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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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The Influence of Microcurrent on Pain and Function of Patients with Chronic Back Pain
Park, Jang-Sung ; Jung, Hwa-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.001
Purpose : This research inquires into the effect of applying microcurrent (MC) according to various frequency levels on the pain and functional recovery of patients with chronic back pain. Methods : Thirty participants with chronic lower back pain disease were divided equally into three experimenta l groups. The MC frequency used in the first experimental group was 0.5Hz, the second experimental group was 50Hz, and the third experimental group was 100Hz for 20 minute sessions. A hot pack and ultrasound were applied to all groups as the general physical therapy. Measurements were taken using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the face pain rating scale (FPRS), and the Oswestry disability index (001). The analysis used the paired t-test in order to compare pretest and posttest results. A one-way ANOVA was performed to make comparisons with regards to frequency levels. Results : VAS, FPRS, and 001 showed significant pain decrease in all groups except for the 001 measurement in the 0.5 Hz group. There were no significant differences according to frequency levels. Conclusion: For chronic pain and functional recovery, a microcurrent produces an effect after treatment. However, results did not show a significant difference in change obtained from differing frequency levels.
The Effect of Presynaptic Inhibition Using the Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation for Global Synkinesis on the Post-Stroke Hemiplegic Patients
Park, Young-Hyun ; Kim, Su-Hyun ; Choi, Hyun ; Oh, Seok ; Choi, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 7~13
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.007
Purpose : This study was performed as follows in order to investigate the effect of presynaptic inhibition mechanism using the transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) for global synkinesis (GS) on the post-stroke hemiplegic patients. Methods : The subjects consist of 38 post stroke hemiplegic patients; experiments were performed on thirty patients excluding eight. The experiment was performed on sham group, sensory level stimulation group, and motor level stimulation group for 20 minutes a day 5 times a week for 6 weeks total. We compared the differences in GS levels and walking ability. The measurements were carried out pre, immediated, post 10th, and 20th, for a total of four measurements. Results : The GS level using sEMG found significant differences between groups at the post 10th and post 20th in dorsiflexion, and post 20th in plantarflexion (p<0.05, p<0.01). The motor level group indicated more significant differences when the number of electrical stimulations increased. TUG and 10 m walking test indicated a significant difference at immediated, post 10th, and post 20th. The motor level group showed more significant decreasing tendency than the sensory level group. Conclusion: From these results, electrical stimulation using presynaptic inhibition mechanism of transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) had positive effects for walking ability on inhibition of muscle tone in lower extremity. The motor level stimulation group experienced a more significant effect than the sensory level stimulation group. Therefore, the transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) is considered to be effective on walking ability increasing through inhibition of muscle tone in lower extremity for rehabilitation of post stroke hemiplegic patients.
The Effect of Stretching and Pre-eccentric exercise on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Jeong, Jin-Gyu ; Ryu, Seong-Sun ; Kim, Yong-Nam ; Kang, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Su-Hyun ; Hwang, Tae-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.015
Purpose : This study examines the effects of pre-eccentric exercise and stretch ing to bicepsbrachii to prevent delayed onset muscle soreness and recovery of muscular function depending on the training intensity with 28 normal adults in their twenties. Methods : The subjects were divided into a control group, a group without any previous eccentric exercise, and a stretching group. Pre-eccentric exercise group conducted exercise with the intensity of 25% of maximal voluntary contraction. Pre-eccentric exercise and stretching was applied before to induce delayed onset muscle soreness and after, 24 hour post, 48 hour post, and 72 hour post. Measurements were conducted to examine pain and muscular function changes before, immediately after, and after inducing delayed onset muscle soreness. After inducing delayed onset muscle soreness, measurements were taken at the 24th hour, 48th hour, and 72nd hour. Results : The pre-eccentric exercise group and stretching group showed a significant difference from the control group by isometric contract ion power and mechanical pain threshold as a result of measuring delayed onset muscle soreness. Conclusion : From these results, electrical stimulation using presynaptic inhibition mechanism of transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) had positive effects for walking ability on inhibition of muscle tone in lower extremity. The motor level stimulation group experienced a more significant effect than the sensory level stimulation group. Therefore, the transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) is considered to be effective on walking ability increasing through inhibition of muscle tone in lower extremity for rehabilitation of post stroke hemiplegic patients.
Ultrasound Imaging and Electrophysiological Characteristic According to Activity Levels of Myofascial Trigger Point
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Su-Hyun ; Park, Young-Hyun ; Oh, Seok ; Choi, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 23~29
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.023
Purpose : This study is to offer clinical primary data that examines the change of imaging structure and the quantitative evaluation of muscle activity on myofascial trigger points. This study examines neuromuscular physiological characteristic by comparing the differences in physical findings, pressure pain threshold, imaging, and electrophysiological characteristics in latent and active myofascial trigger points muscle and normal muscle through the following experimental procedures. Methods : The participants for the study were thirty-three adults in their twenties. We divided three groups into normal, latent and active myofascial trigger points groups by physical findings. We analyzed the results of measured pressure pain, threshold for pain, ultrasound imaging perform for structure characteristic of muscle, surface EMG according to type of muscle contraction for function of muscle contraction. Results : Significant differences were indicated in pressure pain threshold (p<0.05). Significant differences were discovered in the ultrasound imaging analysis. There were increases in muscle Echogenicity white area index (p<0.001). There were significant differences that decrease in %MVIC (p<0.05), increase in MDF (p<0.05). Conclusion : From these results, active rnyotascial trigger points muscle showed quality deterioration on ultrasound imaging and decreased function of muscle contraction, increased motor unit action potential of II type fiber, and electrophysiologically. Imaging structure and neuromuscular physiological characteristic can be diagnostic and quantitative analytical techniques for myofascial pain syndrome and a primary factor that reflected in physical therapy intervention.
Effects of Core Program Exercise on Static Balance of Females in Their Twenties
Hwang, Seung-Joon ; Cho, Nam-Jung ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~36
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.031
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of core exercise on the static balance for females in their twenties. Methods : The core exercise program was conducted 3 times per week for 4 weeks. The result is based on the analysis of measuring static balance before and after the core exercise program. By using the GOOD BALANCE system, the assessment of the static balance ability was made before and after the exercise of 6 postures: normal standing, one left leg?and one right leg standing with eyes open and closed respectively. For each case, the experimental data were obtained in 3 items: mean X speed, mean Y speed, and velocity moment. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS/Win(10.0) version and Willcoxon signed rank test. Results : From the result of this study, we found that mean X speed, mean Y speed and velocity moment of total postures significantly increased after the 4 week program of core exercises. Conclusion : These finding indicate that core exercises could be beneficial to females in their twenties due to the effect of increasing static balance.
An Influence Stretching Exercise with Ultrasound and Microwave Application Having on Knee Joint Position Sense after Induction to Muscle Fatigue
Park, Jang-Sung ; Choi, Eun-Young ; Jung, Hwa-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 37~42
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.037
Purpose : This study will recognize about the influences that stretching exercise with ultrasound and microwave application has on a knee joint position sense after induction to muscle fatigue. Methods : The object by each ten people divided at random thirty physical healthy adult men to constant group 1, group 2, group 3 to the objects. Treadmill exercised for induction to muscle fatigue, and let an exercise intensity decided on 85% of the maximum heart beat number with the goal heart beat number, and you exercise. Goal heart beat number measured as used heat rate monitor, and measured a oneself at the scale in order to recognize own physical state after end treadmill exercise to all objects to criteria to evaluate an ability shown in case of sports. Knee joint position sense used a N-K table, and experimenter did so as adaptation got passively arbitrary three angle done, and to order an original position. The object carried in person out one angle that experimenter designated, and measured repeatedly an error along him to this three times after being so. Rear before induction to muscle fatigue a position sense and measured after stretching exercise application, and played. Stretching exercise after induction applied stretching exercise, stretching exercise with ultrasound, stretching exercise with microwave, and applied to each group 1, group 2 and group 3 to muscle fatigue. Results : The result each group the difference which considers does not come out it was not but, improvement of the position sense is the possibility of knowing was from group 1, group 2 and group 3. Conclusion : These findings stretching exercise and stretching exercise with ultrasound and microwave after induct ion give help to a position sense elevation, and execute stretching exercise, and be effective against damage prevention by physical insecurity to muscle fatigue, and look.
The Effect of Balance Control and Vestibular Function by an Aquatic Rotation Control and the Obstacle Avoidance Underwater with Hemiplegia Patients
Kwon, Hye-Min ; Kim, Su-Hyun ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Oh, Seok ; Choi, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.043
Purpose : The objective of this study is to effect of an aquatic rotation control and obstacle avoidance when conducted underwater on hemiplegia patient`s balance ability and vestibular function. Methods : Twelve hemiplegia patients participated and were randomly assigned to a control group(I) with standard physical therapy and an aquatic group(II) with an aquatic rotation control, obstacle avoidance and standard physical therapy as well. The aquatic group trained using a Halliwick rotation control and obstacle avoidance through 3 times per week over 6 weeks. For all subjects, vestibular function, their balance, the change of electrooculogram (EOG), the change of accelerometer axis and torsiometer according to visual sense, vestibular sense with galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) or not during leg close stance were measured. Results : The EOG in the vertical and horizontal (p<0.05) were both significantly lowered. The change was significantly lower in the trajectory range of motion of trunk and spine with torsiometer when leg close stand (p<0.01) and leg close stand with GVS (p<0.01). The centre of gravity accelerated, there were reduced significantly difference X and Y axis of accelerometer during the closing of the leg without vision (p<0.05). There were reduced significantly difference X and Z axis of accelerometer during the closing of the leg with GVS (p<0.05). There were reduced significantly difference X and Z axis of accelerometer during the closing of the leg and close eyes with GVS (p<0.05). Conclusion : The balance ability, vestibular system and postural control is improved.
The Effect of Ankle-Taping on Postural Balance and Lumbar Flexibility
Kim, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Myung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology , volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~56
DOI : 10.5627/KACE.2010.8.1.051
Purpose : This study identifies the effect of ankle-taping on limb asymmetry, postural sway and lumbar flexibility. Ankle-taping was applied for participants of this study and the results were compared to the control group. Methods : This study targets 46 adults, in which 25 composed the test group and 21 composed the control group. All participants were interviewed. For the test group, inflexible tapes of 5mm width were applied as designed by Danaka Nobudaka while the tapes for the control group were arranged in a symmetric direction to the direction of the test group. Postural balance was measured using Mediance (Human Tech Inc, Korea) and to identify lumbar flexibility, the trunk flexion is targeted. Results : 1. The postural inclination of both the groups decreased, but a statistically significant difference is not found (p>0.05). 2. Both the groups increased, but no statistically significant difference is found (p>0.05). 3. Both the groups increased, and a statistically significant change is found (p<0.05). Conclusion : As demonstrated in the results above, ankle taping is effective for lumbar flexibility as well as stability of ankle joints regardless of the direction of taping. It also suggests that ankle taping is helpful for health management of athletes and the public. However, as the results are limited in that they were obtained 10 minutes after taping, it is hoped that further studies will follow.