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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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A Study on Chemical Speciations and Leaching Potential of Heavy Metals in Polluted Wastes Soils
Kim Hee-Joung ; Yang Jae-E ; Park Byung-Kil ; Kong Sung-Ho ; Lee Jai-Young ; Jun Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~8
Fractional compositions and leaching potentials of Cd, Cu and Zn were investigated in the soils which had been disposed with the metal processing wastes, tungsten mine tailings and low quality coal mine area. Total concentrations of metals in these soils were higher than in non-polluted paddy and upland soils. Fractions of Cd, Cu and Zn were mostly reducible, organic and residual forms, but varied with origins of wastes. Residual fraction was a predominant form in the nonpolluted soils. Leaching potentials of metals were higher in polluted soils than in non-polluted soils. Metals leached were higher at pH 4.0 than 7.0 and increased with the duration time. After 25 to 35 hrs, metals released from soils reached a pseudoequilibrium. Leaching potential of metals in non-polluted soils was low due to high percentage of residual fractions.
Modeling Fate and Transport of Organic and Nitrogen Species in Soil Aquifer Treatment-(I) Model Development and Verification
Kim Jung-Woo ; Kim Jeong-Kon ; Cha Woo-Suk ; Choi Hee-Chul ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 9~15
Soil aquifer treatment is a water reuse technology that secondary or tertiary treated wastewater is infiltrated into the aquifer in which physical and biochemical reactions occur. Major consideration in SAT is the removal and transport of DOC and nitrogen species. In this study, reaction mechanism in SAT was examined considering nitrification, denitrification and organic oxidation. In addition, SAT modeling system was developed as the reaction mechanism was applied to groundwater flow and transport model. In verification of the reaction module by 1-dimensional unsaturated soil column test, the experimental data of all of the species, ammonium, nitrate, DOC and DO, were well matched with the simulation results. In sensitivity analysis, ammonium partition coefficient, dissolved oxygen inhibition constant and biomass decay rate affect ammonium, DOC and DO concentration of effluent, respectively.
Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage from an Abandoned Coal Mine Using Steel Mill Slag, Cow Manure and Limestone
Jung Myung-Chae ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 16~23
In order to remediate acid mine drainage (AMD) from the Jeongam coal mine, steel mill slag, cow manure and limestone were used. As a result of batch test, the proper amounts for treating 1 L of acid mine water from the mine were determined as 15 g of steel mill slag, 15 g of cow manure and 500 g of limestone. After feasibility test, remediation system was arranged in the order of steel mill slag tank combination of cow manure and limestone, precipitation tank and oxidation tank. During 54 days' operations, the pH values of the treated waters increased from 3.0 to 8.3 and 61 % of sulfate concentration in an initial water was decreased. In addition, the removal efficiencies for metals in the water were nearly 99.9% for Al, Fe, Zn and 92.6% for Mn. Thus, the combination of steel mill slag, cow manure and limestone can be used as neutralization 때d metal removal for acid mine drainage.
Solute Transport Modeling using Streamline Simulation in a Heterogeneous Aquifer with Multiple Contaminant Sources
Jung Seung-Pil ; Choe Jong-Geun ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 24~31
This study presents a contaminant transport model suitable for a 2-dimensional heterogeneous aquifer with multiple contaminant sources. It uses a streamline simulation, which transforms a multi-dimensional problem into multiple 1dimensional problems. It runs flow simulation, streamline tracking, and calculation of contaminant concentrations by turns. The model is verificated with a Visual MODFLOW by comparing contaminant concentration distributions and breakthrough curves at an observation well. Due to its fast simulation, it can be applied to time consuming simulations such as in a fine-grided aquifer, an inverse modeling and other applications.
The Effect of the Chang in Forest Environment on physico-chemical Properhes of Soil Located in Seoul Royal Tomb
Nam, Yi ; Yee, Sun ; Bae, Sang-Won ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 32~37
The soil properties of the royal tombs (managed by cultural properties administration) located in Seoul and suburban Gyonggi area were investigated to see the influence of the change in soil environment on the royal tomb s이I. To compare the soil chemical properties of four royal tombs soil of Changdeokgung, Jongmyo, Seooneung, and Dongguneung, pH, organic content, available phosphate, extractable calcium, extractable potassium, extractable magnesium, cation exchange capacity, degree of base saturation, and total nitrogen content were measured. The concentrations of Cd, Pb, and Cu measured as the degree of heavy metal contamination can be an indication of atmospheric pollution in the soil environment. To estimate the degree of soil compaction, soil hardness, pore space, porosity, bulk density, and soil atmosphere were analyzed. Through these studies, following conclusions were made: 1. The soil hardness and pore space which can be used as indexes of soil compaction, were worse in the soil of Seooneung than in those of Changdeokgung and Dongguneury. These phenomena seem to be the result of increase in visitors in Seooneung and Dongguneung better and soil management in Changdeokgung and Dongguneung. When three different regions of forest area, prohibited area, and soil compaction area in Seooneung soil were compared, the degree of compaction in the forest area was less than compaction area, indicating the need for the employment of soil resting period in the compaction area. 2. The pH measurements of all four royal tombs soil were higher in top soil than sub soil. The higher soil pH values in Jongmyo and Seooneung seem to result from the application of soil conditioner. In the case of Seooneung, the values for soil pH and organic content were higher in the forest area than those in compaction area. It is thought that active soil management was employed in the forest area through application of organic matters and soil conditioners. 3. The heavy metal contents from soil of Changdeokgung and Jongmyo were higher than that from soil of Dongguneung. Since Changdeokgung and Jongmyo are located inside Seoul, it is thought that the high level of heavy metal concentrations in these royal tomb soil is the result of accumulation of pollutants from the city.
Field Tests for Assessing the Bioremediation Feasibility of a Trichloroethylene-Contaminated Aquifer
Kim Young ; Kim Jin-Wook ; Ha Chul-Yoon ; Kim Nam-Hee ; Hong Kwang-Pyo ; Kwon Soo-Yul ; Ahn Young-Ho ; Ha Joon-Su ; Park Hoo-Won ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 38~45
The feasibility of stimulating in situ aerobic cometabolic activity of indigenous microorganisms was investigated in a trichloroethylene (TCE)-contaminated aquifer. A series of single-well natural drift tests (SWNDTs) was conducted by injecting site groundwater amended with a bromide tracer and combinations of toluene, oxygen, nitrate, ethylene and TCE into an existing monitoring well and by sampling the same well over time. Three field tests, Push-pull Transport Test, Drift Biostimulation Test, and Drift Surrogate Activity Test, were performed in sequence. Initial rate of toluene degradation was much faster than the rate of bromide dilution resulting from natural groundwater drift, indicating stimulation of indigenous toluene-oxidizing microorganisms. Transformation of ethylene, a surrogate probing overall activity of TCE transformation, was also observed, and its transformation results in the production of ethylene oxide, suggesting that some tolueneoxidizing microorganisms stimulated may express a orthomonooxygenase enzyme. Also in situ transformation of TCE was confirmed by greater retardation of TCE than bromide after the stimulation of toluene-oxidizing microorganisms. These results indicate that, in this environment, toluene and oxygen additions stimulated the growth and aerobic cometabolic activity of indigenous microorganisms expressing orthomonooxygenase enzymes. The simple, low-cost field test method presented in this study provides an effective method for conducting rapid field assessments and pilot testing of aerobic cometabolism, which has previously hindered application of this technology to groundwater remediation.
Natural Dissipation of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds Released in Soil : Effect of Moisture Content and Carbon Source
Cho Chang-Hwan ; Choi Sang-Il ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 46~51
This study was to evaluate sorption and biodegradation rate affecting the natural dissipation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) in surface soil. To show the effect of sorption and biodegradation on the natural dissipation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA), trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE), three types of vial experiments were employed; (1) sterilized, (2) non-sterilized, (3) non-sterilized/substrate enriched. Also three moisture contents was applied to find the moisture effect in each vial; (1) wilting point (12%, w/w), (2) field capacity (29%, w/w), (3) saturation (48%, w/w). The results suggested that keeping the soil moisture content at field capacity was desirable for TCA and TCE natural dissipation in the vial study.
Study on the Support Policy for Recycling Food Wastes into Feed & Compost
Ahn Sang-Sun ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 52~63
Korea has recently implemented two m메or policies on organic wastes, including food wastes. One is the Volume-Based waste Fee System (VBWFS). which went effect nationwide in January 1995, and the other is a ban on the landfill of organic wastes, such as food wastes. organic sludge, and animal manure, in accordance with the Waste Management Act. These two policies have brought about remarkable positive effects, including the reduction of organic wastes at source, and the development of technology for recycling food wastes into feed and compost. However, they have caused obstacles to carry out the policy on food wastes, in areas of legal and technological infrastructures for recycling. Therefore, this study intends to find problems of policies for recycling food wastes, and to suggest ways to resolve them.