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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Immobilization of Lead in Contaminated Soil by Ekectrokinetic Remediation and Adsorbent
Han Sang-Jae ; Kim Byung-Il ; Lee Goon-Taek ; Kim Soo-Sam ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 1~11
This study applied EK method to remediate contaminated soil by lead (Pb), tried increasing efficiency of remediation using adsorbent (apatite and zeolite) as enhanced EK remediation method to overcome the limit of traditional EK remediation method. Adsorption tests on Pb were practiced to extract EK, making different concentration of contaminated soil, voltage condition, operating time etc., transferring Pb-ion into the position of adsorbent, then tried immobilization. On this results, the efficiency of remediation is different on its test conditions. In addition, the efficiency of remediation was not only improved by adding electrode revεrsal and install position of adsorbent but also satisfied TCLP regulation of EPA in USA through the whole sample range. Finally, absorption and immobilization capacity of apatite and zeolite proved on its excellence and confirmed the possibility of application of apatite and zeolite as enhanced EK remediation method.
A Study on the Determination of Management Groundwater Level on Jeju Island
Kim Ji-Wook ; Koh Gi-Won ; Won Jong-Ho ; Han Chan ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 12~19
Jeju island is one of the highest rainfall areas in the Korean peninsular. However, variation in rainfall amount is much great with years, which resulted in substantial variation in annual groundwater recharge and sustainable yield. Therefore, to cope with groundwater hazard including sea water intrusion and water level decline in accordance with successive extreme drought, Jeju province established a stepwise action system, in which management of representative monitoring wells and corresponding actions to water level conditions was enforced. In this study, rainfall and groundwater monitoring data were analyzed to determine management groundwater level on Jeju island. First, rainfall data for last 30 years were analyzed, which yielded a lower limit of rainfall at a confidence level of 99% as a basis rainfall. Only when the rainfall less than the basis rainfall was sustained over 3 months, the water levels were targeted for the analysis. For the water level data selected using the above criteria, the lower limit of 99% confidence interval was determined as a reference groundwater level. Finally, some ratios of reference groundwater level was determined as stepwise management groundwater level on Jeju island.
Seasonal Variation of Surface Water Quality in a Catchment Contaminated by
Kim Youn-Tae ; Woo Nam-Chil ; Lee Kwang-Sik ; Song Yun-Goo ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 20~27
The seasonal variation of water quality was studied in the Hwabongcheon. It runs though a small catchment where shallow groundwater was contaminated with
by intensive livestock facilities. A direct inflow of animal waste and incoming of contaminated groundwater affected its water quality. In the dry season, an important factor of water quality in the Hwabongcheon was direct inflow of animal waste. In the wet season, concentrations of
in the Hwabongcheon were elevated in spite of being diluted by precipitation. It could be explained by the effect of increased incoming of contaminated groundwater and showed by oxygen and hydrogen isotope values.
concentration in the Cheongmicheon was lower than that in the Hwabongcheon, so it increased next a junction. This effect was intense in wet season because
concentration in the Hwabongcheon was high.
Site Application Characteristics of Deep-Site Biopile System for Cleaning Oil-Contaminated Soil/Underground Water
Han Seung-Ho ; Kong Sung-Ho ; Kang Jung-Woo ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 28~34
The aim of this article is to assess the application characteristics of the site by remediating oil-contaminated area using DSB (Deep-site Biopile) system. In the contaminated area, the soil was composed of penetrable sand and the leaked oil was spread widely (total 7,201 cubic meters) through 2.5 meter deep underground water flow. DSB system was operated for 30 minutes intervals for 24 hours in a day (30 minutes opεration and 30 minutes stop). To check contamination level change in the contaminated area after DSB system was operated, samples were taken. The result from the site shows that BTEX/TPH contamination level was dropped 50% after 30-day operation of DSB system, and that contamination level was dropped below contamination level check standard after 165 days and the remediation was completed. Unlike traditional biological remediation methods DSB system could efficiently process soil and water which were contaminated by high levels of oil compounds.
Enhanced Bioslurping System for Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Soils
Kim Dae-Eun ; Seo Seung-Won ; Kim Min-Kyoung ; Kong Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 35~43
Bioslurping combines the three remedial approaches of bioventing, vacuum-enhanced free-product recovery, and soil vapor extraction. Bioslurping is less effective in tight (low-permeability) soils. The greatest limitation to air permeability is excessive soil moisture. Optimum soil moisture is very soil-specific. Too much moisture can reduce air permeability of the soil and decrease its oxygen transfer capability. Too little moisture will inhibit microbial activity. So Modified Fenton reaction as chemical treatment which can overcome the weakness of Bioslurping was experimented for simultaneous treatment. Although the diesel removal efficiency of SVE process increased in proportion to applied vacuum pressure, SVE process was difficulty to remediation quickly semi- or non-volatile compounds absorbed soil strongly. And SVE process had variation of efficiency with distance from the extraction well and depth a air flow form of hemisphere centering around the well. Below 0.1 % hydrogen peroxide shows the potential of using hydrogen peroxide as oxygen source but the co-oxidation of chemical and biological treatment was impossible because of the low efficiency of Modified Fenton reaction at 0.1 % (wt) hydrogen peroxide. NTA was more efficiency than EDTA as chelating agent and diesel removal efficiency of Modified Fenton reaction increased in proportion to hydrogen peroxide concentration. Hexadecane as typical aliphatic compound was removed less than Toluene as aromatic compound because of its structural stability in Modified Fenton reaction. What minimum 10% hydrogen peroxide concentration has good remediation efficiency of diesel contaminated groundwater may show the potential use of Modified Fenton reaction after bioslurping treatment.
Fraction and Mobility of Heavy Metals in the Abandoned Closed Mine Near Okdong Stream Sediments
Kim Hee-Joung ; Yang Jae-E ; Lee Jai-Young ; Jun Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 44~51
Fractional composition and mobility of some heavy metals in sediments from Okdong stream are investigated. The fractional scheme for heavy metals in the sediment was established for five chemically defined heavy metal forms as adsorbed fraction, carbonate fraction, reducible fraction, organic fraction, and residual fraction. The most abundant fraction heavy metals in the sediments is reducible and secondly abundant is organic fraction. Adsorbed fraction is minor part of the total heavy metals. Mobilization of heavy metals in the sediments from Okdong stream occur
of total cadmium concentrate. The most abundant fraction of the sediment metal is organic fraction in Cu, Pb metals investigated. Labile fraction of sediment metals are
of total Zn,
of total Pb, and
of total Cu, respectively. Most of labile fraction consists of reducible fraction for Cd, Zn, adsorbed fraction for Pb, reducible fraction for Cu, adsorbed fraction for Ni. The Mobilization of Zn and Cu is most likely to occur when oxygen depletes and that of Pb and Ni occurs when physical impact, oxygen depletion and pH reduction.
Evaluation of Microbial PCE Reductive Dechlorination Activity and Microbial Community Structure using PCE-Contaminated Groundwater in Korea
Kim Young ; Kim Jin-Wook ; Ha Chul-Yoon ; Kwon Soo-Yeol ; Kim Jung-Kwan ; Lee Han-Woong ; Ha Joon-Soo ; Park Hoo-Won ; Ahn Young-Ho ; Lee Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 52~58
In Korea, little attention has been paid to microbial perchloroethylene (PCE) and/or trichloroethylene (TCE) dechlorination activity and identification of microorganisms involved in PCE reductive dechlorination at a PCE-contaminated aquifer. We performed microcosm tests using the groundwater samples from 4 different contaminated sites (i.e. Changwon A, Changwon B, Bucheon and Yangsan) to assess PCE reductive dechlorination activity. We also adapted molecular techniques to screen what types of known reductive dechlorinators are present at the PCE-contaminated aquifers. In the Changwon A and Changwon B active microcosms where potential electron donors such as sodium propionate, sodium lactate, sodium butyrate, and sodium fumarate, were added, ethylene, an end-product of complete reductive dechlorination of PCE, was detected after a period of 90 days of incubation. In the Bucheon and Yangsan active microcosms, cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (c-DCE) was accumulated without the production of vinyl chloride (VC) and ethylene. Molecular techniques were used to evaluate the microbial community structures in the Changwon B and Yangsan aquifer. We found two sequence types that were closely related to a known PCE to ethylene dechlorinator, named uncultured bacterium clone DCE47, in the Changwon B site clone library. However, in the Yangsan site clone library, no sequence type was closely related to known PCE dechlorinators reported. It is plausible that microorganisms being capable of completely dechlorinating PCE to ethylene may be present in the Changwon B site aquifer. In this study we find that complete PCE reductive dechlorinators are present at some PCE-contaminated sites in Korea. In an engineering point of view this information makes it feasible to apply a biological reductive dechlorination process for remediating PCE- and/or TCE-contaminated aquifers in Korea.
Effects of Selected Time on Analysis Results in Step-Drawdown Tests
Lee Jin-Yong ; Song Sung-Ho ; Lee Kang-Kun ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 2, 2005, Pages 59~65
Step-drawdown test has been generally conducted to evaluate productivity or efficiency of both aquifer and well. In general step-drawdown test, pumping with a low constant discharge rate is conducted in the first stage until the drawdown within the well stabilizes. And then the groundwater is pumped with a higher rate in the next step until the drawdown stabilizes once more. This process is repeated at least three times (steps), with the equal duration. In this paper we tried to review some critical problems related to the step-drawdown test, which were revealed in the process of field practices and analyses. The problems, referred in this paper are mainly associated with the incorrect conceptual approach for analysis and incomplete data collection in the field test.