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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Evaluation of the Ancient Historic District for the Preservation and Development of Ancient Capital - Focus on the Pilot Project Districts in Ancient Capital Gyoengju -
Pan, Xiang ; Kang, Tai-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.001
The "Historic city Preservative law" was legislated for the preservation of cultural properties and enacting regulations of managing the environment around them in 2004. This law was revised to "Historic city Preservative and Development law" in 2012, and specified the criteria for permissible behaviors in the preservative district. Therefore, this paper focused on the ancient capital Gyeongju and developed a comprehensive system for evaluating the value of the ancient historic district based on Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Through the evaluation of the ancient historic districts, which are the pilot project districts in the "Gyeongju Ancient Capital Preservation Plan", some preferential projects were objectively proposed. As a result, according to the evaluation among 10 ancient historic districts in Gyeongju, Daereungwon got a score of 78.34, which is the highest among 7 special preservation districts. On the other side, the Gyo-dong area got a score of 76.14, the highest among 3 historic and cultural environmental districts. Finally, for the preservation and development of Gyeongju, some efficient preservation and development plans were objectively proposed for the pilot project districts in the "Gyeongju Ancient Capital Preservation Plan".
Carbon Emission Study of Transplanting Large Trees from Gangwon Province to Seoul
Choi, Yoo ; Ahn, Tong-Mahn ; Lee, Jae-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 10~16
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.010
Korean housing developers are in a very competitive market and their way of attracting buyers is landscaping better than competing firms do. Thus, transplanting larger pine trees(Pinus densiflora S. et. Z.) is in vogue. A typical case is a pine tree about 30-year old, 35 diameters at breast height, transplanted 223 km afar from the Gangwon Province to Seoul. We estimated and compared carbon emissions during the whole transplanting works, and carbon intake by the tree if it survives 50 more years on site. Findings are; first, a large tree will take up and sequestrate approximately 90 kgC if it survives 50 more years. Second, transplanting works emit approximately 113.69 kgC, which is about 1.26 times of its possible future intake of carbon. Landscaping is a legal requirement for the purposes not only of aesthetics but also of environmental quality. Transplanting larger trees that came from a dam or a road building site may be inevitable and acceptable. However, transplanting larger trees long distance was evaluated to be harmful to the environment. It is strongly recommended to prohibit transplanting large trees. Landscape professionals need to guide clients to have desirable consumer attitude.
Effect of Calcium Chloride Concentration on Roadside Ground Cover Plant Growth
Lee, Sun-Young ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Ju, Jin-Hee ; Yoon, Yong-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 17~23
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.017
The purpose of this study was to provide information on management and apply it to a roadside ground cover plant understanding the capacity of calcium chloride in the plant. The experimental group was composed of the ratio control group of calcium chloride, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 3.0% in 500g of soil. Plant materials were selected and measured according to their ecological characteristics such as ground cover plant, Pachysandra terminalis, Hosta plantaginea, Trachelospermum asiaticum, Vitex rotundifolia, Euonymus japonica and Callicarpa japonica. The acidity of the amended soil was increased gradually depending on the treatment and conductivity was continually decreased. The EX-Ca increased after the treatment, but decreased in the middle of the experiment. Pachysandra terminalis, Trachelospermum asiaticum and Euonymus japonica were able to grow and survive at the ratio of 0.5%. Hosta plantaginea and Vitex rotundifolia were able to survive at the ratio of 1.0%. Hosta plantaginea, the possible state can absorb salts due to moisture and, can be applied to ground cover plants in the roadside. The growth and development of Callicarpa japonica was poor and the leaves were open to grow for calcium chloride treatment except the control group. It was concluded that Callicarpa japonica was very sensitive to calcium chloride.
A Study of the Planning Process, Design Idea and Implementation of the Gwanghwamun Plaza
Shin, Hyun-Don ; Zoh, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 24~41
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.024
This study aims to investigate the complex planning processes and design ideas of the Gwanghwamun Plaza which was opened in 2009. The opening of the plaza was significant as it was built in order to restore the symbolic meaning of axis in the historical Joseon Dynasty that was distorted during the Japanese Imperialism. The plaza itself attracts many citizens and tourists by providing the empty ground carrying historical ambiences around. In this paper, the story of the Gwanghwamun plaza will be summarized. Particularly, the background of promoting the project will be discussed and the whole planning process will be dealt with. The plaza was realized through several stages. First, the planning stage will be reviewed. The planning stage had been a quite long process since the initial idea was discussed. Since the early 90s, the political decision of making the plaza was made through the change of people's understanding toward public space. At this stage, the city government worked together with diverse citizens and professionals to share the vision and to realize the right decision in making the plaza. Second, the design stage will be elaborated in detail. This is the second design stage. The former was the idea competition and the latter was the turn-key base. The final design scheme emphasized the restoration of symbolic axis and the forgotten Yukjo Street. The scheme consists of four zones such as history restoration zone, prospect and history representation zone, culture zone, and the urban zone. Through the whole design process, the original idea remained as it was. The design concept was "a place of memory and prospect." It emphasizes the history representation, view corridor, cultural activities platform as well as the emptiness and flexibility of the basic premise of the plaza. Finally, the construction stage will be discussed. There were some additions and omissions in the construction process. The design chances in the construction stage will be reviewed in detail. After the opening of the plaza, there were some changes in the detail design. We will discuss how and why these modifications were made. In the end, the social and cultural implication of the plaza will be discussed. The storytelling of the Gwanghwamun Plaza will contribute to the clear understanding of planning and design process of pubic places. Based on this reflection, we are able to think about some suggestions of public projects for the future.
The Place Characteristics of City Tourist Attractions in Seoul - Focusing on the Contents Analysis of Tourist Guidebooks -
Park, Su-Ji ; Kim, Han-Bai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 42~55
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.042
The purpose of this study is to figure out the place characteristics of preferable city tourist attractions through the contents analysis of non-academic literatures such as tourist guidebooks and web materials. The most preferable Seoul tourist attractions were selected by their frequency in literatures including Namsan and Hangang as 'natural' places, Dugsu Palace and Gyungbok Palace as 'historical' places, Itaewon and Daehak-ro as 'lively-cultural' places that were classified by their relativistic character. The main findings of the research are as follows. The essential place characteristics of tourist attractions were synthesized in urban, regional and place scale respectively. While 'contrast' was found to be the most distinguished character of the tourist attractions in the urban context, 'connectivity' was found to be the most distinguished character of the tourist attractions in the regional context. In addition, both 'visibility' and 'experience' were found to be the most distinguished characters of the tourist attractions in the place context. The characteristics of these places seem to be the universal fascination factors of city tourist attractions currently recognized by ordinary citizens. We expect to further strengthen the city identity and the city tourism effect by adopting those research results systematically to the urban environment. Therefore, it is needed to vitalize the urban tourist attractions that we make them to be more 'contrasting' with urban areas surrounding them, more 'connective' with vicinity areas and more 'visibly fascinating' and 'experienced actively and meaningfully' in each place of tourist attractions.
A Study on Urban Open Space Selection Attributes as an Urban Entertainment Destination
Chae, Jin-Hae ; Kim, Yong-Gook ; Kim, Young-Hyun ; Son, Yong-Hoon ; Zoh, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 56~67
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.056
This paper asks what the Selection Attributes of urban open space are which carries out a role as an Urban Entertainment Destination. Case studies have chosen the Cheonggyecheon Waterfront, Seoul Forest Park, Seonyudo Park and Banpo Hangang Park as the representative open spaces in Seoul. The methods of study are observation investigation, a literature investigation and the survey to 233 visitors that conducted the ANOVA analysis and Regression analysis by SPSS 18.0. As a result, first, the urban open space in Seoul has had 8 elements of UED; Landscape, Multi anchoring, Contextual links, Programmability, Community, Branded identity, Security and Service. Second, they are being used not the neighborhood type but a wide area type. Third, Landscape, Security and Service are most important while Programmability and Community are less important than other factors in EUOS factors. Lastly, it was analysed that the influential factor of revisitation and satisfaction is Landscape, which is the common factor. Security in revisitation and Contextual links in satisfaction are especially additional factors. The landscape property is an important element to make an Entertainment Urban Open Space(EUOS). The virtue of landscape in the EUOS relates not only park facility or program that installed in the place but also the overall mood involving park user's activities in the place. To be a successful EUOS, a park facility, program and the overall mood involving user's activities need to be integrative approach to enhance the virtue of landscape.
Restorative Quality of Traditional Landscape and Visiting Experience - Based on the Assessment of Visitors of An-Ap-Ji in Kyong Ju -
Yi, Young-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 68~76
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.068
Effortful directed attention becomes fatigued if it is demanded by environment. Kaplan and Kaplan's Attention Restoration Theory (ART) proposes that the fatigued directed attention can be restored by a restorative landscape. The four restorative components are being away, fascination, extent, and compatibility. The restorative effect of landscape has been mainly investigated in terms of nature vs. urban dichotomy, although ART acknowledges that various types of landscapes can induce restorative effect. The purpose of this study is to examine whether sense of place of landscape has an influence on the restorative effect, and how the effect relates to the visiting experience. This study was performed in An-Ap-Ji with 200 Korean visitors who participated in the questionnaire survey. Hartig et al.'s PRS (Perceived Restorativeness Scale) was used as the research instrument to measure the restorative quality. The Analysis results are summarized as: 1) PRS was a very reliable measurement for Koreans' assessment of traditional landscape. Especially, the factor analysis produced four restorative components which fully supported ART. 2) The sense of place of landscape was found to have a positive influence on the restorative effect. 3) Landscape beauty was also discovered to be influential in the restoration even though the effect of beauty was lower than that of the sense of place. 4) Among the four restorative components, three components (fascination, escape, compatibility) influenced both visiting satisfaction and revisit intention, where the order of the relevant importance was fascination, escape, and compatibility. Based on the results, it was suggested that PRS should be used in landscape restoration research in Korea in order to re-examine its' reliability. It was also proposed that more research should be directed to investigate the relationship between the sense of place and the restorative effect of landscape.
A Study on Analyzing Precedents and Legal System of Landscape Tree Damage by Natural Disasters
Yu, Joo-Eun ; Lee, Sang-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.077
With the increase in occurrence frequency and severity of natural disasters due to climate changes arising from global warming, damage in the landscaping field is rising. This leads to legal disputes, and is increasing social and economic damage, too. Especially even though landscape trees which are highly affected by external environments, suffer lots of damage from natural disasters, there is no specific scope of disaster criteria and thus it brings plenty of problems of damage restoration and compensation. Therefore, this study aims to suggest that gives ways to improve related criteria for damage of landscape trees from natural disasters. For this objective, this study analyzed damage cases of landscape trees and precedents, and compared Korean and Japanese legal systems and criteria regarding natural disasters with each other. The analysis result showed that opinions of experts have a great deal of influence on judgment results, since there is no definite legal basis on damage from natural disasters in the landscaping field. This implies the need for a professional and objective appraisal process. According to the comparative analysis of Korean and Japanese legal systems and criteria regarding natural disasters, Korea lacked in laws and criteria on natural disasters of landscape plants in Korea, whereas there were concrete disaster assessment standards of landscape trees in Japan. For improving natural disaster-related systems and criteria in the landscaping field, therefore, this study presented 'Revision of related laws', 'Revision of appraisal and loss assessment criteria', 'Revision of standard specification of landscaping project', 'Compulsory insuring against disasters', 'Reasonable fulfillment of contract', and 'Compulsory cost estimation for disaster restoration', as improvement plans.
Urban Parks and Their Economic Roles - In the Context of Urban Redevelopment, United States -
Yoon, Heeyeun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 41, issue 4, 2013, Pages 85~101
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2013.41.4.085
The primary goal of this research is to link two currently disconnected literature; the history of urban redevelopment and the one of urban parks and open spaces in the United States (US). Through this exercise, this study attempts to reveal examples of urban parks and open spaces that have yielded economic effects, and emphasize their possibility as a measure of urban redevelopment. Five phases are presented, starting with two Pre-World War II urbanization periods, and three subsequent periods of Post-World War II urban redevelopment (1940s~1960s, late 1960s~1970s, 1980s~present). While urban parks in the 19th century urbanization period held a preeminent place in urban design, policy and economy, ensuing depression and World War II diminished their role as a channel to ease unemployment. In the first phase of urban redevelopment, the economic motive to build open space was to boost the appeal of specific locales in order to draw people and businesses back to a neglected city. In the second phase, public effort to create and maintain urban parks and open spaces declined due to the budget austerity, instead, community open spaces flourished through the voluntary actions and helped neighborhoods to regain desirability. In the third phase, the aspirations and functions of such projects resemble their forerunners of the first phase, but their targets extended to global businesses and elites.