Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Moved of Applied Fertilizers through Volcanic Ash Soils in a Lysimeter Experiment
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 3~12
This study conducted to Investigate the movement of fertilized nutrients in a volcanic ash soil in Jeju using by the pressure-vacuum soil water sampler. The percolated water to measure the ion concentration of leachates was taken from a lysimeter at depths of 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 cm in the soil in where a corn and potato were cultivated as a preceding and succeeding crop, respectively. Fertilizers of N-
O were applied at the rate of 36-30-30 kg
for the corn and 28-22-24 kg
for the potato prior to planting of both crops. The highest concentrations of Cl ,
in percolates were showed at 20cm and 40cm in soil depth at one month after fertilizing, and then gradually moved and reduced into below soil depths. At 5.5 months after fertilization, the concentrations in all soil depths were similar with the value of before fertilization. At depth of 120cm, the concentration of NO
-N and the other cations in leachate was highest 1 to 1.5 months after fertilization. pH in percolated water was negatively correlated with NO
-N concentration while the concentration of
-N showed positive correlation between Cl,
concentrations. This result indicated that those cations can be leached out by accompanied with
Chemical Oxidation Treatment of Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Eine Soil by
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 13~20
In this Study, application of
oxidation System (Fenton-like oxidation) for the oxidative treatment of high-level soil contamination with hydrocarbon was suggested. The characteristics of Fenton-like oxidation of diesel-contaminated fine soil was experimentally probed in a batch system varying initial pH, zero valent iron and hydrogen peroxide levels, and initial diesel concentration. Contaminant degradation was identified by total petroleum hydrocarbon(TPH) concentration with gas chromatography. The batch experiments showed that the optimal
removed 65% of initial TPH concentration (10,000mg/kg) at a retention time of 24h. And the TPH removal in the
system effectively proceeded only within a limited pH range of 3-4. The zero valent iron-catalyzed Fenton-like oxidation of diesel-contaminated soil was more competitive to the
-catalyzed system (Fenton oxidation) in removal efficiency and cost especially for the treatment of high level contamination.
Adsorption of Cadmium and Lead on Organobentonite
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 21~29
Organobentonite modified with hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) was used to quantify adsorption of heavy metals. Adsorption of cadmium and lead increased with increasing pH and soil/solution ratio. Based on these experiments, an optimal soil/solution ratio and an optimal pH was selected. Adsorption experiments with cadmium and lead were conducted to quantify adsorption selectivity on bentonite and organobentonite. Adsorption of heavy metals on organobentonite was slightly reduced relative to bentonite. Because of competition between cadmium and lead, adsorption of each metal was reduced due to the presence of the other. Adsorption selectivity of cadmium was higher than lead. This study used the principle of hard soft-acid-base (HSAB) to interpret adsorption.
Biodegradation of Gasoline Oxygenate MTBE(Methyl tert-Butyl Ether) by Butane-Utilizing Bacteria
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 31~41
In this study, we have examined the potential degradation of MTBE(methyl tert-butyl ether) by pure culture ENV425 and mixed culture obtained from gasoline contaminated soil using n-butane as the sources of carbon and energy. The results described in this study suggest that MTBE is degraded cometabolically by ENV425 and mixed culture grown on n-butane. Butane and MTBE degradation was completely inhibited by acetylene, which indicated that both substrates were degraded by butane monooxygenase. These cultures grown on n-butane generated TBA (tert-butyl alcohol) as a metabolite of MTBE oxidation. TBA Production was accounted 54.7% and 58.6% for MTBE oxidation by ENV425 and mixed culture, respectively. In resting cell experiments, however, TBA and TBF were detected as the oxidation products of MTBE by ENV425 and mixed culture. The observed maximal MTBE degradation rates were 52.3 and 62.3 (nmol MTBE degraded/hr/mg TSS) by ENV425 and mixed culture, respectively, and the observed maximal transformation yields (
) were 44.7 and 34.0 (nmol MTBE degraded/
mol n-butane utilized), and the observed maximal transformation capacities (
) were 199 and 226 (
mol MTBE degraded/mg TSS used).
Optimization of pipeline Operation for Stable Landfill Gas Collection Using Numerical Analysis
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 43~52
It is important that the gas collected from wells completed in waste landfill should be continuously and stably transported to pre-treatment stage through pipelines. The transport is generally affected by fluid flow characteristics of landfill, gas reserves, leachate moisture holdup in pipeline, structures and dimensions of pipeline network, etc. This paper analyzes the pipeline transport and collection mechanism for gas generated in a durable waste landfill. From the results, the optimal controlled scheme of blower inlet pressure is proposed for the prevention of trapped gas pocket zones.
A Feasibility Study on the Deep Soil Mixing Barrier to Control Contaminated Groundwater
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 53~59
There is a lot of method to manage the insanitary landfill but vertical cutoff walls have been widespreadly used and were installed into the subsurface to act as a barrier to horizontal groundwater flow, The stabilized material such as specialized cement or mixed soil with additives has been generally applied for the materials of the deep soil mixing barrier in korea. The amount of the stabilized material is dependent on the field conditions, because the mixing ratio of the material and the field soil should achieve a requirement in the coefficient of permeability, lower than 1.0
cm/sec. This study determined the quantity and optimized function ratio of the stabilized material in the formation process of the mixed barrier that was added with stabilized material on the field soil classified into SW-SC under USCS (Unified Soil Classification System). After that the fly ash and lime were selected as an additives an that could improve the function of the stabilized material and then the method to improve the functional progress in the usage of putting into the stabilized material as an appropriate ratio was studied and reviewed. The author used the flexible-wall permeameter for measuring the permeability and unconfined compressive strength tester for compressive strength, and in the view of environmental engineering the absorption test of heavy metals and leaching test regulated by Korean Waste Management Act were performed. As the results, the suitable mixing ratio of the stabilized material in the deep soil mixing barrier was determined as 13 percent. To make workability easy, the ratio of stabilized material and water was proven to be 1 : 1.5. With the results, the range of the portion of the additives(fly ash : lime= 70 : 30) was proven to be 20-40% for improving the function of the stabilized material, lowering of permeability. In heavy metal absorption assessment of the mixing barrier system with the additives, the result of heavy metal absorption was proved to be almost same with the case of the original stabilized material; high removal efficiency of heavy metals. In addition, the leaching concentration of heavy metals from the leaching test for the environmental hazard assessment showed lower than the regulated criteria.
A Study on the Development of Regional Master Recession Curve Model
Lee, Jae-Hyoung ; Oh, Nam-Sun ; Lee, Hee-Ju ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 61~71
A regional master recession curve model to predict groundwater discharges in a given basin was presented. Considering a stream-aquifer system, both theoretical and experimental baseflow equations were compared and a practical groundwater discharge equation was derived, The groundwater discharge equation was expanded and transformed to the discharge equation at the basin exit. For practical use, the equation was expressed as a function of watershed area, the mean slope of basin and the recession constant. To verify the model, the model was applied to Ssang-chi basin where long-term and temporal hydrological data at the upper basin were collected. Our results show that a master recession curve of unmeasured area can be predicted.
Volatile Organic Compounds contamination in some urban runoff and groundwater samples in Seoul City
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 73~91
compounds (VOCs) were selected for assessment of VOCs contamination in some urban runoff and groundwater samples in Seoul. They included 3 aromatic hydrocarbons, 13 alkyl benzenes, 1 ether, 26 halogenated alkanes, 10 halogenated alkenes, and 9 halogenated aromatics. The levels of VOCs in urban runoff and groundwater were measured for samples collected in March 2000, June 2000 and November 2000 in Seoul City. A total of 78 samples (44 run-off water, 27 groundwater, and 7 samples from 4 urban wastewater treatment plants in Seoul) were collected and analysed by GC-MS with purge and trap. After examination of the runoff, it was concluded that alkyl benzenes and aromatic hydrocarbons were organic compounds which were significantly impacted by traffic flows in Seoul. Of 62 VOCs, only 11 VOCs were not detected in runoff samples, while 14 VOCs were detected in 27 groundwater samples. The toluene content in the runoff was extremely variable from 0.1ppb to 29,310ppb, depending on the different sampling sites. The concentrations of xylene ranged between 0.07ppb and 2970ppb in the runoff. The concentrations ranged from 0.05ppb to 33.0ppb for benzene, 0.05ppb to 960ppb for ethylbenzene, 0.08ppb to 20ppb for trichloromethane (chloroform) , 0.03ppb to 4.30ppb for trichloroethylene(TCE) and 0.1ppb to 50ppb for 1,1,2-trichloroethane. From the preliminary study of groundwater from some wells in Seoul, the most frequently detected VOCs are djchlorornethane(methylene chloride), trichloromethane(chloroform) and toluene. Most of aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl benzenes and other solvents generally lower than detection limits.
Consideration of the Groundwater Recharge Based on Environmental Isotopic Characteristics of the Small Basin in the Yeosu Area
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 93~106
The processes and rates of groundwater recharge were studied by long-term monitoring of groundwater level and isotopic compositions of precipitation, surface water and groundwater in the Yeosu area. The isotopic compositions of surface water and groundwater were directly related to the precipitation event. It is also shown that the minimum amount of precipitation for infiltration to groundwater is about 20mm. The isotopic variations of groundwater shows that the Isotopic composition of groundwater changed by each precipitation event between June and Sep. 2000 is gradually changed without input of precipitation again. It indicates that the groundwater recharged from the upper part is mixed with the groundwater in reservoir. The infiltration rate of first precipitation event after a dry season is estimated to be 16.5% using isotopic mixing equations. It is expected that the groundwater recharge rate could be estimated more quantitavely, if the isotopic method is combined with the conservative methods.
Estimation of the Groundwater Movement Under the Heavyrainfall at Nanji Waste Landfill
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 107~117
The characteristics of groundwater movement under the heavy rainfall at Nan-ji waste landfill site are studied using HELP(Hydraulic Evaluation of Landfill Performance) program, which calculates the daily leachate in the Nan-ji waste landfill site. In this study, instead of the average recharge value, which is used in the past study, the real reacharge value is used to calculate the daily leachater. It is found about 70 times greater than thor average recharge value under the condition of heavy rainfall in the rainy season. The flow characteristics of groundwater for water level fluctuation is simulated using the ground water flow model MODFLOW(A Modular 3-D Finite Different Groundwater Flow Model) program, and the slurry layer is newly added. The result of the study is different from that of the ordinary simulation, which shows much higher ground water level than from the ordinary simulation.