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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Associations between Characteristics of Green Spaces, Physical Activity and Health - Focusing on the Case Study of Changwon City -
Baek, Su-Kyeongq ; Park, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.001
Urban Green space takes charge of the important role for the physical activity and promotion of health to the residents. Therefore, this study is trying to examine the relationship between the various characteristics of green space and green space usage for physical activity and health promotion. A questionnaire survey was conducted to obtain the information about patterns of green space usage and perceived neighborhood environments for the residents living in Changwon-si, Gyeongsangnam-do(n=541). Geographic Information System(GIS) was used to construct spatial data about green space accessibility and physical neighborhood environments. A Multiple Linear Regression model was used to examine the association between the characteristics of green space and physical activity, perceived health status and BMI(Body Mass Index). The study results revealed that the residents' physical activities are positively and directly influenced by the number of available public parks and green spaces in the vicinity(
). The frequency at which residents witness others exercising nearby or the perceived abundance of low-cost gym facilities also factor as positive influences. The closer to the park, the higher the number of parks and area of green spaces, the more comfortable the walk thereto and the denser the neighboring residential area distribution, the perceived health level was found to be the more positively influenced. Further, it was verified that BMI is correlated with the number of public parks and green spaces within 400 m of the resident's home as well as the safety of walkways, the density of neighboring residential areas, the ratio of road, and the density of crosswalk. The significant multiple regression models between the characteristics of green spaces and physical activities and perceived health level were extracted within the significance level of 10%. This study will contribute to provide better understanding the ways in which green space and neighborhood characteristics are associated with physical activity and health. The result of this research will be available in the landscape architecture plan aimed at improving the use of green space for physical activity and reducing obesity.
Practitioners' Perception of Landscape Education in Universities
Joo, Shin-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 13~24
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.013
This study investigates the practitioners' perception of Landscape Education in the universities in order to satisfy the demands of the rapidly changing industry. The survey was conducted for 257 practitioners to analyze the overall perception of Landscape Education, the importance and utilization of each course in universities, and the importance and utilization of each landscape process step. The overall perception of Landscape Education was slightly negative, and more practical education was demanded to improve the students' adaptability on the job. Practitioners suggested that universities should teach more practical expertise and related fields. They re-educated deficient aspects such as practical skills, computer techniques and legislational knowledge through the new employee training. The survey also showed that professors should be most responsible for a better education; however, students and practitioners have to endeavor together. According to the findings, planting design, landscape design, landscape materials, landscape planning and landscape construction as well as management were important. They are also considered as practical courses. However, practitioners perceived that university education was not sufficient for the constructional process. This means that Landscape Education in the universities has been more focused on planning and design. Because the universities are essentially for the research and study, changing the curriculum as practitioners suggested is not necessary. Nevertheless, it suggests for more practical education and balanced curriculum including construction and management that should be seriously considered. This study was focused on the practitioners' perception. Many of the respondents were from Seoul metropolitan area, therefore, it's hard to generalize the findings. A further study should be considered that would include instructors as well as students.
Influences of Tourism on the Subjective Well-Being
Hong, Sung-Kwon ; An, Kyoung Jin ; Kim, Jong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.025
The purposes of this study are two folds: (a) to identify the influences of tourism on subjective well-being, and (b) to understand the roles of travel motivation, constraint and personal value in subjective well-being. A polling agency was employed to select 500 respondents by quota sampling, and data was collected by online survey. ANOVA and regression results showed that tourism participants, compared to the non-participants, have a tendency to select tourism as a mean to enhance their subjective well-being because they are more self-motivated people. Their high motivation to take a trip lead to set up their feasible goals to achieve by the tourism experience and their relatively few constraints help them to have trip easily. The people's satisfaction in tourism contributes to the satisfaction in his/her leisure life, which in turn contributes to his/her subjective well-being. It is also revealed that tourism participation and subjective income level are significant variables affecting subjective well-being, which explain 21.1 percent of the variance. The research suggests various managerial implications to reduce constraints and several ideas for future researches.
The Faunae before and after Creating the Solbangjuk Wetland Ecological Park Located in Jecheon-City were Compared
Kim, Do-Sung ; Kang, Jong-Hyun ; Lee, Se-Je ; Lim, Hak-Sang ; Kim, Na-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 35~49
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.035
In this study, the faunae before and after creating the Solbangjuk Wetland Ecological Park located in Jecheon-city were compared. As a result, the change of the fauna according to the creation of the park showed the phenomenon that the species having the strong wilderness are reduced and the rate of general species become higher. In addition, the species which receive the restrictions for moving such as mammals, amphibians and reptiles are being gradually decreased by the increased visitors owing to the creation of the park. Moreover because there was the case where group of fishes have died caused by discharging and working the water in the reservoir during the creation process of the park, the supplementation work for this is required. However, it showed that the insects sucking the honey from flowers in the composed flower garden after creating the park, and the aquatic insects which live in this park that the stable water system for the growth of wetland plants is maintained, are increased, respectively. As a result of this survey, because the reservoir for agriculture adjacent to the residential area is generally small, the securing of the habitat space for the wild animals living in this park when creating the ecological parks seems to be necessary. The countermeasure should be considered so that some areas of the reservoir can be maintained in their natural state by adjusting the visitors' trails and the position of facilities for in order to secure the habitat of the wild animals.
The Current Status of BIM in the Field of Landscape Architecture and the Issues on the Adoption of LIM
Kim, Bok-Young ; Son, Yong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 50~63
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.050
Since the new millennium, BIM has been widely adopted to improve productivity in the field of architecture, engineering, and construction with the government policies of each country. After its first introduction into the field of landscape architecture in USA, BIM has been debated on its merits and limitations mainly by the European countries' academic and, at the same time, practical worlds. However, little attention has been paid to BIM, in particular, in the field of landscape architecture in Korea leaving many issues to solve to fully utilize BIM. The purpose of this study is to present the main issues and strategic agenda for the successful introduction of BIM in landscape architecture in Korea. This study shows that the new derived word of LIM(Landscape Information Modeling) instead of BIM appeared in the field of landscape architecture. Then, this paper discusses the main issues on standardization and interoperability in the adoption of LIM to create, integrate, and reuse landscape information. Finally, four strategic agenda are presented to successfully introduce LIM into the domestic field of landscape architecture by reviewing the societies of the landscape discipline in UK and Norway that play a leading role by organizing BIM working groups.
Effect of Satisfaction in Neighborhood Park Environments on Physical Activity and Health - The Case of Seongsan-gu and Uichang-gu in Changwon City -
Park, Kyung-Hun ; Lee, Woo-Sung ; Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Kim, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 64~75
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.064
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of satisfaction in neighborhood park environments located in the Changwon-si of Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea, on physical activity, the number of parks used for health improvement, and health levels based on Body Mass Index(BMI). Accordingly, a survey was conducted of 429 nearby residents and users of eight neighborhood parks located in urban areas of Seongsan-gu and Uichang-gu in the Changwon-si. The correlation between the environmental perception of neighborhood parks and physical activity and health, which was observed in the survey results, was analyzed using one-by-one linear regression analysis. By summarizing the study results, it was found that the primary reasons for avoiding park use were lack of time, time and effort required to reach the park(i.e., distance from the park), and lack of facilities within the park. Conversely, the primary reasons for using the park included accessibility, walking or strolling, leisure facilities, trees or shade, and diversity in exercise areas. In the case of park users, walking or strolling was the most common activity in the park. On average, park users walked to the parks for 10 minutes and exercised for an hour at least twice per week. With respect to the physical environment of the parks and surrounding areas, park users showed a high level of satisfaction with the distance between their houses and parks and the street environment. On the contrary, they exhibited low levels of satisfaction with water spaces and sightseeing within the parks. Subsequently, it was shown that the number of people using the parks for physical activities and health improvement was positively influenced(within a 5% significance level) by the intent to use the park for exercise, time spent in the park, satisfaction with park use and health improvement, distance to the park, and the convenience of using the park for the elderly. However, only the health improvement gained from park use was found to exhibit a correlation with BMI at the 10% significance level. Continuous accumulation of practical case studies on physical activities in parks and their health improvement effects is required. Through this, park spaces that are under the threat of reduction or elimination owing to various development plans can be conserved and expanded. Furthermore, such case studies can be used to provide data as the basis for deriving park plans and designs that improve parks' functions as sites of physical activity and health improvement.
A Study on the Distributive Equity of Neighborhood Urban Park in Seoul Viewed from Green Welfare
Kim, Yong-Gook ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, volume 42, issue 3, 2014, Pages 76~89
DOI : 10.9715/KILA.2014.42.3.076
The functions of urban park including health related benefit and climate adaptation and mitigation are expanding. However, in-depth research and discourse on the equitable distribution of expanded park function has been limited so far. Following research suggests Green Welfare concept to reflect distributive equity and multifunctionality in the process of urban park policy development and execution. This study developed park welfare indices to analyze disparities of neighborhood urban park(NUP) distribution viewed from green welfare by literature review. The findings analyzed through the Correlation Analysis and Cluster Analysis by SPSS 18.0. The results of the study are as follows. First, green welfare is defined as "to receive equitable benefits and participate in the delivery process of green services which are promoting health and securing safety from climate change risks for every citizen by life cycle regardless of socioeconomic status". Second, NUP per person in Seoul indicate meaningful differences by socioeconomic and environmental status of Seoul administrative districts. Park welfare indices correlated to NUP per person were shown population density(negative), percentage of individuals
(positive), percentage of self-reliance of local finance(positive), flood and air pollution vulnerability by climate change(negative). Third, the cluster analysis identifies three significant clusters that indicate differences of park welfare level. Thus, it was found that NUP in Seoul from a green welfare perspective was provided disproportionately. Future urban park policy in Seoul was required equitable distribution of multifunctionality of park beyond quantitative expansion, and priority consideration should be given to park service consumer.