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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Change of RIII Reflex of Primary and Secondary Hyperalgesia Site by High Voltage Pulsed Current
Kim, Su-Hyon ; Choi, Sug-Ju ; Lee, Jung-Woo ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Kim, Gye-Yeop ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~12
This study conducted RIII reflex measurement to examine degree of pain depending on polarity of high voltage pulsed current of primary and secondary hyperalgesia site in hyperalgesia rat by local thermal injury. Hind paw which was injury site was taken as primary hyperalgeisa site, sole which was injury adjacent site was taken as secondary hyperalgesia site, and mechanical pain threshold, thermal pain threshold and root mean square of RIII reflex were measured. This study was conducted with control group I of hyperalgesia rat at hind paw by thermal injury and experimental groups divided into cathodal high voltage treatment group II, anodal high voltage treatment group III and alternate high voltage treatment group IV, applied active electrode of high voltage pulsed current to hind paw directly, placed reference electrode on the sole of injury adjacent site and applied pulse frequency. It measured RIII reflex and obtained the following results: Root mean square of RIII reflex at primary hyperalgeisa site was significantly reduced in group II after 2 days of hyperalgesia. Group II showed significant decrease after 5 and 6 days of hyperalgesia. Root mean square of RIII reflex at secondary hyperalgesia site showed significant reduction in group II after 6 days of hyperalgesia. Consequently it was found that application of high voltage pulsed current of hyperalgesia site reduced RIII reflex at primary hyperalgeisa site and secondary hyperalgesia site by electrical stimuli. Effects by polarity of high voltage pulsed current showed the greatest reduction of pain threshold when cathodal active electrode was used.
Analysis of Peripheral Nerve Function and Echogenicity of Skeletal Muscle in Type II Diabetic Patient's
Yoon, Se-Won ; Hwang, Tae-Yeun ; Kim, Young-Nam ; Yoon, Hee-Jong ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~25
This study aims to suggest clinical basis of physical therapy of neuromuscular system complication in type diabetic patients through a variety II of analysis methods including echogenicity using ultrasound image and measurement of peripheral nerve function to their neuromuscular system and provide basic materials for preparing evaluation of physical therapy and intervention program. Subjects of this study were 75 type II diabetic patients between 40 and 80 years old and it obtained the following results through echogenisity and function of peripheral nerve. Incidence of neuropathy in type II diabetes was 55.8% in men and 53.1% in women, and total incidence of neuropathy was 54.7%. Echogenicity of patients with neuropathy was significantly increased compared to that of patients with neuropahty. It was also found that there were correlations between function of peripheral nerve and echogenicity of tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscle. In addition, it will be important for physical therapists to divide type II diabetic patients into neuropathy and myopathy and interpret and approach changes of neuro-muscular system from comprehensive side.
The Effects of Muscle Contraction by Electrical Stimulation to V Wave and Median Frequency
Mun, Dal-Ju ; Jeong, Dae-In ; Lee, Jung-Woo ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Tae-Youl ; Oh, Myung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 27~38
This study analyzed changes in action potential of supraspinal neuron and motor unit depending on maximum tolerance isometric contraction(MTIC) by electrical stimulation and examined influence of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on spinal neuron adaptation. It selected 40 university students in their twenties and divided into experimental groups of 25% MTIC(I), 50% MTIC I (II), 75% MTIC(III) and 100% MTIC(IV) depending on MTIC by electrical stimulation, and performed isometric contraction of plantar flexor muscle to each experimental group with given contraction for 20 times. It measured V/Mmax and MDF pre and post exercise, compared volume of contraction. 1. V/Mmax ratio showed no significant difference in comparison among experimental groups. 2. There was significant difference in median frequency of gastrocnemius and soleus in action potential motor unit according to comparison among experimental groups(p<.001). When contraction by electrical stimulation was maximum, change was greatest. This results suggest that muscle contraction by electrical stimulation was influence to action potential of spinal motor neuron system which appear optimal level though aspect and difference degree were not in accordance. Consequently, optimal stimulation level of MTIC(50%) by FES would be lead to central nerve adaptation. muscle contraction by electrical stimulation was influence highly to MDF which should be consider to fatigue of motor unit for muscle contraction by electrical stimulation.
Functional Electrical Stimulation : A Review of Clinical Application
Cho, Mi-Suk ; Lee, In-Hak ; Kim, In-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 39~47
Functional Electrical Stimulation(FES) cause paralysed muscles to contract in some clinical circumstances. Generally, FES has been thought of as a valuable tool in activating any skeletal muscle paralysed as a result of upper motor neuron damage. But, the function of cardiac and smooth muscle is also affected by upper motor neuron damage. Today, various applications of FES are investigated, including conditioning cardiovascular exercise, caugh and breathing assistant, improving bowel and bladder control, hand grasp, standing and walking etc. This review will focus on the literature reporting application of FES to control respiratory capabilities and internal organ function as well as increase muscular strength, hand grasp, standing and walking in patients with upper motor diseases.
Skin Permeation Effects of Meloxicam Gel on Ultrasound Parameters by Phonophoresis
Choi, Sug-Ju ; Yoon, Se-Won ; Jung, Dae-In ; Kim, Young-Il ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 49~61
This study conducted the following experiment to examine and compare transdermal permeation effects according to parameters of ultrasound and physiochemical characteristics of meloxicam. Permeation by ultrasound among these experimental drugs was relatively higher and it was involved in COX-2 inhibition unlike other drugs. Recently use of oral agents has been rapidly increased, but it was not generalized to transdermal agent and this study selected meloxicam that transdermal permeation research using ultrasound was not performed and conducted transdermal permeation experiment with skin of hairless mouse and analyzed permeation with HPLC. It made gel first and analyzed permeation depending on frequency and intensity of ultrasound of meloxicam with the same experimental procedures as the above experiment. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. Transdermal permeation by ultrasound frequency was higher in 1.0 MHz and it was higher as intensity increased. In comparison by parameters of ultrasound, there was similar permeation in
of continuous mode and
of pulsed mode and it was effective to high intensity for using pulsed mode. It was found that duty cycle of ultrasound affected transdermal permeation in meloxicam gel used in this experiment and transdermal permeation was higher in used ultrasound as phonophoresis than non-ultrasound for anti-inflammatory effects.
The Effect of Topical and Conduction Anesthesia by Phonophoresis with Lidocaine
Jeong, Dae-In ; Yoon, Se-Won ; Choi, Sug-Ju ; Lee, Jung-Woo ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 63~83
This study conducted the following experiment to examine anesthetic effects of 500 kHz ultrasound with lidocaine. Clinical experiment was conducted to compare local anesthetic effects by ultrasound frequencies and drugs with 40 normal adults and it divided subjects into experimental group (I) applying only ultrasound, ointment group (II) applying only lidocaine, phonophoresis group of 1 MHz (III), phonophoresis group of 500 kHz lidocaine (IV) for pain threshold and nerve conduct experiments. Mechanical threshold was measured with von Frey monofilament, thermal pain threshold with halogen lamp and digital thermometer, action potential in median nerve with diagnostic electromyography before and after treatment, and at 30 min., 60 min., 90 min., and 120 min. after treatment. Results of this study can be summarized as follows. Topical anesthesia experiment showed that pain threshold of phonophoresis groups was significantly increased, but there were little differences in ultrasound frequency and drugs among phonophoresis groups. Conduction anesthesia experiment showed that phonophoresis group of 500 kHz using lidocaine had significant difference in pain threshold and sensory nerve conduction compared to ointment group and ultrasound group, but there was no great difference from other phonophresis groups and light nerve block effect was found. It was considered that application of 500 kHz ultrasound using lidocaine will be more effective in deep anesthesia or nerve block than 1 MHz ultrasound. However, researches considering various frequencies, intensities and application hours in low frequency areas including kHz ultrasound are needed to increase deep permeation of drugs.
Effects of TENS and He-Ne Laser at Auricular Point on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Park, Jang-Sung ; Kim, Moon-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 4, issue 1, 2006, Pages 85~93
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS) and He-Ne laser at auricular point on delayed onset muscle soreness(DOMS). Twenty healthy adult males and females performed eccentric exercise of the elbow flexor. DOMS was induced in a standardised fashion in the nondominant elbow flexor of all subject by repeated eccentric exercise. Subject were assigned randomly to one of trees groups. Group 1 received TENS to the appropriate auricular point for biceps pain, Group 2 received laser to the appropriate auricular point for wrist pain, Group 3 received no treatment and served as controls. After exercise, treatments were applied at 24 hours and at 48 hours and at 72 hours after. Group 1 showed stastically significant increase(p<0.05) in pain threshold after treatment whereas the Group 2 and 3 did not. Group 1 showed a significant increase in pain threshold than Group 2. These results suggest that TENS has the capability to higher pain threshold but laser does not.