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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Transport behavior of a surfactant tracer(CPC) with Langmuir type adsorption isotherm on NAPL-water interface in a homogeneous porous medium
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 3~13
It has been known that nonlinear characteristics of sorption affect the transport behavior of water soluble pollutants in soils. However detailed experimental studies have not been performed to verify the effect of non-linearity of adsorption isotherm on transport of chemicals in porous media. In this research, the distortion of breakthrough curves of a cationic surfactant (cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC) in a engineered stainless steel column packed with glass beads were investigated. Glass beads with about 110
diameter coated with a thin n-decane film were used as the media providing the sorption surface for CPC. The CPC adsorption isotherm on the surface of n-decane from aqueous solution was a typical Langmuir type. The breakthrough curve of CPC using step Input showed a late breakthrough on the front side and early breakthrough on the back side accordance to the shape of the isotherm. The retardation factor of CPC was found to be a strong function of the input concentration, which also a manifestation of the non-linearity of the isotherm. The retardation factors for the CPC with step input agreed with those of pulse input that the maximum concentrations are controlled to be the same as the step input concentrations. This results support the validity of the unproven field practices of using hydrogeotracers with non-linear adsorption isotherms to determine the hydrogeological parameters, e.g., NAPL saturation, air-water or NAPL-water interfacial areas.
Radiocarbon Analysis of water Using Direct
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 15~22
) and tritium in water have been applied to hydrogeology as a tool for dating of groundwater. The long half-life of
(5,730 years) makes it useful for evaluation of residence time of groundwater, However, the
has not been applied to groundwater studies in Korea, owing to the absence of preparation line for
analysis. By this time
of groundwater has been analyzed mainly using benzene synthesizer, which is so complicate and time-consuming that has been is limitedly applied to hydrogeology. Recently, the direct
absorption method for
analysis was developed and introduced to KAERI for the evaluation of domestic groundwater system. The results of
in groundwater would be usefully applied to hydrogeological studies such as the well understanding of groundwater flow system in depth. The reliability of our
data was confirmed by inter-comparison with the qualified international isotope laboratory.
Optimization of DOSL Surfactant Solution Conditions in Surfactant-Enhanced Remediation of Soil Contaminated by Toluene
;;Robert D. Cody;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 23~30
Column tests were carried out to examine the effect of surfactant solution conditions on the surfactant-enhanced remediation of soil columns contaminated by toluene. The conditioned parameters of the surfactant solution for the column tests were concentration, pH, temperature and flow rate. The test results revealed that an optimum condition was achieved for 4% (v/v) of concentration, 10 of pH,
of temperature and 4 mL/min of flow rate respectively. The removal of 95% of toluene was obtained when optimal conditions of each surfactant solution parameter were simultaneously met. This was a marked improvement and removal efficiency increased by 6-19% compared to that with unadjusted conditions. The optimum range of these parameters may be useful for a surfactant-based remediation in the aquifer contaminated by toluene.
A Study on the Extent of the Pollution of an Illegal Landfill
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 31~38
An illegal landfill In Korea was evaluated in a view of environmental quality to figure out reusing the area. The sampling spots were selected at a point in the landfill and three points in it's around area(two points in a paddy soils and one in a farm field). The eleven pollutants regulated in the Korean Soil Environmental Preservation Act (KSEPA) were analysed from the soil sample with the method of the KSEPA. As the results of the analysis the level of concentration with most samples indicated the requirement of the KSEPA. The concentration of soil samples met the standard: however, some pollutants in the ground water and leachate showed higher concentration than that of the requirement. Therefore, we must consider the treatments of the pollutants in the ground water and leachate when designing this landfill area for reusing.
Effects of In-Situ flushing on the Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated with Endosulfan
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 39~47
According to a series of batch-scale washing tests, SDS+
were determined for the applicable mixed surfactants. Because SDS+
showed slightly negative effects on the microbes in the toxicity tests,
((1:1) 1%) was chosen for this study. In the in-situ flushing experiments, the removal rate of endosulfan was 67% for the injection rate of 1.5L/min/
. And when methanol and ethanol were added as cosolvent, 75% and 81% removal efficiencies were achieved, respectively. In the tests of bioremediation after the application of in-situ flushing, the removal rates of contaminated soils having 13mg/kg dry soil and 3mg/kg dry soil as initial concentrations were 86% and 81%, respectively. There were no significant degradation after 24 hours. The major rate-limiting factor for the biodegradation of endosulfan might be the mass transfer from soil phase to liquid phase after 24 hours. With the addition of surfactant, 89% removal was achieved after 120 hours. Because the surfactant improved the mass transfer rate, the biodegradation of endosulfan was enhanced. When surfactant and cosolvent were added together, the adaptation period of microorganisms to the surfactant became longer and the removal rates were 84% and 83% for methanol and ethanol, respectively.
Transport and Degradation of Benzene affected by Hydrogen Peroxide and Microorganism in a Sandy Soil
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 49~56
Benzene, one of the aromatic hydrocarbons, can be degraded by physical, chemical and biological processes in aquifers. This study aimed at analyzing separately the three different forms of degradation by performing column tests. Column tests using KCl and benzene as tracers were conducted for four different cases: 1) no hydrogen peroxide and no microorganism, 2) hydrogen peroxide only; 3) microorganism only; 4) hydrogen peroxide and microorganism to investigate the sorption and degradation of benzene. The observed BTCs of KCl and benzene in all cases showed that the arrival times of the peaks of both tracers coincided well but the peak concentration of benzene was much lower than that of KCl. This reveals that a predominant process affecting the transport of benzene in a sandy soil is an irreversible sorption and/or degradation rather than retardation. Decay of benzene through sorption and degradation increased with the addition of hydrogen peroxide and/or microorganism. Dissolved oxygen decreased with the increase of benzene in all cases indicating that degradation of benzene was also influenced by dissolved oxygen. For BTCs with the addition of microorganisms (case 3 and case 4), microorganism showed much lower concentrations compared to the initial levels and an increasing tendency with time although concentrations of benzene returned to zero, indicating a possible retardation of microorganism due to reversible and irreversible sorption to the particle surfaces.
The Behavior of Leachate on The Transient Condition in The Nanji Waste Landfill
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 57~67
The purpose of this study is to predict appropriate leachate rates and leachate transport velocity through weathered zone and basement rock on the transient condition at Nanji waste landfill. The leachate transport in the Nanji waste landfill is analyzed using MODFLOW(A Modular 3-D Finite Different Groundwater Flow Model) model which simulates three dimension groundwater flow and MT3D(A Modular Three Dimentional Transport Model) model which describes three dimensional transport for advection, dispersion and chemical reaction of dissolved constituents in groundwater system on the transient condition. Leachate production rates are estimated by HELP(Hydraulical Evaluation of Landfill Performance) model and used weather records for recent 10 years. Leachate transport is predicted by a change of leachate level to after/before established HDPE, established slurry wall and wells.
Numerical Simulation of Immiscible Water-Gas Simultaneous Flow in the absence of Capillary Force in a Single Fracture
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 69~81
The constitutive relation among capillary pressure, saturation and relative permeability should be predetermined in order to simulate immiscible water-gas flow in porous media. The relation between saturation and relative permeability becomes more important when the capillary force can be disregarded and viscous friction force governs the flow. In this study, a 2-dimensional finite difference numerical model was developed, in which the variation of viscosity with pressure and that of relative permeability with water saturation can be treated. Seven cases of parallel plate tests were performed in order to obtain the characteristic equation of relative permeability which would be used in. the developed numerical model. It was not possible, however, to match the curves of relative permeability from the plate tests with the existing emperical models. Consequently a logistic equation was proposed as a new emperical model. As this model was composed of the parameter involving aperture size, any aperture size of fracture can be applied to the model. For the purpose of verification, the characteristic equation of relative permeability was applied to the developed numerical model and the computed results were compared with those of plate test. As a result of application of numerical model, in order to check the field applicability, to single fracture surrounding an underground storage cavern, the simultaneous flow of water and propane gas was able to be simulated properly by the model.