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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Extraction of 3D Building Information using Shadow Analysis from Single High Resolution Satellite Images
Lee, Tae-Yoon ; Lim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Tae-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 3~13
Extraction of man-made objects from high resolution satellite images has been studied by many researchers. In order to reconstruct accurate 3D building structures most of previous approaches assumed 3D information obtained by stereo analysis. For this, they need the process of sensor modeling, etc. We argue that a single image itself contains many clues of 3D information. The algorithm we propose projects virtual shadow on the image. When the shadow matches against the actual shadow, the height of a building can be determined. If the height of a building is determined, the algorithm draws vertical lines of sides of the building onto the building in the image. Then the roof boundary moves along vertical lines and the footprint of the building is extracted. The algorithm proposed can use the shadow cast onto the ground surface and onto facades of another building. This study compared the building heights determined by the algorithm proposed and those calculated by stereo analysis. As the results of verification, root mean square errors of building heights were about 1.5m.
Runoff Characteristics Analysis using GCUH on Ungauged Small Basin
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Hyun ; Lee, Bae-Sung ; Jeong, Dong-Kug ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 15~22
Runoff Characteristics has been Analysis Using geomorphologic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph(GIUH) and geomorphoclimatic unit hydrograph(GCUH) on an ungaged vary small basin about
scale in Kyungbuk gampo area. First, we estimated hydrology Factor using Geographic Information System(GIS) tool and then, calculated the characteristic velocity using the real rainfall-runoff data. It is compared with several velocities derived from GCUH theory and several other concentration time formulae. Kerby and Braby-Williams seems to be more applicable as characteristic velocity formula. Second, We compared the GCUH peak discharge with the probable flood, also compared the unit hydrograph as like the Clark, the Nakayasu and the S.C.S and GCUH with the observed discharge using the real rainfall events. The comparison results showed that GCUH could be applicable on an ungaged vary small basin. We expected that the result can be used as for estimation of a flash flood standard rainfall as well as emergency management plan.
An Improvement of Cadastral Non-coincidence Surveying Method using Digital Orthophoto
Hong, Sung-Eon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 23~32
This study shows that new methodology improved the problem of unaided eye test level with the digital orthophoto technique can survey more objectively and efficiently any cadastral non-coincidence than existing prior methodologies. For applying to it, we explore eligible other methodologies, and then build up the application strategy of them. New prototype system is implemented with it. Also, we say the availability of new methodology by applying to study area. As a result, we suggest cadastral non-coincidence surveying method based on point-correspondence more objective and more efficient. As a result of comparing with old method and new on same study area for making adequacy, they hardly ever has the difference of accuracy. Constantly, cadastral non-coincidence surveying method based on point-correspondence is acceptable way on the cadastral survey.
A Study on Digital Mapping using LiDAR Data
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Kim, Hong-Sub ; Ru, Ji-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 33~42
Recently, the studies on the extraction of 3-dimension position information and attribute information of ground surface using LiDAR data. LiDAR data has high locational accuracy, and advantage that can process data more fast because there's not coordinate transform when acquire of Data justly the ground coordinate by Acquiring. The paper using only LiDAR data Manufacture road, building, contour That occupy a many parts of Digital Map. Estimated for possibility of Digital mapping using only LiDAR data As that compare accuracy with Digital map.
Update for Building Layers of Digital Map Using LiDAR Data and Aerial Images
Yoo, Hwan-Hee ; Goo, Sin-Hoi ; Kim, Seong-Sam ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 43~53
As NGIS project has been implemented in 1995 and effectiveness of geospatial information increased, Digital maps serve several purpose in administrative, living, and the variety of industrial fields. But, Digital maps have difficulties in application of managing urban facilities due to many differences with real world information caused by high update cost and long generation period. This paper suggests an update method of building layers of digital map in urban area; first, we verify the filtered building information using digital areal imagery and LiDAR data which is high-accurate and also can be faster and more economical in 3D information acquisition, and finally update building layers by comparing with the existed digital map. Future research will concentrate on automatic removal of the small and the tree regions, discrimination of buildings and vegetation for generating and updating building layers using LiDAR data.
The Application of Satellite Imagery in Droughts Analysis of Large Area
Jeong, Soo ; Shin, Sha-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 55~62
Droughts have been an important factor in disaster management in Korea because she has been grouped into nations of lack of water. Satellite imagery can be applied to droughts monitoring because it can provide periodic data for large area for long time. This study aims to present a process to analyze droughts in large area using satellite imagery. We estimated evapotranspiration in large area using NDVI data acquired from satellite imagery. For satellite imagery, we dealt with MODIS data operated by NASA. The evapotranspiration estimated from satellite imagery was combined with precipitation data and potential evapotranspiration data to estimate water balances. Using water balances we could analyze droughts effectively in our object area. As the result of this study, we could increase the usability of satellite imagery, especially in droughts analysis.
Evaluation of the Optimum Band When Estimate the Density of Chlorophyll-a In Landsat ETM+ Image
Choi, Seung-Pil ; Park, Jong-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 63~68
Although it is more recommended to use satellite images for an accurate understanding of the natural environment over a large area, what should proceed obtaining such satellite images is to make basic model equations based firmly upon the on-land experiments and field experiments. It may be more accurate and objective to investigate correlations between satellite images and actual water quality factors obtained for the same area. Thus, this study was conducted in order to determined which band of Landsat ETM+ images is appropriate to estimate the density of chlorophyll-a in a closed laboratory without atmospheric interference, using pure water and sea water. As a result of this study, it was found that the best band that exhibited the highest degree of correlations among the compounded bands rated (B3-B4)/B2 in pure water and (B2+B4)/B3 in sea water. The correlation coefficient here is 0.9747 and 0.9892 respectively. Thus, compounding this band ran be quite useful for estimation density of Chlorophyll-a using Landsat ETM+ image data.
Standardization of the Work Classification System in Spatial Data Construction - Laying Stress on the Basic Surveying -
Choi, Byoung-Gil ; Cho, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 69~75
This study aims to standardize the work classification system in spatial data. It is the base frame to classify the general information systematically in spatial data construction process. Work process of the surveying firm and rules for basic surveying which is being accomplished in the NGII(National Geographic Information Institute) are investigated and analysed. Therefore, types, individual process, and results of surveying work is standardized. If the work classification system from this study is adopted as the national standard and is also advanced by construction methodology, the spatial data will be managed futuristically and systematically.
Investigation of Urban Sprawl and Interregional Interaction by Demographic and Commuting Data - The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Area -
Park, Jane ; Choi, Nak-Hoon ; Chang, Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 77~88
Overpopulation has been one of the most serious problem of the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA), which consists of the City of Seoul, Incheon, and the whole of Gyeonggi Province. People have been still moving into SMA, especially being concentrated into the fringe of Seoul. This study examines the inner city decline phenomenon of SMA which can be easily found in large cities over the world, based on the demographic data of these area. In addition, this study monitors the imbalance in growing of SMA by analyzing RMI (Rank Mobility Index), and the inverse relation between the self sufficiency of the adjacent area and the commuting rate to Seoul by analyzing commuting data. Even though the total population has been unchanged, the internal change of population was substantial. The growth of Seoul Metro region was placed near the city of Seoul, especially commuter data reassured the population concentrations. The results will be useful in urban planning and growth management.
Analysis of Forest Fire Damage Areas Using Spectral Reflectance of the Vegetation
Choi, Seung-Pil ; Kim, Dong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 14, issue 2, 2006, Pages 89~94
Forest damage is a worldwide issue and specially, a forest fire involves damage to itself and causes secondary damage such as a flood etc. However, actually, clear analysis on forest fire damage can be hardly conducted due to difficulty in approaching a forest fire and quite a long period of time for analysis. To overcome such difficulty, recently, forest fire damage has been actively investigated with satellite image data, but it is also difficult to obtain satellite image data fitted to the time a forest fire occurred. In addition, it is burdensome to verify accuracy of the obtained image. Therefore, this study was attempted to look into the damaged districts from forest fires by reference to spectroradiometric characteristics of the obtained vegetation with a spectroradiometer as preliminary work to use satellite image data. To begin with, the researcher analyzed the field survey data each measured 3 months and 6 months after occurrence of a forest fire by judging the extent of the damage through visual observation and using a spectroradiometer in order to investigate any potential errors arising out of one-time visual observation. Besides, in this study, groups showing possibilities that trees might be restored to life and wither to death could be classified on the sampling points where forest fire damage is minor.