CPA not less than 50% and not more than 100%.
Wind Corridor Analysis and Climate Evaluation with Biotop Map and Airborne LiDAR Data
Kim, Yeon-Mee ; An, Seung-Man ; Moon, Soo-Young ; Kim, Hyeon-Soo ; Jang, Dae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 148~160
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.148
The main purpose of this paper is to deliver a climate analysis and evaluation method based on GIS by using airborne LiDAR data and Biotop type map and to provide spatial information of climate analysis and evaluation based on Biotop type Map. At first stage, the area, slope, slope length, surface, wind corridor function and width, and obstacle factors were analyzed to obtain cold/fresh air production and wind corridor evaluation. In addition, climate evaluation was derived from those two results in the second stage. Airborne LiDAR data are useful in wind corridor analysis during the study. Correlation analysis results show that ColdAir_GRD grade was highly correlated with Surface_GRD (-0.967461139) and WindCorridor_ GRD was highly correlated with Function_GRD (-0.883883476) and Obstacle_GRD (-0.834057656). Climate Evaluation GRID was highly correlated with WindCorridor_GRD (0.927554516) than ColdAir_GRD (0.855051646). Visual validations of climate analysis and evaluation results were performed by using aerial ortho-photo image, which shows that the climate evaluation results were well related with in-situ condition. At the end, we applied climate analysis and evaluation by using Biotop map and airborne LiDAR data in Gwangmyung-Shiheung City, candidate for the Bogeumjari Housing District. The results show that the aerial percentile of the 1st Grade is 18.5%, 2nd Grade is 18.2%, 3rd Grade is 30.7%, 4th Grade is 25.2%, and 5th Grade is 7.4%. This study process provided both the spatial analysis and evaluation of climate information and statistics on behalf of each Biotop type.
A Study on the Potential Vegetation Recovery according to the Environment and Type of Tunnel Entrance and Exit
Lee, Sang-Cheol ; Choi, Song-Hyun ; Kim, Dong-Pil ; Song, Jae-Tak ; Oh, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 161~172
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.161
The purpose of this study is to classify, evaluate and grade the existing highway tunnels to increase landscape and natural statistics keeping the structural safety about tunnel gates area and induce the ones that will be constructed in the future by drawing the improvements and restoring the techniques as an environment-friendly. To examine the types of tunnel gate area, total 54 tunnels were investigated by selecting Gyeongbu Expressway, Yeongdong Expressway, and Jungang Expressway. Tunnel entrances and exit ports were classified as a Wall-closed type and Protruding type, which is based on tunnel gate type. Vegetation Landscape types were classified as Multilayer-Same as the surrounding landscape_(MS), Multilayer-Difference of surrounding landscape_(MD), Single layer-Same as the surrounding landscape_(SS), Single layer-Difference of surrounding landscape_(SD), and a Desolate type which based on vegetation layers and environment-friendly. Potential vegetation recovery was identified based on the structural stability and revegetation potential of the tunnel. The factors include the structural stability of the slope height and slope gradient were selected. Revegetation potential was identified as a growth potential. This factor was used in the step to classify vegetation recovery potential of a tunnel. The result, which investigated the types of tunnel entrances and exit parts has found that the most typical in 33 places was a Wall closed type with 61.1% of the total ones. The case of vegetation landscape types was created but different from the ones surrounding it with 85.2% of the total ones. It is judged that the currently constructed vegetation of tunnel entrance and exit parts had put convenience on the safety and management before landscape consideration. In addition, tunnel entrance and exit parts with excellent potential for vegetation recovery were all Protruding type. In addition, it is judged that slope stability can easily obtain growth. Therefore, entrance and exist of the highway tunnels, which will be constructed in the future, should reflect location and the result of the natural and ecological survey in design by performing it in advance and their types, which minimize the damage area range, should be applied to the local characteristics suitably. In addition, the ecologically healthy tunnel construction should be done by introducing active vegetation recovery techniques based on its safety.
An Analysis Method on Injury Symptoms Utilizing Infrared Thermal Imaging under the Freezing Stress of Hedera helix L.
Seong, Bu-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 173~179
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.173
The experiments, which analyze the injury symptoms and diagnose growth conditions utilizing IRVT and analyzing each parts of H. helix L., had been held under a low temperature. Greenhouse and outdoor growing Genus hedera had been prepared and compared with each Genus hedera's peak and bottom leaves' surface temperature under the experimental categories
. As results, analyzing the surface thermal property of peak part leaves' of outdoor growing Genus hedera, at experimental categories
were ranged from
. On the other hand, the surface thermal property of bottom part leaves at experimental categories
. It appears that the thermal properties of leaves' surface on
bottoms were more broadband than bottoms and peaks. It means that the peaks were more sensitive than bottoms, as like
. Moreover, as similar results had seen to leaves surface temperature added to cold wind conditions. How the cold wind damaged the outdoor growing Genus hedera, analyzed the surface thermal property by IRVT data under
condition, it resulted to
. It appeared more
low temperature than experimental setting point. In addition, each parts thurmal property of peaks and bottoms was not similar, it referred to each parts' sensitivities of low temperature were different on the peak and bottom leaves surface temperature.
Hot Tolerance Assessment of Sedum spp. for Extensive Green Roof System
Zhao, Hong-Xia ; Son, Hee-Jun ; Kang, Tai-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 180~189
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.180
This study was carried out to suggest an experiment based for selecting Sedum, which can adapt well with heat tolerance in extensive green roof system. The heat tolerance of Sedum subject to laboratory high temperature treatment and heat processing time were evaluated using electrolyte leakage, chlorophyll content and regrowth test, and the relation between soil water content and heat tolerance were researched. Logistic model of nonlinear regression analysis was used to evaluate the lethal temperatures that were predicted with the range of
(soil water content 5%),
(15%) in 6-hours high-temperature treatment. The higher the soil water content, the stronger the heat resistance property of Sedum. there is. The higher the treatment temperature, the lower the chlorophyll content, and the less the soil water content, the faster the chlorophyll decomposition. The order of hot-temperature resistance was S. reflexum>S. takevimense>S. middendorffianum>S. album>S. sieboldii>S. spurium when soil water content was 5%. The order of hot-temperature resistance was S. album>S. reflexum>S. spurium>S. takevimense>S. middendorffianum>S. sieboldii when soil water content was 15%. The more of soil water content, S. album, S. reflexum, S. spurium had stronger tolerant of hot temperature. These results were consistent with those from the regrowth test and the heat tolerance tested by electrolyte leakage evaluation.
Heat Budget Analysis of Light Thin Layer Green Roof Planted with Zoysia japonica
Kim, Se-Chang ; Lee, Hyun-Jeong ; Park, Bong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 40, issue 6, 2012, Pages 190~197
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2012.40.6.190
The purpose of this study was to evaluate thermal environment and heat budget of light thin layer green roof through an experiment in order to quantify its heat budget. Two concrete model boxes(
) were constructed: One experiment box with Zoysia japonica planted on substrate depth of 10cm and one control box without any plant. Between June 6th and 7th, 2012, outside climatic conditions(air temperature, relative humidity, wind direction, wind speed), evapotranspiration, surface and ceiling temperature, heat flux, and heat budget of the boxes were measured. Daily maximum temperature of those two days was
, and daily evapotranspiration was
, respectively. It was found that evapotranspiration increased as the quantity of solar radiation increased. A surface and ceiling temperature of those two boxes was compared when outside air temperature was the greatest. and control box showed a greater temperature in both cases. Thus it was found that green roof was effective in reducing temperature. As results of heat budget analysis, heat budget of a green roof showed a greater proportion of net radiation and latent heat while heat budget of the control box showed a greater proportion of sensible heat and conduction heat. The significance of this study was to analyze heat budget of green roof temperature reduction. As substrate depth and types, species and seasonal changes may have influences on temperature reduction of green roof, further study is necessary.