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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Survey of the oil contaminated level and preliminary field bioremediation test in the Mountain Baegun at Uiwang city
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 3~11
The objective of this study was to survey the oil contamination around the Mountain Baegun at Uiwang city to obtain the preliminary data for bioremediation. For measuring the oil concentrations and physical properties from soil, we analyzed BTEX. TPH and pH, organic content, water content, pormeability coefficient, gravity, porosity and used the purge & trap method for analyzing BTEX. Using the Accelerated Solvent Extractor, we pretreated the samples and then analyzed TPH using GC-FID as soon as possible. From the analysis results, maximum concentration of TPH was 24.773mg/kg and BTEX was 101.7mg/kg. The results of TPH at the Mountain Baegun were higher than the enforcement standard of soil contamination(Korea) and the BTEX concentrations were also higher than the advisory standard of soil contamination(Korea). From these results, the Mountain Baegun may requires to remedy the oil-contaminated soil. In addition, we performed the field bioremediation test for five weeks at the Mountain Baegun using the microbial additives that were developed by our laboratory. From the results of the field test, we could find the about 95% of the oil was removed from the contaminated soil in five weeks. So we consider that it is the one of the useful solutions to remedy the oil-polluted site.
A Study on Remediation of Diesel-Contaminated Soil by Biosurfactant- Enhanced Soil Washing
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 13~22
Soil washing by surfactants is a technology to enhance mobilization and subsequent degradation of oil pollutants by reducing the surface tension of pollutants which is combined with soil. In this study, biosurfactant, rhamnolipid was produced from Pseudomonas aemginosa ATCC 9027 which had an excellent biodegradable activity in soil without causing secondary pollution. Effects of chemical surfactants on the removal of diesel from diesel-contaminated soil were compared to those of biosurfactants including rhamnolipid. Diesel removal efficiency by rhamnolipid extracted from P. aeruginosa culture broth was over 95% in both batch and column washing test in 5,000ppm diesel-contaminated soil with 1% surfactants after washing for 24 hours. On the contrary, the results of chemical surfactants were below 50∼80%, The chemical surfactants with HLB value(8∼15) showed more then 75% efficiency of diesel removal. But, when the HLB values were below 8 or over 15. their efficiency were observed as less then 60% of diesel removal. Rhamnolipid, biologically produced surfactants, may also be promising agent for enhancing diesel removal from contaminated soil.
Improving Groundwater Recovery by Hydrofracturing
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 23~33
There are two case history. One is the case of 3 wells-group well system-drilled and artificially hydrofractured for dewatering to help to excavate and treat deep building foundation. The recoveries of groundwater of 3 wells are increased 29%, 42% and 110% respectively through hydrofracturing. Simultaneous pumping test reveals that 3 wells are geohydrologically interconnected considering lowered specific capacity comprising influence of additional drawdown effect by other 2 wells compared to single well test. Response time effect during single well test shows that dorminant lineaments are more expandable to other geological structures. The other one is the case of 28% increasing of groundwater productivity for domestic use by hydrofracturing.
Detection of fluorescence from soils contaminated with monoaromatic hydrocarbons
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 35~44
In order to determine the contamination of the aromatic hydrocarbons in soil, a fiber-optic sensing technique with fluorescence detector has been proposed. Previous researches have shown that the optimal condition for detecting benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene (BTEX) was 260 nm /290 nm (excitation/emission wavelength). However, broader fluorescence spectra of BTEX-polluted soil sample ranging from 300 nm to 600 nm were observed. Additionally, the intensity of fluorescence increased with increasing BTEX concentration, which was conspicuous in the fine-particle soil, The overall results indicated that the suggested technique could be useful for in-situ monitoring system for subsurface oil-storage tank.
Water Geochemistry and Mineralogical Characterization of precipitate in the Munkyeong Bicarbonate Hot Spring
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 45~52
Water chemistry in the Munkyeong hot-spring expresses high values of EC(1,857
(147.60 mg/l), Mg(43.05 mg/l), and Ca(279.43 mg/l). The precipitates of small quantity is formed in lower temperature, but much of in case apply heat by boiler. Although mineral that is settled from original ground water is most calcite, aragonite and calcite at the same time crystallized in boiler. The
is present predominantly as
, Mg and Ca are present as free ion. Ca is saturated with respect to carbonate such as aragonite and calcite but slightly undersaturated with respect to anhydrite and gypsum Al is saturated with diaspore and gibbsite. The precitptates are composed of carbonate such as calcite and aragonite and amorphous Fe-hydroxide.
Analysis of transmissivity tensor in an anisotropic aquifer
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 53~61
An Aquifer test was carried out on five boreholes to determine the hydrologic anisotropy and the major groundwater flow direction in the aquifer system of the study area. With an assumption of the aquifer's anisotropy and homogeneity, the major transmissivity(T(equation omitted)), the minor transmissivity(
), and primary tensor direction (
) for each borehole were determined from the test. Besides the boreholes BH-1, BH-4 and BH-5, the anisotropy transmissivity tensor values of BH-2 and BH-3 did not correspond with the assumption. Thereafter the values were plotted on the polar coordinate, and showed that the tensor values were out of the anisotropy ellipsoid due to the high heterogeneity of BH-2 and BH-3 comparing with the other boreholes. Therefore. the anisotropy of the aquifer was examined from BH-1, BH-4. and BH-5. In BH-1, T(equation omitted) is 171.9
/day, and the principal tensor direction is Nl5.39
E. In BH-4. T(equation omitted) is
/day and the principal tensor direction is N7.55
E. In BH-5, T(equation omitted) is
/day, and the principal tensor direction is
E. On the basis of teleview logging performed on each borehole. the principal fracture directions were revealed as
NE that are the most frequently occurred sets as well as that correspond well with the calculated transmissivity tensor.
A study on the fixation of heavy metals with modified soils in the landfill liner
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 63~71
The authors selected the modified soil method, and then performed the geotechnical and environmental laboratory test, and evaluated whether the modified soil liner could be accepted as a barrier layer in landfill. Unlike the results of the natural soil(CL), those of the hydraulic conductivity test of stabilized soil met the standard value. According to these results, the optimal mixing ratio of a mixture(cement : bentonite : stabilizing agent) was 90 : 60 : 1 with mass ratio(kg) for 1㎥ with soil, and it was possible to use poor quality bentonite. B\circled2 because of a little difference from results with high quality bentonite. B\circled1. The Cation Exchange Capacity(CEC) of the modified soil was increased about 1.5 times compared with the natural soil; however. the change of CEC with a sort of additives was not detected. In order to observe the change of the chemical components and crystal structures, the natural and the modified soils with the sorts of additives were measured by the XRF(X-Ray Flourescence Spectrometer) and SEM, but there was no significant change. The artificial leachate with the heavy meals (
100mg/L) was passed through the natural soil and modified soils in columns. In the natural soil, Cd
were identified, simultaneously the pH of outflow was lower, and then came to the breakthrough point. The removal efficiency of the natural soil was showed in order of following :
On the other hand, modified soils were not showed the breakthrough condition like the result of the natural soil. The modified soil with the lower quality bentonite, B\circled2(column3) was more stable with respect to chemical attack than that with the higher bentonite, B\circled1(column2) because the change range of outflow pH in columns was less than that of outflow pH in column2. In addition, the case of adding the stabilizing agent(column4) was markedly showed the phenomena.ena.
The Rate of Superoxide Radical (
.) Production in Normal Fenton's Reagent at Different pHs
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 73~81
In normal Fenton's reagent, the reductive mechanism of carbon tetrachloride (CT) with superoxide radical (
.) was observed and the rate of
. production was investigated as a function of
concentration and pH. As pH was increased, the rate of 1-hexanol degradation was rapidly decreased from 90% (at pH 3) to 5% (at pH 11). On the other hand, more degradation of carbon tetrachloride was observed at higher pH regimes indicating Fenton's reaction is an oxidant-reductant co-existing system at neutral pHs. The rate of
. production was observed at different
concentrations and at different pHs. The rate increased from (45.3
M/s to (151.0
) at pH 11: the rate 3150 increased from (22.1
M/s at pH 7 to (151.0
M/s at pH 11 with 294mM
, These results showed that Fenton's reagent could be applied at wide pH regimes. Especially, carbon tetrachloride, which can not be easily adsorbed to soils and then can be dissolved into groundwater causing a cancer, could be efficiently treated by Fenton's reagent.reagent.