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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2003
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Sep 2003
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The Change of Spinal Motor Neuron Excitability by Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Lee, In-Hak ; Lee, Joon-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation(NMES) on the alteration of spinal motor neuron excitability. In this article, I would like to experiment on a standard capacity of clinical electrophysiology, a difference in applying methods and a clinical efficiency of NMES by Nerve conduction velocity. We used normal eight subjects without neuromuscular disease and all subjects participated 3 session, which at least 1 week between session. Participants classified according to each group in Antagonist, Agonist, Antagonist-Agonist by the NMES. The test was measured continuously pre test, post-test, post 20 minute test by EMG including H reflex, F wave, motor nerve conduction velocity(MNCV). The following results were obtained; 1. H-reflex latencies and H/M intervals were significantly increased in agonist and antagonist-agonist group(p<.01). 2. H-reflex amplitudes and H/M ratios were significantly decreased in agonist and antagonist-agonist group(p<.01). In agonist group, H-reflex amplitudes and H/M ratios were more significantly decreased than antagonist group. 3. F-wave latencies were significantly increased in agonist and antagonist-agonist group(p<.01). F/M intervals were significantly increased in antagonist-agonist group(p<.01). F wave conduction velocities were significantly increased in agonist and antagonist-agonist group(p<.01) but F/M ratios were not significant. 4. MNCV were significantly decreased in agonist(p<.01). These results lead us to the conclusion that agonist and Antagonist-agonist was significantly decreased excitability of spinal motor neuron. Conversely, Antagonist does not decreased. Therefore, A further direction of this study will be to provide more evidence that NMES have an effect on excitability of spinal motor neurons in UMN syndrome.
Effects on Functional Recovery of Eccentric Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage by Phonophoresis of Piroxicam Gel
Choi, Sug-Ju ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Song, Myung-Soo ; Kim, Young-Il ; Moon, Sung-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~29
This study was investigated the effects on functional recovery of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage by phonophoresis transdermal permeation of piroxicam gel and observed the change of amplitude at muscle action potential. Through eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage, performed healthy men and women take eccentric resistance exercise and measured action, potentials. The subjects were divided into three groups of four men each 24 hour, 48 hour, 72 hour. The results of this were as follows: 1. Change of maximal action potential at maximal voluntary contraction : The phonophoresis group was increase more than control group and gel group. 2. Change of average action potential at maximal voluntary contraction : The gel group was increase more than control group and phonophoresis group. 3. Change of maximal action potential at pain subthreshold voluntary contraction : The phonophoresis group was increase more significantly than control group and gel group. 4. Change of average action potential at pain subthreshold voluntary contraction : The phonophoresis group was increase more significantly than control group and gel group. In conclusion, the change of muscle action potential amplitude by eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage showed that the phonophoresis by pulsed ultrasound of piroxicam gel was improved the recovery of muscle function.
The Effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation(NMES) on Skeletal Muscle Weight and Myofibrillar Protein Content of Rats with Injection.
Yoon, Se-Won ; Shin, Min-Chul ; Jung, Dae-In ; Kim, Yong-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 31~43
The present studies are designed to determine whether the NMES can affect the muscle atrophy in rats following administration of steroid. Rats were divided into four groups: 1) Control group treated with administration of distilled water. 2) The group treated with administration of steroid. 3) The group treated with NMES once a day after adminstration of steroid. 4) The group treated with NMES twice a day after administration of steroid. The muscle atrophy was induced by one week administration of dexamethasone once a day by 3 mg/kg. The change in the structure of muscle fiber and the amount. of myofibril protein and gastrocnemius were determined after every week dissection of the tissues. The results were as follows; 1. The administration of steroid significantly affected the decrease in the weight, but NMES did not affect the inhibition of decrease in the weight. 2. The weight of gastrocnemius in the group once treated with NMES was changed two weeks later; similarly in the group twice treated with NMES significantly did two or three weeks later. These indicated that NMES affected the muscular activation of gastrocnemius(p<.05). 3. The changes in the amount of gastrocnemius protein by NMES might, indicate that NMES activated the capacity of synthesis of muscle fiber protein(p<.05).
Iontiophoretic Transdermal Delivery of Triamcinolone Acetonide on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Jung, Dae-In ; Kim, Myong-Hoon ; Hwang, Tae-Yeun ; Yoon, Se-Won ; Choi, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 45~56
This study investigated the effects of triamcinolone acetonide by iontophoretic transdermal drug delivery on anti-inflammatory action into the human which had excentric exercise-induced delayed onset muscle soreness in the non-dominant arm. The degree of anti-inflammation was evaluated creatine posphokinase(CPK) by serum enzyme activity and subjective pain threshold by soreness muscle scale in clinical study. The results Were as follows; 1. In a subjective pain scale, all groups showed non-significant difference but, showed a tendency to decrease numerical value in human. 2. In the serum CPK level, iontophoresis group showed more significant reduction than other groups at 24, 48 and 72 hours. From the results, the iontophoresis with triamcinolone acetonide is more effective than using each groups. The continuous study is needed for many interesting issues of iontophoretic transdermal drug delivery in new future.
Effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation(NMES) on the Ultrastructure of Skeletal Muscle in Rats
Park, Jang-Sung ; Park, Chun-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 57~72
This study conducts electrical stimulation to male white rat of Spargue-Dawley which is 7 weeks, has the weight of 240 g and is seemingly healthy for one or two weeks by means of neuromuscular electrical stimulator in order to examine the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on its gastrocnemius, measures change of weight of gastrocnemius, serum and enzyme activity and then obtains the following conclusions. There is little difference in AST and CPK of weight and serum of gastrocnemius after one or two weeks of conducting neuromuscular electrical stimulation in all experimental groups. On the one hand, as a result of histochemical observation, NMES I group showed hypertrophy of perimysium and increase of sectional diameter of muscle fiber compared to comparison group, but NMES II group showed a similar result to comparison group. When ultrasubstructure was observed under electron microscope, I-type muscle fiber of NMES I group showed well-arranged mitochondria and it was similar to comparison group. II-type muscle fiber showed a large quantity of glycogen granules within sarcoplasmatic and the extension of luminal of T-tubule. I-type muscle fiber of NMES II group had small mitochondria and showed the vacuolar degeneration of mitochondria and extended T-tubule. II-type muscle fiber showed the extension of agranule cytoplasma reticulum with T-tubule and the reduction of amount of glycogen granule within partial sarcoplasmatic.
The change GLUT-4 and muscle fiber type in Streptozotocin-diabetic rats
Heo, Myoung ; Kim, Kye-Yoep ; Oh, Myung-Hwa ; Park, Seung-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 73~85
The purpose of this study is to discuss and analyze the change of GLUT-4 and muscle fiber type of streptozotocin(STZ)-diabetic rats over a period of 6 weeks. We divided into four groups; I(aquatic exercise and feeding of Cordyceps militaris; n=6), test group II(feeding of Cordyceps miliaris; n=6), test group III(aquatic exercise; n=6), control group IV(non-treatment; n=6). After experimenting we measured the blood glucose, body weight, muscle fiber type and GLUT-4 protein content. The change of glucose levels decreased greater in group I than the other group. The body weight gain was lower in the all groups. The change femoris muscle fiber type, the size of muscle fiber TypeII lessened more than the one of Type I in group IV. Decrease of muscle fiber size more diminishment in group I than the other group. GLUT-4 protein quantity decrease in group IV compared to normal group. It was significantly increased in group. I, III compared to group IV. But there was more increase in group I (p<.001). These results suggest that GLUT-4 and muscle fiber type II decrease in STZ-diabetic rats and that when we apply aquatic exercise and feeding of Cordyceps militaris in diabetic rats over a period 6 weeks, it is increase GLUT-4 and the increase of insulin sensitivity of peripheral tissue. So it is considered to be helpful in improvement of glucose homeostasis and in prevent from muscle atrophy resulted from complication.
The Effects of Wound Healing of Pulsed Ultrasound in Diabetic Induced Rats
Min, Soon-Gyu ; Kim, Kye-Yoep ; Oh, Myung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 1, issue 1, 2003, Pages 87~100
The present studies have been designed to evaluate the effect of acute wound healing that frequency and intensity of pulsed ultrasound application in diabetic rat. Mild diabetes mellitus was induced in rat with 45 mg/kg streptozotocin. The results were analyzed and summarized as follows: 1. The rate of wound length on ultrasonic capacity in
group was more significantly decreased than
group. 2. In the histological change, the
application group was more effective than
group, decrease of inflammatory cell was significantly in several groups. From the conclusions above, in this study application of 3 MHz pulsed ultrasound in acute wound healing,
capacity can be an effective way of promotion wound healing than
capacity in diabetic rat.