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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Dec 2009
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The Comparison of Effect of MC Intensity in Pain and ROM in Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Kim, Seun-Deuck ; Park, Hye-Mi ; Jung, Hwa-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.001
Purpose : We investigated the effects of microcurrent(MC) electrical stimulation on each intensity(
- 30pps frequency was same) on delayed onset muscle soreness(DOMS). Methods : Subjects were assigned randomly divided into three groups of eight for three different treatment protocoals(
-experimental groups). Twenty-four healthy males and females subjects were participated in this study. All subjects performed eccentric exercise of elbow flexor(biceps brachii) until exhausted. The measured items of elbow flexor muscle strength were Nicholas Manual Muscle Taster(NMMT). The measured items of elbow joint range of motion ROM) were Goniometer. The measured items of elbow flexor muscle pain were visual analogue scale(VAS). Treatment were applied at 30 minute exercise after and again at 24 hours and at 48 hours and at 72 hours after. Measurements were taken after treatment. Analysis of Results using repeated measures analysis of variance(ANOVA) and post hoc tests were as follows: two-way ANOVA with repeated measurement for muscle strength, flexion ROM, extension ROM and VAS. Results : This results showed eccentric exercise casused DOMS, DOMS response to eccentric exercise were reduces by microcurrent therapy. DOMS was significant decreased at
. Muscle strength was significant difference at all intensity. Elbow flexion ROM was significant difference at all intensity but elbow extension ROM was insignificant difference at all intensity. VAS score was significant difference at
but insignificant difference at
. All experimental groups showed insignificant difference with all intensity MENS. Conclusion : These findings indicate that microcurrent therapy is had effect on recovery from exercise induced muscle damage. In our's suggestion, microcurrent therapy is particularly more appropriate therapeutic modality.
The Effect of Electrical Stimulation Applied in Dominant Forearm on Autonomic Nervous System Response of Both Hands
Lee, Dong-Geol ; Seo, Sam-Ki ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 7~10
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.007
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of electrical stimulation applied in dominant forearm on autonomic nervous system response of both hands. Methods : Fourteen healthy subjects (women) received low frequency-high intensity electrical stimulation to one forearm. The subjects assigned to two groups; a ipsilateral stimulation group (n=7) and a contralateral stimulation group (n=7). The electrode attachment was arranged on the forearm of the dominant arm and the electricity stimulus time was set as 15 minutes. Measuring items were the skin conduction velocity, the blood flow, and the pulse rate, which were measured total 3 times (pre, post, and post 10 min.). Results : The skin conduction velocity showed a significant difference according to the change of the time in both hands, but there was no significant difference according to time in the blood flow, and the change of the pulse frequency regardless of stimulus side. Conclusion : These results demonstrate that the low frequency-high intensity electrical stimulation applied dominant forearm can increase selectively only with the skin conduction velocity, which may be helpful for the activation of the sudomotor function of both hands by the activation of sympathetic nerve.
Analysis of Ultrasonography on Biceps Brachii Muscle of Hemiplegic Patient
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Yang, Ga-Ae ; Kim, Su-Hyon ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 11~15
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.011
Purpose : This study aims to comparison of ultrasonography on both sides of biceps brachii muscle of hemiplegic patient. Methods : The biceps brachii muscle of fifteen subjects (5 male, 10 female) with stroke were scanned with ultrasonography at the muscle belly at rest at elbow angles of 90 deg. The echogenicity (density, white area index; WAI, anatomic cross-sectional area; ACSA, volume) of ultrasonography was examined. Results : In the biceps brachii muscle, there were significant differences of density, WAI, ACSA, and volume between affected side and non-affected side. biceps brachii muscle, echogenicity (density, WAI) of the affected side was higher than non-affected side. biceps brachii muscle, echogenicity (ACSA, volume) of the non-affected side was higher than affected side. Conclusion : This study showed that change of skeletal muscle architecture properties occurred biceps brachii muscle of the affected side muscle of hemiplegic patient.
The Effect of Electrical Stimulation for Dysphagia Caused by Cerebral Infarction
Kwon, Hye-Min ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Yoon, Se-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~21
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.017
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to analysis the effect of electrical stimulation for dysphagia caused by cerebral infarction. Methods : We recruited nineteen adults after cerebral infarction(14 male, 5 female; mean age, 69y) for our study. Electrical stimulation was used for participants with electrical stimulator connected to two pair of electrodes positioned on the neck for one hour a day and 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Maximum tolerated stimulation levels were applied at rest while participants held their mouth closed. Videofluoroscopic recordings, physical examination of swallowing, and swallow function score were used to evaluate swallowing state of participants. All evaluate items were evaluated before and after treatment. Results : There was no significance difference of swallowing stage. The swallow function score significantly increased from 1.8 to 5.3(p<0.001). Also, cough reflex(p<0.001), laryngeal excursion(p<0.01) were significantly reduced compared to before electrical stimulation. Conclusion : Therefore, electrical stimulation for dysphasia is proved effective as it activates the function of swallowing muscle.
The Influence of Medium Frequency Currents According to Frequency on Sensory Threshold
Yu, Jin-Ho ; Hwang, Tae-Yeon ; Jeong, Jin-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 23~27
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.023
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different medium frequency currents on afferent fibers. Methods : Thirty healthy volunteers who had no known history of neurological disorders were equally assigned to one of three groups; 2500Hz, 4000Hz, and control and each group was applied to the left wrist in palmer cutaneous branch of radial nerve by different medium frequency currents for 15 min. We measured the changes of thresholds for tactile, two-point discrimination, and thresholds for pain. Results : The results showed that the medium frequency currents stimulation increased thresholds for tactile, two-point discrimination, and thresholds for pain. However, there is no statistically significant difference between group 2500Hz and group 4000Hz. Conclusion : This may explain thresholds for tactile, two-point discrimination, and thresholds for pain plain medium frequency currents stimulation inhibits the excitability of afferent fibers, but the effect of the frequency difference within medium frequency currents is not demonstrated.
The Effects of ESWT and US on Muscle Power, Pain and Muscle Tension at Trigger Point of the Scapular Inter Angle
Lee, Seung-Hyub ; Pi, Eo-Ra ; Jung, Ha-Ney ; Lee, Ho-Seok ; Joo, Da-Sol ; Lee, Seung-Hee ; Choi, Min-Hee ; Choi, Hyun-Ji ; Hong, Young-In ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Han, Sang-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.029
Purpose : This study aims to investigate into the change in muscle power, pain and muscle tension upon application of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and ultrasound (US) at trigger point (TrP) of the Scapular inter angle. Methods : In total of 24 human subjects that experience pain upon stimulation at the scapular inter angle were recruited. They were divided into three groups: control, ESWT and US group. Each group was subjected to appropriate stimulation three times per week for four weeks except the control group which had no restrictions in lifestyle. The ESWT group was subjected to Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy with a 2
head, 20 times at speed of application of 60 pulses/min and depth of intrusion of 25 mm Whereas the US group was subject to Ultra sound therapy with 1
head, 1 MHz in frequency, 1.5 W/
of strength with five minutes of continuous application. Measurements were performed immediately prior to and at the end of the experiment. Results : There was no statistical significance in the change in muscle tension and muscle power as well as the difference between both groups before and after the experiment. VAS and VRS, all of which indicates changes in pain level, had statistically significant differences between them in pretest posttest comparisons. However, ESWT was superior to US in terms of decreasing muscle tension and pain while increasing muscle power. Conclusion : This study has made it evident that ESWT is far more reasonable to apply to TrP.
The Effects of Swiss Ball Lumbar Stabilization Exercise on the Strength and Flexibility, Balance
Lee, Dong-Geol ; Ahn, Sang-Hyun ; Oh, Jin-Kyu ; Cho, Nam-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.035
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Swiss ball lumbar stabilization exercise on the strength and flexibility, balance for the subjects. 30 university students who aged an average
years. Methods : The exercise program lasted for 4 weeks with a frequency of 3 times per week within 12 to RPE. The result was analyzed by case study were measured by sit-up for strength, and back muscle strength, and trunk flexion test and trunk extension lifting for flexibility, and also measured by balance test before and during, and after the Swiss ball exercise program. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS/Win(15.0) version and t-test. Results : By the result of this study, we found that the number of performing sit-up strength was increased, and back muscle strength was increase, and trunk flexion test and trunk extension lifting was increased after the 4 weeks Swiss ball exercise program. Conclusion : These finding indicate that Swiss ball lumbar stabilization exercise using Swiss ball could be beneficial to the subjects. The effect of increasing strength and flexibility, balance was flexibility.
The Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation and Traditional Trunk Stabilization Training on the Rectus Abdominis Muscle Contraction
Lee, Nam-Yong ; Kim, Su-Hyon ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 7, issue 1, 2009, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2009.7.1.043
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to study the effect of rectus abdominal muscle contraction by proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation trunk stabilization training using extremity simultaneous pattern (PNF trunk stabilization training) and traditional trunk stabilization training methods. Methods : A group of 24 adults male and female, healthy, with no previous medical history nor disability in neuromuscular system and musculoskeletal system was chosen as subjects, and was divided into a control group, a PNF trunk stabilization training group and a traditional trunk stabilization training group. Experiments were performed on the last two groups, 3 times a week for 6 weeks, totaling 18 times. Using a dynamometer, muscle strength and endurance time on trunk flexion were measured before and after each experiment, and surface electromyography in left and right rectus abdominis were measured. Results : following results were obtained; 1. As for the change in the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), all subjects in the trunk stabilization training group showed significant difference from those in the control group. 2. As for surface electromyography measurement and the changes in root mean square at the time of trunk flexion, in the left rectus abdominis, PNF trunk stabilization training group showed significant difference from the control group, while in the right rectus abdominis, traditional trunk stabilization training group showed significant difference. Conclusion : To sum up the results, both trunk stabilization training groups showed improvement in the MVIC of abdominal muscle, motor unit action potential activity, but the difference between two trunk stabilization training groups was not significant. Therefore, while trunk stabilization training significantly improved abdominal muscle contraction, but the difference attributable to training methods was found to be insignificant.