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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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A Study on Management Method of Point and Line Data Using Mobile GIS
Jeon, Jae-Yong ; Cho, Gi-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 3~10
As information communication technology matures, GIS is being evolved from wire communication GIS to mobile GIS. This is due that mobile GIS satisfy mobility, field work, speed and time. Also, this is proper that mobile GIS accomplish investigation, confirmation, input and modification operations of spatial and attribute data at field. I think mobile GIS's use is the best way. Because, Mobile GIS's use can accomplish effectively the management of various kinds facilities in city. On this study, we consider diversified methods a person in charge can management point and line data with more easy and more effective method. The management methods of pint type data are free method, offset method two point method. The management methods of line type data are free method, point connection method, point and line connection method and the minimum distance connection method between point and line.
Syntax-based Accessibility for 3D Indoor Spaces
Kim, Hye-Young ; Jun, Chul-Min ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 11~18
Recently 3D GIS and its applications are getting attention increasingly as various ubiquitous-related techniques for 3D spaces are being developed. Although they call for quantitative measures such as accessibility, most accessibilityrelated studies are limited to 2D networks, not 3D indoor space levels. In this paper, we develop an accessibility index applicable to 3D models. We first examine the theory of Space Syntax which has been developed and used to measure the connectivity or relationships between spatial segments in urban or architectural environments. Then, we expand the principle to a more general form so it can be applied to both street and indoor space levels. We incorporate different types of impedances in moving between places including distances, turns and transfers between floors into the traditional Space Syntax that measures the spatial depths solely based on the structural forms. Finally, we illustrate the use of the proposed measure comparatively using a campus building.
A study on the Realtime Update of the Digital-Map by the General Survey Map
Lee, Sang-Gil ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ; Jeon, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 19~26
The renewal update of the digital map constructed through NGIS has been conducted for the enhancement of usage, maintenance so that the latest data is guaranteed. The total update has been done every five years for five regions of the country using aerial photographs and satellite images. By launching the third phase of NGIS, the updating plan was changed from total to total or partial update including the real time update scheme. Furthermore, the update period was improved from five to two years and four years for a large and a small city, respectively. Therefore, it is necessary to develope a matching technique which combines various geographic information (such as drawing map, surveying drawing and map) with exact position on the digital map. In this study, we developed a matching algorithm based on central point and suggested a method which uses general surveying drawing for revision/update of the digital map. The general survey is conducted when a civilian development on lands are approved. Thus, the outcome from the survey, which is the general survey drawing, contains the latest various contents such as road, building, water pipe and manhole. A consistent and efficient method using the general survey drawing for near real time update of the digital map by applying the developed matching algorithm is presented.
3D-GIS Network Modeling for Optimal Path Finding in Indoor Spaces
Park, In-Hye ; Jun, Chul-Min ; Choi, Yoon-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 27~32
3D based information is demanded increasingly as cities grow three dimensionally and buildings become large and complex. The use of 3D GIS is also getting attention as fundamental data for ubiquitous computing applications such as location-based guidance, path finding and emergency escaping. However, most 3D modeling techniques are focused on the visualization of buildings or terrains and do not have topological structures required in spatial analyses. In this paper, we introduce a method to incorporate topological relationship into 3D models by combining 2D GIS layers and 3D model. We divide indoor spaces of a 3D model into discrete objects and then define the relationship with corresponding features in 2D GIS layers through database records. We also show how to construct hallways network in the 2D-3D integrated building model. Finally, we test different cases of route finding situations inside a building such as normal origin-destination path finding and emergency evacuation.
Classification of Hyperspectral Images Using Spectral Mutual Information
Byun, Young-Gi ; Eo, Yang-Dam ; Yu, Ki-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 33~39
Hyperspectral remote sensing data contain plenty of information about objects, which makes object classification more precise. In this paper, we proposed a new spectral similarity measure, called Spectral Mutual Information (SMI) for hyperspectral image classification problem. It is derived from the concept of mutual information arising in information theory and can be used to measure the statistical dependency between spectra. SMI views each pixel spectrum as a random variable and classifies image by measuring the similarity between two spectra form analogy mutual information. The proposed SMI was tested to evaluate its effectiveness. The evaluation was done by comparing the results of preexisting classification method (SAM, SSV). The evaluation results showed the proposed approach has a good potential in the classification of hyperspectral images.
Computation of Bessel Coordinates of the Cadastral Control Points by Trilateration Adjustment of GPS Baseline Measurements
Yang, Chul-Soo ; Kang, Sang-Gu ; Jung, Rea-Jung ; Kim, Yong-Ho ; Lee, Min-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 41~49
In this study, the software to compute Bessel coordinates by trilateration adjustment was developed, and the software was used to determine coordinates of the cadastral control points over the southern Korean peninsula. The baseline measured by GPS was reduced to the distance on geoid surface by applying PNU95 geoid model, and the distance on geoid surface was reduced to the plane grid distance by applying scale factor of map projection of Bessel coordinates. Using the plane grid distance, Bessel coordinates of 32 CORS (Continuously Operating Reference Station) were computed by free adjustment at first, and then the coordinates of the cadastral control points were computed by joining the control points to adjacent CORS. The result shows a possibility of construction of highly accurate and consistent cadastral survey network with coordinate error less than 1ppm of distance, when newly computing the coordinates of the control points by using distances measured by GPS.
Analysis of Sea Surface Temperature Distribution Around Uljin Nuclear Power Station Using Time Series Landsat Satellite Images
Choi, Seung-Pil ; Yook, Woon-Soo ; Hong, Sung-Chang ; Song, Yeong-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 51~57
In this study, We analyzed change of sea surface temperature due to cooling water around nuclear power station. Study area is around of Uljin nuclear power station, which is relatively large power station. There are many problems in monitering environmental change around of nuclear power station, because area is relatively large. We used Landsat 5, 7 Imagery which are useful in temperature analysis and can be easily obtained. After we georeferenced Landsat Imagery, radiance and sea surface temperature were calculated. As a result, As we compared sea surface temperature of surrounding area of nuclear power station with same area located 3 km east, there are
Construction of Earthquake Disaster Management System Based on Seismic Performance Evaluation of Architectural Structure
Kim, Seong-Sam ; Cho, Eun-Rae ; Yoon, Jeong-Bae ; Yoo, Hwan-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 59~67
This paper proposes potentialities of constructing the information system for earthquake hazard management which can manage and analyse earthquake risk and hazard systematically. The experimental results as well as architectural structure investment data for seismicity assessment are built in database and connected with GIS for assessing earthquake safety of building in urban area. For earthquake-resistant performance assessment, we collected and classified building structural data according to assessment criteria using building register, architectural map, digital map, and then complemented database with field survey data. We also suggest GIS-based information system can cope with and manage earthquake hazard effectively, as evaluating earthquake risk by performing detailed earthquake-resistant assessment and determining final assessment scores. The assessment should be processed quickly and accurately by integrating the earthquake hazard information management system with modularization of assessment procedure and method in the future.
A Trace of Landcover Change in a Landslide Vulnerable Area
Chun, Ki-Sun ; Park, Jae-Kook ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 69~76
Kangwondo area is mountainous and landslide is easily happened easily during the rainy period in summer time. Especially, when there is torrential downpour caused by the unusual weather change, there will be greater possibility to see landslide. Another reason behind landslide is the continuous forest fire in these several years. Since the surface of the earth has been changed by the fire, when rainfall comes, landslide just happens easily. Also, it is reported that landcover condition, excepted rainfall condition, is the most effect for determining landslide susceptibility area. In this study, it is determined a landslide vulnerable area and landcover information is extracted from four satellite image(Landsat TM), about the landslide vulnerable area, which is pictured for each year. And which distribution change is analyzed. also, NDVI picture is made and distribution change of vegetation vitality is analyzed to study that change of landcover have a effect on landslide. As a result, could know that forest and NDVI are decreasing in landslide vulnerable area.
Integration of GIS with USLE in Assessment of Soil Erosion due to Typoon Rusa
Hahm, Chang-Hahk ; Kim, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 77~85
Assessment of soil erosion is a cost and time-consuming task. There are many models developed to predict soil erosion from an area, but Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) is most widely used empirical equation for estimating annual soil erosion. Soil erosion depends upon-rainfall intensity, type of soil, land cover and land use, slope degree, slope length and soil conservation practice. All these parameters are have spatial distribution and hence satellite remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) are applicable in the assessment of the influence on soil erosion. GIS has been integrated with the USLE (Universal Soil Loss Equation) model in identification of rainfall-based erosion to the Bocheong River which is the representative basin of IHP due to Typhoon Rusa. Similar studies are available in literature, ranging from those that use a simple model such as USLE to others of a more sophisticated nature.
Comparing Efficiency of Numerical Cadastral Surveying Using Total Station and RTK-GPS
Hong, Sung-Eon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 87~96
In the numerical cadastral surveying field, the cadastral surveying would be measured with the Total Station surveying (electronic plane table surveying) system that consist the Total Station for surveying and the computing system for recording and editing the measured coordinates data by the TS. This study would suggest the advanced method, which is used on the RTK-GPS instead of TS for surveying and the computing system for handling the coordinates data and mapping. As a result of this study, although the measurement accuracy of the RTK-GPS and TS surveying make no greate difference, the suggested method reduces the cost of time and work force with the TS surveying. Besides, the new survey method would be more efficient due to directly handling the data and mapping in the field.