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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
A study on Surfactants for Electrokinetic Soil Remediation
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~8
Three different surfactants, APG, Brij30, and SDS, were tested to study the characteristics of sorption on soil surfaces, washing ability, biodegradability, and electrokinetic removal. Kaolinite and phenanthrene were selected as a model soil and a representative HOC, respectively. Phenanthrene was sorbed on kaolinite up to 2,200 mg/kg dry soil. The APG, Brij30, and SDS were sorbed on soil to 40, 7, and 4g/kg soil, respectively. The washing ability of phenanthrene was in order of Brij30＆gt;SDS＆gt;APG. The biodegradability tested with sludge was in order of APG＆gt;Brij30＆gt;SDS. In the electrokinetic test, the highest removal efficiency was obtained with APG that exhibited the highest electroosmotic flow. To increase the removal efficiency of HOC in the electrokinetic remediation, the most important factor was the selection of surfactant which maximized the electroosmotic flow.
A New Circulation Method for Electrokinetic Remediation of Soil Contaminated with Lead
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 9~16
A new method has been proposed and developed that solves the problem of decreasing electroosmotic flow rate by excess
and precipitation of heavy metal by
. An electrolytic solution was circulated between the anode and cathode compartments that enabled the pH at the anode and cathode to be controlled. The change of the soil pH by circulation systems affects the operation time, by lowering the rate of increase of the electric potential gradient, and the removal efficiency of heavy metals, by affecting the soil pH. Since there was no effluent from the cathode compartment in circulation system, there was no need to treat the wastewater after the experiment, which resulted in the reduction of influent electrolyte volume.
Methods of Recycling Soil Washing Wastewater for Volume Reduction
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~26
The sorption experiment of cobalt was performed after the TRIGA soil was intentionally contaminated with cobalt was found that the sorption equilibrium coeficiency of soil decontamination was high when the ratio of soil mass to the volume of citric acid becomes 1:5 The TRIGA soil contaminated with 0.01 M, 0.001 M, and 0.0001 M of cobalt solution were decontaiminated with 0.01 M citric acid. The cobalt concentrtion in the wastewater were measured to be correspondingly 36.0, 14.0, 1.5 ppm. The results of wastewater recycling experiment by chemical precipitation method revealed that corresponding cobalt removal efficiency were 97% 88%. It was shown that the removal efficiency decreases as the cobalt concentration in the wastewater decreases. During the decontamination experiment, a lot of NaOH had to be added, and the volume of final solid waste reached almost 10% of that of the contaminated soil. The result of wastewater recyling experiment by ion exchange resin meted rethod revealed that to more the strong acid resins are used, the higher the cobalt removal efficiency becomes and the cobalt removal efficiency becomes and the lower the pH of recycling wastewater become. In order to obtain more than 95% removal efficiency, more than 0.625 g of strong acid resin was necessary in each of 3 experiments. There was an unexpected problem that a lot of strong acid resin waste was produced which amounts to 9.2% (volume) of the contaminated soil.
Biodegradation Study of Gasoline Oxygenates by Butane-Utilizing Microorganisms
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 27~34
In this study, potential degradation of MTBE and other gasoline oxygenates by pure culture ENV425 and mixed culture isolated from gasoline contaminated soil using butane as the sources of carbon and energy was examined and compared. Butane monooxygenases(BMO) of butane-grown ENV425 and mixed culture generated 1-butanol as a major metabolite of butane oxidation and addition of acetylene, specific inhibitor of monooxygenase, inhibited both butane oxidation and 1-butanol production. The results described in this study suggest that alkanes including propane, pentane, and butane are effectively utilized as a growth substrate to oxidize MTBE cometabolically. And also BTEX compounds could be the potential substrate of the MTBE cometabolism. Cell density also affected on the MTBE degradation and transformation capacity(Tc). Increasing cell density caused increasing MTBE degradation but decreased transformation capacity. Other result demonstrated that MTBE and other gasoline oxygenates, ETBE and TAME, were degraded by butane-grown microorganism.
Experimental Investigation of Consolidation Induced Contaminant Transport Using a Centrifuge
Horace, Moo-Young ; Kim, Tae-Hyung ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 35~41
Laboratory procedures are available for estimating contaminant migration from sediment into caps by diffusion, but diffusion may not be the major process affecting capping effectiveness. Movement of contaminated pore water from sediment into caps due to sediment consolidation during and after cap placement may be much more significant than contaminant diffusion into caps. To verify this phenomenon, model tests were conducted by utilizing a research centrifuge. In this study, test was modeled for 22.5 hours at 100 g, which modeled a contaminant migration time of 25 years for a prototype that was 100 times larger than the centrifuge model. Centrifuge test results illustrate that advection and dispersion due to consolidation are dominating the migration of contaminants.
Effect of Residence time on Mixed Benzene and Ethylene Degradation in Biofilters
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 42~47
A biofilter study was performed in order to remove mixed benzene and ethylene emitted from soil and groundwater remediation. In particular, more than 96% of ethylene was removed at residence times of 10～15 min, and the possibility of use of the biofilter was obtained. The benzene removal efficiency was achieved as much as 100% at residence times of 2～15 min. With a residence time of 15 min, the maximum elimination capacity of benzene and ethylene was 4.3 g/
hr and 1.4 g/
hr, respectively. The maximum elimination capacity of benzene was 3 times higher than that of ethylene. Carbon dioxide concentration decreased as residence times were lowered due to low ethylene degradation rate. The maximum carbon dioxide production rate of 3,169 [mg-
)] was investigated when benzene and ethylene were completely removed. It was found that dominant bacteria in the benzene-degrading microorganisms were identified as Bacillus mycoides and Pseudomonas fluorescens. Dominant bacteria in the ethylene-degrading microorganisms were identified as Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas fluorescens.
A Preliminary Conductivity Model Experiment for Determining Hydraulic Constants in Physical Model Borehole
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 48~56
A geophysical conductivity logging technique has been adopted to determine hydraulic constants using a simplified physical model that depicts the borehole condition. An experiment has been made by monitoring the conductivity change within the model hole using borehole environment water and incoming-outgoing water of different salinity, under the state of constant flow rate by maintaining balance between inflow and outflow. Conductivity variation features were observed that depended on flow rate, salinity contrasts between fluid within the hole and incoming-outgoing fluid, and density contrasts between fluid conductivity within the hole and incoming fluid. The results of the experiment show the uniform change of fluid conductivity within the hole with time, a fairly good correlation between the flow rate and the conductivity change rate. The geophysical conductivity logging technique can be an efficient tool for determining hydraulic constants if the model equation is verified by henceforward experiments.
Nitrate Contamination of Shallow Groundwater in an Agricultural area having Intensive Livestock Facilities
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 57~67
Nitrate contamination by human activities is a serious problem to water-supply in agricultural area. Shallow groundwater is the main source of water-supply, but it is very sensitive to contamination. Study area for nitrate contamination is a region of Iljuk, Kyunggi where is an agricultural area having many livestock facilities in various scales. As a result, the points having availability of incoming of external contaminant are 77%, and the ones over the Drinking Water Limit (DWL) are 32～42%. For a nitrogen isotope analysis, all the points having availability of incoming of external contaminant have
values over 5
, and the points of 59% are strongly affected by nitrogen originated from animal wastes. The major source of nitrate in this area is intensive livestock facilities. Even though a livestock facility had enclosed, it affects groundwater quality for a long time. The chemical property of contaminant source is various according to animal species in surface water, but not in groundwater since some solutes are removed by reactions during an inflow to subsurface.
Estimation of the Interface of Seawater Intrusion in a Coastal Aquifer System with SHARP Model
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 68~74
SHARP numerical model was used to estimate the interface, ranges and seasonal variations of seawater intrusion. The interface obtained from the SHARP model represented more sensitive to seasonal variations than that estimated from the monitoring wells. When TDS and groundwater velocity vector distributions generated by SUTRA simulations are compared to the interfaces obtained from SHARP simulation, the difference of the range on seawater intrusion is less than 50 m, and the range of seawater intrusion from seasonal variations has the difference of about 12 m. These differences are small for the numerical simulation of the coastal aquifer at regional scale. Therefore, the model with sharp interface is very useful to estimate the interface at this study site, where is regional aquifer system in the scale of seawater infusion. However the SHARP model have some limitations in simulating the range of seawater intrusion, when the hydrodynamic dispersion is significant for seawater intrusion at local aquifer system.
Effects of Stranded Oil on Seawater Infiltration in a Tidal flat Environment
Cheong Jo, Cheong ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 75~80
Understanding the seawater infiltration into tidal flat sediments is very important, because it is significantly correlated with the supply of dissolved oxygen, nutrients and organic matter to benthic organisms for survival. However oil blocks interstitial spaces of sediments, reduces seawater infiltration and results in the decrease in oxygen, nutrients and other food supply to benthic communities. The penetration depth of the stranded oil into the sediments is one of the most significant information to know the effect of spilled oil on biological communities and to set up a cleaning method. So we initiated this study to quantify the penetration behavior of spilled oil and to evaluate the influence of the penetrated oil on seawater infiltration in tidal flat environment and its ecological implications. The penetration depth of the crude oil into the tidal flat sediments was two times deeper than that of the fuel oil C, and the depth was significantly affected by stranded oil volume. However, the penetration depth of stranded oil was abruptly dropped at first falling tide but not significantly fluctuated after that. Moreover, hydrocarbon concentration showed the highest within the upper 2 cm. Seawater infiltration was decreased in proportion to the stranded oil volume. The seawater infiltration was more affected by the penetrated fuel oil C about 1.7 times than the crude oil, because the interstitial spaces of the top of sediments were more cleared by the fuel oil C. Therefore, quick cleaning actions for penetrated oil will be necessary for recovery of seawater infiltration because the seawater contains oxygen and nutrients necessary for the survival of benthic organisms in tidal flat.
Laboratory Study for the Identification of Parameters affecting the Penetration Behavior of Spilled crude oil in a Coastal Sandy Beach
Cheong Jo, Cheong ;
Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, volume 8, issue 1, 2003, Pages 81~86
Understanding the penetration behavior of the spilled oil is very important to remove itself and to minimize its impact on intertidal biological communities by earlier treatment of the oil. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of wave and tidal actions on the penetration of spilled oil and to evaluate main factors of oil penetration using a sandy-beach model. Infiltration processes into the sediments showed significant difference between seawater and crude oil. Seawater was infiltrated by both wave action and tidal fluctuation into the sediments in sandy beach. However, spilled crude oil penetrated into the sediments only by falling tides and not by wave action, and the first tide is most important for the penetration of stranded oil. Over 70% of bulk fraction in penetrated crude oil was concentrated to the top 2 cm sediment-layer when spilled oil volume was 1 L/
. Moreover, the penetration of stranded oil into the sandy beach sediments was strongly correlated with the oil viscosity affected by temperature.