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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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The Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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The Change of the Maximal Isometric Contracture of the Normal and Spastic Muscles in Voluntary Exercise
Lim, Sang-Wan ; Choi, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~12
This study aimed at examining the maximal isometric contraction caused by voluntary exercise and at comparing its aspects of decrease and restoration in their different repeated application, as to the quadriceps muscles of thigh in the subjects composed of patients with spastic hemiplegia and normal adults. Using isokinetic exercise analyser(Biodex Medical Systems Inc., Biodex System 3PRO, U.S.A.), experiment was conducted as to the normal group composed of fifteen adults and the patient group composed of fifteen patients with spastic hemiplegia. As to each group, MVIC(maximal voluntary isometric contraction) of the quadriceps muscle of thigh caused by voluntary exercise and the aspects of decrease and restoration of the isometric contraction were examined with the method to induce isometric exercise, and their SDI(strength decrement index) and SRI(strength recovery index) were also calculated. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. As for decrease of maximal isometric contraction, both groups showed slow decrease in voluntary exercise, but the normal group showed rapid decrease later phase. 2. As for SDI, no significant differences could be observed in comparison between groups. 3. As for restoration of maximal isometric contraction, both groups showed slow restoration in voluntary exercise, but the normal group showed rapid restoration early phase. 4. As for SRI, comparison between groups showed significant differences in voluntary exercise. These results lead us to the conclusions that spastic muscle is characterized by slow decrease and restoration of MVIC in comparison with normal muscle in voluntary exercise.
Effects of Ultrasound on Cell Proliferation from Chicken Articular Cartilage Explants Culture
Choi, Bo-Kyung ; Lee, Jae-Hyoung ; Park, Jang-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 13~29
This study was performed to examine the effects of therapeutic doses of ultrasound on cell migration distance and proliferation of biopsies from articular cartilage. Articular cartilage biopsies were isolated from proximal part of the tibial of chicken, and cultured. Cartilage explants were exposed for a single 5 min to ultrasound with
(spatial average-temporal average) at a frequency of 1 MHz. A control group was treated with the ultrasound generator switched off. The cell migration distance and cell proliferation analysis were performed on day 6 after stimulation of ultrasound. The results revealed that ultrasound influenced cell migration distance and cell proliferation in intensity-dependent manner. It was found that ultrasounds at
were significantly increase respectively both cell migration distance and cell proliferation (p<0.05). However, cell migration distance and cell proliferation were not affected by exposure ultrasound at
compared with control group. These results suggest that low-intensity ultrasounds at
may stimulate cell proliferation of the chondroblasts, and reflect a potential role in cartilage repair.
Fatigue Analysis of Knee Extensor Using sEMG and Dynamometer
Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Yong-Nam ; Park, Jang-Sung ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 31~47
Fatigue is a common experience in our daily life and in therapeutic exercises. Human muscle fatigue has been studied using a wide variety of exercise models, protocols and assessment methods. This study conducts quantitative evaluation of fatigue of knee extensor with surface electromyography and dynamometer and is to provide basic materials in physical therapy diagnosis and assessment of skeletal muscle. Measurement of two stages was conducted with 88 normal adults between their twenties and seventies, correlations and differences using collected data according to age was compared and correlations among measured items were analyzed and then the following conclusions were obtained. Analysis of sEMG and dynamometry of knee extensor showed that MDF, FI, MVIC, ET had the closest relations with age and MDF, FI, MVIC were significantly increase with aging. In addition, it was found that there were high correlation among items of analysis.
Changes in Median Frequency of Quadriceps Muscle According to Application Modes of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
Choi, Soo-Hee ; Oh, Myung-Hwa ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 49~59
This study assigns each 8 of 24 normal persons to control group(Group I), strength increase group(Group II) and endurance increase group(Group III) to analyze differences in changes of strength and endurance with surface electromyography and kinetics according to application modes of neuromuscular electrical stimulation(NMES). Group I had not any treatment, group II performed 15 repeated contraction with 60% intensity of maximal voluntary isometric contraction(MVIC) by setting 10-sec on time and 50-sec off time and group III conducted 30 repeated contraction with 30% intensity of MVIC by setting 10-sec on time and 20-sec off time. For neuromuscular electrical stimulation, 2,500 Hz of Russian current, 35 pps of pulse rate and 200 of pulse width. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation was conducted by five times for total 4 weeks. Before and after experimentmotor unit action potential of vastus medialis, rectus femoris and vastus lateralis were measured with sEMG, median frequency(MDF) was analyzed, and thus the following results were obtained. There was significant difference in the period of measuring vastus medialis and rectus femoris in change of MDF and interaction among groups with analysis of surface electromyography before and after neuromuscular electrical stimulation(p<.001) and in particular, there was a remarkable change among groups according to the period of measurement. In conclusion, NMES influenced changes of strength and endurance according to its application modes and in particular, it was found that strength increment application had a significant influence on strength increment in applying short-time NMES.
Correlation of the 3D-Surface Topography and Cobb's Angle in Scoliotic Patient's
Choi, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 61~70
The purpose of study correlation between 3D-surface topography and Cobb angle in scoliotic patients. It would be recognizing possibility of clinical application with 3D-surface topography with scoliosis assessment and correlation analysis of obtained Cobb angle through measured results of surface topography and took X-ray of subjects with scoliosis, which used to 3D-surface topography of laser scan method. A scoliosis subjects 16(males 4, females 12) agreed for study's purport volunteer our study that diagnose the scoliosis through 3D-surface topography and X-ray. The results were as follow: It was shown that the relation of Cobb angle of scoliosis and itemized 3D-surface topography measurement in horizontal view(p<0.01). top difference of cervicothoracic and lumbar in anterior-posterior view(p<0.05), the top difference of thoracic, thoracolumbar(p<0.01). These results suggest that an itemized 3D-surface topography measurement was highly correlated with Cobb angle. It would be a useful diagnosis method and assessment of physical therapy plan.
The Change of Postural Sway of Diabetic Neuropathy by Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation
Hwang, Tae-Yeun ; Kim, Young-Nam ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Park, Jang-Sung ; Yoon, Se-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 3, issue 1, 2005, Pages 71~84
This study had performed with purposes to analyze the influence of the change of vestibular sens, visual and proprioceptive sense to the postural sway, so as to supply the necessary clinical materials through developing the physical therapeutic interventions and assessment format for the diabetic neuropathy patients. The sample consisted of fifteen diabetic neuropathy patients with sensory disorder in their lower limbs and fifteen age-matched normal control group. Then the effect of the GVS and the visual cue open and closed to the postural sway were measured by CoP. The summary of the comparison results were obtained below. In the comparison of diabetes neuropathy patients group and age matched normal control group, however diabetes neuropathy patients group had a decrease in superficial tactile sense(p<.001) and nerve conduction velocity(p<.001), they were able to control the posture and walk. So it is, diabetes neuropaty patients had more disturbance compared with AMC group on at a hard surface, particularly in the visual cue open(p<.001) and visual cue closed(p<.01). Moreover, since diabetes neuropathy patients group had more differences in visual cue open and closed(p<. 01), GVS(p<.01), it meant that they're affected largely by vestibular sense, visual sense. In addition, since there're the largest change in doubled sense disturbance such as visual cue open and closed under GVS, it meant that compensation of other senses were quite important for the diabetes neuropathy patients' postural control. In the conclusion, diabetes neuropathy patients who decrease or lose the somatosensory system, sensory training of visual and vestibular system are likely to be quite essential to control the posture and balance.