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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Representation of Wilderness in Western Films: An Aesthetic Interpretation
Lee, Myeong-Jun ; Pae, Jeong-Hann ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.001
This paper aims to make an aesthetic inquiry into representing modes of wilderness in western films. The western film was the first genre in earnest about natural landscape, covering vast areas of America from the East to the West. It adopted representative modes suited to physical characteristics of landscapes which produced aesthetic characteristics. In western films, wilderness was represented at a distance from the camera lens as a setting and an object of contemplation. In eastern forest landscapes, western films adopted the visual model of Hudson River School`s landscape painting which expressed the transcendental sublime. The western semiarid region reproduced the warrior`s gaze shot from a high angle, and, in this visual mode, wilderness was expressed as a demonic landscape derived from Burke`s definition of the sublime. On one hand, the western desert was represented as a place of hardship shot at a low angle which expressed the vastness, unevenness and limitlessness of the desert owing to the absence of horizon. On the other hand, the mesas of Monument Valley have sublime characteristics of size and time. In western films, they play the role of an emblem by rising from the limitless desert on the horizon. The prospect-refuge relationship, the desire to see without being seen, is discovered in the representative mode of wilderness in western films. In this context, this study hopes to discover the archetype of landscape representation.
An Analysis of Process-oriented Design in the Invited Entries of International Competition for the Master Plan of the Yongsan Park, Korea
So, Jin ; Sung, Jong-Sang ; Pae, Jeong-Hann ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 11~26
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.011
Designing large parks such as Yongsan Park requires the open-ended process-oriented design approach in complex layers rather than the conventional self-completed master plan method. This study aims to examine the characteristics of process-oriented design in the eight invited entries of "International Competition for the Master Plan of the Yongsan Park, Korea"(2012). For this purpose, it analyzed each entry according to three criteria: objects of process-oriented approach, time factor and its features of phasing plan, and presentation method of the process. This analysis can not only critically review the current level of the process-centered design methodology but also suggest strategic future directions for Yongsan Park. The objects of process-oriented design in the eight works were order of physical space development, restoration process of ecosystem, recovering process of publicity, and economic operation and management. Main considerations in the objects were connections to adjacent urban fabrics, links to regional green and water system, reuse of existing buildings and infrastructures in the site. The temporal criteria of the phasing plan had two aspects. One was planning a certain time and period, and the other was just establishing an order of phases. Most of the presentation method of process was the phasing plan, but some of the entries suggested a scenario plan. The eight works of "International Competition for the Master Plan of Yongsan Park" did not attempt process-oriented designs entirely and completely. Rather, they tried to introduce the phasing plan as part of a process-centered design. Also, they took an eclectic approach between master plan and process-oriented design instead of rejecting the conventional master plan approach.
A Study on the Selection of Evaluation Index of Biotopes in Korea
Kim, Young-Sun ; Oh, Koo-Kyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 27~37
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.027
The purpose of this research is to identify the selection status of the evaluation index in Korea and suggest improvements. In order to do so, comparison and analysis are conducted of terms, items and measures for biotope evaluation indexes attested in related documents published in domestic and foreign areas. The findings of this research are listed in the following. First, terms about biotope evaluation indexes are used and integrated with each other. Second, items used to denote biotope evaluation indexes are largely different in each region since comprehensive concepts have not been established for selecting the items. Third, there are poor grounds for items denoting biotope evaluation indexes to the species of creatures. Fourth, the items cannot provide satisfying explanations for the relative values of the current condition in the urban ecosystem of a specific region. The results of this research may be applied to provide basic materials about what is to be improved for selecting biotope evaluation indexes in Korea. In order to systematically preserve an urban ecosystem environment in Korea for the future, it is necessary for the state to develop and set up such evaluation indexes and guidelines that reflect the relative values of biotopes in each level of urban areas in Korea.
A Study on the Vocational High School-to-Work Opportunities System and Training of the Department of Landscape Architecture
Lee, Joon-Ho ; Jung, Tae-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 38~46
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.038
The goal of vocational school is to provide students with basic skills and help develop them to have satisfactory careers. With the knowledge they have learned, it helps them to find their interests and aptitudes when they graduate. The government is putting a lot of effort into clarifying the goal accomplishment and the vision proposals of vocational schools, and the structure-oriented guidance controlled by the government is thought to be very influential to the social structure and individual perceptions. Social stereotypes(discrimination) and perceptions that can be the core of a social structure need to be transformed for people to be fulfilled in their careers in the upcoming advanced Korean society. The important solution is to form correct values and a system of career selection which can ensure a stable future for students. Therefore, to carry out research regarding training human resources in terms of students from vocational schools` landscape architecture majors in an approaching method with a new perspective, we analyzed education plans from vocational schools in 11 regions, textbooks used in common, governmental publications regarding career education policies of vocational schools and questionnaires from students who are majoring in landscape architecture at vocational schools. As a result, we were able to find out the types and the frequencies of career-occupation education at each school through analysis of education plans and the necessity to control the amount and the level of the contents for high school students to have careers in analyzing textbooks. In addition, in Ministry of Education, Science and Technology`s analyzing career education policies of vocational schools, we figured out the government`s policies and directions of training. From the questionnaires from students majoring in landscape architecture, we were able to compare and analyze the satisfaction level of students on career education(education plans), textbooks, governmental career policies and career selection.
An Evaluation of Design Factors with Sidewalk Cafes for Street Revitalization
Kim, Dong-Chan ; Choi, Woo-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 47~58
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.047
The purpose of this study is to categorize the types of sidewalk cafes, and to evaluate design factors with types of sidewalk cafes for street revitalization. Consequently, it may suggest efficient and systemic policies for the guidelines of sidewalk cafes. To ensure this end, the types of sidewalk cafes were categorized from the street relationship perspective by site investigation. A literature review and importance analysis were used to select the evaluation criteria, and the data were analyzed by statistic methods such as descriptive analysis and factor analysis. As a result, five main factors of the evaluation criteria were contracted: accessibility, aesthetics, identity, environmental, culturedness. Cumulative factor loading of these five factors was 68.731%, which was quite high. And the evaluation using the Likert scale was performed by 4 experts. Types of sidewalk cafes were categorized into 5 types: protruding, gating, blending stereoscopic, elevation angle, and sign provision from the street relationship perspective. On the evaluation by type, aesthetics and culturedness were the worst evaluated in the protruding type and the gating type, culturedness was the worst in the blending stereoscopic type, accessibility, aesthetics, culturedness were the worst in the elevation angle type, and accessibility, identity, culturedness were the worst in the sign provision type. On the evaluation by the indicators, culturedness was the worst evaluated, and on the evaluation by criteria, `safety for impaired persons`, `interest of programs`, `openness of entrance` were the worst. It is recommended that a survey of importance-performance analysis focused on users be conducted.
A Study on Facility and Satisfaction of Han River Citizen`s Park - A Case Study of Ttuksum District -
Kim, Sung-Uk ; Jung, Tae-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.059
This study facility use and satisfaction of the users of Han River Citizen`s Park in Ttuksum district in order to provide foundational data necessary for planning and designing to enhance general user satisfaction when building new riverside parks or reorganizing existing riverside parks. In order to do so, the study surveyed and analyzed the user satisfaction of 374 men and women who use Ttuksum district located in Han River Citizen`s Park. For this study, data were collected by self-administration method from 374 samples selected by the convenience sampling method. The results are as follows. 1) Users of Ttuksum district than male. The distribution of related accessibility, those residing within 5 kilometers the site it frequently. 2) Use it for walk, relaxation, or exercise. Are often accompanied by friends or family. Also, about the facility use by the purpose of use or characteristics of conpany, the grass square was utilized the most. 3) About user satisfaction with the park facilities in Ttuksum district, it was higher in the grass square(3.95), sport facilities(3.73), and music fountain(3.72) in order. Regarding the specialized park facilities, satisfaction was mostly low except for the music fountain. Also, about the satisfaction with the usability or view, accessibility(4.03) and night view(3.90) were. Based on the results of this study, it to proceed with positive verification processes in the follow-up research order to enhance reliability of those results.
A Study on the Characteristics of Each Section Based on Visitor`s Satisfactions of the Dulegil in Bukhansan National Park
Han, Bong-Ho ; Choi, Jin-Woo ; Hur, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; An, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 69~82
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.069
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Dulegil in Bukhansan National Park in dispersing peak climbing hikers, characterize each section of Dulegil and suggest ideas of improvement. This study was conducted based on the survey completed by visitors in all 21 sections of Dulegil. After the construction of Dulegil, the number of visit to Dulegil grew and it was analyzed that Dulegil attracted new visitors given that the rate of young people(aged 19~30) who visited for the first time was quite high. Regarding the frequency of peak climbing, 7.6% of the respondents said "decreased" and 46.2% said "increased", showing that Dulegil`s effect to disperse peak climbing hikers is nominal. Seven qualities were evaluated regarding Dulegil`s level of satisfaction. Out of those seven, the quality of recreational place and taking a walk achieved high scores of 3.74 and 3.61 respectively. The quality of culture and history scored the lowest with 3.09. The analysis on the characteristic of each section of Dulegil, reason of visit, and the visitors` level of satisfaction showed that Dulegil is now regarded as a place where they can improve their health through light exercise and walking. In addition, a positive effect can be expected for a long time since there are different ways of utilizing the resources of the National Park, such as getting in touch with nature, preserving ecology, learning history and enjoying beautiful landscapes. If infrastructure and programs specific to each section of Dulegil were improved in a long-term perspective, it would be effective to encourage peak climbers and enjoy the lower parts of the mountain.
A Comparative Study on Local Residents` and Visitors` Cognition for the Landscape Conservation of Rice Terraces in Gacheon Village, Namhae
Lee, Sook-Hyang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 2, 2013, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.2.083
This study was to identify the differences on cognitions for conservation on the Rice Terraces landscape between local residents and visitors. For this purpose, this study drew problems and implications through consideration about advanced studies and then carried out a survey of local residents and visitors. The results of this study analyzed five factors that are the components of cognition about the Rice Terraces landscape: production, policy, landscape, management, and revitalization. The Cognition of Rice Terraces landscape indicated that local residents had more positive evaluation than visitors did. In addition, there were indicated differences in most items. Particularly, the local residents had more positive evaluation than visitors did in production(rice paddy of fallow ground, form of traditional rice paddy, weeds), landscape(cultural value, footpath of rice field and stonewall), and revitalization(common program for local residents and visitors, village revitalization from festival and event). Visitors had a more positive evaluation than local residents in terms of policy(designation of a place of scenic beauty, direct payment) and management(cooperation of local residents and visitors). In consideration of these results, it needs to draw up measures that are able to build up a common cognition to overcome differences between local residents and visitors. It is based on the knowledge and opinions that visitors and local residents had concerning history, traditions, cultures and production.